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ty, unto iniquity; even so now yield your members servants to righteousnels, unto holiness.

Q. 13. May great finners be fanctified ?

A. Yes; the Spirit of God can fanctify the vileft heart; i Cor. vi. 1 1. And such were some of you ; but ye are walhed, but ye are sanctified.

Of Assurance, the Fruit of Justification. Quest. 36. Hat are the benefits which in this life do

either accompany, or flow from justification, adoption, and fanctification ?

A. The benefits which in this life do either accompany, or flow from justification, adoption, and sanctification, are asurance of God's love, peace of conscience, joy in the holy Ghost, increafe of grace, and perseverance therein to the end.

l. 1. Is assurance possible to be attained in this life?

A. Yes ; for fome have had it; Cant. vi. 3. I am my be: loved's, and


beloved is mine. And all Christians are commanded to strive for it ; 2 Pet. i. 10. Wherefore the rather, brethren, give diligence, to make your calling and election sure. Q. 2. How


forts of assurance are there? A. There is an objective assurance ; 2 Tim. ii. 19. Nevertheless, the foundation of God standeth fure, having this seal, The Lord knoweth them that are his. And a subjective or perfonal assurance ; Gal. ii. 20. Who loved me, and gave himself for me.

Q. 3. Is personal assurance perfect in this life?

A. No; it admits of doubts and fears, which interrupts it, and it is not always at one height; i Cor. xiii. 10. When that which is perfect is come, then that which is in part shall be

done away:

Q. 4. On what testimony is personal affurance built ?

A. Upon the testimony of God's Spirit witneffing with ours ; Rom. viii. 16. The Spirit itself beareth witness with our spirit, that we are the children of God,

Q. 5. Doth the Spirit make use of signs in us to assure us?

A. Yes; ordinarily he doth; 1 John iii. 14. We know that we are passed from death to life, because we love the brethren. And ver. 24. Hereby we know that he abideth in us, by the Spirit which he hath given us.

Q. 6. How is true assurance discerned from prefumption ?

A. True assurance humbles the soul ; Gal. ii. 20. I am crucified with Christ : nevertheless I live ; yet not I, but Christ

And makes the foul afraid of fin; 2 Cor. vii.

liveth in me.

1. Having therefore these promises, dearly beloved, let us cleanse ourselves from all filthiness of the fleth and spirit, per: fecting holiness in the fear of God.

Q. 7. What is the usual season of assurance ?

A. The time of greatest sufferings for Christ; 1 Pet. iv. 14. If ye be reproached for the name of. Chrift, happy are ye ; for the Spirit of glory, and of God refteth upon you.

Q. 8. Is personal affurance absolutely necessary to salvation ?

A. No; a man may be saved, and in Chrift, without it } Isa. I. 10. Who is among you that feareth the Lord, that obeyeth the voice of bis servant, that walketh in darkness, and hath no light ? Let him trust in the name of the Lord, and stay upon his God.

Q. 9. What is the fruit of assurance ?

A. Joy unspeakable amidft outward troubles ; Rom. v. 116 And not only fo, but we also joy in God, through our Lord Jesus Christ, by whom we have now received the atonement.

Q. 10. What fins usually eclipse our assurance ?

A. Negligence in duty starves it; 2 Pet. i. 10. Give diligence to make your calling and election sure : For if ye do these things ye shall never fall. And Qinning against light; ftabs it'; Pfalm. di, 8. Make me to hear joy and gladness ; that the bones which thou hast broken may rejoice.

Q. 11. What is the first inference from this doctrine ?

A. That no unregenerate person can have any assurance ; for it is the fruit of justification, adoption, and fanctification.

Q. 12, What is the second inference ?

A. That all the joys of heaven are not to come; but some communicated in this life; 1 Pet. i. 8. Whom having not seen ye love; in whom though now ye see him not, yet believ: ing, ye rejoice with joy unspeakable, and full of glory.

Q. 13. What is the third inference ?

A. That afsured believers need to be circumspect perfons, that they grieve not the Spirit; Eph. iv. 30. And grieve not the holy Spirit of God, whereby ye are fealed unto the day of redemption.

Of Peace of Conscience. Quest. 1. Hat doth the word Peace fignify in scripture?

A. In the language of the Old-Testament it signifies all temporal good; 1 Sam. xxv. 6. Peace be both to thee, and peace be in thine house, and peace be unto all that thou haft. And in the New-Testament all special good ; as 2 Theff. iii, 16. Now the Lord of peace himself give you peace always.


0. 2. What are the kinds of special peace ?

A. There is a twofold peace; one without us, by reconciliation ; Rom. v. 1. Therefore; being justified by faith, we have peace with God. And peace within us, by way of consolatior; Col. ii. 15. And let the peace of God rule in your hearts.

Q. 3. What did our peace coft Chrift?

A. It coft him bloody ftripes and sufferings ; Isa. liii. 5. The chastisement of our peace was upon him; and by his stripes we are healed.

Q: 4. Can none have true peace but such as are in him?

A. No; others may have false peace ; Luke xi. 21. When a strong man armed keepeth his palace, his goods are in peace. But believers only bave true peace; Rom. v. 1. Therefore, being justified by faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ

Q. Ši Have all believers peace in their consciendes at all times?

A. No, they are always in a state of peace; but have not always the sense of peace ; Isa. 1. 10. Who is among you that feareth the Lord, and obeyeth the voice of his servant, that walketh in darkness, and hath no light? Let him trust in the name of the Lord, and stay upon his God.

Q. 6. What is that which hinders the sense of peace in believers ?

A. Their fins against the Lord; and grieving of his Spirit ; Ifa. lix. 2. But your iniquities have separated between you and your God; and your fins have hid his face from you, that he will not hear.

Q. 7. What maintains the state of peace when the sense of

A. Christ's continual and potent intercession with the Father for us ; 1 John ii. 12. My little children, these things write i unto you, that ye fin not: And if any man fin, we have an Advocate with the Father, Jesus Christ the righteous.

Q. 8. What is the best way to maintain our peace with God?

A. Strict walking by gospel rules; Gal. vi. 10. And as many as walk according to this rule ; peace be on them. Q. 9. Doth this

peace come and go with outward peace ? A. No; we may enjoy this when no peace is to be had in the world ; John xvi. 33. Thefe things I have spoken unto you, that in me ye might have peate. In the world ye shall have tribulation ; but be of good cheer, I have overcome the world. VOL. VIII.


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Q. 10. What is the first instruction from hence ?

A. That the wicked are in a sad case at all times, but especially in evil times ; Ifa. lvii. 20, 21. But the wicked are like the troubled sea when it cannot reft, whose waters caft up mire and dirt. There is no peace, faith my God, to the wicked.

Q. 11. What is the tecond instruction from hence ?

A. That the chief care of a Christian should be to keep his peace with God; Jer. xvii. 17. Be not a terror to me; thou art my hope in the day of evil.

Q. 12. What is the last instruction from hence ?

A. Let the saints long to be in heaven, the state of full and perfect peace; Isa. lvii. 2. He shall enter into peace; they ihall rest in their beds, each one walking in his uprightness.

Of Joy in the Holy Ghost. Queft. 1. row many sorts of joy are there among men ?

A. There is a sensitive jcy; Acts xiv. 17. Nevertheless he left not himself without witnels, in that he did good, and gave us rain from heaven and fruitful seasons, filling our hearts with food and gladness. A sinful joy; Prov. xv. 21. Folly is joy to him that is deftitute of wisdom. And a spiritual joy; Rom. v. 11. And not only fo, but we also joy in God through our Lord Jesus Christ.

Q. 2. Why is fpiritual joy called joy in the holy Ghost ?

A. Because the holy Ghost is the author of it ; Gal. v. 22. But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, &c.

Q. 3. What is the firft thing begets joy in the saints ?

A. The first thing they joy in is, their justification before God; Isa. lxi. 10. I will greatly rejoice in the Lord; my fou! shall be joyful in my God; for he hath cloathed me with the garments of salvation, he hath covered me with the robes of righteousness. Rom. v. 11. And not only fo, but we also joy in God, through our Lord Jesus Christ, by whom we have now received the atonement.

Qi 4. What is the second thing that breeds this joy?

A. Hope of glory breeds joy in the saints ; Rom. v. 2. And rejoice, in hope of the glory of God.

Q. 5. What is the instrument by which the Spirit conveys

A. Faith is the instrument of it; Phil. i. 25. And having this confidence, I know that I shall abide and continue with you all, for your furtherance and joy of faith.

0. 6. What is the first property of this joy? A. It is joy unfpèakable, and full of glory; 1 Pet. i. 8.

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Believing, ye rejoice with joy unspeakable, and full of glory:

Q. 7. What is the second property of it?

A. That it is not in the power of men to deprive the saints of it; John xvi. 22. And your joy no man taketh from you. .Q. 8. What is the third property of it? A. It makes the soul free and chearful in the

ways of obedience; Psal. cxix.

I will run the

ways of thy command. ments, when thou shalt enlarge my heart.

Q. 9. What is most destructive to a Christian's joy?

A. Sin, especially fin against light; Psalm li. 8. Make me to hear joy and gladness, that the bones which thou hast broken may rejoice.

Q. 10. What should be the main care of a Christian in this world?

Ą. To maintain his joy in God to the last; Acts xx. 24. But none of these things move me; neither count I my

life dear unto myself, so that I might finish my course with joy.

Q. Ji. Have not hypocrites their joys as well as real Chriftians ?

A. Yes; but the joy of the hypocrite is not grounded upon scripture-warrant, and will vanilh away, and will come to nothing at laft; John v. 35. He was a burning and a shining light ; and ye were willing for a season to rejoice in his light.

Q. 12. What is the first inference from hence ?

A. Let all that expect joy in the holy Ghost, see that they preserve purity of conscience and conversation; 2 Cor. i. 12. For our rejoicing is this, the testimony of our conscience, that in fimplicity, and godly sincerity, not with fleshly wisdom, but by the grace of God, we have had our conversation in the world, and more abundantly to you-wards.

Q. 13. What is the last inference ?

A. That religion is no melancholy thing, but the fountain ef all joy and pleasure ; Prov. iii. 17. Her ways are ways of pleasantness, and all her paths are peace.

of the Increase of Grace. Quest. 1. Oth all true grace increase and grow ?

A. Yes, it doth, like the morning light ; Prov. iv. 18. The path of the just is as the shining light, that thineth more and more unto the perfect day. And for that end, God hath appointed ministers and ordinances ; Eph. iv. 11, 12. And he gave fome, apostles ; and fome, prophets; and some, evangelifts; and some, paitors and teachers; for


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