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desired to be interred in the cloister of the Cathedral of Lausanne, in the tomb of his predecessors, before the altar of God.'

It appears that cloisters formerly existed on the north-west side of the cathedral, some of which remained in the last century, although part of the site was occupied as a cemetery. Here was a small mortuary chapel belonging to the de Montherands, and next to it a more spacious one, owned by the de Loïs family. This is the tomb to which Arthaud de Lojs refers in his will. Bergier mentions this chapel as existing in 1763.

There was another tomb within the cathedral itself, near the rose window, and on this spot at the same date a great block of black marble, whereon were engraved the de Loys' arms with this device : ‘Sub umbra alarum tuarum protege me, Domine.' This was the monument of Noble Etienne de Loys, Seignior of Denens, brother of the ambassador Noé de Loợs, who died in 1613–14.2

Jeannin de Loys, son of Arthaud, was Syndic of Lausanne in the time of the consolidation of the two towns, and he appeared with the rest of the nobles in the Assembly of the Estates of Vaud in 1518. In his will, made in his house in the Rue de la Cité, he directed that his body should be borne to the Church of St. Francis, and interred in the Chapel of Notre Dame de la Consolation, in the tomb of his ancestors.

Isaac de Lojs, Seignior of Bochat, cousin of Jean Rodolphe de Loys de Marnand, owned the next property. He was now about forty-two years of age, and the proprietor of La Grotte. He was the father of de Lojs de Bochat, the historian, who afterwards lived and died in La Grotte. He married, first, Elizabeth, daughter of Jean Philippe de Loys, Seignior of Villardin, and aunt of M. de Loïs de Warens; and, secondly, the widow of M. de Buren, some of whose descendants are mentioned in the will of his son, de Loys de Bochat. His brother Samuel, Seignior of Vennes, married the Baroness Kettler in Pomerania.

Isaac de Lojs, in the marriage settlement of his son de Loys de Bochat, dated August 23, 1723, promised, instead of a dot,

| Archives of the de Loïs family in the possession of the Marquis de Loïs, Chandieu (MS.).

2 Bergier's MSS. VOL. I.

to lodge the young couple in his house. He shortly afterwards presented the Seigniory of Bochat to his son, and when that son made his will (1730) he committed the care of his father to his sister, Noble Etienne de Loys, whom he named as his heiress.

Outside the gate of St. Francis, at the corner of the Derrière Bourg, on the right going to Ouchy, were gardens of the Banneret Polier de Bottens. Adjoining to the south were the vineyards of M. de Rosset and of M. de Polier, Seignior of Vernand; and on the road to Ouchy itself were the gardens of the families of Grand, Praye, Vullyamoz, Pluviane, Deyverdun, and de Chandieu. The eastern part of the Derrière Bourg contained vineyards belonging to their Excellencies and to MM. Cheseaux.

Beyond the Rue de Bourg, outside St. Peter's Gate, lay the faubourgs of Martheray and d'Etraz, mostly owned by small proprietors; but in the Rue du Faubourg, now Rue d'Etraz, near the present fountain, there was a large property, part of the tithe leased to M. Gaudard, and sublet to various small cultivators, and partly to the Vullyamoz family, who there had a garden, vine, and hemp field. Next above were the meadows and vineyards of the Bergier family.

The property, which afterwards became historical under the name of Mon Repos during the sojourn of Voltaire at Lausanne, was at this time cut up into small holdings.

CHAPTER LVI

QUITTING now the great Rue de Bourg, we ascend to the Cité above, formerly the residence of the bishops, and now the abiding place of the representatives of Berne.

On entering beneath the massive portal of St. Maire, one came at this time to the guard-house of the château and the granary of their Excellencies of Berne, occupying the remains of the ancient Church of St. Maire.

Advancing towards the south, one had on his right hand the château amid its gardens and dependencies, and surrounded by high walls. This was the seat of the Bernese Bailiff or Viceroy,

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Château at Lausanne: with Gate and Church of St. Maire, demolished in 1890

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who held his court and ruled his subjects with as much ceremony and dignity as the governor of many a larger kingdom.

Noble Sigismond de Steiguer had held this post for five years, and had given way in 1707 to Noble Jacques de Sinner, the author of two folio manuscript volumes still in the library at Berne, entitled · Bernese Regiments and Contingents,' the first volume treating of the troops of the German portion of the canton, the second of those of the Pays de Vaud. De Sinner held this high office until 1713, and after occupying other eminent posts died in 1758, at the age of ninety-two.?

In advancing from the castle towards the cathedral, the first building of importance before reaching the college was the residence of the Burgomaster, Noble David de Crousaz, who had been elected to that office in 1702 in succession to Noble Jean Philippe de Lojs, and was destined to hold it for thirty-one years, as his friend and successor, Noble Jean Samuel de Seigneux, was called to fill it for the still longer term of thirty-three years.

Besides this important mansion and its outlying offices, the Burgomaster was the owner of other buildings, and of a large ! pleasure-ground divided into gardens, lawns, and orchards,

running along the back of the château and college. This part I of his property extended to the Chemin de la Madeleine, now

called the Chemin Neuf; and underneath the northern part ran the secret passage from the castle by which Bishop de Montfaucon had made his escape when the Bernese took possession, more than a century and a half before.

David de Crousaz was the son of Abraham, who had been Lieutenant Ballival and Châtelain of the Chapter, colonel of a regiment of fusileers, and Seignior of St. George, and who (1710) was buried in the choir of the cathedral beneath a massive monument. He was Seignior of Mézery, and the grandfather of Rodolphe de Crousaz, also Seignior of Mézery, whom Gibbon mentions at length in his memoirs, and with whom he resided from May 1763 to April 1764, at Lausanne and at Mézery. He married the daughter of Noble Benjamin de Rosset, Seignior of Pully, whose family papers I found in La Grotte. He was brother of

| MSS. of the Bernese Library.
7. Prodromus einer schweizerischen Historiographie, by M. le Comte de

Mulinen, p. 135.

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