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they might be justified by faith as Abraham was.' Now this is good sense to say, that God, by imputing faith to Abraham whillt he was uncircumcised, newed his purpose of impuring faich also to the believing uncircumcised Gentilts for their justification. But if the imputing righteousness means the imputing Christ's righteous. ness in ibis place, the apostle's discourse is incoherent, and proves nothing; for then the case will itand thus : Faith was imputed to Abraham for righteousness, in uncircumcision, that he might be the father of believing w circumcised Gentiles, that Christ's righteour. ness might be imputed to them. Now if Abraham was justified by: faith, and the believing Gentiles are justified by Christ'. righteoulness, then they are juitified two different ways; of consequence Abraham could uot be their father, nor they his children, ..“ But though I am not arguing against the doctrine of Chrift's imputed righteousness for justification, and do not assert that such an exprellion is incapable of a good meaning, yet unquestionabiy this is not the sense of the paffiges I have been explaining; nor indeed is it ever once said in any fingle passage of the New Testament, that the righteousness of Christ is imputed to any person: No; the ex. pressions used by St. Paul ale, “s to impute righteousness,” i. e, to pardon sin; and, more generally, “ to impute faith for righteous. is ness.” Thus, “ Abraham believed God, and it,” his faith, 6 was imputed to him for righteousness ;” and the reason of this the apostle gives in the next verte, or draws this inference from it”

An Account of Proposals made for the Benefit of bis Majesty's Naval

Service: Shewing their general Object and Tendency, the future

Supply of Timber for the purposes of the Royal Navy; Means of · contributing to its Preservation,--the Well-being of the Dock

Yards, Ships, Magazines, and Stores; with the reciprocal Advintages and Conveniences of its Individuals. Interspersed with Admiralty and Navy Board Regulations, and occasional Remarks of jame of its Honourable Members. Together with certain other Transactions. In a Letter to the Right Honourable the Earl of Sandwich, First Lord-Commissioner of the Admiralty. By Yeoman Lott, late Agent to the Royal Hospital at Plymouth. is. 6d. Owen.

Eiçe iteruni Crispinus! Poor Mr. Lott, whose lot (forgive us, reader, the pun) is bard indeed, hath here again * lubmitmitted his case to the First Lord of the Adiniralty and the public; to the latter of which we recommend him as a man, who appcars, from his own account, to have made the interest of his King and country his study, in respect to the particular department in which he was for many years employed. We cannot help expreffing our concern, also, that any peculiarities of pocilonal behaviour, in the proper discharge of his duty, should be thought by his superiors sufficient to cancel the merits of luch long and allowed service

# Sce our Review for April lalt, page 2850

Lelre, de Monfieur Des Enfans, a Madame Montagu. 8vo.

is. Davis. A Letter from Monsieur Des Enfans to Mrs. Montagu, translated

by Mrs. Griffith. 8vo. Is 6 d. Cadell. The late Lord Chesterfield, in those celebrated Letters, which have juftly reflected lo much odium on his memory, has, it seems, cait a very injurious reflection on the character of the admired author of Telemachus, M. de Fenelon, Archbishop of Cambray; whom he has represented as a convenient proveditor for the pleasures of Louis XIV... This reflection Mr. Des Enfans conceives to be fò highly derogatory from the amia. ble character of that illustrious ecclefiaftic, that he has here vented his indignation against the letter-writer, in terms not the most guarded and polite *, however merited on the part of his Lord'hip. To affist him, in exposing Lord Chesterfield's breach of Christian charity in this particular, Mrs. Griffith takes instant fire at the Frenchman's fury, and declares her fovereign contempt and abhorrence for many of the pręcepts and pallages contained in his Lordship's Letters; f one of which appears to be this reflection on Monsieur de Fenelon: on which M. Des Enfans has so freely commented, and whose Comment this Lady has taken the liberty of extending and illustrating in the Memoirs of Madam de Maintenon is inserted the following Letter from Penelon to that Lady.

“ Your zeal for the King's falvation ought not to make you pass those bounds which Providence feeins to have prescribed to you ; we must wait the Almighty's tiine. The true merhod of inspiring his Majesty with heavenly grace, is not to fatigue him with exhortations, but to edify him, to gain an entrance into his heart by degrees, and by the patience and gentleness of your conduct.

.“ Your endeavours to touch his heart, to open his eyes, and to warn him against certain snares, to give hiin the counsels of peace and moderation, of compallion for his people, and love for the Church, as well as your zeal to find out proper directors for his conscience, require great attention and much prudence.

* You are the Centinel of God, in the midst of Irael. Love the King, and be obedient to him, as Sarah was to Abraham. Relpect him from the bottom of your heart, and look upon him as your Lord, by the immediate order of Providence. Voli v.

“ Ic “ It is true, Madam, that your fituation is enigmatical; but it is God who has ordained it Thould be fo. You neither defired nor chose · it, nor even conceived an idea of it yourfelf; it is the work of God:

* “ He elevates,” says he, ** his brazen front, and in the effusion of a boundle's assurance, of which I have seen but few inttances, &e.”-Again ; " There is as much ignorance as malice in the turn Lord C. gives M. de Fenelon's lerrer.”

† No wonder! His Lordihip has declared, that in all his life-time he never me. with a fenfibie woman.

he hides his secrets from you, and from the world alo, which would be much amazed if you should reveal to it, what you have done in confidence to me. It is God's mystery, who has been pleafed to exalt you for the sanctification of those who were born in the highest ftate of elevation. You fill the place of a Queen, and yet have no more privilege nor authority than the meanett subject.""

And now, Madam, says M. Des Enfans, please to observe the Cominent, which his Lordship mahes upon this Letter in the 261st of his Letters addrelied to his Son.

" My dear Friend, “ Since my last to you, I have read Madame Maintenon's letters ; and am sure they are genuine ; and they both entertained and informed me. They have brought me acquainted with the character of that able and artful lady; whom, I am convinced, that I now know, much better than her Directeur, the Abbé de Fenelon (after. wards Archbishop of Cambray) did, when he wrote her the 18th letter ; and I know him the better too for that letter. The Abbé, though brimful of the divine love, had a great mind to be First Mi. nister and Cardinal, in order, no doubt, to have the opportunity of doing the more good. His being Directeur at that time to Madame Maintenon, seemed to be a good step towards those views. She puts herself. upon him for a saint, and he was weak enough to believe it : he, on the other hand, would have put himself upon her for a saint too, which, I dare say, she did not believe ; but both of them knew, that it was necessary for them to appear saints to Louis the XIVih, who they knew to be a bigot. It is to be presumed, nay, indeed, it is plain by that 185th letter, that Madame Maintenon had hinced to her Directeur fome scruples of conscience, with relation to her commerce with the King; and which I humbly apprehend to have been only fome scruples of prudence, at once to faster the bigot character, and increase the desires of the King. The pious Abbé, frightened out of his wi's, left the King Tonld im pute to the Directeur any scru. ples or difficulties which he might meet with on the part of the lady, writes her the above-mentioned letter ; in which he not only bids her not teaze the King by advice and exhortations, but to have the ulmost submiffion to his will; and, that she may not inittake the nature of that submillion, he tells her, it is the faine chat Sarah had for Abraham ; to which submiflion Isaac perhaps was owing. No baud could have written a more seducing letter to an innocent country giri, than the Directeur did to his Penirent; who, I dare say, had no uccafion for his good advice. Those who would justify the good Di. recteur, alias the pimp, in this attair, must not attempt to do it by saying, that the King and Madame Maintenon were at that time privately married; that the Directeur knew it; and that this was the ineaning of his enigina. That is absolutely impollible ; for that private marriage must have removed all scruples between the partjes ; nay, could not have been contracted upon any other principle, fince it was kept private, and consequently prevented no public scandal. It is therefore extremely evident, that Madame Mainrenon could not be married to the King at the time when the scrupled granting, and when the Directeur advised her to grant, those favours which Sarah with fo inuch submitlion granted to Abraham : and what the Directeur is pleased to call be my/tere de Dieu, was most evidentiy a state of concubinage."

vale with

.After taking fome pains to expose the false turn, which Lord C. has given the most interesting passages in the above Letter, M. Des Enfans adds,

" An air of truth and sincerity reigns through the whole, which seems to have been written by the hand of Piety, under the direction of Prudence.

" Perfectly convinced of Madame de Maintenon's being married, Monfieur de Fenelon proposes the conduct of Sarah to Abraham, as a model for his penirent's imitation, in her behaviour to the king. And here it is that Lord Chesterfield, inflamed with the rage of criticifm, mounts his stilts to acquaint us, in the more dictatorial tone, in what that conduct confifted; and that it occafioned the birth of Ifaac. But as it is of as linle consequence to know how Ifaac came into the world, as how he left it, i Thall only stop here to observe the manner in which our noble critic has explained the example of Sarah. He tells us, that to follow the example of a virtuous wifc, was to become a prostitute! Indiguation glows on my cheek, when I think of such an interpretation, and that it was so construed by the Earl of Chesterfield ! by a minister fo able, so discerning in state affairs, as to be worthy of presiding at the council-board of England. Yes, I blush for him, when I think that fo great a politician ihould have been so poor a scholar.

“Abraham feared that the beauty of Sarah, his lawful wife, might be productive of ill consequences to him, as he was going into Egypt with her ; he forefaw that the Egyptians would be caprivated with her charms, and might probably put him to death if they knew he was her husband ; he therefore commanded her to say she was his titter. * And it was indisputably in this particular point, that Montieur de Fenelon prescribed the imitation of Sarah to Madame de Maintenon ; “ Sarah, the wife of Abraham, passed for his fifter, in obedience to her husband: you are the king's wife, but do not pass for such, in obedience to the king. And thus you are to be fubmiffive to the king, as Sarah was to Abraham. Look upon him as your lord, bv the command of God." That is to say, obey him, as God has ordained that wives should obey their husbands. “Your fituation, (adds the archbishopj is enigmatical ;'' which is clearly to be understood

* Genesis, chap. xii.
E 2

with regard to her being privately married. “The world is ignorant whether you are the wife, or inistress of the king; and the public, who would be amazed, were they as well informed of this matter as I am, lore themselves in doubts and conjectures : but it is the mystery of God;" which fignifies, that God, whoie decrees we should un. repiningly adore, has opposed obitacles, to her unknown, which must prevent her being declared Queen."

This M. Des Enfans thinks is the only conftruétion that can possibly be given to the passages cites, defying iubiilty itielf to give them any other consistent with reason.

A Difexrse upon some late Improvements of the Means for Preserving the Heartb of Mariners. 4to. Printed for the Royal Society.

• This Discourse was delivered on occasion of the disposal of Sir Godfrey Copley's iedal, which was given by Captain Cook for his “ Account of the method he had taken to preferve the health of the crew of his majesty's ship, the Resolution, during her late voyage round the world.” On the propriety of such disposal the President makes an obtervation, as much in favour of Captain Cook in particular, as of modern improvements in practical medicine and diet in general.

I imagine;" says he, that the name alone of so worthy a member of this Society would have inclined you to depart from the ftri&tness of your rules, by conferring upon him that honour, though you had received no direct communication from him ; considering how meritorious in your eyes that person must appear, who hath not only made the most extensive, but the most intructive voyages, who hath not only discovered, but furveyed, valt tracts of new coails ; who hath dispelled the illusion of a terra unfiralis incognitu, and fixed the bounds of the habitable earth, as well as thofe of the navigable ocean, in the Southern Hemisphere.

" I shall not, however, ex patiate on that ample field of praise, but confine my discourse to what was the intention of ihis honorary premium, namely, to crown that Paper of the year which should contain the most useful and most successful experimental inquiry. Now what inquiry can be so useful as that which hath for its object the faving the lives of men and when shall we find one more suciefstul than that before us? Here are no vain boattings of the empiric, nor ingenious and delusive theories of the dogmatist ; but a concile, an artless, and an incontested relation of the means, by which, under. obe divine favour, Captain Cook, with a company of a bundred and eighteen men, performed a voyage of three years and eighteen days, through out all the climates from fifty-two degrees North to fi venty-one degrees South;


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