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into the hands of Tindarus, a domestic of one of the ladies; besides that Chaucer in characterizing his Miller says,

• A baggepipe well couth he blowe and foune.' « Of vocal concerts, as they stood about the year 1550, or perhaps earlier, a judgment may be formed from the madrigals of that time, which abound with all the graces of harmony. Concerts of inttruments alone seem to be of later invention, at least there is no clear evidence of the form in which they existed, other than treatises and compositions for concerts of viols called Fantansias, few whereof were published till thirty years after *.

" Gio. Maria Artusi, an ecclefiaftic of Bologna, and a writer on music about the year 1600, describes the concerts of his time as abounding in sweetness of harmony, and consisting of cornets, trumpets, violins, viols, harps, lutes, flutes and harpsichords: These, as also organs, regals, and guitars, are enumerated in the catalogue of instruments prefixed to the opera, L'Orfeo, composed by Claudio Monteverde, and represented at mantua in 1607. Tom Coryat speaks also of a performance at Venice, chiefly of inftrumental music, which he proteits he would have travelled an hundred miles on foot to hear, buc without any such particular description as can enable us to compare it with the concerts of more modern times.”

Our historian has been ridiculed for introducing such kind of authorities as that of Tom Coryat, on the subject of music. The fastidious critics, however, who affeót to despise the judgment of honest Tom, have probably as little taste and perhaps a worfe ear than that famous pedestrian itinerant. Ona this, at least, we may safely presume, that few of those criticalters, who have attempped to turn our author into ridicule, for the preference he gives to the compositions and performances of former timest before those of the present, are possessed of half that judgement which our author ditplays in his discourse on the subject.

“ For the perfection of vocal harmony we must refer to a period of about fitty years, commencing at the year 1560, during which were composed madrigals for private recreation in abundance, that are the models of excellence in their kind; and in this species of music the composers of our own country appear to be interior to none. The improvement of melody is undoubtedly owing to the drama ; and its

* The carliest of which we can speak with certainty, is a treatise in fo10 by Thomas a Sancta Maria, a Spanith Dominican, pubilled at Valladolid in 1570, entitled · Arte de tainer fantalia para tecia. Viguela, y todo instrumendo de tres o quartro ordenes,' which carries the antiquitv of conce ts for viols, and thole compoticions caliel Fantalias, back to that time, but leaves us at a jobs as to other inttrumentai conceits.

† We do not pretend to say tha: our historian is not fufficiently diffuf, perhaps too prolix on some occalions; notwithítanding whichi, his work muit on the whole, be pronounced an infructive, cd'ertaining and valuable performance. Rev.

urion union with harmony and an assemblage of all the graces and elegancies of both we may behold in the madrigals of Stradella and Bononcini, and the choruffes and anthems of Handel ; and among the compositions for private practice in the duers of Steffani and Handel. As to the harmony of instruments, it is the least praise that can be bestowed on the works of Corelli, Geminiani, and Martini, to say that through all the vicissitudes and fluctuations of caprice and fancy, they retain their primitive power of engaging the affections, and recommending themselves to all sober and judicious hearers *.

• To music of such acknowledged excellence as this, the preference of another kind, merely on the score of novelty, is surely absurd ; at least the arguments in favour of it seem to be no better than those of Mr. Bayes in behalf of what he calls the new way of dramatic writing; which however were not found to be of such trength as to withstand the force of that ridicule, which was very seasonably employed in reforing the people to their wits.”

6 In those kind of performances," Sir John Hawkins observes, “in which not the least regard is paid to harinony or expression, we feek in vain for that mofi excellent attribute of mufic, its power to move the paflions, without which this divine science must be considered in no better a view than as the means of recreation to a gaping crowd, insensible of its charms, and ignorant of its worth.”

We are sorry that the arrears we are in, with respect to the publick, and the multiplicity of new publications before us, reduce us to the necessity of referring our readers, curious of farther information, to the history itlelf.

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* Of the instrumental music of the present day, notwithstanding the learning and abilities of many composers, The characteristics of it are noili without harmony, exemplified in the frittering of patrages in'o notes, requiring such an instantaneous utterance, that thi.tv-two of them are fequently heard in the time which it would take modcrately to count for; and of this cast are the Symphonies, Periodical Overturis. Q artettas, Quinte:tos, and the rest of the ti ash daily obtruded on the world

« Of {ulos for the violin, an elegant species of composition, as is evident in those most excellent ones of Corelli and Geminiani, and in many of those of Le Clair, Carbonelli, Festing, and Tartini, few have of late been publithed that will bear twice hearing; in general, the sole end of them is to display the powers of execution in prej dice to those talents which are an artilt's greatest praile.

“ The leffons for the harpsichord of Mr. Handel, abounding with fugues of the finest contexture, and the most pathetic airs, are an inexhausrible fund of delight; those of the prefent time have no other tendency than to degrade an instrument invented for the c:egant recrearion of the youthful of the other fex, and to render it what at best it now appears to be, and may as truly as emphaticaliy be termed, a tinkling cymbal.

· A Journey

A Journey to the Highlands of Scotland. With occasional Remarks on Dr Johnson's Tour: By a Lady. Small 8vo. 3s. Fielding and Walker.

The account of this journey is written in the form of Letters to distant friends ; in the preface to which, is given an agrecable, and perhaps the best, kind of apology, for the publication of the literary effusions of our numerous modern travellers.

" The following letters are selected from a correspondence, begun, - continued, and completed, upon motives of amusement, invitation,

and tenderness. I took up the pen, indeed, to prove what will, I be. lieve, be found universally true upon all human occasions. Meditating an excursion into the interior parts of the kingdom of Scotland, I had farcely lost fight of the towers of London, even at the end of my first stage, before I felt that, according to Mr. Pope,

“ Self-love, and social is the fame.” We may transport our persons, I perceive, to the remotest regions of the earth : From Caledonia we may direct our rambles into the deserts of Arabia, but the mind still remains untravelled, and clings fondly to that dear, and domestic circle whoin we have left over our own fire-lide, and whose prayers and wishes are for ever on the wing to keep pace with our migrations. As the chaise therefore ran rapidly along, bearing me every moment farther from the scenes of my accustoined:coriversation, and the beloved objects, by whose ingenuity they were supported, I refolved to make my journey in foine measure compensate the fatigue of undertaking it. This first' suggested to me those pleasures which are allowed even to absence, the pleasures of the pen ; accordingly, I resolved to travel rather critically chan cafu:lly, rather to accoinodate my friends with information than inerely to gratify the greediness of vacant curiosity. The consequences were, I did not futter the postilion to indulge his professional parlion, to pass briskly through any parts of cultivated country, or rattle rapidly over the pavement of towns, that were fertile of remark, but ordered him to go Pentimentally. In a word, I'rode pencil in band, employing myself in drawing a sketch of the landscape, whether of hill or valley, morass or mountain, as it lay before me ; a talk, not the leis agreeable for its abounding in novelties; or for the various prospects which rewarded it."

Such is our female traveller's own account of this production; to which the adds, that, on her return to London, ihe had ditfidence enough to put the copies of her letters into the hands of a literary gentleman, who arranged them for the prots. Now whether the entertainment, the reader will meet with in the perusa!, be owing most to the literary gentleman, or the travel.ing lady, is little to the purpose, if the information be genuine, and that perufal amusing. How far it is so, the reader himself may judge from the following fpecimens.

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To the Earl og C

Sterling, August 22, 1775 " I resume the pen, my Lord, to let you know, we are once more in motion, having turned our backs on Edinburgh, and begun our journey into Murray. You delire me to continue writing, and to make my remarks on things as they trike me-You shall be obeyed; fo when you are tired, do not complain. We yesterday dined at Linlith.. gow, famous for the remains of the palace where Mary Queen of Scots was born, but which has nothing now remaining except the outer walls. It appears from the roads a fine ruin; it was burnt in forty-five by the King's army. The next stage was Falkirk, and from thence to Sterling, where we lodged: We this day took the track of the rebel army; and were I to offer my opinion from the observations I have been enabled to make of the lite and manners of this people, it would be, that, their fo eatily gaining tollowers, and potle:ling themselves of thele towns, is not at all surprising ; since those, who were well-afte led tv governinent, were to rew, in comparison with that ignorant mulurude, which ran with the stream, and were one moment ready to join the Prerender's landard, and the next, on fight of our troops, to dilcaru their new-acquired friends and throw up their bonnets for King

George.

“ Sorne popular Chief
More noily than the rest, but cries hallon,
And in a trice the bellowing herd come out ;
And one and all is the word;
They never ask for whom, or what they fight,
Buciurn 'ein our, and thew 'em but a toe;
Cry liberty, and thai's a cause of quarrels.”

Is it then matter of wonder that towns should yield, which had it 10 in their power to make the least relifiance to this rabble of deplass does ? for such, and not an arinu, it mighi, with justice, be, Bur a cruce with poilies, per ill become a woman's pen; and, not a more ridiculous character than a pelicuat pedant, or por Nevertheless, being on the 150t, which, at that period, let all Eng in a cremor; I was led irreliitibiyotu there consequent renection, this plead my excuse. I this morning took a view of STERLING Tle, which itands on a very high rock, furtificd 11 pregnadly , ture. Within its walls is a square' building ornamented with refting on stranye yrorefoue-looking firures. It was once the parties leveral of the Scotch kinos. From the rainparts of the cantic, pre'ented with one of the most roinaniic and beautifal view land; you see a vart plain waving with yellow corn (now in ty) adorned with woods, and wuered by the river fori though but four miles of water, by its various mazes and peninsula-like, covers twenty miles of vround, and appears, 10 observer, not as one river, but a number of rivers. I think on greatest beauties that Scotland eminentiy pullelles, is, their

Fellow corn (now in all its benų. by the river Forth; which

us mazes and labyrinths,

Ivers. I think one of the pollelles, is, their many noble

I

rivers,

rivers, which is, a full compensation for that general want of wood which is complained of by unsatisfied travellers ; who are so far from being contented with the prospect before them, they must forsooth have towns and countries made on purpose to please them, or else they exclaim against art and nature, eren for presenting them with that very variety, which constitutes the greatest entertainment. Nor do these querulous gentlemen seem to reflect that, if the face of the earth was naturally uniform ; if deltitute of that diversity, which it derives from the hill and valley, the barren heath, and the blooming garden, there would neither be any motive to excite the curiosity of the traveller, nor, perhaps, any incentive for one country to connect itself commercia ally with another. But with respect to Scotland it is but in a few places totally denuded. I mean not to insinuate, like the pedantic Dr. J that there are but two trees in one county, and they fiumpy: But I is a gentleman whose ability and veracity as an Historian, I muít beg leave to call in question, in spite of that curious alaptation of high-flown words, which he hath, with great labour, jumbled together for the edification of those good people that travel in their closets; to fuch only, muft his tour be addretsed, since those who go on the same road, will soon be convinced, how false an account he has given of a country, to the hospitality of whose inhabitants he owns himself so much obliged. As a theorist, I allow Dr. J- to be a very moral man; but as á practical morali/, at least while on his tour, I have as great an objection to him, as I have to his biographical, second-hybrid effufions : for, what thall be said of a person, who after many printed confessions of constant kindness, goes deliberately through an extentive track of country, drink ing your drink, eating your bread, repofing on your bed, and then, with premeditated malignity, dipping his goote.guill in gall, and returning into his own country, merely to swell her triumph over that, which hath cherished him? Is it not, my Lord, (to adopt the nervous lan guage of that Shakespeare whom he hath elucidated into obscurity)* " As his hand, '

, . ******** Should tear the mouth that lifteth food to'?" I cannot think that, a greater misfortune can attend a people, than for these snarlers, (who, from the nature of their constitutions and their cloistered habits of life, ever look on the back side of the proípect ;) to visit any nation as literary travellers, fince they travel not with intent to give the world a fair account of inanners and cuftoms, but merely to exaggerate the bad and sink the good. This is the natural contequence arising from the writings of a Dr. JM , which ought to meet with the contempt that a falle representation of a very worthy set of people deserves. The length of my letter frightens me, therefore I will not add a word more than that

I am, my Lord,

your much obliged servant.

* Alluding to Dr. Je 's edition of Shakespeare.

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