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by which we are called ; 2 Theff. ii. 14. Whereunto he called you by our gospel.
Of Justification. Quest. 33.
HAT is justification ?
A. Juftification is an act of God's free grace, wherein he pardoneth all our fịns, and accepteth us as righteous in his fight, only for the righteousness of Christ imputed to us, and received by faith alone.
Q. 1. What are the parts of justification ? A. It consists of two parts. First, The pardon of sin; Acts xiii. 39. And by him all that believe are justified from all things, from which ye could not be justified by the law of Moses. Secondly, The acceptation of our persons as righteous; Rom. v. 1, 2, 3. Therefore being justified by faith, we have peace with God, through our Lord Jesus Christ, by whom alTo we have access by faith into this grace wherein we stand, and rejoice in hope of the glory of God.
Q. 2. Whose act is it to justify sinners ?
A. It is the act of God alone; Rom. viii. 33. It is God that justifieth. Man's justifying of himself is nothing; Luke xvi. 15. And he said unto them, Ye are they which justify yourselves before men, but God knoweth your hearts; for that which is highly efteemed amongst men, is abomination in the fight of God. Nor other mens juftifying of us; Rev. iii. 1. I know thy works, that thou hast a name to live, and art dead.
Q. 3. Is there any thing in man to merit his justification ?
A. No; it is an act of free grace in God; Rom. iii. 24. Being justified freely by his grace, through the redemption which is in Jesus Christ.
Q. 4. If it be not for any inherent righteousness; how then?
A. It is for the righteousness of Christ imputed to us ; Rom. iv. 6. Even as David also describeth the blessedness of the man unto whom, God, imputeth righteouarels without works.
Q. 5. How is Chrift's righteousness made ours?
A. By application of it to us by faith ; Gal. ii. 16. Knowing that a man is not justified by the works of the law, but by the faith of Jesus Christ, even we have believed in Jesus Chrift, that we might be justified by the faith of Christ, and not by the works of the law; for by the works of the law shall no deih be justified.
Q. 6. Is it not partly by Christ's righteousnefs made ours, and partly our own?
A. No; by Christ's righteousness, without any mixture of ours ; Rom. iii. 28. "Therefore we conclude, that a man is justified by faith without the deeds of the law.
0.7. But doth not James say otherwise, James ii. 14. What doth it profit, my brethren, though a man fay he hath faith and have not works ; Can faith save him ?
A. The two apostles contradict not one another; Paul speaks of justification before God; and James of justifying our faith before men.
l. 8. Is no regard then to be had to good works?
A. Yes, very great; they that believe, must be careful to maintain good works ; Tit. iii. 8. That they which have believed in God, might be careful to maintain good works. These things are good and profitable unto men.
Q. 9. Why can none be justified by works?
A. Because all are guilty before God; Rom. iii. 29. Is he the God of the Jews only? Is he not also of the Gentiles? Yes, of the Gentiles also. And the law curses all that are under guilt ; Gal. iii. 10. Curfed is every one that continueth not in all things which are written in the book of the law to do them.
Q.10. What is the first inference from hence ?
A. The happy state of believers who are now at peace with God; Rom. v. 1. Therefore being justified by faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ. And whom he justifieth he glorifieth. Rom. viii. 30. Whom he justified, them he also glorified.
Q. 11. What is the second inference from hence ? A. The excellency and necessity of faith ; Rom. iii. 30. The circumcision is justified by faith, and the uncircumcision through faith.
Q. 12. What is the third inference ?
A. That the greatness of fin is no bar to faith, since it is the righteousness of Christ that justifieth ; 2 Cor. v. 21. For he hath made him to be fin for us, who knew 110 sin, that we may be made the righteousness of God in him.
Q. 13. What is the last inference ?
A. That believers ought to be exceeding humble, and far from boasting. The law of faith excludes boasting ; Rom. . iii. 27. Where is boasting then? It is excluded : By what law ? of workg? nay, but by the law of faith.
of Adoption. Quest. 34.
THat is adoption ?
A. Adoption is an act of God's free grate, whereby we are received into the number, and have a right to all the privileges of the Sons of God.
Q. 1. How many sorts of Sons are there?
A. There is one by generation, and another by adoption ; John i. 12, 13. But as many as received him, to them gave he power to become the sons of God, even to them that believe, in his name, which were born, not of blood, nor of the will of the flesh, nor of the will of man, but of God.
Q. 2. What moves God to adopt any man?
A. Nothing but his free love; 1 John iii. 1. Behold what manner of love the Father hath bestowed on us, that we should be called the fons of God.'
Q. 3. Is this privilege common to all men?
A. No, it is peculiar to them that receive him ; John i. 12. But as many as received him, to them gave he power to become the fons of God.
Q. 4. What is the first property of adoption ?
A. It is a costly relation; Gal. iv. 4. When the fulness of time was come, God sent forth his Son, made of a woman, made under the law, to redeem them that were under the law, that we might receive the adoption of fons.
Q. 5. What is the second property of adoption ?
A. It is an high and honourable relation ; 1 John iji, I. Behold what manner of love the Father hath bestowed on us, that we should be called the fons of God.
Q. 6. What is the third property of adoption ?
A. It is a free relation on God's part; Eph. i. 4, 5. According as he hath chosen us in him before the foundation of the world, that we should be holy and without blame before him in love. Having predestinated us unto the adoption of chil. dren, by Jesus Christ to himself, according to the good pleą, fure of his will," And it makes us free ; John viii. 36. If the son therefore înall make you free, ye shall be free indeed.
Q. 7. What is the fourth property of adoption?
A. It is a permanent relation ; John viii. 35. The Son a. bideth in the house for ever.
Q. 8. What is the first privilege of the adopted ?
A. They have an in terest in God, as children in a father ; 2 Cor. vi. 18. And I will be a Father unto you, and ye shall be sons and daughters, faith the Lord Almighty,
R. 9. What is the second privilege ?
A. Being God's sons, they are heirs of God, and joint heirs with Christ; Rom. viii. 17. And if children, then heirs, heirs of God, and joint heirs with Chrift.
Q. 10. What is the third privilege ?
A. Seasonable and fanctified afflictions ; Heb. xii. 6. He fcourgeth every son whom he receiveth.
Q. II. What is the fourth privilege ?
A. The attendance and ministry of angels; Heb. i. 14. Are they not all miniftring fpirits, fent forth to minister for them who shall be heirs of salvation ?
Q. 12. What is the fifth privilege ?
A. The aflıstance of the Spirit in prayer; Rom. viii. 15. For we
have not received the spirit of bondage again to fear, but ye have received the Spirit of adoption, whereby we cry, Abba, Father. And God's audience of their prayers ;. 1 John v. 14. And this is the confidence that we have in him, That if we alk any thing according to his will, he heareth us.
Q. 13. What use fhould we make of this?
A. It teacheth us to carry ourselves as children, to our heavenly Father. First, In our imitation of him ; Eph. v. Be ye therefore followers of God, as dear children. Secondly, In our fubmiffion to him; Heb. xii. 9. Furthermore, we have had fathers of our flesh, who corrected us, and we gave them reverence; shall we not much rather be in subjection to the Father of spirits, and live? Thirdly, in our dependance on bim ; Matth. v. 32. For your heavenly Father knoweth that you have need of all these things.
A. San&tification is the work of God's free grace, whereby we are renewed in the whole man after the image of God, and are enabled more and more to die untó sin, and - live unto righteousness.
Q. 1. What are the parts of sanctification ? A. Dying unto fin, and living unto God; Rom. vi. 11. Likewise reckon ye also yourselves to be dead indeed unto fin', but alive unto God, through Jesus Christ our Lord.
Q. 2. Who is the Author of fanctification ?
A. God only; Jude ver. 1. To them that are fanctified by God the Father.
Q. 3. What is the instrument of it ?
A. The word of God; John xvii. 17. sanctify them thro thy truth; thy word is truth.
Q_4. What part of man is fanctified ?
A. Every part, both of foul and body ; 1 Thes. v. 23.' And the very God of peace fanctify you wholly; and I pray
God your whole spirit, soul and body be preserved blameless unto the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ.
Q. 5. Is sanctification perfected at once ?
A. No; but by degrees ; 2 Pet. iii. 18. But grow in and in the knowledge of our Lord and Saviour. Jesus Christ.
Q. 6. When will it be made perfect ?
A. When we come to heaven, and not before; i Cor. xiii. 10, 11. But when that which is perfect is come, then that which is in part shall be done away.
l. 7. What are the signs of true fan&tification ?
A. When it runs into all parts of our conversation ; 1 Pet. i. 15. But as he which hath called you is holy, so be ye holy in all maner of conversation. Secondly, And continues to the end; Rev. xxii. 11. Let him that is holy, be holy still.
0. 8. What is the inseparable companion of sanctification ?
A. Righteousnefs towards men ; Luke i. 74, 75. That he would grant unto us, that we being delivered out of the hands of our enemies, might serve him without fear, in holiness, and and righteousness before him all the days of our life.
Q. 9. What is opposite to fanctification?
A. All filthiness of flesh and spirit; 2 Cor. vii. 1. Having therefore these promises, dearly beloved, let us cleanse ourselves from all filthiness of flesh and spirit.
Q. 10. What is the privilege of the fanctified?
A. They are all elected, and shall be glorified; 1 Pet. i. 2, 4. Elect according to the fore-knowledge of God the Father, through fanctification of the Spirit-----to an inheritance incorruptible and undefiled, and that fadeth not away, reserved in heaven for you.
Q 11. What is the case of them who live and die unfanctified?
A. They shall never see God; Heb. xii. 14. Follow peace with all men, and holiness; without which, no man fhall see the Lord.
Q.12. What differenceth true, from pretended fanctification?
A. True fanctification purgeth the heart from the love of fin; Rom. vii. 15. For that which I do, I allow not. And the life from the dominion of fin'; Rom. vi. 19.
have yielded your members servants to uncleanness, and to iniqui.