Sidor som bilder

of happiness ;-but that both are congenial, and that the one is natu rally preparative to the other.”

In the close of his introduction, Mr. Stockdale expresses himn. self in very severe terms respecting Mr. Jenyns's last tract on Christianity.

" Before I conclude this introduction, I shall make some obferra-, tions on a late publication, entitled, “ A View of the Internal Evi. dence of the Christian Religion." I should wish to remove some grofs' errours, dishonourable to Christianity, which it may have impressed on very ingenuous minds who had not been habituated to read, and to reflect. This is my only motive for designing to animadvert on a book, which, of itself, is lo miserable a performance, that it delerves not, on its own account, a more active notice than filent contempt. Some suffrages, however, very trivial, and despicable to those who have sense and spirit enough to think and judge for themselves, but very decisive with our human apes and parrots, have procured it a temporary faine, and consequently a temporary importance." :

Concerning this importance, after having exposed the futility and falsehood of some of Mr. Jenyns's arguments, he tells, us, that,

6. The book, as soon as it was published, met with a very favourable reception in the circle of majesty. Its authour was congratulated on his performance by his sovereign; the royal approbation was echoed round St. James's, and shot forth into applause. I am confident that a flash of transitory fame gratifies extremely the self-love of this authour; though it will always be despised by those who distinguish fashion from judgement; and who know with what strength, symmetry, and beauty, those literary productions are invigorated, and adorned, which confer immortality. A religious book, in which the authour endeavours to prove, that Christianity prescribes a poor, fqualid, hermitical, and inost rigorous life, was published by a writer, who pants for a ribbon; and admired by a court which is notorious for its love of pleasure, magnificence, and dominion.”

• The tracts of Mr. Jenyns,” adds Mr. Stockdale, “ have a re. markable characteristick, which one would not envy their authour. They leave the mind of the reader in a state of uncertainty and confufion. Indeed, with regard to the merit of his last publication, I felt no fufpenfe. It was evident, as I read, that the arguments were neither forcible, nor ingenious; and that the style was neither elegant, nor correct. Yet, even in consequence of perusing this treatise, I was in some degree embarrassed. I could not deterinine from what inducement it was written. I shall mention three motives; of which che authour must acknowledge one. 1. He wrote it, either from an honeft zeal for the cause of truth, and religion; to show the mistaken world their Christian duty; 2. or as a timid, and ironical enemy of religion ; to make it ridiculous, and contemptible. 3. If " The View of the Internal Rvidences of the Christian Religion" was dictated by neither of these motives, it was written to quell the free spirit which yet remains in this country-ta tink English minds to a torpor, a pu. fillanimity, a servile fubmission to the most unconstitutional mode of government with which we may be threatened to sacrifice liberty and Chriftianity at the shrine of despotisin. If he was actuated by the first motive, we have an infallible proof of the weakness of his head: if he was impelled by either of the laft, I leave the proper epithet for his heart to the verdict of his conscience.”


The discourses themselves are in number fix'; and are, on the whole, sensibly and spiritedly written : the ist treating of the advantages and pleasures of religion in this world—2d. On the good effects of perseverance in our moral and religious condua--the 3d, On the diftinétions between pride and a proper and manly Ipirit—the 4th, A miscellaneous discourse well calculated for the auditors to whom it was delivered on board his Majesty's ship the Resolution—the 5th and 6th, In defence of the Church of England against the fe&taries. On this last fubject our preacher expatiates with great warınth, and is very levere on the dissenters *. He lets fall, however, a sentiment of moderation toward the close of his last discourse; with which we shall take our leave of his present perforinance. .." When a man compares the general morals of two large classes, he should make the comparison concisely, and modestly; with a proper sense of his own impertections, and faults. If we estimate fairly, and accurately, the dispositiuns, the habits, and the conduct of any two numerous bodies of men, I imagine we shall find that, on the whole, the one is not better than the other.”

A Voyage round the World, in his Britannic Majesty's Sloop, Resolution, commanded by Capt. James Cook, during the Years' 1772, 3, 4, and 5. By George Forster, F. R. S. 2 vols. 400. 21. 25. White,

(Continued from Page 226.) Captain Cook, having but cursorily examined the southern extreinities of New Zealand in his former voyage, was prevailed on by the beautiful prospects, which presented themselves from the land in Dusky Bay, to spend some time there, in order to

* Particularly on the celebrated Dr. Pricitley, whom he singles out as the champion of the diffcnters, and thus reproaches in an occasional note.

“ I once heard Dr. Priestley preach at Mr. Lindsey's chapel in Efiex. House. The substance of his fermon exhibited the moral dcfornity of acri. mony, pride, and evranny; and recommended universal mildness, benevolence, and good offices. All clergymen and spiritual teachers have their failings, most of them have their faults; and many, their vices as well as other men. I wish that some of these gentlemen, for the sake of decency, would not be so absurdly fond, as they often are, of declaiming against those viccs, or faults, to which they theinselves are addicted. It rather exercises Chriftian patience to hear a notorious high prieji arraign pride, and inculcate

Quis tulerit Gracchos de feditione querentes ? Juvenal.” • Vol. V.




gain a more conipetent knowledge of its situation and produce tions. From all the appearances of vegetable and animal nature, on lois first going on shore, the voyagers apprehended this part of the coatt to be uninhabited, but were soon undeceived in that conjecture.

“ We had not been,” says Mr. Forster, “ above two days in this bay, before we found that our opinion of its being uninhabited was premature. On the 28th in the morning several of our officers went a Thooting in a small boat, and on entering a cove two or three miles froin the ship, perceived several natives upon a beach, who were about to launch their canot. The New Zeelanders halloo'd at their approach, and seemed by this means more numerous than they really were : the officers thought proper to return and acquaint the captain with their discovery ; a itep which they found the more necessary, as the weather was very rainy, and might, in case of danger, have prevented their pieces from going off. They were scarcely returned on board, when a cance * appeared off a point, at about a inile's distance from the sloop; there were leven or eight people in it, who looked at us for some time, but notwithstanding all the signs of friendship which we could make, such as calling to them to come to us, waving a white cloih, and proinising beads, they did not care to come nearer, and paddled back again the same way they came. They appeared to be drefled in mats, and had broad paddles with which they managed their canoe, like the inhabitants in the northern parts of New-Zeeland. Captain Cook resolved to visit them in the afternoon, in order to quiet the apprehension which they seemed to have entertained. We went in two boats, accompanying him and several of the officers into the cove, where the natives had been firit seen. Here we found a double canoe hauled upon the shore, near some old, low huts, about which we saw vestiges of fire-places, fome fishing-nets, and a few scattered fish. The canoe which appeared to be old and in bad order, consisted of two troughs.or boats joined together with sticks, tied across the gunwala with firings of the New Zeeland flax-plant t. Each part confitted of planks sowed together with ropes made of the flax-plant, and had a carved head coarsely representing a human face, with eyes made of round pieces of ear-Thell, which Joinewhat resembled mother of pearl. This canoe contained two paddles, a basket full of berries of the coriaria rufcifolia Lin. and funne fishes ; but the natives were not to be feen or heard, which gave us reason to believe that they had retired into the woods. To conciliate their good-will, we we left fome medals, looking-glalics, beads, &c. in the canoe, and embarked again after a short stay. We then rowed to the head of the cove, in order to survey it, where we found a fine brook of fresh water coming down on a flat beach, from whence the water continued shallow to a confiderable ex. tent, so that our boat ran aground several times. Ducks, fhags, black oyster-catchers, and some orts of plovers, were very numerous here.

* We shall always make use of this word to Ggnify an Indian embarkz. tion, unless we mean to describe or specify it more particularly:

t Sec Hawkcíworth's compilation, vol. Ill. p. 443. "

[ocr errors]

Ar our return we visited the canoe again, added á hatchet to the other
presents which we had left before, and to shew the use of it, we cur
several chips out of a tree, and left it sticking there. No natives ap-
peared this second time, though we imagined they could not be far off,
as we thought we could smell the smoke of a fire. However, captain
Cook defifted at present from searching in the woods, since they pur.
posely avoided us, and choosing to leave it to time and their own free
will to cultivate an intercourfe with us, he returned on board late in the
· On a subsequent landing the voyagers made farther ad-
vances towards an intimacy with the natives.

" Early on the 6th, several of the officers went into the cove, which the captain had discovered on the 2d; and the latter, accompanied by Mr. Hodges, Dr. Sparrman, my father, and mylelf, proceeded in another boat, to continue the survey of the bay, to copy views from nature, and to search for the natural productions of the country. We directed our course to the north fide, where we found a fine spacious cove, from which we had not the leaf prospect of the sea.. Along its steep shores we observed several small but beautiful cascades, which fell from vaft heights, and greatly improved the scene; they gushed out through the midst of the woods, and at last feil into a clear column, to which a ship might lie so near, as to fill her casks on board with the greatest fatery, by means of a leather tube, which the failors call a hole: Ao the bottom there was a shallow muddy part, with a little beach of shellfand, and a brook, as in all the greater coves of the bay. In this fine place, we found a number of wild fowl, and particularly wild ducks, of which we shot fourteen, from whence we gave it the name of Duck Cove. As we were returning home we heard a loud hallooing on the rocky point of an island, which on this occafion obtained the name of Indian Island; and standing in to the shore, we perceived one of the natives, froin whom this noise proceeded. He stood with a club or battle-axe in his hand, on a projecting point, and behind him on the skirts of the wood we saw two women each of them having a long spear. When our boat came to the root of the rock, we called to him, in the language of Taheitee, tayo, barre mai, “ friend, come hither;" he did not, however, stir from his post, but held a long speech, at certain intervals pronouncing it with great earneliness and veheinence, and swinging round his club, on which he leaned at other times. Cap ain Cook went to the head of the boat, called to him in a friendly manner, and threw him his own and some other handkerchiefs, which he would not pick up. The captain then taking, fome sheets of white paper in his hand, landed on the rock unarined, and held the paper 'out to the native. The man now trembled very visibly, and having exhibited strong marks of fear in his countenance, took the paper : upon which captain Cook coming up to him, took hold of his hand, and embraced hini, touching the man's nose with his own, which is their mode of falutation. His apprehenfion was by no means dillipated, and he called to the two women, who came and joined him, while several of us land. ed to keep the captain company. A thore conversation ensued, of which very little was underitood on both sides, for want of a compeRr2


tent knowledge of the language. Mr. Hodges immediately took sketches of their countenanees, and their gestures sewed that they clearly understood what he was doing ; on which they called him fóätóä, that term being probably applicable to the imitative arts. The man's countenance was very plealing and open ; one of the women, which we afterwards believed to be his daughter, was not wholly ro disagreeable as one might have expected in New-Zeeland, but the other was remarkably ugly, and had a prodigious excrescence on her upper lip. They were all of a dark brown or alive complexion : their hair was black, and curling, and smeared with oil and ruddle; the man wore his ried upon the crown of the head, but the women had it cut short. Their bodies were tolerably well proportioned in the upper part ; but they had remarkably sender, ill-made, and bandy legs. their dress consisted of matts made of the New Zeeland flax-plant *, interwoven with feathers ; and in their ears they woré sinall pieces of white albatross skins stained with ruddle or ochre. We offered them fome fishes and wild fowl, but they threw them back to us, intimating that they did not want provisions. The approaching night obliged us to retire, not without promising our new friends a visit the next morning. The inan remained silent, and looked after us with com posure and great attention, which seemed to speak a profound meditation; but the youngest of the two women, whose vociferous volubility of tongue exceeded every thing we have met with, began to dance at our departure, and continued to be as loud as ever. Our seamen passed several coarse jests on this occasion, but nothing was more obvious to us than the general drift of nature, which not only provided man with a partner to alleviate his cares and sweeten his labours, but endowed that partner likewise with a desire of pleasing by a superior degree of vivacia, ty ard affability. '

" The next morning we returned to the natives, and presented them with several articles which we had brought with us for that purpose. But so much was the judgment of the man superior to that of his countrymen, and most of the South Sea nations †, that he received almost every thing with indifference, except what he immediately conceived the use of, such as hatchets and large spike-nails. At this interview be introduced his whole family to us, consisting of two women, whom we fupposed to be his wives ; a young woman, a boy about fourteen years of age, and three smaller children, of which the youngest was at the breast. One of the wives had the excrescence or wen on the upper lip, and was evidently neglected by the man, probably on account of her disagreeable appearance. They conducted us soon after to their habitation which lay bir a few yards within the wood, on a low hill, and confitted of two mean huts, made of a few sticks thatched with unprepared leaves of the flax-plant, and covered with the bark of trees, In return for our presents they parted with several of their ornaments and weapons, particularly the battle-axes, but they did not choose to give us their spears. When we were preparing to re-embark, the man came to the water-side, and presented to Captain Cook a dress made of

• See Hawkesworth's Compilation, vol. III. p. 443. + See Hawkesworth's Compi'ation.


« FöregåendeFortsätt »