Validation in Psychology
Why do we respond to others-both to their physical appearances and to their personalities? What are the social influences on face perception? Current research perspectives on physical appearance by distinguished behavioral scientists from around the world were brought together in a special issue of Current Psychology and are offered here in a useful compendium.
Chapters and contributors include: "Assessing the State of Organizational Safety-Culture or Climate?" Kathryn J. Mearns and Rhona Flin; "Why Did It Happen to Me? Social Cognition Processes in Adjustment and Recovery from Criminal Victimization and Illness" by Malcolm D. MacLeod; "What's in a Name, What's in a Place? The Role of Verbal Labels in Distinct Cognitive Tasks" by J.B. Deegowski, D.M. Parker, and P. George; "On Disregarding Deviants: Exemplar Typicality and Person Perception" by C. Neil Macrae, Galen V. Bodenhausen, Alan B. Milne, and Luigi Castelli; "Mood in Chronic Disease: Questioning the Answers" by Marie Johnston; "The Emotional Impact of Faces (but not Names): Face Specific Changes in Skin Conductance Responses to Familiar and Unfamiliar People" by Hadyn D. Ellis, Angela H. Quayle, and Andrew W. Young; "Average Faces are Average Faces" by Jim Pollard, John Shepard, and Jean Shepard; "Computer Graphic Studies of the Role of Facial Similarity in Judgments of Attractiveness" by I.S. Penton-Voak, D.I. Perrett, and J.W. Peirce; "One Extreme or the Other, or Perhaps the Golden Mean? Issues of Spatial Resolution in Face Processing" by Dennis M. Parker and Nicholas P. Costen; "The Impact of Character Attribution on Composite Production: A Real World Effect?" by Graham Davies and Heidi Oldman; "Repetition Priming of Face Gender Judgments: An Instance Based Explanation" by Dennis C. Hay.
Validation in Psychology will benefit students, researchers, and practitioners of psychology, criminology, sociology, and experts in organizational behavior who are concerned with the impact of physical appearance on health psychology, crime, organizational safety, and above all, person perception.
Hadyn Ellis is Head of the School of Psychology at Cardiff University. Neil Macrae is professor of experimental psychology at the University of Bristol.
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Why Did It Happen to Me? Social Cognition Processes in Adjustment and Recovery from Criminal Victimization and Illness
Whats in a Name Whats in a Place? The Role of Verbal Labels in Distinct Cognitive Tasks
Exemplar Typicality and Person Perception
Questioning the Answers
Face Specific Changes in Skin Conductance Responses to Familiar and Unfamiliar People
Average Faces Are Average Faces
Computer Graphic Studies of the Role of Facial Similarity in Judgements of Attractiveness
One Extreme or the Other or Perhaps the Golden Mean? Issues of Spatial Resolution in Face Processing
A Real World Effect?
An Instance Based Explanation
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adjustment analysis anxiety assessed assortative mating attitudes attractiveness attributions atypi atypical average face behavior Bodenhausen Capgras delusion clinic cognitive composites congruent stimuli counterstereotypic cycles per face disability E-fit effects Ellis episodic retrieval exemplar experiment face recognition face shape facial frequencies factors familiar and unfamiliar function identification images incongruent stimuli indicate individual interaction Janoff-Bulman Jarvis Cocker Johnston Journal of Personality labels learning Logan Macrae male faces mean measures memory mood names Neil Macrae Noel Edmonds organizational outcome participants patients perceived control performance Perrett person perception Personality and Social Photofit photograph predicted presented prosopagnosia ratings repetition priming responses Roggman role safety climate safety culture scales scores SCRs self-blame self-similar sequence sequence learning Shepherd significant similar Smith and Zarate Social Psychology social stereotypes spatial stereotype stereotype-based Stroop effect studies subjects target task tion traits unfamiliar faces verbal code verification trials
Sidan 176 - In HD Ellis, MA Jeeves, F. Newcombe and A. Young (eds), Aspects of Face Processing. Dordrecht: Martinus Nijhoff. De Renzi, E. and Nichelli, P. (1975). 'Verbal and non-verbal short-term memory impairment following hemispheric damage'.
Sidan 7 - ... anthropology, while climate takes an historical snapshot and is rooted in psychology: On the surface, the distinction between organizational climate and organizational culture may appear to be quite clear: Climate refers to a situation and its link to thoughts, feelings, and behaviours of organizational members. Thus, it is temporal, subjective, and often subject to direct manipulation by people with power and influence. Culture, in contrast, refers to an evolved context (within which a situation...
Sidan 9 - The safety culture of an organisation is the product of individual and group values, attitudes, perceptions, competencies and patterns of behaviour that determine the commitment to, and the style and proficiency of, an organisation's health and safety management.