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Paul enters the temple]

THE ACTS.

[to fulfil a vow. 21 1 And they are informed of thee, only that they keep themselves from that thou teachest all the Jews which things offered to idols, and from are among the Gentiles to forsake blood, and from strangled, and from Moses, saying that they ought not to fornication. circumcise their children, neither to 26 Then Paul took the men, and walk after the customs.

the next day purifying himself with 22 What is it therefore? the multi- them entered into the temple, to sig. tude must needs come together : for nify the accomplishment of the days of they will hear that thou art come. purification, until that an offering

23 Do therefore this that we say to should be offered for every one of thee : We have four men which have them. a vow on them ;

27 And when the seven days were 24 Them take, and purify thyself almost ended, the Jews which were of with them, and be at charges with Asia, when they saw him in the temthem, that they may shave their ple, stirred up all the people, and laid heads: and all may know that those hands on him, things, whereof they were informed 28 Crying out, Men of Israel, help: concerning thee, are nothing; but that This is the man, that teacheth all men thou thyself also walkest orderly, and every where against the people, and keepest the law.

the law, and this place: and further 25 As touching the Gentiles which brought Greeks also into the temple, believe, we have written and concluded and hath polluted this holy place. that they observed no such thing, save 29 (For they had seen before with

EXPOSITION-Chap. XXI. Continued. ral opinion, that Paul did not fulfil bis as by magnetism : they clung together as whole voyage in one ship, but in two or grapes upon the true vine ; and we may three (as was common in those coasting believe they seldom parted without kneelvoyages), as circumstances might require. ing together in prayer, whether it were in The chief fact we here wish to remark is, the church, or in the house, or “on the the strong bond of affection that united sea sbore," as at Tyre: and it was this io. Christians with their common Lord. vincible attachment which occasioned the Wherever they went the first enquiry seems heathen to say proverbially, “ See how to have been, Are there here any that love these Christians love!our Lord Jesus? and that circumstance, But we must not generalize.-- When independent of all others, was a bond Paul came to Jerusalem he was intro“ strong as death." Fellow Christians duced to the Apostle James and the elders were brothers and sisters in the same of that church : and when he related family; they were children of the same "what (wonderful) things God had wrought heavenly Father, bought with the same among the Gentiles by his ministry, they blood, actuated by the same Spirit; so that glorified the Lord,” and, in return, directed they were indeed one, not in name and him to observe what, also, the Lord bad opinion only, but in heart. They also paid done among his countrymen, the Jews : a particular attention to the heralds of Thou seest, brother, how many thousands salvation : when any one came preaching of Jews there are which believe !". the Lord Jesus, they were attracted to him

NOTES--Chap. XXI. Con. Ver. 21. That they ought not to circumcise, &c.- See chap. xv. 19, 20, 28, 29. St. Paul's conduct, with regard to Timothy, might Ver. 26. Then Paul took the men. This has been have been a sufficient answer to this part of the censured by Voltaire and others, as a weak act of charge. See chap. xvi. 3.

temporising to please the people : but see Findlay's Ver. 24. Be at charges with them. This may Answer to Voltaire, part ii. & 25. either mean to pay the whole expense, or to unite Ver. 27. When the seven days-Namely, of pariin it; both which

were occasionally practised. See fication; see verse 24. Were almost ended Lardner's Cred. Book 1. ch. ix. 7. Maimonideg Doddr. « Were about to be accomplished." The confirms the testimony of Josephus on this subject. Jens which were of Asia-From whom he bad before See Doddr. Note (e).

met with mach opposition. Chap. xix. 9; xx. , &o Ver. 25; As touching the Gentiles which believe

The Jews issault Paul,] CHAP. XXI. [who is rescued by the guard. him in the city Trophimus an Ephe- 35 And when he came upon the sian, whom they supposed that Paul stairs, so it was, that he was borne of had brought into the temple.)

the soldiers for the violence of the 30 And all the city was moved, and people. the people ran together : and they took 36 For the multitude of the people Paul, and drew him out of the tem- followed after, crying, Away with ple: and furthwith the doors were him. shut.

37 And as Paul was to be led into 31 And as they went about to kill the castle, he said unto the chief caphim, tidings came unto the chief cap- tain, May I speak unto thee? Who tain of the band, that all Jerusalem said, Canst thou speak Greek? was in an uproar.

38 Art not thou that Egyptian, 32 Who immediately took soldiers which before these days madest an and centurions, and ran down unto uproar, and leddest out into the wilderthem: and when they saw the chief ness four thousand men that were captain and the soldiers, they left beat- murderers ? ing of Paul.

39 But Paul said, I am a man 33 Then the chief captain came which am a Jew of Tarsus, a city in near, and took him, and commanded Cilicia, a citizen of no mean city: and, him to be bound with two chains ; and I beseech thee, suffer me to speak unto demanded who he was, and what he the people. had done.

40 And when he had given him 34 And some cried one thing, some licence, Paul stood on the stairs, and another, among the multitude : and beckoned with the hand unto the peowhen he could not know the certainty ple. And when there was made a for the tumult, he commanded him to great silence, he spake unto them in be carried into the castle.

the Hebrew tongue, saying, (T)

EXPOSITION, (T) Ver. 21-40. Paul conforming to the so likely to impede his usefulness, they customs of the Mosaic law, is set upon by the wish him to unite with four brethren that Jews, but rescued by the Chief Cuptain. were then under the vow of the Nazarite, Our last section introduced Paul to bis

and defray (in part or in whole) the charge brethren at Jerusalem. At the same time of their joint sacrifices, the price of wbich as they joyfully state the number of con- must have been considerable. (See Numverted Jews now in Jerusalem, they use bers vi. 14, 15.) this as an argument with him to conform If it were Paul who took the vow at to the Jewish rites, for they were “all Cencbrea (ch. xviii. 18), and he was now zealous of the law." On this account come to Jerusalem to offer the appointed they had been strongly prejudiced agaiost sacrifices, this proposal was very opporPaul, because they had heard it reported tune :, but to that no reference is here that he had encouraged the Jewish con- made. It was, however, according to verts, residing among the Gentiles, to Josephus, an ancient custom among the neglect circumcision and other rites of the Jews, for others who had not taken the Mosaic law. This his brethren did not Nazarite's vow themselves, to contribute believe; but in order to counteract a report toward, or to defray wholly, the expenses

NOTES. Ver. 31. The chief captain-Lysias, tribune of who followed him into the wilderness, but were the cobort, and chiliarch, or commander of 1000 easily dispersed by Felis.

Ver. 39. A citizen of no mean city. The people Ver. 34. The castle-i. e. of Antonia, where was of Tarsos boasted their high antiquity from 'Tarshish,

the son of Javan, Gen. x. 4. They also aspired to Ver. 38. T'kat Egyptian, &c.- Josephus mentions literary fame (comp. Note on ch, ix. 11), and were 2. Egyptian impostor as coming into Judea while rendered

eminent by wealth and commerce. See Felix was governor, some years before this tumult. on ver. 28. Pretending to be a prophet, he gathered a multitude,

the Roman garrison.

Paul enters the temple] THE ACTS.

[to fulfil a row. 21 - And they are informed of thee, only that they keep themselves from that thou teachest all the Jews which things offered to idols, and from are among the Gentiles to forsake blood, and from strangled, and from Moses, saying that they ought not to fornication. circumcise their children, neither to 26 Then Paul took the men, and walk after the customs.

the next day purifying himself with 22 What is it therefore the multi. them entered into the temple, to sig. tude must needs come together : for nify the accomplishment of the days of they will hear that thou art come. purification, until that an offering

23 Do therefore this that we say to should be offered for every one of thee : We have four men which have them. à vow on them ;

27 And when the seven days were 24 Them take, and purify thyself almost ended, the Jews which were of with them, and be at charges with Asia, when they saw him in the temthem, that they may shave their ple, stirred up all the people, and laid heads : and all may know that those hands on him, things, whereof they were informed 28 Crying out, Men of Israel, help: . concerning thee, are nothing; but that This is the man, that teacheth all mer thou thyself also walkest orderly, and every where against the people, and keepest the law.

the law, and this place : and further 25 As touching the Gentiles which brought Greeks also into the temple, believe, we have written and concluded and hath polluted this holy place. that they observed no such thing, save 29 (For they had seen before with

EXPOSITION-Chap. XXI. Continued. ral opinion, that Paul did not fulfil bis as by maguetism : they clung together as whole voyage in one ship, but in two or grapes upon the true vine ; and we may three (as was common in those coasting believe they seldom parted without kneelvoyages), as circumstances might require. ing together in prayer, whether it were in The chief fact we here wish to remark is, the church, or in the house, or “on the the strong bond of affection that united sea shore," as at Tyre : and it was this is. Christians with their common Lord. vincible attachment which occasioned the Wherever they went the first enquiry seems heathen to say proverbially, “ See bow to have been, Are there here any that love these Christians love!” our Lord Jesus ? and that circumstance, But we must not generalize.- Wbeu independent of all otbers, was a bond Paul came to Jerusalem he was intro ** strong as death." Fellow Christians duced to the Apostle James and tbe elders were brothers and sisters in the same of that church : and when he related family; they were children of the same what (wonderful things God had wrought heavenly Father, bought with the same among the Gentiles by his ministry, they blood, actuated by the same Spirit; so that glorified the Lord," and, in return, directed they were indeed one, not in name and him to observe what, also, the Lord had opinion only, but in heart. They also paid done among his countrymen, the Jeas: a particular attention to the heralds of “Thou seest, brother, how many thousands salvation : when any one came preaching of Jews there are which believe !" the Lord Jesus, they were attracted to him

NOTES-Chap. XXI. Con. Ver. 21. That they ought not to circumcise, &c. - See chap. xv. 19, 20, 28, 29. St. Paul's conduet, with regard to Timothy, might Ver. 26. Then Paul took the men. This has been have been a sufficient answer to this part of the censured by Voltaire and others, as a weak act of charge. See chap. xvi. 3.

teinporising to please the people : but see Findlayo Ver. 2. Be at charges with them. This may Auswer to Voltaire, part ii. 25. either mean to pay the whole expense, or to unite Ver. 27. When the seven days-Namely, of periin it: both which were occasionally practised. See fication ; see verse 24.- Were almost addLardner's Cred. Book I. ch. ix. 17. Maimonides Doddr. Were about to be accomplished. The confirms the testimony of Josephus on this subject. Jeres which were of Asia-From whom he had before See Doddr. Note (e).

met with mach opposition. Chap. xix. 9; II. & Ver. 35. As touching the Gentiles which beliete.

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Paul's defence]
THE ACTS.

[to the Jews.

. helt now CHAP. XXII.

4 And I persecuted this way unto

the death, binding and delivering into MEN, brethren, and fathers, hear prisons both men and women.

ye my defence which I make 5 As also the High Priest doth bear now unto you.

me witness, and all the estate of the 2 (And when they heard that he elders: from whom also I received letspake in the Hebrew tongue to them, ters unto the brethren, and went to they kept the more silence : and he Damascus, to bring them which were saitl)

there bound unto Jerusalem, for to be 3 I am verily a man which am a punished. Jew, born in Tarsus, a city in Cilicia, 6. And it came to pass, that, as I yet brought up in this city at the feet made

my journey, and was come nigh of Gamaliel, and taught according to unto Damascus, about noon suddenly the perfect manner of the law of the there shone from heaven a great light fathers, and was zealous toward God, round about me. as ye all are this day.

7 And I fell unto the ground, and

EXPOSITION_Chap. XXI. Continued. of sacrifice for others, especially those who on the watch. He had been seen with one were not well able to afford the charge. “Trophimus, an Ephesian," whom they This some thought a work of great merit; supposed he had brought into the temple, but it is not to be supposed our apostle, probably from seeing there a person somewho was a great opponent of the doctrine what like him. On this ground (whether of human merit, undertook it with such real or pretended) an alarm was raised : views, but merely to abate the prejudices Paul was seized and dragged out of the of bis Jewish brethren.

temple, and the door closed to prevent Paul's sentiments on the Jewish dispen- other Gentiles from going in. The whole sation are fully explained in his Epistles. city was immediately in an uproar, and He considered the Jewish ritual as no they fell to beating Paul, and would doubtlonger obligatory; yet he did not wish to less have killed him, if the Roman power treat it with contempt, nor to offend his had not interfered. But notice of the riot Jewish brethren, who did not yet see its being given to the chief officer of the abrogation. Infidel writers have abused Roman band, which kept guard at the his conduct in this respect, as trimming outer gates of the temple, to prevent any, and time-serving; but as his object was not riot during the public festivals, he came worldly interest, but to subserve the cause immediately, with soldiers, to bis rescue of Christ, we see not with what propriety and, supposing him some great criminal it can be condemned. He became “all (particularly the Egyptian, who had made things to all meu," that, by any means, a riot some time before), he ordered him "he might save some.” (1 Cor. ix. 22.) to be bound with two chains, and enquired

This conciliatory measure, however, had into the charge against him; but obtaining an effect far different from what had been no satisfaction from his accusers, he comintended. It was not to be supposed that manded him to be brought immediately to Paul would, or could, refrain from speak- the Castle of Antonia, on the stairs (or ing to a Gentile convert in the city, but steps) of which he obtained leave to speak his being seen to do this was sufficient to in his own defence. raise an alarm, when his old enemies were

NOTES, CHAP. XXII. Ver. 1. My defence.--Gr. apologia. 30.-Brought up ...... at the feet of Gamaliel.Mr. Scott says, “ The sacred writers never use this The Jewish students used to sit on the ground be. word, or the corresponding verb, except wben the fore the feet of their Rabbins, person spoken of defended himself from some charge Ver. 4. Unto the death.-Unto death. Bp. Lowth. brought against him. .... They never call the preach- Ver. 6. The High Priest-Of that time, namely, ing of the gospel an apology."

Caiaphas (as Doddridge supposes) Ver. 2. In the Hebrew longue-That is, as then elders doth bear me witness-By the official letters spoken, which the learned are pretty well agreed which they gave him. was the Syro-Chaldaic-a mixed dialect.

Ver. 6. As I made my journey, &c.See chap. Ver. 3. Born in Tarsus.-See Nate on chap. xxi. ix. 3, &c.

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