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A Shart, Plain Discourse, delivered in the Paris Church of

Lambaurn, in Berks. By the Rev. 7. Smith, Vicar. 8vo. 68.

This discourse is, indeed, ro plain, that he who runs may read, and so short that he need not run faft to be very foon at the end of it. It has a propriety in it, however, which is wanting in many longer discourses; the author very probably proceeding on the antient adage, so very apt on all critical occasions, “ the least said is sooneft mended,"

The Denunciation of Chrif again Jerusalem considered and ape plied. Preached in the Parish Church of St. Michael Carnhill. By R. P. Finch, D.D. Rector of that Parifaa 470, 6d. Rivington.

Aa application of a portion of Scripture more pious and general, than the present partial occasion may seem to require.

A Sermon preached before the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, in the

Abbey Church at Westminster, Nov. 5, 1776. By John Lord
Bishop of Rocbefter. 4to. 6d. Dodíley."

A good-enough bishop's-fermon on so trite and hacknied occasion as the gunpowder plot.'

The Love of Mankind the Fundamental Principle of the Christian

Religion. Preached before the Gentlemen Natives of the County
of Somerset, at their Annual Meeting in the Church of St. Mary,
Redcliff Bristol, Sept. 16, 1776. By John Langhorne, D.D.
Rector of Blaydon, Somerset fire. 4to, is. Bicker.

Every thing in this world seems to be turned topsy-turvy by the tasty writers of this refined age. Thus the natives of Zio merzet-zbire, zhure, are all become gentlemen; and what is more extraordinary, che fundamental principle of the Christian seligion, which was heretofore universally said to be the Love of God, is dwindled down to the Love of Man !--Egregious Dr. John Langhorne!

The Power of Christianity over the malignant Paffions, afferted,

the real Čauses of Perfecution among Christians, and the true
Grounds of mutual Forbearance in Religious Opinions explained:
- Before the University of Cambridge, Nov, 3; 1776. By
Samuel Cooper, D.D. formerly Fellow of Magdalen College.
4tc. is. Woodyer, Cambridge. Becket, &c. London.
A truly religious and moral discourse. .

Encouragesrats Encouragements promised to Reformation.--Before the Governors of

the Magdalen Hospital, May 2, 1776. By Robert Markham,

D.D. Rector of St. Mary's, Whitechapel. 60. Rivington. • We are glad to find Dr. Markham not so uncharitably le. vere on the poor penitent prostitutes, as we have sometimes heard a certain divine; wlio now lays claim to the compas. sion even of Magdalens.

A Sermon preached at St. Paul's, New-York, Sept. 22, 1976. · Being the first Sunday after the English Churches opened on Ges

neral Howe's taking Polefion of the Town, & C. By the Rev. Mr. O'Beirne, Chaplain to Lord Howe. Publised at the Request of the Congregation. 6d. Beecroft, &c.

. It would be strange if a sermon, preached on such an occafion, were not politically loyal, as well as religiously ore thodox.

CORRESPONDENCE. • The following letter containing in a great measure our own sentiments concerning the work therein inentioned, we spare ourselves the trouble of a formal article by inserting it.

TO THE AUTHORS OF THE LONDON REVIEW. Gentlemen, Perhaps it may not come within your plan to take any notice of such things as The Ladies Diaries ; but I hope you will so far oblige me as to recommend to publick notice, chat lately published by Reuben Burrow. It is indeed the work of a master in science, and contains many geometrical propositions, most of which are new and curious, others very general, and of very extensive utility, and all of them demonitrated with the most elegant conciseness. I would not have you think that this is a mere putt, for I assure you that neither the author nor the publisher know any thing of iny writing this, nor do I intend that they shall know from wbence it comes; but I send you this merely out of gratitude for the pleasure I have already received, and the future profit I hope to reap from this ingenious performance; and I Inake no question but that all masters of the subject will accord with this my testimony. At the same time I must confess, that I could have wished the author had spared his farcaitical reinarks upon some great names in the same walk of science with himself, as there is room enough therein for all to move peaceably and quietly, without joftling each other.

I am, Yours,

ANONYMOUS. ** The Reviewers would gladly comply with Mr. Bolter. ton's request; but are fearful that lo profound an investigation, as he seems to require, into so very abstruse a subject, would prove as little edifying as entertaining to their readers. It is the less necessary also, if it be true, as he informs us, that Dr. Priestley has taken up the pen in defence of himself-Nobody is better able to do him justice.

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Miscellaneous Works of the late Philip Dermer Stanhope, Earl of

Chesterfield : consisting of Letters to his Friends, never before printech, and various other Articles. To which are prefixel, Memoirs of his Life, tending to illustrate the Civil, Literary, and Political, History of his Time. By M. Maty, M. D. late Principal Librarian of the British Museum, and Secretary to the Royal Society. In Two Voluines, 4t0. 21. 25. Dilly.

The editor of this work observes, in a short introduction to his account of the life of the author, that " it is from the number and variety of private memoirs, and the collision of oppofite testimonies, that the judicious reader is enabled to strike out light, and find his way through that darkness and confusion, in which he is at first involved by thein."

It is,” says he, “ from observing different individuals, that we may be enabled to draw the outlines of that extraordinary complicated being, man. The characteristics of any country or age must be deduced from the feparate characters of persons, who, however diftin. guishable in many respects, ítill preserve a family likeness. Fro!n the life of almost any one individual, but chiefly from the lives of such eminent men as secmed destined to enlighten or to adorn society, instructions may be drawn, tuitable to every capacity, rank, is-, or station. Young men aspiring to honors cannot be tvo affiduous in tracing the means by which they were obtained : by obferving with what difficulty they were preserved, they will be apprised of their real value, estimate the risks of the purchase, and discover frequent disappointment in the pofleffion.

t. It is not my province to determine, whether the memoirs of lord Chesterfield will answer these several purposes. I profels, however, they were written with that view. The transactions of the wo lait VOL. V.

Y :


reigns are so recent, that general history cannot yet relate them with faithfulness and accuracy. But materials should now be collected, cha- , racters should be drawn, while they are still fresh in the memory of the living, and anecdotes should be snatched from the destructive hands of line and oblivion. I do not presume to have penetrated into the fanctuary, nor can I venture to promise that I fall always be able to come at the truth; fome secrets may, and perhaps must, remain for ever undisclosed. Those, who are possessed of better informations, may be incited by this attempt to communicate their knowledge to the public."

For the sake of order, the editor has divided these memoirs of his author, into six parts or sections :

“ The first, containing the early periods of lord Chesterfield's life, and extends to his twentieth year, or to the death of gucen Anne. The second comprehends ihe derail of his conduct at court, in parliament, and in society, during the reign of George the First, ending in 1727. The third gives an account of his first embafly to Holland, and his return to England, to the time of his diliniffion in 1733. The period of his opposition, during the twelve following years, is the subject of the fourth section. The fifth includes his lordihip's second erpbally to Holland; his administration in Ireland, and his share in public affairs as secretary of state, till the beginning of 1748 when he refigned; and the sixth and last represents his lordship in his retreat, enjoying the fruits of his experience and labors, bearing up against the infirmities of old age, and continuing to the last the favorite of the mu'es, the friend to his country, and the well-wisher to mankind.”

Although Lord Chesterfield was more distinguished for his personal qualifications than his-rank, it may not be amiss to cite the two firft short paragraphs of the firft section, relative to his family in general.

“ Philip Dormer Stanhope, earl of Chesterfield, was born in London, on the 22d of September 1694 *.

" The antiquity of the Stanhopes is sufficiently known, and needs no illustration. Several of our first nobility trace their origin from them , and their connections and intermarriages with the principal families of the kingdom have been very numerous and extensive it. Their zeal for their country and fidelity to the crown, ever since the reign of Edward III, though afren tried, could never be shaken ; and

** By a mistakcin Collins's Peerage of England, vol. II. p. 270. the time of his birth is placed one year later. Lord Chesterfield often mentioned this to his friends; but he did not think it worth while to have it corrected. This particular I first learned from Dr. Mounsey, physician to Chelsea hofpital, a friend to the earl; and as it appears from one of his letters to bim (ride collection published by Mrs. Eugenia Stanhope, vol. II. p. 603, 400), exactly of the same age.

+ Their family has been esiablished in the north of England for many centuries, even before the time of Edward I.; but from the reiga of that king's grandfon, their principal estates have been in Nottinghamthire and in Derbyshire. Sec Collins's Peerage, p. 257.

I The earls of Stanhope, Harring:on, &c. . The duke of Newcafic, the earl of Huntingdon, lord Southwell, &c.

· their

their eminent services in the most critical times were justly rewarded by places of trust, and marks of distinction. The honor of peerage was conferred upon this family by king James I. and the title of earl · by his son. The late lord stood the eighteenth in the rank of the Eng. lish earls."

The education of our author being in some measure neglected by his father, the charge of it, we are told, was taken by his grandinother Lady Halifax, who proved every way equal to the task.

“ [1705) It does not appear,” continues Dr. Mały, “ that her young ward was sent to any of the public schools. His sentiments, manners, and taste, were all formed upon the model he found at home.

The beit maliers were chosen to render his accomplishments suitable to his birth. They hit upon the art of adapting their instructions to his disposition, and by this method improved his mind, while they gained his affection.

" Froin his earliest youth he shewed an ardent desire of excelling in whatever he undertook *, and an uncommon resolution in never deviating froin the track he ar firit chalked out to himself, whatever dif. ficulties he might find in his way. Two initances of this, however trifling, I Mall beg leave to relate from the informations, which were transmitted to me by the Bishop of Warerford.

" He was very young, when lord Galway, who, though not a very fortunate general, was a man of uncommon penetration and merit, and who often visited the marchioness of Halifax, observing in him a strong inclination for a political life, but at the same time an unconquerable tatte for pleasure, with some tincture of laziness, gave him the following advice. " If you intend to be a man of business, you inust be an early riser. In the distinguished posts your parts, rank, and fortune, will intitle you to fill, you will be liable to have visitors at every hour of the day; and unless you will rile constantly at an early hour, you will never have any leisure to yourself.” This admonition, delivered in the most obliging manner, made a considerable impression upon the mind of our young man, who ever alier observed that excellent rule, even when he went to bed late, and was already advanced in years.

" With such advantages and expectations, it is not surprising that he should have had an uncommon share of spirits. His natural liveliness was, in the beginning of his life, accompanied with some degree of warinth. He was rather impatient of contradiction, and is reported to have been somewhat paffionate. This ditpofition, fo improper for a ftatesman, was happily corrected by an incident; and the leflon he received, was the most efficacious, as he gave it to himself. Something, which he said or did in a fit of anger when he was young, made him so uneasy afterwards that he resolved from that time to watch over himself, and endeavour to curb the impetuosity of his temper. This

" When I was at your age (about eleven years old) I should have been alhamed if any boy of that age had learned his book better, or played at “ any play better than I did; and I should not have rested a moment till I M had got betore hiin." Letters to his son, vol. 1. p. 173.

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