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PICTURESQUE TOURIST

AND

ROAD-BOOK

OF

ENGLAND AND WALES.

WITH A GENERAL TRAVELLING MAP;,
CHARTS OF ROADS, RAILROADS, AND INTERESTING LOCALITÉES ;

AND ENGRAVED VIEWS OF THE SCEYFRY,

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ENOX LIBRARIA

NEW YORK

PREFACE.

The plan and execution of the “ Picturesque Tourist of Scotland” having met with very general approval, the proprietors of that volume have been encouraged to undertake a work of a similar description for England. Accuracy, conciseness, and a just discrimination of the importance of the several objects described being the qualifications most valued in a Guide-Book, it has been the aim of the Editor to devote his most anxious attention to the attainment of these requisites, and it is believed that the present work will be found to contain a larger afnount of well-digested in. formation than has ever been presented in nay vo'ume of such convenient size.

To have given all the roads of England witoin the limits of such a volume as the present was obviously impossible. Oniy the main roads have therefore been described, although the distances between places on the various tours by the cross roads are very generally given. By reference to the maps and charts, the routes by the cross-roads will readily be ascertained, and by turning to the index, the reader will be directed to the pages where all the places of any importance are described.

The names, position, and distances of the various places have been copied from the maps of the Ordnance Survey; and the same valuable authority has been the basis of the several charts and districtmaps with which the volume is illustrated.

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The names of the proprietors of the various mansions described have been carefully compared with Burke's Peerage, Baronetage, and History of the Landed Commoners. In consequence of the frequent changes in the possession of the smaller mansions and villas, it has been deemed better to omit the names of the occupants of these, than to give information which a short period of time might render inaccurate.

The memorable incidents mentioned in connection with the various localities have been carefully selected from the best county histories and other topographical works of authority. The population is given according to the census of 1841.

In describing the scenery most worthy of the attention of strangers, the Editor has endeavoured to give a plain and intelligible account of what he considered worthy of notice, without aspiring to picturesque or eloquent delineation. He has thus been enabled to incorporate with the topographical and descriptive matter, a considerable : portion of literary: historical, and traditionary illustration, which

may prove at once interesting and instructive to the reader. The expense of tráveiling, and the gratuities paid to servants at hoteks,:are subjects so mặterially influenced by the habits of the travelier; and the style of the establishment at which he sojourns, that it is difficult to afford precise information in regard to them. At the same time, the Publishers have reason to believe that a few particulars on those heads will be generally acceptable to tourists, and they have accordingly embodied, in the following note, the result of the inquiries which they have made upon the subject.

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