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there are even some who still pursue Mr. Wilkes with love and veneration, look up to him as their friend, patron, and protector, relying too on his abilities and virtues for their political salvation. Others again there are, who look up to Dr. Price, others to Dr. Shebbeare, and others to political faviours of still less note. They are all, however, mighty filly sorts of people, to pin their political faith on the Neeve of any popular writer, orator, or patriot whatever. We shall juft cite one instance of the blindness of this Reviewer's attachment to the character of Pitt. “ It is well known," says he, “ that Pitt, when a boy at Eaton, was the pride and boast of the school Dean Bland, the master, valued himself on having so bright a scholar: the old man fhewed him to his friends, and to every body, as a prodigy."— And a prodigy he certainly must be, if he was so good a scholar when a boy at Eaton, as he never could pen a sentence with common grammatical propriety after he grew to be man. This Reviewer's character of the Earl of Chesterfield, as it is not ill, though rudely enough drawn, we shall give our readers entire.
EARL of CHESTER FIEL D. " The character of Lord Chesterfield is generally well understood.
It is agreed on all hands that he was a discreet Clodius; a sober duke of Wharton-born with inferior abilities to those which distinguished that unfortunate nobleman, but with the same passion for universal admiration, he was master of more prudence and discretion..
“ He formed himself very early to make a distinguished figure in the state. Impelled by his ruling paffion, he applied himself affidu. oufly to studies which might render him an accomplished speaker, an able negotiator, a counsellor in the cabinet-to sum up all, one equal to any civil employment. There cannot be a doubt that he aimed at acquiring the office of Prime Minister; or at least the power of appointing the person whom he approved to that poit. But the fuperior abilities of Walpole disappointed his ambition.
is His situation was flattering:-When young, he was placed about the person of George the Second, when Prince of Wales; he did not reflect, that those who are in the most elevated station have no idea of friendship independent of a most implicit, not to say abject, refignation
to their will. His marriage with the dutchess of Kendal's niece, fo far - from advancing his interest at court, occasioned a litigation between him and his Sovereigu, i
“ He understood what is called the balance of Europe, or the several interests and clainis of its Princes, perfectly. This science, with his polished address, qualified him to be one of the ableít negotiators of his time. He made himself acquainted with the characters of all the great men in the several courts of Europe; he knew their intrigues, their attachments, and their foibles; and was enabled from thence to counteract all their political machinations.
" I am
66 I am persuaded that his being fent on his first embassy to Holland was rather an honourable exile than a mark of favour; he would in ·all probability have been troublesome at home. Walpole did not envy him the honour of shining among the Dutch, and eclipsing a French envoy by his superior adroitness.
“ As a speaker, he is justly celebrated for a certain accuracy, as well as brilliancy, of style; for pointed wit, gay humour, and sportive facetiousness. However, his admirers must confess, that he never could reach the sublime in oratory. Of all the great, speakers ancieot and modern, he chiefly resembled Hyperides . He frequently strove to disarm his adversaries by the most profuse commendation of their abilities; but, what is certainly very reprehensible in him, while he bestowed unlimited commendations on the ministers whom he opposed, he threw out the most itinging reflections on the Prince, as if he had forgotten that the servants of the crown are alone accountable for errors in government.*.. . The most applauded, as well as unexceptionable part of his pub. lick character, was his administration of Ireland: as a Viceroy, he fhone with great lustre, and was universally approved; perhaps he was indebted to this singular good fortune, for his being called to the office of Secretary of State, at the expiration of his first year's government of that kingdom. · “ In private life we should naturally pronounce a Chesterfield the moft fatisfied of all men: easy, gay, polite, and inafter of his passions, what could such a man want, to render his happiness complete? -The fame passion for admiration, which actuated him in publick, accompanied him through every walk of life.
“ Tho' wondering Senates hung on all he spoke;
“ The club must hail him master of the joke." . '" When he had reached one goal, he panted for another. He aimed
at univerfality of character: he wished to be esteemed the patron of learned men; but wanted generofity of foul to merit that title.
“ He espoused and patronized a great genius of the age, who addressed an admirable plan of his Dictionary to him; but the capriciousness and unitability of his mind prevented his gaining that honour he most ardently wished for, a dedication of the work itself. A letter written to him on that memorable occafion by the author, who de. spised his meanness, and disdaiped to gratify his vanity, will live for ever in the memory of those who have been favoured with the recital of it. !" It is impoffible to reconcile to any principles of reafon and mora. lity the shocking advice which he gives his son, “ to treat all women " alike, and to suppose them all equally liable to feduction." Was then his Lordship lo successful a lover' was his address fo formidable, that no lady could resist him? His Lordship, I am afraid, was not wholly free from affectation. Great wits, and men who court applause from all the world, are not generally the most passionate lovers!
• See Longinus de Hyperide, p. 187. ed. Pearce.
E e e 2
Prior's " Prior's Cloe was a poetical and ideal character poor Pope ivas immoderately and oftentatiously fond of Patty Blount-and Swift, after having admired and courted the celebrated Stella near twenty years, inarried her, and was afterwards never in her company but when a third person was present.
“ I would not insinuate that his Lordship was so cold a lover as Swift, nor do I imagine him to be the libertine he wishes to pass for. Like Lord Foppington in the play, he might think the reputation of an amour with a fine woman the most delicious part of the bufinels.
“ I never heard of any of his Lordship's successful gallantries, eso cept that which brought Mr. Stanhope into the world. His contempt of the sex might poffibly arise from iheir dislike and averfion to him.
“ That we may be enabled to furnith out a finished portrait of his Lordship, the Editor of the Characters has bluntly referred us to a gentleman diftinguished for elegance of manner, and many amiable qualities: It is true, he rides well, and serves the King *. The gentleman has made no secret of a transaction which certainly reflects some disgrace upon the noble Peer. But he does not wish, I am persuaded, that any man's general character should receive its colour from a fingle a Etion.
." The fact which the Editor alludes to is as follows: Lord Stanhope, during the Earl his father's life-time, borrowed the sum of £.6,000. from this gentleman's father, upon bond. The father died, and bequeathed the bond and growing interest, which at last was accumu. lated to 6.12,000. to his heirs. The gentleman solicited payment of the money in vain for several years; he intreated, he urged, he threatened to commence a suit ar law against him. His Lordship at length offered to pay half the money. The friends of the gentleman perfuaded him to accept the proposal, rather than contend with a man fo artful and so powerful. "The gentleman took the advice of his friends."
The Christian History; Being a New Arrangement and Version of
all the Gospel Facts. With ten Dissertations. By William Williams, Esq; late of St. John's College, Cambridge. 8vo. 55. Cadell.
We are told, by Mr. William Williams, that " in an exact compilation of all the circumstances relative to Chrift, dispersed up and down in his four historians, will be found more of the fublime, the pathetic, the surprizing, the allegorical, and the moral; more perfect inanners, more wonderful actions, more aniinated descriptions, more striking episodes, more noble machinery, 'than in any other composition whatever; forming the finest piece of ethic poetry in the universe.” Admitting all this to be true, what a miserable compiler must Mr. Williams be, who hach here so put together these admirable materials,
* Vide Editor's Advertisement.
as, to deprive them of almost all their natural sublimity, pathos, and poetry! So tame and inanimated a compiler, indeed, we scarcely remember ever to have met with. Did not the expe. riments lie open before us, we could hardly have believed it possible to degrade the bold and beautiful fimplicity of the common version of the Evangelists into lo spiritless and vapid a narration.-We wish we could give greater commendation to Mr. Williams as a dissertator : but, to speak the truth, he is as bad a critic, as he is a literary composer, and a worse philofopher than either. And yet he is daring enough to enter the lists against Mr. Locke, on the subject of Human Volition: in which he comes off, as might be expected from so unequal a cônteft.
Oratio de Re Medica Cognofcenda et Promovenda. Habita apud
Societatem Medicam Londinenfem, Die 18 Januarii, Anno MDCCLXXVII. Auctore Nathanaele Hulme, M. D. Cola legii Regalis Medicorum Londinenfis: Medico Domus Carthufiana, c. Cui accesit, Via Tuta et Jucunda, Calculum fola pendi in vesica urinaria inhærentem, ab Historia Calculofi Hominis confirmata. Prostant apud G. Robinson, Pater nofter Row, et P. Elmsly, in the Strand, .
A well-written discourse on the practice of physic in general. The additional tract is also well worthy the perusal of practitioners: the method of practice pointed out appearing to be conformable to the beft theory, and agreeable to the most successful cxperience.
The Defe&tion of our Brethren a Call to Chriflian Humiliation. A
Discourse occafioned by the present unhappy Rebellion in America : delivered in a Country Congregation, Dec., 13, 1776, appointed for a General Faft, &c. Published for the Benefit of the Norfolk and Norwich Hofpital. 6d. Chase, Norwich.
Our correspondent, to whom we are obliged for a copy of this discourse observes, and very justly, that it deserves as much notice as many other discourses, we have mentioned, as delivered on the same fubje&.'
Ode to Dragon, Mr. Garrick's House-Dog, at Hampton.
4to. 6d. Cadell.
We have heard much of Mr. Garrick's handsome treats at Hampton : but we did not know before, that they so much resembled a miser's feast, as to be watched by a Dragon ; or that this furly guardian, instead of being kicked like a dog, was to be soothed by doggrel verses.
A Letter upon Education. Translated from the French of a Royal Author. Small 8vo. 25. Nourse.
A tract imputed to the King of Prussia, but we believe without good foundation; as there is nothing new or fingularly important, either in the matter or manner.
The Art of Conversing. Translated from the French. 4to. Is.
A proper mixture of precept and example, very much resembling a French conversation. Sunt verba et voces, prætéra
Madge's Address to Christopher Twift-wit, Esq. Bath-Laureats
and Millar's" Plumian Professor. 4to. is. 6d. Bew.
Who Kit Twist-wit is, we know as little of, as we know of Mrs. Madge; but if the Bath-Laureat can tag rhimes no better than his addresser, he has little pretensions to the honorary fees of his professorship.
An Address to the Inhabitants of St. Ann, WeAminster, by the
Rev. Thomas Martyn. 8vo. is. Corrall. · On the dispute, that has some time subsisted between Dr. Hind, the Rector, and Mr. Martyn, the Curate of St. Ann's. It is of consequence to the Clergy, as it contains an account of the legal decision between them, relative to the pretended right of the former, to dismiss him, after due ordination.
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