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with the loss of only one man by a disease.* What must enhance to us the value of these falutary observations, is to see the practice hath been no less fimple than efficacious.
" I would now inquire of the most conversant in the study of Bills of Mortality; whether in the most healthful climate, and the bet condition of life, they have ever found so finall a number of deaths in fuch a nu:nber of men, within that period of time ? How great and agreeable then muit our surprize be, after perusing the histories of long navigations in former days, when so many perished by marine diseases, to find the air of the sea acquitted of all malignity, and in fine that a voyage round the world may be undertaken with less danger to health than a common tour in Europe !"
To this discourse is annexed Captain Cook's account itlelf, as read before the society on the 7th of March laft: from which we learn that the use of sweet-wort, four-krout, portable soup, the rob of lemons and oranges and sugar, instead of oil, affifted by suitable rules of living, contributed chiefly to the extraordinary state of good health, observed in his ship’s-crew. The Diaboliad, a Poem. Dedicated to the Worst Man in his
Majesty's Dominions. 4to. Is. 6d. Kearsly. We should be sorry, for the honour of the nobility, (if the author of the Diaboliad might be supposed to insinuate the truth) to understand that the worst man in his majesty's dominions is to be found among the Lords.im If this infinuation be not fcandalum magnatum, we know not what is : except, indeed, the author meant to pay the whole body of the peerage a compliment, by suggesting that even the throne of Hell is too dignified a station to be filled by any but a person of quality.-His tale is that
“The devil, grown 'old, was anxious to prepare
A fit luccessor for the Infernal chair.” . Hedoes not inform us, however, whether Satan, like some other primitive christian monarchs, intends to resign and retire to a monastery ; or whether he really thinks himself mortal, and prefumes to make his peace with God in articulo morris. We mention this, as, in the latter case, we conceive the Bench of Bithops would immediately fee and dispatch the College of Physicians, to prevent his decease.—Be this as it will, the poet pretends that the devil has made an offer of his infernal chair, to
• This was a pbrbisis pulmonalis terminating in a dropsy. Mr. Patten, surgeon to the Refelntion, who mentioned to me this case, observed that this man began so early to cornplain of a cough and other consumptive symptoms, which had never let him, that his lungs must have been affected before he came on board,
the man of fashion best qualified to fill it. On the principle of the author's inotto, that
“ To reign is worth ambition, tho’in Hell,” it is no wonder that as many candidates should start, particuJarly among our younger sprigs of family, as on the declaration of a vacant borough.--After exhibiting their several pretensions, the poet prcfers the patron, to whom he has dedicated his work, in the following lines, which conclude this diabolical poem.
" But as he spoke, there issued from the crowd,
'Th' astonish'd demons on each other gaz'd,
Should our readers be at any loss to know who is meant by the fix stars in the last line, we would recommend them, as we ou rselves do not know, to Mr. P- , partner to Mr. A. W- s, as one of the best decypherers of poetical libels and satirical innuendos.
The Repository: a Select Collection of fugitive Pieces of Wit and Humour, in Prose and Verle. By the most eminent Writers. 12mo. 2 vols. 6s. Dilly.
To this entertaining collection is annexed the following preface.
• See the Letters of Junius, where that able writer has observed, with his usual Spirit and good sense, upon this guilty transaction. Junius felt for human nature, and would not suffer his pen to trace all the particulars of it. To degrade the crimi. nal, they thould be remembered; but for the sake of humanity, they had better be forgotten.
." It is the observation of an excellent writer *, " That there is no nation in which it is so necessary as in our own to assemble from time to time the small tracts and fugitive pieces which are occasionally publithed” And this remark is fully justified by the number and success of the several collections which have been from time to time presented to the Publick.
In no species of literature have our countrymen more excelled than in the extensive walks of wit and humour. To assert that in these particulars we surpass the literati of foreign nations, would be to echo the voice of those nations themselves, which appear to allow our fu. periority therein; a superiority the more incontestable, as it is fubmitted to by persons jealous of, and unwilling to acknowledge, the pre-eminence of English Literature, where there is the lealt room to dispute it.
Amongst the various publications of fugitive pieces which have yer appeared, not one has been particularly appropriated to the preservation of pieces of wit and humour. These have either been left to perilh in neglect; or have been inserted in collections, the bulk of which confitted of performances of a different nature ; or in others where they must neceffarily be loft to the world from the dulnels and infipidity of the remainder of the volumes in which they may be said to have been buried.
From a reflection on the want of a Repository like the present, the editor was induced to enquire after such performances not hitherto hacknied in other miscellanies, which had been published during the last thirty years. Out of these he has formed the following work ; which, whatever favour it may be entitled to in other respects, will at least have the merit of not being compiled from any collections of the like kind."
The pieces, contained in this selection, are, nevertheless, pretty well known, and in general esteem, as may be seen by the following list of the contents.
Ver-vert ; or, the Nunnery Parrot ; an Heroic Poem.-The Council in the Moon.-Ode upon dedicating a Building, and erecting a Statue to Shakespeare, at Stratford upon Avon ; accompanied by the Ode on dedicating a Building, and erecting a Statue, to Le Stue, Cook to the Duke of Newcastle, at Clermont; with notes by Martinus Scriblerus, and Testimonies to the Genius and Merits of Le Stue. An Account of the Giants lately discovered. The Splendid Shilling. -The Crooked Six-pence - The Copper Farthing: -The School. boy.-Ode on an Evening View of the Crescent at Bath, inscribed to Sir Peter Rivers Gay.-Free Thoughts and Bold Truths; or, a Po. Titico-Tritical Effay upon the present situation of Affairs.-Two Sa. tires of Horace imitated, by R. O.C, Esq.-The Folly of Useless
Words . Ds. Samuel Johnson,
Words exposed. The Complaint of a Story-teller. - Heroic Epinie to Richard Twiss, Esq; F. R. S. with explanatory notes written by himself. - The Battiad in Two Cantos.- A Differtation upon Laugh. ter.-An Essay upon Humour.-The Fribbleriad -- Elegy in a Coun. try Church-Yard. -Elegy written in Covent Garden. - The Nuno nery, an Elegy.- Evening Contemplation in a College - Elegy written in Westminster-Hall during the long Vacation. - Elegy on the death of the Guardian Outwitted. - Epitaph on a ceriain Poer.The Advantages of Politicks to this Nation --Scheme for the Coalition of Parties.--The Art of Dressing the Hair. -Origines Divihana, or the Antiquities of the Devizes, by Dr. Davies. --A curious Specimen of Alliteration,
A Second Dissertation on Heretical Opinions ; Shewing the Nature of
Heresy; in what respect Errors in Religion may be innocent or fina ful; the Causes from whenie they generally proceed; the Excuses often alledged by false Christians and avowed Unbelievers. Cóncluding with an Audress to ihe Young, or Students in the University, By John Rawlins, M. A. Rector of Leigh in Worcestershire, Minister of Badley and Wickhamford, and Chaplain to the Right Honourable Lord Archer. 8vo. 2 s. Rivington.
It is some years since this author published his first dissertation about Herely. In this second also he writes still “ about it, Goddess, and about it.” In his third, a critical number, we shall probably come fully at his meaning. In the mean time, we cannot help thinking he has not hitherto made a sufficient distinction between heretics and unbelievers ; between those who entertain false notions of Christianity, and those who have no notion of Christianity at all. For our part, we should not be apt to dignify the latter with even the name of Hereticks; they being in fact downright Heathens.
An Introduction to Reading and Spelling, in four Parts. 1. The
Principles. 2. Lelons in Prose and Verfe. 3. Select Classes of Words 4. Monosyllables ranged by their. Sounds. To which is prefixed, a Plan of the Work, with fome Directions to Teachers. By' William Scott, Teacher of English and Writing, in Edinburgh. 12mo. Richardson and Urquhart.
Among the Multiplicity of Elementary Tracts, calculated
to initiate young Beginners in the Art of Reading, we look upon this to be one of the best.
Cimmentary, with Notes, on the Four Evangelists and the Aas of the Apostles; together with a New Translation of St. Paul's Firs Epistle to the Corinthians, with a Paraphrase and Notes. To which are added other Theological Pieces. By Zachary Pearce, D. D. late Lord Bishop of Rochefer. To the whole is prefixed, fome Account of his Lordship’s Life and Charafler, written by himself. Published from the Original Manuscripts,' by John Derby, A. M. his Lordship's Chaplain, and Rector of Southfleet and Longfield. 4to. 2 Vols. 21. 2$. Cadell.
To this elaborate commentary, which is dedicated, and has been presented, to the King by the Rev. Mr. Derby, the editor has prefixed the following advertisement.
“ Having been charged by my most honoured Patron, the very learned and pious Author of the following Commentary and Notes, &c. in his last Will and Testament, with the Care of their Publication, I have used my best Endeavours to fulfil the important Trust, by giving the Publick a faithful and, I hope, a correct Edition of them, from the original Manuscripts in his own Hand.
" The Miracles of Jesus vindicated, which were first printed in 1727 and 1728, of which there have been five several Editions and Epistola Dux, published in the Year 1721, but long since out of Print, are given, with a View not only of rendering the Work itself tnore come plete by their intimate Connection therewith, but likewise of preserve ing them from the usual Fate of fugitive Pieces.---The Two Letters, never before printed, to the Reverend Doctor Dariel Waterland, upon the Eucharift, are added, more fully to confirm what the Bishop has advanced upon that Subject, in his Notes on the Four Gospels, and also on the First Epistle to the Corinthians.”
To the work is also prefixed a life of the author, written for the inoft part by the bifhop himself, whose narrative is printed with inverted commas, and occasionally supplied and illustrated by the editor, who thus introduces it.
“ The curiosity of mankind seems naturally to require that a posto humous work hould be accompanied with an account of its author ; becaute he that laves behind him what is worthy to be published, must be supposed to have lived with a character worthy to be known. It has been therefore considered by the editor of the following Come mentary, &c. as an important part of his dury, to communicate some memorial of the learned prelate, by whose friendship they were intrusted to his care. ..
“ Dr. Zachary Pearce, late Lord Bishop of Rochester, was born the eighth of September, 1690, in the parish of St. Giles, in High Holbora, where his father follower the business of a distiller, with great success; and, having at about the age of forty, acquired a competent fortune, he purchased an eltare at Liule Ealing, in the county of Middlesex, to which he retired, and which he enjoyed to his eighty-fifth year. Vol. V.