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31 (R) So that (as it is written) our fins: 31 So that, considering « let him, who boasteth, boast in what benefits they are, and how 46 the Lord.”

we receive them, let him who glories and boasts (as the Scripture, Jerem. ix. 23, 24. says) boast in the Lord only; he having nothing but from the Lord, which he ought to glory


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N O T E S. think it ought to be rendered in Rom. i. 17. and iii. 21, 22. in 2 Cor. iii. 9. 21. and in Galat. v. 5.

(R) So that, &c. "Iva, xabas vérpania “xauxá obw] The word ivce fignifies here as above in ver. 15. jo ihat: and an ellipsis follows, which may be thus filled up, so that we may conclude with this rule, or so ibat this inference is juft; let him who boafletb, boast in the Lord. 'Iva is thus used before an imperative mood, and with an ellipsis in ch. iv. 6. iva ning Quoiols, &c. And in like manner is aand used with an ellipsis after it in Rom. xv. 3. and in 1 Cor. ii. 9. and öso in ch. iii. 21. and ch, iv. 5. and chi v. 8. iva is used also before an indicative mood in 1 Cor. ix. 18. and by Xenoph. in Cyrop. p. 94. edit. Hutchinson : see the passage under my note on ch. iv. 6.

After the Commentary are printed miscellaneous tracts by the same author, particularly the Miracles of Jesus vindicated; being an answer to Woolston's discourses on the Miracles of our Saviour, published in 1727 and 1728. This tract of our author's ran through five or six editions in a few years, and was looked upon, at that time, as a seasonable antidote to the peftilential effufions of Woolfton,

Next follow Two Letters to Dr. Waterland on the Eucharift, with two Latin Epistles to Dr. Bentley on that writer's proposals for printing an Edition of the New Testament. R.

A Journey from Gibraltar to Malaga ; with a View of that Gar.

rison and its Environs; a particular Account of the Towns in the Hoya of Malaga; the Ancient and Natural History of those Cities, of the Coast between them, and of the Mountains of Ronda. Illustrated with the Medals of each Municipal Town; and a Chart, Perspectives, and Drawings, taken in the Year 1772, by Francis Carter, Esq. 2 vols. 105*, 8vo. Cadell.

Amidst the variety of voyages, travels and journeys, with which the present age is so abundantly furnished, there are

* Without the plates, which are sold separately at 25 shillings in boards; they are thirteen in number, and consist of elegant engravings from the author's original drawings of the principal places and views described in the work; including four capital views of Malaga and its Cathedral, the Moor.ith Monuments in that city, with perspectives of the Roman Colony of Carteia and ancient town of Cartama.


few, if any, that lay a better claim to the attention of the cu. rious than such as join the prospect of the present circumstances of countries, with a retrospe&tive view to their original or ancient state. Ainong these, the journey before us attracts also peculiar regard; the writer appearing to be so genuine an antiquarian that he sometimes quotes authorities of fifteen centuries back to prove things to be, what he is supposed actually to have found them. This inay seemn nugatory to a mere modern reader, who concerns himself so little about past ages as to think nothing worth attending to but the present. To the antiquarian and the claffical student, it will, on the contrary, appear as important as it wiil prove instructive and entertaining. Of the importance of the tour itself and the author's abilities for detcribing it to advantage, we have the following account in the Preface...

There have been hitherto no other accounts of this coast published in our language, but the cursory remarks and vague descriptions of English gentlemen, who, making but a few days residence at its capital towns, orien only as many hours, could not be expected (how much merit soever they might otherwise potless) to give any regular history of a people, with whose language they were wholly unacquainted : I have known Spain from my very childhood, since the year 1753, to 1773; all my time (except five years spent in France) was part in Andalucia and the kingdom of Granada : during so long an absence from my native country, I sought consolation through the study of that in which it was my lot to reside.

" I have engraved a geographical and classical chart of the country I describe, which was drawn by myself on an entirely new plan; and, sensible of the urility, advantage, and, I had almoit Taid, absolute necessity, of perspective views, to complete and illustrate, even the beftwritten descriptions; from seven and twenty drawings, which I took of the ditferent towns and places I past through, I have selected and engraved thirteen, in a scale suitable to the edition, and to be bound up with it: entertaining the most liberal opinion of the publick, I have not hesitated to advance a large sum, which I can ill spare, being defirous that a work which has coit me to many years labour, might be accompanied with every possible embellishment.

66 The numerous inscriptions I met with in my rout, I have, with no small pains, accurately copied, and presented to the publick in their original characters. When I was at Cartama, a poor illiterate native offered me for sale, on a sheet of Spanish paper, what he called copies of the Roman itones in that town; this manuscript, as soon as I cast my eye on it, I found to be a miserable unintelligible scrawl, and immedi. ately returned it, informing him that it could be of use to no one; and yet Í have the greatest reason to be assured, from the information of a learned member of the Society of Antiquaries, that this very paper has been presented to thein by an actual member of the Royal Society, who was for a few hours at Cartama fome weeks after me; and who did pot, I am persuaded, reflect that such erroneous inscriptions, authorized Vol. V. Mm


ad this a pity this lithual member, inalta reflection he wounded

by their reception among the archives of so respectable a Society, Inight lead the searching Antiquary into endless faults and absurdities,”

It is a pity this little anecdote is not farther illustrated by the name of the allual member, in honour of whose discernment it is recorded: as it seems to cast a reflection on the whole Royal Society; whose reputation should not be wounded through the sides of its ftraggling members; among which there are some such strange sticks of wood, that the learned body might with propriety reverse the ancient adage, and take for its motto, Ex quovis ligno fit Mercurius!

As a specimen of the accuracy of Mr. Carter's observations and descriptions, we shall-select a few passages that may afford some information, and cannot be displeasing, to any kind of reader.

On the tract of country in general Mr. Carter makes the following panegyrick. · " Of all the countries in the known world, there is not perhaps any one province so worthy of our attention and curiofity, as that part of the kingdom of Granada which we are going to traverse; none blett with a richer or more luxuriant climate; none more famous in Ancient History; and none that can be compared with it, even in these our days, for any of those natural gifts and blessings which are allowed to contribute to the pleasure and happiness of mankind.

“ To the beauty of its climate all the Roman Authors bear testimony. Lucan the Poet speaks with complaçency of the serenity and perpetual clearness of the sky about Gibraltar, and Pliny, who refided here many years, in the last words of bis Natural History, after having through a laudable partiality given the preference to his native Italy, renders justice to the Southern coast of Spain, and affirms that only of all others can be compared with it. .., Strabo * likewise celebrates the great fertility and abundance of this country, which he stiles marvellous; and informs us that in his days not only Italy, but several other provinces of the Roman Empire, were hence yearly supplied with large quantities of wine, the very best wheat, and finest oil; the superior qualities of which articles are much extolled by the Poet Statius.

" Julius Cæfar , in his excellent Commentaries, calls Spain a most healthy region ; and Justin the Hiftorian I passes great encomiums on its mildnels, observing that it was placed in a happy temperature, not so hot as Africk, nor lubject to the cold winds of France; and true it is, in no part of the globe you breathe a purer air, where the winters are more moderate, or the summer's sun more benign: and whoever observes this coast with attention, will find its vallies plenteous and abundant beyond comparison: its gardens and orchards full of all manner of pleafant fruits, and its mountains teeming with gold and silver, and universally cloathed with the rich vine. The sea that bounds it is

* Lib. ij.
+ Lib. ir.
I Lib. xliv.


famous for its fith *; and the very rivers are not only falubrious, but have their sands enriched with gold t. I will sum up the just pane. gyrick of this country in the words of a learned Fleming I, who travelled over it in the year 1560.

" Quaqua enim versus ex ea profpexeris, habes quod Naturæ ac « Dei bonitatem, agrique Granatensis felicitatem admireris, ita ut in66 credibili oblectatione oculorum sensum afficiat."

“ The Phænicians styled this province Tartesides || ; after them the Greeks called all the South of Spain Iberia ; and, as a mark of their esteem, placed in it the river Lethe and the Elysian fields.

" The Carthaginians, a nation greedy of gain, extremely coveted the mines they found here; and after them the Romans were so churied with this province, that they abandoned their native country in troops, establishing in it no less than eight colonies, and among them numbers of senatorial families. In the days of Strabo were found in the city of Cadiz alone five hundred of the equestrian order, so that the country became intensibly peopled with Roman citizens, from whose most noble progeny sprung renowned philosophers, celebrated poets, great statesmen, and even the worthiest emperors of Rome. .

" Quid dignum memorare tuis Hispania terris
« Vox humana valet?
« Dives equis, frugum facilis, preciosa metallis,
4 Principibus foecunda piis. Tibi fæcula debent
" Trajanum : Series his fontibus Ælia fluxit.
" Hinc Senior Pater, hinc juvenum diademata fratrum,
16 Hæc generat qui cuncta regant: nec laude viroruin
“ Cenferi contenta fuit, nifi Matribus æquè
" Vinceret, & gemino certatim fplendida sexu;

“ Flaccillam §, Mariamque daret, pulcramque Serenam **. * Vitellius the Roman Emperor used to have vessels of three banks of bars continually employed-to fetch the delicate fish of the Streights of Gibraltar. “ Murænaruin lactes, a Carpatheo usque fretoque Hifpaniæ per “ navarchos ac triremes petitarum commiscuit." Sueton. lib. ix. · + Strabo allures us that the rivers of Spain run upon golden sands, and that grains of the finest gold were found in them; such the Romans called Palas. He adds, that out of the very stones of the rivers they frequently extracted pieces of gold as big as nuts. Ambrosio Morales informs us, he {aw a grain of gold taken out of a river, that was as large as a Garavanzo pea.

The Darro at Granada was called in Latin Dat Aurum from the quancities of gold grains found in its fands. The golden altar of the parish church of San Gil at Granada is entirely composed of them; and that city, when the Emperor Charles V. paid them a visit in 1526, presented himn with a fumptuous crown, the ore of which was likewise tilhed out of the same river.

The waters of the Darro were by the Moors accounted very wholesome; and to this day the physicians eftcem its banks and air of peculiar service to decayed conftitutions; the very cattle are said to receive inliant benefit, when disordered, by drinking in it.

I Georgius Hoffnagal, Civitates Orbes 'Terræ. Cologne.

# “ This region was called Tartesides which the Turduli now inhabit." Strabo, iii.

§ Flacilla wife of Theodore the Great, Maria wife of Honorius, and Serena wife of Stilico. ** Claudian. Pan. Reg. Serena. Mm 2


Of the present state of Gibraltar, our author gives the fola lowing account.

“ Gibraltar is joined to the Continent by a neck of low and deep sand, of the same breadth with itself, but which widens considerably towards the Spanith lines: this ifthmus is near a league long, and, with the opposite coast of Spain, forms a poble and safe bay eight miles over, in which ride vast fleets of merchant-men, who repair from all parts of the Mediterranean, and are here obliged to wait for an eastern wind, without which no thip can fail out of the Streights.

“ The hill is of such an irregular form, that, when you are near, you can never see it all from any one part: its head clearly faces the East; thence to the castle, and beyond Crouchet's garden, it fronts the North ; forward as far as the Signal-house the North-West, where it takes a sharp turn, and continues to Europa Point due South : by reason of which oblique situation, when you approach the town from the inundation, you can fee no farther of the rock than the castle, and event in the town your fight is bounded by Charles V's wall; again, after you have past the South gate and got upon the red sands, the town va• nishes from you, and all the hill with it to the North of the Signal. house. The back of the rock is scalped and inaccessible, and it is this peculiar circumstance that furms its chief strength,

" The head of the rock of Gibraltar is almost perpendicular, and composed of a white stone which they burn for lime. The batteries facing Spain appear next: the Spaniards call this part of the hill, Una Boca de furgo. The remains of the Moorish castle are close to them; directly under is Croucher's house and garden, where I refided fifteen months ; lower down, and level with the water, is the grand battery, under which is the land gate ; above the town appears the hospital for the army, and in it Bethlem barracks, formerly a convent of Nuns; the admiralty-house, in the time of the Spaniards a monastery of White Friars; and further on that of St. Francis *, where resides the gover: nor; the Spanish church is between them: lastly, under Charles the Vth's wall is the armory and new mole, of use in time of war; the red fands are very conspicuous. Mrs. Webber's pleasant house lies next on an eminence near the new barracks ; between which and the naval hospital is the vineyard; the wind-mills and Europa Point finish the landscape. * “ This place having never been inhabited before the Mahometan æra, no Roman antiquities can be expected in it: however, when we cross the river Guadiaro, I fall have occasion to take notice of two in. scriptions brought thence, and employed somewhere by the Spaniards in the walls of the town. There are those who affirm they are placed in the fountain on the grand parade with the letters inwards : but this I know not how to credit, as the fountain has been frequently taken

* It is a plain building, more convenient than elegant, but plcafantly firuated near the sea, with a large garden ; the church of the convent is kepe open for divine service, and the only one in the town, a'l the other chapels and places of worship having been turned into store-houses, to the great scandal of the Spaniards, and inconvenience of the Protestants: the bells of the

Tower, incommoding the governor, were, by his order, unhung, to that the ' inhabitants are forced to repair to church by beat of drum.


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