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BISHOP BURNETT'S TESTIMONY TO never once saw him in any other temper
but that in which I wished to be in the “I can say with truth that in a free last minutes of my life.” and frequent conversation with him for above two-and-twenty years, I never ! knew him speak a word that had not a Grace is the bud of that flower which direct tendency to edification; and I shall blow in the paradise of God.
On reading the account of the farewell meeting
to the Chinese missionaries at Surrey Chapel, March 2, 18-17.
“ Blow ye the trumpet, blow,”
To China's mighty land,
Advance at God's command.
His voice is on the breeze :
Fulfil my high decrees.
A door which none shall close;
And tremble all foes.
And all on earth as well ;
Nor fear the gates of hell.
In awful form to appal!
That mountain soon shall fall.
Confucius reigns no more,
The gods they now adore.
To all her myriads now make known
The glories of my name.
The time of conquest too,
What wonders I can do.
Bebold it outstretch'd far,
China's salvation's near.
My banner is unfurl'd;
I save a ruin'd world."
At thy command we bow;
And with us conquer now.
We'll haste with zeal away,
Which thou wilt so repay.
A gem of purest ray,
Throughout eternal day.
Let all her millions bend,
Immanuel's praise asc d. Stratford-on-Avon.
Review of Books.
1. The LONDON MISSIONARY Society. An | tuents of the London Missionary Society.”
Appeal to the Constituents of the London By the DIRECTORs of the Society. 8vo. Missionary Society; in Reply to the
John Snow “ Statement of the Directors.” Ву
In endeavouring calmly to estimate the ANDREW REED, D.D. 8vo.
position which Dr. Reed occupies in this Ward and Co.
controversy, we feel that he has incurred, to 2. The LONDON MISSIONARY SOCIETY, A say the least, a very serious and painful
Reply to the Animadrersions of the Rev. responsibility. If the London Missionary Dr. Reed, in his “ Appeal to the Consti. Society is not ultimately injured by the
course which he has pursued, it will not be stituency of the Society. Had Dr. Reed's owing to any delicacy or forbearance ou his case been as solid and substantial, as it was part; but io the overruling goodness of flimsy and querulous, his mode urging God, and to the sound sense and warm at- it was unjustifiable in the bighest degree. tacbment of its friends. We have a lively He allowed himself, in an evil hour, to confidence that the society will not be forget what was due to his brethren and to vitally injured ; but should it still retain its the cause; and pursued a line of conduct bold of the public mind, and rise even to a which has filled many hearts with deep sorhigher standing than it has hitherto occu- row and regret. pied, (which we pray God it may do,) it As Dr. R.'s original attack on the Diwill remain a pernianent fact, that the ten- rectors, in the case of Tahiti, did not, as it dency of Dr. Reed's movement, from first now appears, contain all that was in his to last, has been to lower its reputation, heart against them, we are not sorry that and to blight its usefulness. Had the Board their temperate and business-like defence of of Directors been guilty of all the non- themselves has led him to pour forth all the doing, and all the wrong.doing, which Dr. vials of his wrath. As matters now stand, Reed has laid to their charge, few men of it is better that the public should know his sober judgment, and correct feeling, will be whole case--all his secret grudges-all his of opinion that his mode of rectification has misconceptions of facts — all his overbeen in accordance with the golden rule. wrought notions of matchless wisdom and It is not for any man, whatever may be his self-importance. And now that all is outability or standing, to put himself above the unless he is bent on further evil-it needs rules of the gospel, and the courtesies which very little sagacity to perceive that there regulate honourable minds. Dr. Reed, we must be unavowed reasons for the unhappy are bold to say, bas done both. He at- course which be has pursued. So far, bow. tacked his fellow-directors, in the columns ever, as his printed statement is concerned, of a public newspaper, without a single pre- we pronounce it to be an utter failure-a vious remonstrance, and by this act he puts tissue of dexterous evasions, and of futile himself above the rules of the gospel; and and illogical reasonings. We bless God that by thus openly assailing the conduct of his the Society he has assailed veeds not to associates in office, men of honour and in- shrink from honest and canaid investigation tegrity, without in any way apprising them of its position. It can look with confidence of the course he intended to pursue, he puts
to its friends and foes, and say, “Examine, himself above the rules which every well. | investigate, inquire; but do not misrepreconducted worldly man would be compelled sent, do not stultify truth, do not mistake to observe in any secular Board upon which railing accusations for sober fact." But he might happen to sit. Whatever amount had the Society been in as doubtful a posiof sagacity Dr. R. might imagine that he tion as Dr. Reed would represent it to be, he possessed beyond the modicum which had is not the man who has the right of comfallen to the lot of his brethren, they had plaint. The public might imagine, from an indubitable moral and social right to his animadversions, that he has been expect from him that, before he condemned struggling to set and keep the Society right. them publicly, they would have had the ad- i We in London know better. His intlu. vantage of bis friendly counsel and earnest ence is not so much as felt at bead-quarters. remonstrance; and, moreover, that he would He is never seen at the Board. And yet hie have listened with brotherly candour to the complains loudly and bitterly in reference to views and convictions upon which their us ail. Such conduct is unaccountable; it is public conduct had been based. From this a mystery known only to God and himself. view of Dr. Reed's position, we can never
We say to the whole Christian world, suffer ourselves to be dislodged by any of Read Dr. Reed's strictures and the Di. the special pleadings which have been re- rectors' answer.
We ask for no favour sorted to in this most unhappy controversy. for the Directors, but simple, even-handed The Directors are, to say the least, honest justice. In our times no attack upon any men, anxious to discharge their duties ac. public body bas been so wanting in equity cording to the best judgments they are able and fair manly dealing. Let the following to form; and before Dr. Reed, as a member quotation from the Directors' “ Reply," of the Board, took upon him the responsi- &c., demonstrate this fact :bility of vituperating their proceedings in a • Dr. Reed deems it irrelevant, as well he public print, he owed it to common justice, may, to refer to any topics affecting his own to say notning of Christian love, to have conduct as a Director of the Society. made them acquainted with his dissatisfied *** It matters little,' he says, 'what may or hostile state of feeling. For the first have been my attendance, opinions, and time, however, they learnt that he differed negligence.' But the Directors cannot but from them, in a vehement appeal from their conclude that, in the judgment of their condecisions, in the case of Tabiti, to the con- stituents, and of all reflecting men, it will
matter much. • Behold, thou art confident , vited their brethren and friends; but he has that thou thyself art a guide of the blind, a not responded to the call. light of them that sit in darkness--thou, “He complains that the public meetings therefore, which teachest another, teachest on behalf of Tahiti were feebly sustained ; thou not thyself?' The man who stands as but he was not once seen upon the platform. the accuser of his brethren at the bar of en- "He maintains that the power of public lightened Christian opinion, should come opinion should have been invoked, and that with clean bands.
Parliament and the throne should have been “ Throughout both Dr. Reed's letters, besieged by importunate and irresistible and on every page of the Appeal, the unin- petitioners; but he has never awakened the formed reader is led to the conclusion that zeal of his friends, or put forth one public the writer, in all things pertaining to the testimony on behalf of the oppressed. cause of missions, has been a leader, both “ He breathes the most impassioned at. in counsel and enterprise ; that objects in tachment to the interests of China; but the distance unseen, or dimly seen by others, neither his name, nor that of the Associa. were clear to his vision; that, in arduous tion of which he is the president and the labours and perilous deeds, he was not only guide, appear on the list of those who, in heard exhorting the timid to go forward, addition to their ordinary liberality, freely but seen-an example far in advance. subscribed 10,0001.
“ But what tale will be told by the re- “He pleads against his brethren that, in cords of the Society ? Take the last ten consequence of this palpable weakness and years. During the whole of that period, many inefficiency, the Jubilee fund was unworthy members of the Board have, by regular at- of the occasion ; but to that fund neither tendance and the diligent discharge of duty, himself nor his congregation, though more retained their seats in the Direction.
than once entreated, contributed a fraction. “ In the year 1838, Dr. Reed was elected; “ He cries aloud, Tahiti has failed-China in 1840, he went out for insufficient attend. has failed-the Jubilee has failed! For
Tahiti he did NOTHING—for China, No. “ In 1841, he was re-elected ; in 1842, THING—for the Jubilee, NOTHING." he went out for insufficient attendance.
“In 1843, he was, for a third time, chosen; in 1844, he went out for insuffi.
A Treatise on the PHYSICAL CAUSE of cient attendance.
the Death of Christ, and its Relation “ In 1845, notwithstanding former defi
to the Principles and Practice of Chris. ciencies, he was re-chosen : and thus the
tianity. By William STROUD, M.D. Directors have constantly evinced their wish for his co-operation, while he as constantly
London: Hamilton and Adams, has failed in discharging the duties of his In the preface to this volume, Dr. Stroud office.
observes, that “whatever faults may be “A surer test of a good Director than attributed to his treatise, crudeness and even his attendance at the Board is found precipitation will scarcely be among their in the less attractive, but not less important number; for since its original conception duties of the several committees; and, in first occurred to him, more than a quarter of these labours, many members, at a great a century bas elapsed, during which period expense, both of time and inoney, render it has often been the subject of his thoughts, their willing assistance. But for Dr. Reed and not unfrequently of his conversation to have been found at committee, would and correspondence." The work, indeed, have awakened astonishment; and once in bears evident marks of the care and research a year, instead of thrice in a month, would which have been employed in its preparation. have been. for him, frequent attendance. It is in every respect highly creditable to the
" And this is the Director who tells the author. We do not exactly praise him for constituents of the institution, with all refraining for such a length of time from gravity and earnestness, •You must see giving this extended and permanent expresthat you have not only names, but services, sion of his views; but we could wish that from a fair average of the appointments, or book-writers in general had some portion of you will have one or two doing the work of his caution. If their conceptions were upon forty.'
the stocks in their minds for half, or even å “Dr. Reed most properly states the quarter of five and twenty years, how much importance of prayer in connection with more pleasant would our business of reviewdifficult missionary undertakings; as for in- ing be, for we should be spared the many stance, China and Tahiti: such meetings volumes of trashy literature into which we have been repeatedly held in the Mission are compelled to look, before we can conHouse, but he has not been there. To sign them to the dust. similar mectings, both at the Poultry and The book before us consists, as the title at Surrey Chapels, the Directors have in. / indicates, of two parts; the first being on the
physical or immediate cause of the death of the acceptance of his substitution by the the Saviour. We cordially thank Dr. governor. The manner of the death does Stroud for his full and masterly discussion of not necessarily affect the transaction. Where this subject. His argument is conducted on the event bas been predicted, and been the the sound principles of inductive reasoning. subject of types and ritual indications, if a He first reviews all the facts of the case, and certain mode of death has been clearly inhaving thus set forth the effect to be ac. timated in these, it may be said that that counted for, he proceeds to seek for its must be exhibited on the occasion of their cause, which must be “some known power fulfilment. Many circumstances in the last in nature, possessing the requisite efficacy, hours of our Saviour were minutely preagreeing with all the circumstances of the figured, and the prefiguration and verificacase, and by suitable tests proved to have tion are distinctly, minutely, mentioned by been present without counteraction." This the sacred writers ; but the mode of his power be finds in “ Agony of mind, pro- death is not among these. Dr. Stroud, inducing rupture of the heari.” We con- deed, appears to us substantially to allow sider the circumstance mentioned with such that his argument on this head is little more solemnity of attestation by the evangelist than an accommodation, in a sentence or John-that “one of the soldiers with a two, (p. 294): “ It was expedient that spear pierced his side ; and forthwith came Christ's sacrificial death should be reprethereout blood and water," in the light of sented by that of animals. The rupture of an experimentum crucis, by which the his heart owing to mental agony could not validity of this explanation is established. indeed be thus expressed ; but the effusion
The second part of the volume is an of his life's blood was plainly foreslown by attempt to apply the conclusion arrived at the manner in which victims were slain, in the first, in order to elucidate various namely, by the rapid division of the large parts of scriptural truth, and then the whole vessels of the neck, which necessarily occais exhibited as atfording a peculiar evidence sioned a copious and fatal discharge of of the truth of Christianity. Here we bave blood, derived almost directly from the not been able at times to suppress an appre- heart." hension that the author is in danger, from There is, we think, a straining, in such a very natural infirmity, of making too passages as this, of the types and ceremonies much of the explanation-the just explana- of the Old Testament; and not less of the tion, as we believe,-which he has given of symbols—of one of them, at least—in the the death of Christ, in its relation to the New, when the writer says, that “the rupgreat doctrine of atonement. We have ture of the heart, and the effusion of the carefully read the chapter on the types and life's blood, were precisely the circumstances prophecies of the Old Testament, as well as which Christ commanded his disciples symthat upon the narratives and symbols of the bolically to represent, when occasionally New, and could wish that some sentences commemorating that sacrifice by a sacred bad been excluded from them both. The and social repast, consisting of bread broken quotation, for instance, from Rambach, and of wine poured out." The ordinance of (p. 266,) and Dr. Stroud's own remarks, the supper does, indeed, show forth the that "the scanty drainings of blood from the Lord's death, but that when he said, “Take, transfixed extremities could not satisfy the eat; this is my body, which is broken for demands of the Levitical law, and if under you,” he was intending to direct the thoughts that dispensation one of the inferior animals of the apostles to the rupture of his hearthad been thus slain, it could not have been a circumstance of which we doubt whetber accepted as a victim at the altar;' and, shortly any of them were ever cognizant-we should after, “ The fatal hemorrhage foretold in feel sorry and pained to believe. Scripture, moreover, is represented as the re- From these remarks it will be seen that we sult not of external violence, but of internal account the chief value of this work to lie in grief, and, in a certain sense, as his own the first part, where so satisfactory a demon. act,- He poured out his life's blood unto stration is given of the physical cause of the death!'" We would by no means overlook Redeemer's death. The author has here the circumstances of Christ's death, dwelt applied his professional knowledge and upon by the writer,—the effusion of blood reading to a noble purpose. Our first reflecfrom his broken heart,—but it is far too tion upon it was,-Christ, then, did really strong, unjustifiable language even, to say, die. We do not believe any cunningly “ The two essential circumstances in the devised fable. We do not put our trust for death of Christ which rendered it effectual salvation in any pbantom mockery, or deas an atoning sacrifice were the rupture of ception of the senses. Thus is science rightly his heart, and the effusion of his life's employed in throwing new light upon the blood.” The essential validity of an atoning great truths of revelation. The heresy of sacrifice depends on the personal substitution the Docetæ and other Gnostic sects could of himself to the death by the expiator, and not have lived before Dr. Stroud's inquiry,
and equally fatal is it to the really infidel, fluous undertaking. We have no sympathy views of some German rationalistic specula- with this opinion; and, from what we know tors, and their pitiful followers in this coun- of the literary qualifications of those who try, at the present day.
are engaged on the version wbich we now Our second reflection was,-Christ died, earnestly commend to the favourable potice then, overwhelmed rather by the curse of of our readers, we have reason to believe sin than by the sufferings to which his that it will very far excel all preceding enemies subjected him. It was bis mental efforts. With an adherence, as strict as torture that drew from him the exclamation, that of Whiston, to the tone and feeling of “My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken Josephus, there is a smoothness and grace me?” Well may Dr. Rassell remark, as in the translation before us far in advance quoted by our author, “ Mysterious derelic-of the learned professor. But the Notes tion ! only to be accounted for by the nature and Illustrations which accompany this new of his death. That sorrow, which is the rendering, from the samples which have very soul of the curse, terminated his already appeared, are of standard value. life, and thus discovered the nature of They bespeak an amount of research capable his sufferings, together with their great only of being exerted by one wbo is tho. and glorious design.' Never was there, roughly versed in the history of the transnever can there be, such a commentary on mission of ancient books. To the biblical the words of Solomon, “ Fools make a mock student they will be invaluable; while the of sin.” In conclusion, we again express pictorial illustrations, executed with singu. our obligations to Dr. Stroud, for the lar taste and beauty, are not so much em. volume before us. He will not take our bellishments of the work, as real comments strictures amiss where we have been unable on the historical facts narrated. to follow him in his conclusions. We have This new translation will be divided into only further to point out and express our two parts. The first, which will be comgratification with the pious and reverential pleted in twelve monthly numbers, at five spirit by which the whole composition is shillings each, will contain the Life of characterised.
Josephus, by himself; the Jewish War; and the two Books against Apion. The second will comprise the “ Antiquities," and pro.
bably some of those apocryphal documents, The Works of JOSEPHUS. A New Trans
which have been attributed to Josephus. lation. By the Rev. ROBERT TRAILL, Each part contains five sheets of letterD.D., M.R.I.A., &c. With Notes, Ex. press, and with six or more engravings. In planatory Essays, and Pictorial Illustra- the twelve numbers, which make the first tions. Super-royal 8vo. Parts I., II.,
part, there will be one hundred engravings, III.
most of which are views of the scenes de. Houlston and Stoneman.
scribed by Josephus, taken on the spot,
expressly for this work, by William TapThe first edition of the works of Josephus, ping, Esq.; and executed on steel, in a in the original Greek, was published at highly-finished style, or in imitation of the Basil, in folio, in 1544.
original sketches. The other plates connounces this to be one of the most vene.
sist of exquisite medallion heads of the rable old books he had ever looked upon. Grecian and Roman persons of note referred Another edition, in Greek and Latin, was
to by Josephus, and of outline representapublished by Gelenius, in 1611; and a
tions of bas-reliefs, coins, plans and elera. third, by Ittigius, in 1691. But the best tions of architectural remains, maps, &c. editions, in Greek and Latin, are those
On the whole, we regard this new translapublished by Hudson, at Oxford, in 1720, tion, with its critical notes and pictorial two vols. folio; and by Oberthur, at Leip- illustrations, as one of the best contribuzig, in 1782.1785, three vols. 8vo.
tions of modern times in aid of biblical The first English translation of the work science. was executed by Thomas Lodge, of which,
We cannot close our notice, without ex. from 1602 to 1670, seven editions made pressing our satisfaction that the “ Jewish their appearance. It was again translated
Wars" are to appear in the first part of the by Sir Roger L'Estrange, in 1702, and translation. They are far more interesting went through three or four editions. But
than the Jewish Antiquities; inasmuch as the translation of the learned Whiston, in
they supply information nowhere else to be 1737, superseded all former efforts, and, found; while the latter are filled with from that time to the present, it has re- fables, except where they adhere to the Holy tained its standing as, upon the whole, the
Scriptures. best rendering of Josephus. A new translation, then, of the works of this celebrated Jew, may be regarded by some as a super