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intimacy with him for several years * ; and I shall beg leave to in terrupt, for a while, the thread of my narrative by inserting them in this place.

He was born at Rouen in the year 1681. When he was a canon regular and librarian at the church of St. Genevieve, he applied to archbishop Wake for the resolution of some doubts, concerning the epifcopal fuccession in England, and the validity of our ordinations ; being encouraged thereto by the friendly correspondence which had passed between the archbishop and the late Dr. Pin of the Sorbonne. The archbishop fent him exact copies of the proper records, attested by a notary public; and on these he built his defence of the English ordinations, which was published in Holland in the year 1727. For this book the university of Oxford gave him a doctor's degree ; and, I am informed, there is a Latin speech, preserved at Oxford, which he either fent or spoke, in return for the honour conferred upon him. The original papers, which the archbishop fent over to Courayer, together with several letters which passed concerning the terms of a projected reconciliation between the churches of France and England, are extant in private bands t, and some of them are published in the Biographia Britannica 1.

The cardinal De Noailles being highly offended with the book, the marshal De Noailles, his brother, endeavoured to pacify him and restore Courayer to his favour; but without success. While the danger of a prosecution, or rather a perfecution, was depending, it was thought most advisable that he fhould take refuge in England: but he was in so little hafte on this occasion, that he made a slow journey to Calais in a Stage coach, and was detained there fome time by a contrary wind, so that he might easily have been apprehended. However, he got safe to England, where he was well received: but he complained to archbishop Wake, that it was a bad country for a religious man to refide in, on account of the unhappy differences in religion, by which mutual charity is destroyed ; and the liberty which many take of blafpheming against the doctrines of christianity, and corrupting the minds of the people. The marquis of Blandford soon made him a present of fifty pounds by the hands of Nicholas Mann, Esq. who was afterwards matter of the Charter-house. With some difficulty he obtained a pension of one hundred pounds a year from the court; and having translated father Paul's History of the Council of Trent into French, he dedicated

* James Smyth, Esq. of Upper Grosvenor-street.

+ They are now in the possession of the reverend Ofmund Beauvoir, master of the King's school at Canterbury, whose father was concerned with archbishop Wake in the correspondence. The author of The Confessional, who took up his pen with the pious purpose of making rogues and hypocrites of all the best men, that have adorned the church, fince the reformation, falls foul, upon the memory of the archbishop for his charitable treaty with the divines of the Sorbonne, as if he had formed a scheme for yielding up the protestant doctrines to the church of Rome : though this whole affair, on the part of the archbishop, was conducted with all poshble fidelity and resolurion; such as will do him honour with the latest pofierity. The reader may see him well vindicated against the malicious aspersions of that author, in Dr. Ridley's first Letter, p. 80. &c.

See the Life of Archbishop Wake.

it to queen Caroline, who encreased his penlion to two hundred pounds; and, by the fale of the work, he raised fifteen hundred pounds more. He gave sixteen hundred pounds to lord Fevershan for aa annuity of one hundred pounds per annum, which he enjoyed for fifty years. Thus he role, by degrees, to very easy circumitances, which were made ftill more fo' by the reception which his agreeable and editying converfation procured him among great people, with many of whom it was his custom to live for several months at a time. He was occafionally generous to some of his relations in France. He had two fifters who were nuns; and to this day has a brother living at Paris in the profession of the law, to wbom he gave a handsome geld snuff-box, which had been presented to him by queen Caroline. His works were many, and all in French. He tranflated Sleidan's History of the Reformation; and wrote a second defence in fupport of his first, against the arguments of the Jesuits, father Harduin, cardinal Tercin, &e. In discourfing about religious subjects, he was reserved and cautious, avoiding controversy as much as possible. He never had any good opinion of Bower, who came over hither to write his History of the Popes : he acculed him of pretending to collect from books which he had never seen; and said he was a dark mysterious man, of a very fufpicious character. He was takeir ill on Tuelday the igth day of October, and died on the 'Thuriday following; finking naturally under the burden of bis years, which were beyond the common age of inan. He deciares in his will chat he dies a catholic, but not according to all the modern doctrines of the church of Rome. . Soon after his retirement to England he went to a prieth of the Romi/h church, for conteftion, and told him who he was. The priest dared not take his confeflion, because he was excommunicared; but advibed him to consult his fuperior of St. Geneviery. What was the flue of this application, ve know not; but it is certain that, when in London, he made it his practice to go to mass; and when in the country at Ealing, he conItantly attended the tervice of the parish church, declaring, at all times, that he had great fatisfaction in the prayers of the church of England. The Jesuits were his worit enemies; yet when that order was suppreiled, his great humanity lamented the fate of many poor men, who were thrown out of their bread, and cast, in a helpless state, upon the wide world. At his own delire he was buried in ihe cloviter of lifiminfter abley, by Dr. Beli, chaplain to the princefs Arrelia. He left sool. to St. Martin's parish, and 2001. to the parish of St. Margaret's, Westminster, in which he died; with many other private legacies to his friends in England."

; It may not be ainiss to refer our readers to a letter, printed in the postscript, giving a further account of the character and writings of this extraordinary person. ' . ..

Our observing traveller is extremely severe both on the moral and literary character of M. de Voltaise, a caricaturaetching cf whom, in the attitude of instructing the players to act, he has prefixed to his observations.

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The Rudiments of War : Comprising the Principles of Military

Duty, in a series of Orders issued by Commanders in the Eng

life Army. To which are added, some other Military Regula. tions, for the Sake of connecting the Former. 8vo. 53.

Conant. . " Many of the Orders contained in this Treatise, were compiled fome Years fince by an ingenious Gentleman, who was a Major of Brigade during the War that terminated with the Peace of Aix la Cha. pelle, and afterwards became a Major General. In the Course of several Campaigns orderly Books grow voluminous, and are not conveniently portable in the Field. Abstracts of standing Orders are therefore requisite for an easy Recourse to References frequently made to preceding ones. It was this Motive prompted him to select and tran-scribe them as they were iflued ; and these Extracts were generally appealed to as Arbitrators in every Difference. How ferviceable they became to him appeared by a Command from the late King, a few Days before the Battle of Dettingen, to give him an Account of the Out. Poits of the Army; an Honour rarely conferred on a Major of Brigade if the General Officers be sufficiently intelligent. But the several Paffages were accumulated very irregularly, and never reduced to Syl. · tem or Form under their juft and stared Titles. . .

“ Arranged in this natural Disposition, they are now presented to the Public, blended with others of modern Introduction, for the Sake of Illustration, and to render the work of more extensive Use.” ?

As the London Reviewers are none of thein Military Men, it will not be expected they Thould scrutinize into the propriety of regulations and orders, projected and issued by the principal generals of modern times; they dismiss this performance, therefore, in the closing words of the , prefacer. “ Time can alone ascertain the actual use or inefficacy of the present work. It is at least concise, adapted to the plainest capacity, and may serve as a memorial of duty to those who stand in need of such a monitory."

The Candor and Good-Nature of Englishmen exemplified, in their

deliberate, cautious, and charitable way of characterizing the
Customs, Manners, Conftitution, and Religion of Neighbouring
· Nations, of which their own Authors are every where produced
as Vouchers ;-their moderatë, equitable, and humane Mode of
governing States dependant on them ;-their elevated, courteous,
and concilitating Stile and Deportment, on all Occasions ;-with,
in particular, a true and well-supported Specimen of the ingenuous
and liberal manner, in which they carry on Religious Controversy.
To which are prefixed, Proposals for Printing by Subscription,
Eusebius, or, Elays on the principal Virtues, Vices, and
Pasions. With some Account of that Work. By Thomas O

er, in a well-suppoint, on all levated, co

a whit; ipproof, the reader says the write arrives at al

· Brien Mac Mahon, Author of an Essay on the Depravity of ! Human Nature, and other Publications. 8vo. 5. Bew. ** - “ It requires very little critical acumen to observe, that the

subject of this publication is introduced in an awkward, unna

tural, and abrupt manner, that the reader is obliged to wade " through several pages of egotism, before he arrives at any thing

of general concern."-So says the writer himself, of this work; a proof, the reader may suppose, of his inodesty. Not a whit; if the author hath really any modesty about him, itmust be of a very peculiar kind : since he has here published a whole volume of abuse of the English nation; whose general character, he says, “ is prejudice, iil-manners, abuse, male.volence, oppreffion of states dependent on them, and irreli

gion,” « No pecple,” says he, « have manifested such enmity to Chriftian tenets and devout practices as the English; or have discovered themselves such lying and shaineless revilers of the religion, government and manners of neighbouring kingdoms, as they -We abominate all kind of national reflections, as too general to be just : we inight otherwise observe how unlucky it is for our author, that he is himself an Irishman; being, beyond dispute, as lying and shameless a reviler of the character and manners of other nations as any Englishman upon earth. But, injeed, it is no wonder that the man, who has written a libel against Human-nature itself, should write a fa

tire on the humanity of the English ; whose good nature, - we are persuaded, will regard with an eye of pity, a raving creature, whose extravagancies about the purity of " that spota Jess, though fruitful virgin the Church of Rome," betray hiin (to use his own language) to be only an Irish bully to the -whore of Babylon. After all, perhaps, too little learning has turned the poor man mad. Our readers will judge from the following quotation. .. . “ Protestants, especially in England, where they are worse rearan:- ers on religious, and greater railers on all subjects, than in any other

country, except Germany, have transformed the pope into more shapes than Ovid does his Jupiter. Sometimes he is am" chief or arch-myrtagogue" with them : at others, a great Lama of Tartary.” Whittaker tells us in Greek, he is to more cruel than the inhuman ty: rants of antiquity : wuótipoy TV oknaTideuranuerwy Tueywv," having

probably Bufiris, Gyges, Cacus, Procruites, Mezentius, Phalaris, &c. · in view, when he wrote that candid and good-natured sentence, in the

dedication prefixed to his Greek Tranflation of his countryman Alexan· der Noellus's-Christiane pietatis prima instituţio, printed in London

in 1701.- Hundreds stile the same sovereign poncift a, or the man of fin," by which we are to understand, finning is as effential to his nature, or at least to his station, as rationality to other men.--Nos a


few have termed him “s à porter,” affirining at the same time, the key's he carries about him to be " the keys of the gates, not of hea. ven,-but-hell." --- According to many he is a collector and trainer of mad-bulls," which he sends about the world to annoy and gore those who refuse paying a certain tax, called Peter perce. Care, author of the three large Quarto Volumes of Weekly Intelligence from Rome, delights in reprefenting him (especially where he describes the fepten. nial ceremony of blessing the Agnus Deis) as a "great necromancer, conjurer, and dealer in spells."—However, though the writer of the three good-natured volumes, just cited, says, totvards the conclusion of the third tome, that the popes have it by the multitude of their BAŞTARDS, proved themselves men with a witness,' even' so as to render

_" the probation" of their manhood on their election needless, which he affirms to have been formerly a part of the ceremonial, when a person appointed for the purpose, -" felt things and things," this does not prevent forty other good-natured English Authors from Itripping the burband of Christ's Church of virility entirely, and calling him amma “ drunken red whore,” who once fell into labour, as she was “ stalking in a procession, cloathed in her pontificalibus."

" Some think all this not enough until, after depriving bim of evesy thing human, they draw hide jus pictures of him, sufficient 10 frighten all the children and pregnant women in the kingdom.. Of this kind are the descriptions we have of him, as of a monster, whose head is covered with horns, of different sizes, with feet like those of a goat. In other representations he resembles-a bullnot of the agnús and..grínexos fort, like that into which, Moschus tells us, Jupi er metamorphosed himself, but-heaven defend us! a huge, furi. ous, fiery-eved one, emitting smoke and flames from his mouth and nostrils ; whose dreadful figure could not fail terrifying, not only to delicate, young and unexperienced a maiden as Europa, but the most masculine, fable-frequenting, insatiable lady of quality in England,

-even though the had for years acted as prelident to the female coterie.

“ However, of all the monstrous forms into which they changed - the popes, none, I confess, intimidates me equal to that of a threeheaded dng,” in which shape I often met him, in good-naturrd English books, and pamphlets. Being naturally afraid of English Maftiffs, which are remarkably ferccious and cruel, though each of them, thank God, has no more than one head, and one inouth, judge, reader, what my terrors must be, when I behol a monster

-called by the name of Cerberus, in order to diftinguish him from the dogs of true English breed, known by the appellation of Bull-dogs, -standing unchained with three large and extended throats, the same number of parched and out-stretched tongues, lix foaming lips, fix enflamed eyes, a multitude of sharp-let teesh, ready in all appearance to devour me, or even any goodi-naturel

Englishman, that niay coine in his way. * Sure the reader will not be too hasty iu pronouncing me

over-timid, when I thus candidly own myself 'stariled, as often as I behold the above savage beast in English books·; for if Scylla (one нь


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