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testify, who was at his trial in the king's bench, when he came over voluntarily to take it, in the late king's time. There did not appear even the least ground for a suspicion of it, nor did Hamilton, who appeared in court, pretend to tax him with it, which would have been in truth accusing himself of the utmost baseness, in letting the murderer of his friend go off from the field of battle, without either resentment, pursuit, or even accusation, till three days afterwards. This lie was invented to infame the Scotch nation agiinst the whigs'; as the other, that prince Eugene intended to murder lord Oxford, by employing a set of people called Mohocks, which fociery, by the way never exifted, was calculated to inflame the mob of London.' Swift took those hints de la meilleure foi du monde, and thought them materials for history. So far he is blameless. ." Thirdly and lastly, I paid Mr. Ruffel the twenty-seven pounds five shillings, for which you drew your bill. I hope you are fenfible, that I need not have paid it till I had received the goods, or at least till I had proofs of your having sent them, but where I have in general a good opinion of the perion, I always proceed frankly, and do not 1tand upon forms, and I have without flattery so good an opinion of you, that I would trust you not only with twenty seven pounds, but even as far as thirty seven..
“ Your friend's letter to you, inclosed in the book, is an honest and melancholic one: but what can I do in it? He seems not to know the nature of factions in Ireland; the prevailing for the time being is abfolute, and wholo tranigrefleth the leait of their cominandments is guilty of the whole. A lord lieutenant may if he pleafes govern alone, but then he must, as I know by experience, take a great deal more trouble • upon himself than most lord lieutenants care to do, and he must not be afraid: but as they comfinonly prefer otium cum dignitate, their guards, their battle axes, and their trumpets, not to mention perhaps, the profits of their post, to a laborious execution of it, they must necessarily rule by a faction for the time leing, they are only the first ilaves : the condition of the obligation is this, your excellency or your grace wants to carry on his majesty's business simoothly, and to have it to say when you go back, that you met with no difficulties, this we have fútlicient itrength in parliament to engage for, provided we appear to have the favour and countenance of the government, the money, be it what it will, shall be chearfully voted ; as for the public you shall do what you will, or nothing at all, for we care for that no more than we suppose your grace or excellency does, but we repeat it again, our recominendations to places, pensions, &c. must prevail, or we shall not be able to keep our people in order. These are always the exprefled, or at least the implied, conditions of these treaties, which either he indolence or the infufficiency of the governors ratify : from that ino.ncnt thcle undertakers bury the governor alive, but indeed pompoully: differenç from the worshipful company of undertakers here, who foldun bury any body alive, or at leait never without ihe content and privity of the next heirs.
“ I am now settled here for the fummer, perhaps for.ever, in great işanquillity of mind, not equally of body; I make the most of it, I
vegetate with the vegetables, and I crawl with the insects in my garden, and I am, such as I am, most faithfully and sincerely
TO THE SAME.
| Blackheath, June 2, 1758. - .. MY DEAR LORD, .
“ I am now in possession of the goods you procured me, and they are both excellent in their kind; but how difficult, not to say impoffible, it is to find an honest factor ! You have not cheated me it is true, but you have most grofly defrauded the bishop of Waterford, as appears by your own account here inclosed, you let down two pieces and fourteen yards yards of cloth 4.16. 75. 3d. whereas. I have receiv'ed seven pieces and fourteen yards, which must certainly come to a great deal more, Item, you set down bur fix dozen and fix pints of Usquebaugh, whereas I have received nine dozen and fix, for which you put down only £.13. gs, and which makes it as cheap as porter's ále. Pray retrieve your character, which is at stake, and clear up this matter to the Bishop, and to . Your faithful servant,
, CHESTERFIELD." In a subsequent letter dated in the same year, his lordship writes to the bishop in the following words,
" I am exiremely obliged to you for your kind letter of the 2d, and, thank God, can return you a more satisfactory answer than for fome time past, I have been able to do. In the firit place I am alive, which neither I nor any body elie, fix months ago," thought that I should be. In the next place my old, crazy, and thattered carcaje enjoys more negative health than it has done for a long time. I owe this unexpected amendment to milk, which, in this my second intancy, I live upon almost as entirely as I did in my first. Afles, cows, and even goats club to maintain me. I have in particular a white amalthea, that strays upon the heath all day, and selects the most falutary and odoriferous herbs, which the brings me night and morning filtrated into milk. Thus I rub on in a tolerable mediocrity; life is neither a burthen nor a pleasure to me, but a certain degree of cnnui necetlarily attends that Deutral itate, which makes me very willing to part with it, when he who placed me here thinks tit to call me away.”
Upwards of ten years afterwards we yet find his lordship living and writing in much the same itrain.
To The Same · MY DEAR LORD,
London, June 14, 1770. ." I have long told you, and you have as long found, that I was an anomalous non, I can hardly lay a subitantive, for I grow weaker anal weaker every d..y, particularly in my legs and my thighs, so that I can walk very little at a time, and am obliged to take my fare of exercise
by several fratches in the day': but this is by no means the worst part of my present cafe, for the humour that has fallen into my eyes about a year ago rather increases than decreases, and to a degree that makes writing and reading very troublesome to me, as they were the only comforts that a deaf old fellow could have: if I should lose my eyes as well as my ears, I should be of all men the most miserable.
“ You know that you have long been in poffeffion of cloathing me; and I must now apply to you to do so again, not only as an act of friendship, but of charity, for I have not a shirt to my back. - I therefore must beg of you to procure me some Irish linen to make me four dozen of shirts, nuch about the fame fineness and price of the lat which you got me.. I know you too well to make any excuses for give ing you this trouble. Adieu! my dear lord, you know my sentiments with regard to you, too well for me to mention them. I am, . Most fincerely and faithfully,
TO THE SAME. .
London, Aug. 15, 1770. 6 The linen, which you were so kind as to procure me, dropped out of the clouds into my house in town last week, and is declared, by - better judges than I ain, very good, and very cheap. I shall not thank pour for it, but on the contrary expect your thanks for giving you an opportunity, of doing what always gives you pleasure, cloathing the neked. I am sure that, could you equally relieve all my wants, you wouid; but there is no relief for the miseries of a crazy old age, but patience; and as I have many of Job's ills, I thank God, I have some of his patience too, and F consider my prefent wretched old age as a just
compensation for the follies, not to say fins, of my youth. i "I send you here inclofed fome melon-feed, of the best and largest
canteloup kind, and also of the green Persian fort, as much as I can renture at one time with the post; but as none can be fown at this time of the year, I will from time to time send you more, so that you shall
have of different kinds before the season. Adieu, my dear lord; my . Cjes will have it so."
TO THE SAME.
London, Aug. 12, 1771. MY DEAR LORD, .
I received your kind letter three days ago, and make hafte to acknowledge ir, never knowing nor guessing what may happen to me from one day to another. I am most prodigiously old, and every month of ile kalendar adds at leatt a year to my age. My hand trembles to that degree that I can hardly hold my pen, my understanding stutters, and my neonory tumbles. I have exhausted all the phyfical ills of Pandora's bin, without finding hope at the bottom of it ; but who can hope at fcsenty-leren? One must only seek for little comforts at that age. One
bliniecisand Det havin
of mine is, that all iny complaints are rather teazing than torturing"; and my lot, compared with that of many other people's, who deserve a better, seems rather favourable. Philofophy, and confidence in the mercy of my Creator, mutually affist me in bearing my share of phyli. cal ills, without murmuring."
To these letters to the Bishop of Waterford are added some others to Thomas Prior, Esq; a gentleman of Ireland, of whom mention is made in the Memoirs. There are also added two or three Letters already published, that passed about the year 1730, between Lord Chesterfield and Dean Swift: Also two political Epistles to the Earl of Stair; but having extended this article to a considerable length, we shall take our leave of it, with observing that we are a little disappointed in not finding our noble author's poetical effusions contained in this voluminous miscellany. Perhaps the ingenious editor had as little taste * for poetry, as regard for poets, and therefore thought them unworthy notice.
A Commentary, with Notes, on the four Evangelists and the Aets of
the Apostles ; together with a new Translation of St. Paul's first Epifle to the Corinthians, with a Paraphrase and Notes. To which are added other Theological Pieces. By Zachariah Pearce, D. D. late Lord Bishop of Rochester. To the whole is prefixed, fome Account of his Lordship's Life and Charafler, written by himself. Published from the original Manuscripts, By John Derby, A. M. his Lordship's Chaplain, and Rector of Southfleet and Longfield. 2 vols. 4to, Cadell.
(Continued from Page 192.). To our venerable author's translation and paraphrase, on St. Paul's first epistle to the Corinthians, is prefixed the following advertisement; written, we are told, about eight months before his deceasc.
" It may seem no Recommendation of the following Work, for the Author to inform his Readers, that it was drawn up above fifty Years ago, viz. in the Years 1720 and 1721, and that in the Year 1728 twelve Copies of it were printed for his own private Use; unless, at the same time, he could inform them that it has received fome Altera. tions, which, he hopes, are Improvements, as in the Advance of his Age his Judgement increased, and as he met in his Reading Things worthy of being observed for the Purpose. The Alterations indeed were not many, nor very considerable: But such as the Work now is he offers it to the Publick, as what he hopes will make the true Mean. ing of the Apostle, in many Places of this Epistle, better understood, than they have (it has] been generally hitherto."
* It is, indeed, remarkable that in the few lines he has noticed in his memoirs, he has so misquoted them as to deprive them of their greatest propriety and beauty.
It would be doing injustice to the translator not to own that his version, though not altogether unexceptionable, is in many places more accurate than any other we have met with. The critical reader will form a judgement, in some degree, for himself from the following specimen; accompanied by the paraphrase and no es.
SECT. I. “ In this section St. Paul complains of the divisions among the Co. rinthians, against which he argues and exhorts several ways. This section begins at ver. 10. of the ist chap, and lasts to the end of the 4th chap. but in the latter part of the i7th ver. of chap. 1. St. Paul digresses upon his manner of preaching the Gospel, and says, that it was not done by human wisdom, but by the wisdom of heaven, and by the power of miracles wrought in confirmation of that wisdom: and this digression, which is one of the largest in this epistle, reaches from the middle of the 17th ver. of the iit chap, to the end of the 2d chap.
Chap. I. ver. 10 end of Chap. IV.
PA RA PHR AS E. 10 Now I beseech you, bre- 10 Now I beseech you, brethren, thren, by the name of our Lord by the name of our Lord Jesus Jesus Christ, that ye all speak the Christ, that ye have no difference same thing, and that there be noof opinions and party appellations (G) divisions among you; but that among you, and that there be no ye be perfectly joined together in divisions among you, but that ye the fame mind and the same judge. be all united in one mind and in ment:
one judgement: 11 For I am told, 11 This I say, for those, who my brethren, by some of the house are of the family of Chloe, have of Chloe, that there are conteninformed me concerning you, my tions among you: 12 and I say brethren, that there are conten- contentions, because ye all name tions among you:
yourselves from different leaders ; 12 And I speak this, because one crying, I am a follower of every one of you faith, I am of Paul; another, I am of Apollos; Paul, and I of Apollos, and I of and another, I am of Cephas or Cephas, (H) and I of Christ. Peter. What can ye mean by
N o T E S. (G) Divifions, oxiouala] It does not appear, that the Corinthians separated communion one from another; which is now a-days the sense of the word scbifms, put here in the margin of our Bible: the word oxionala in this verse is explained by what St. Paul adds, viz. that they did not all speak the same thing, and were of different minds and judgments; which may be, and yet communion not be broken: and the word oxíopa fignifies still less in ch. xi. 18. fee my note there.
(H) And I of Chrift] I suspect that these words were not in the original, and are not genuine. Methinks it is not reasonable to suppofc, that any