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the flax plant, a bele of weeds, some beads made of a little bird's bones, and some albatross skins. We were at first of opinion that these were only intended as a retribution for what he had received, but he soon undeceived us by Thewing a strong defire of possessing one of our boatcloaks *. We were not charitable enough to part with our cloaths, when we knew the deficiency could not be supplied again; but as soon as we came on board, eaptain Cook ordered a large cloak to be made of red baize, which we brought to the man at our next visit.
66 The rain prevented our going to him the next inorning, but in the afternoon, the weather being a little more promifing, we returned to Indian Inand. However, at onr approach, instead of being welcomed by the natives on the shore, we saw none of them, and received po answer when we shouted to them. We landed therefore, and, having proceeded to their habitation, foon found the reason of this unusual behaviour. They were preparing to receive us in all their finery, fome being already completely adorned, and others still busy in dressing, Their hair was combed, tied on the crown of the head, and anointed with oil or grease ; white feathers were stuck in at the top ; some had fillets of white feathers all round the head, and others wore pieces of an albatross skin, with its fine white down in their ears. Thus fitted out, they shouted at our approach, and received us standing, with marks of friendship and courtesy. The captain wore the new cloak of baize on his shoulders, and now took it off and presented the man with ir ; be, on his part, seemed so much pleased with it, that he immediately drew out of his girdle a pattoo-pattoo, or short flat club made of a great fish's bone, and gave it to the captain in return for so valuable an acquisition.”
Capt. Cook paid another visit in the course of this voyage to New Zeeland ; as also to the Society and Friendly Islands ; in which trip he made the discovery of other islands, which he denominated the New Hebrides, New Caledonia, &c. After this he returned again to New Zeeland, whence he took his departure to Tierra del Fuego, and thence to the Cape of Good Hope. In this course our voyagers made the discovery of lands to the southward, in the lat. 54, which they honoured with the name of Southern Georgia, in reference to the name of the munificent monarch under whose patronage this expedition had been set on foot.
: * Boat-cloaks are commonly of prodigious dimensions and great width, so that the whole body may be wrapped in them several times.
The Modern Traveller; being a Collection of useful and entertain.
ing Travels, lately made into various Countries: the Whole care· fully abridged: exhibiting a View of the Manners, Religion,
Government, Arts, Agriculture, Manufa£lures, and Commerce
of the known World, Illustrated with Maps and Orriamenta! · Views. 6 Vols, 12ino. Il. Is, Lowndes.
It is juftly observed, by the editor of these volumes, that no fpecies of writing is more useful and entertaining than narratives of voyages and travels. As there, however, are, for the most part prolix and voluminous, ' a' judicious abridgement must, on many accounts, lay claim to preference,
" I have read," says he, “ all the writers of travels carefully, and confidered, with due attention, those circumstances which may be esteemned of undeniable consequence; and in the works now abridged, I have omitted no accounts, which I think of such ; or which the reader would not find in books alrçady published, and perhaps in his poffeffion.
" All matters relative to the agriculture, manufactures, commerce, general wealth, and state of a people, are here carefully preserved.
" Accounts of the expences of living, and the rates of provisions, being very useful both in a publick and private light, are also regained. i “ Criticisms on the productions of the fine arts are paid due attention to, when they are evidently ingenious or netw; also on new buildings, &c. that have not been described by former travellers.
* Particulars relative to the manners and customs of different nadions, are allo retained, when they are itriking and peculiar; and not already before the public in former books. ." And; to render the whole the more useful, I have ventured to add ruch observations on the result of some of the journies as were called for by the particulars, pointing out wherein the author has been mof useful in his enquiries.
« The reader may, in some articles, be surprized to see so little taken from certain travellers; but if he is at the trouble of turning over the originals, he will not, I fatter myself, lay the whole blame on me and he will find no reason for regretting the reduction of neari ewenty guineas worth of books into the compass of as many Thillings."
That this latter consideration will have its weight with a great number of readers, we have no manner of doubt. We are not, however, quite convinced of the propriety of rendering reading fo cheap, or that the manufacture of books is not already carried to extremes.
We have, in the Metropolis, Yorkshire book-warehouses, after the example of Yorkshire shoe-warehouses, where editions of our best authors are advertised to be sold at half-price. Can it be otherwise expected than that for half-price the public must be served with half. books Not that we mean to put such
choures: half-Pre public fuch
professed abstracts as that before us, on a footing with such miserably mutilated editions of our English Classics; with which certain hedge preffes of the North have lately overwhelmed us. As a continued inundation of such Goth-and-Vandal productions, however, threatens us, we cannot, in honour and conscience, as literary.caterers for the public, forbear entering our protest against them, with a caveat emptor. . .
If the present publication take any share of this reflection, it does not appear to be owing to the design or execution of the typographical part of the scheme; we wish we could with justice equally conimend the literary execution of it. But in this, the compiler appears to have been too precipitate in his contractions : a want of connection being sometimes too apparent, from the neglect of supplying the chain of perhaps nem cessary omissions. On a new edition, we would recommend a little attention to this circumstance; which may render this entertaining compilation one of the most useful and instructive, as it is one of the cheapest, publications extant.
Sentiments on Education, 'collected from the best Writers; properly methodized, and interspersed with occasional Observations. By John As, LL. D. 2 Vols. 12mo. 6s. Dilly.
That we may not misrepresent the design of this author, which we do not think happily expressed in his title, we shall give it our readers in the words of his prefixed advertisement..
" The subject proposed in the following sheers, fo far as the sci'ences have their concern in it, has been treated with fufficient prcci. fion by the numerous authors who have alliduously laboured in this de- ' partment. Nor has it been less cultivated, though perhaps with less fuccess, by those ingenious writers, who have entered more deeply into the philosophy of the human heart, and the various influence of precept and example on the minds and manpers of young people.
“ The author of these volumes has endeavoured to connect these different views of the fubject in a regular series ; and to steer the middle course between the rigid formality of the didactic, and the looser harangue of the panegyric.
*..The title prefixed, and the table of contents, may, perhaps, be lufficiently expressive of the general design. The arrangement of the first volume is chiefly scientific, and therefore more especially adapted to the gentlemen: that of the second is rather sentimental, as it respects the different tempers of the mind, in connection with the cor. relpondent cast of the behaviour, and is more dire tly addressed to the ladies. But, as the modes of instruction for both sexes are found to coincide in a variety of particulars, a more perfect diftination, in the two volumnes, if practicabie, was chought unnecessary. .
" The idea of originality on such a laboured subject, if orice fuga gested, would have been treated by the author, as presumptuous and chimerical. He found himself therefore under no temptation to keep up the appearance, where the reality could not be expected. His own obfervations, if they may with any propriety be called his own, serve only to connect and elucidate the several parts of the subject. In a few instances, indeed, he has presumed to differ from very respectable authorities, and thought himself sufficiently justified in so doing. Where he has introduced the sentiments of authors of established reputation, he has done it, for the most part, with little variation, in their own words; which, it was thought, upon the whole, would be much more satisfactory, and give greater weight and authority to the work, than it could have acquired, from the same sentiments, introduced in a more mutilated or disguised form." . . • The contents of the first volume are as follow.--On teaching to read-On teaching Grammar-On the Art of Writing
On Drawing-On common Arithmetic~ On Geometry On Geography-On Astronomy-On Chronology-On Music -On Rhetoric-On a Course of Reading-On public Speaking-On Trade and Commerce.
The reader will readily conceive that such a variety of topics can in so small a volume be treated only in a concise manner. As the author, however, judiciously refers, at the close of each subject, to the best writers, for more particular information, his work may serve as a useful introduction to the several branches of knowledge it treats of; leaving the learner to his choice or propensity to pursue farther any one in particular, while it gives a pretty competent idea of them all. The subjects of the second volume are, Female AccomplishmentsModesty-The Government of the Passions-Epifto!ary Correspondence-Subordination in Society-Behaviour in Social and Civil Life-Love and Marriage- The Management of a Family-Religion. On all which Dr. Ash has selected the most pertinent sentiments that are to be met with in the best writers in our language. On the whole we recommend this compilation as one of the moft useful, agreeable, elementary tracts, that can be put into the hands of youth of both sexes, whether under a course of regular education, or desirous of supplying the want of it.
To this perfo Camden; Whoing been he
Poetical Excursions in the Isle of Wight. 4to. 25. 6d. Conant.
To this performance is prefixed a very extraordinary dedication to Lord Camden; whom the author affeats to adınire for a singular reason, his having been honoured with the cen
"fure and calumný of Administration. Of himself he speaks in full as singular a strain.
"Should I, in mu Situation, with my Feelings, and with my dearbought Knowledge, insult you with a foolish Flattery, that couched no felfish Design; or should I endeavour to win you to my. Interest by an
artful Panegyrick, I should be particularly, and wantonly criminal. · I ain formed by Nature with a Love of social Pleasure; and perhaps 'with a Taite for social Elegance: yet it hath pleased Providence always to afsign me very humble Accommodations; and He hath obliged me to pass many of my Hours in Conversation with myself. When Wirdom cannot perswade us, my Lord, Habit compels us to adopt a Degree of Philosophy. I feel my Spirit every Day exalted nearer to Independence; and I am happy in this Improvement, though the Cause of my moral Difcipline is not very soothing to my Vanity. In the levere, but falutary School of Adveríity, I found that my Existence was to be supported, adorned, and recreated by internal Supplies. Hence I endeavoured, as far as I was permitted by my Abilities, and my precarious, fluctuating, and linited Situations, to expand, enrich, and invigorate my Mind. In the Effects of my Endeavours I have not been disappointed. In the worst of Seafons, they have been my active, my roble, my exhilerating Resources. While, in very trying Emergencies, I have enjoyed the Dignity' of Realon, and the Luxury of Imagination, I have looked with Pity, from my homely Solitude, on the glittering Slaves of Wealth, and Grandeur. Surely that Man has not lived in vain, who, in a licentious, and venal Aye, can be happy without iensual Pleasure, and who fears not the Frown of a Tyrant.”. . Whether this author. hints at any particular pertonage, under the name of tyrant, we presume not to guets. We could yilh, however, he had been a little more explicit in some parts of this curious dedication. It is, to be sure, mortifying to so dignified and independent a spirit, to confeis subjection to principalities and powers; it is, therefore, with consistency ine Miles himself a subject of the English Conflitution. He is too high-spirited, we luppose, to own himself a subject of the king. We hope, of course, for the honour of his independency, that he does not eat the king's bread or receive the king's 'pay; if he does, he might have expressed himself more modestly - As to the performance itself, his poetical excursions are full as eccentric and extravagant as are his political ones.
* * *
Reliques of Genius. By the late Rev. Mr. Ryan. Small 8vo.
In a well-penned advertisement, prefixed to this Miscellany, we have the following account of the author.
Everhard Ryan, author of the following Essays, was the fun of a gentlemin of small fortune in the North of England. Having dilcoVoi, V.