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The Lion extricated; or, the Jackallos Defeat. A Fable. 4to.

is. Alion.

A political, allegorical, party, piece of, what its author might probably call, poetry. But, if it were not for the fi&tion, or rather falsehood, it contains, it would not have the léaft pretension to poetical merit.

* * * *

The new Paradise of Dainty Devices : conßßling of original

Poems, by different Hands. 4to. 28. 60. Almon.

A dainty collection of dogrell verses, that may entitle their authors to a place in the publisher's New Paradise, altho' they stand no chance of promoting them to any degree of elevation on Parnafsus. A caustic critic of our acquaintance, indeed, says this miscellany is very properly named; the New Paradise meaning nothing more than the Paradise of Fools.

thors to chance of pruftic critaperly name of Fools.

Henry and Eliza. A Tale. 4to. Is. Bew. A Tale, founded on truth, and by no means the more poetical on that account. It has, however, some poetical merit, is written in the Elegiac strain, and in the measure of Gray's famous Elegy in a Country Church-yard.

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Armstrong's actual Survey of the great Pop-road, between Lon.

don and Dover. With the Country three miles on each side. Drawn on a Scale of half an inch to a Mile. Svo. 38. Sold by the Booksellers.

A necessary continuation of the Author's Survey of the postroads, from the North to the South of Great Britain; the former part of which, viz. from Edinburgh to London, was published some time. fince * -In this pamphlet is contained, also, an account of the regulations of the posts, with the prices, and manner of travelling post, in France, and other instructions, particularly useful to Englishmen visiting the Continent.

* See London Review, for August, 1776.

Metallurgie

Metallurgic Chemistry. Translated from the German of C. E. Gellert, by John Sciferth. 8vo. 6s. in Boards. Becket.

A work of merit in its kind, comprising a general system of mineralogy, more consistent and scientific than any we remember to have seen. If the translator had been as well acquainted with the English language, as he appears to be with the subject of the work, it would have appeared with more reputation to himself and pleasure to his readers.

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Heath-Hill, a descriptive Poem. By W. Hurn. 4to. 2s. 6d. Robinson. “ Here pure description, holds the place of sense.”

POPE. .

The Gamblers. A Poem. Canto II. 4to. is. 6d. Hooper.

For some account of the first Canto of this Poem, see our last Review. This second Canto is written with equal Spirit. . . . . . . . . .

The Economy of Beauty, in a Series of Fables; addressed to the

Ladies. By Dr. Cozens. 4to. 1os. 6d. Walter.

This production is dedicated to the Princefs Royal of England, and contains a general system of female instruction ; conveyed in no unpleasing manner, although the sentiments are, for the most part, trite and common, as the poetical garb, in which they are dressed, is not the inost neat and elegant.Ac least Dr. Cozens's fables will suffer much in comparison with those of the late Mr. Moore, on similar subjects..

To our CORRESPONDENT S. • LETTERS from CORRESPONDENTS, with ANSWERS in our next.

*** A compleat Supplement of all the English Books and Pamphlets, that have hitherto escaped our Notice or been necessarily deferred, will be certainly given in the Appendix to the present Volume,

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Η

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LONDON REVIEW,

FOR JUN. E, 1777.

The History of America. By William Robertson, D. D. Prin. :

cipal of the University of Edinburgh, and Historiographer to bis' Majesly for Scotland. 2 Vols. 4to. 21. 2s. Cadell, London.' Balfour, Edinburgh. .

The public impatience for the appearance of this history, very naturally excited by the several eminent proofs, the author has given of his superior abilities for this species of writing, is here in part gratificd much sooner than there was reason to expect : the present perturbed ftate of the British Colo-nies in North America, having induced the writer to alter his

resolution of not publishing any part of the work till the 'whole should be compleated. We are not altogether satisfied, however, with the reason given, for delaying that part which treats of those colomes in particular, viz. that " while they are engaged in civil war with Great Britain, inquiries and speculations concerning their ancient forms of pol cy and laws, which exist no longer, cannot be interesting." They are certainly as interesting now as ever they will be; especially if what our author prophecies be true, that " in whatcver man. ner this unhappy conteft may terminate, a new order of things muft arise in North America, and its affairs will assume another aspect." Add to this, that if the ancient forms of policy and law's are not interesting, because they exist no longer, the profesion of an historian is ulelels: and ihough the attention and expectation of mankind may be, as this writer observes, now turned towards the future condition of the British American Colonies, Vol. V.

they

they would certainly be more naturally reverted to the ancient state of the immediate object of their attention, the British Colonies, than called entirely off to the contemplation of the discovery and progress of the Spanish Colonies; which form the subject of the cwo volumes before us. The truth is, a better realon might be given for delaying to treat of the ancient policy and laws of those colonies while they are in their present ferment. The historian will run less hazard of exposing his fagacity, in tracing effects from their causes, when that fer. ment is subsided, and regular government is re-established. When he sees what their future condition is, he may more safely speak of the past, and more plausibly point out the conneation and dependence fubfifting between them. It is well for historians in general that they write ex poft fazlo; it affifts them abundantly in the investigation of n:oral and political phænomena. Indeed with all the philosophical forefight affeeled by some of the moderns, an historical prophet would himself be a curious phænomenon ; especially if any of his predictions should prove true. For these, and other reasons, therefore, we cannot help commending our author's prudent reserve, in poftponing, his History of the British Colonies a few years, longer. How. far that of the Spanish may be, at this juncture, the more interesting, we leave to the opinion of our readers.

“ The two volumes,” says our author, " which I now publish, contain an account of the discovery of the New World, and of the progress of the Spanish arins and colonies there. This is not only the most iplendid portion of the American story, but so much de:ached, that it forms a pertect whole by itself, remarkable for the unity of the subject. As the principles and maxims of the Spaniards in planting colonies, which have been adopted in fome measure by every nation in Furope, are unfolded in tliis part of my work; it will serve as a proper introduction to the history of their eflablishment in America, and convey tuch joformation concerning this important article of policy, as inay be deemed no less interesting than curious.

66 In defcribing the achievements and inititutions," continues he, “ of the Spaniards in the New World, I have departed in many in. stances from the accounts of preceding historians, and hare often related facts which seem to have been unknown to them. It is a dury I owe the Public, to mention the sources from which I have derived such intelligence, as justifies me either in placing transactions in a new light, or in forming any new opinion with respeet to their caules and effects. This dury I perforin with greater satisfaction, as it will at. ford an opportunity of expressing my gratitude to those benefactors, who have honoured me with their countenance and aid in my re• searches."

In respect, however, to the intelligence our historian received from the principal authentic jource, the archives of

Spain, Spain, we are sorry to find that it resembled a good deal the information of Scrub's budget of news, amounting to nothing at all. Our expectation and disappointment are, indeed, raised and produced much in the same manner : thus after being told of the very fortunate circumstances of our author's being perfonally known to Lord Grantham, and his engaging Mr. Waddilové, his lordship's chaplain, so affiduously to make researches for his beboof, we learn that the whole of his reves rence's success consisted in the purchase of old books or manufcripts, containing facts and details which be might have searched for in vain, in works that have been made public *. Vur author acknowledges also that Mr. Waddilove picked up such hearsay intelligence, in answer to his enquiries, as af. forded himn'much instruction. With regard to more authentic information, however, we are told, that

“ Notwithstanding these peculiar advantages with which my inqui, ries were carried on in Spain, it is with regret I am obliged to add, that the success with which they have been attended, must be ascribed to the beneficence of individuals, not to any communication by public authority. By a fingular arrangement of Philip II. the records of the Spanish monarchy, are deposited in the Archivo of Simancas, near Valladolid, at the distance of a hundred and twenty miles from the feat of government, and the supreme courts of justice. The papers relative to America, and chiefly to that early period of its history, towards which my attention was directed, are so pumerous, that they alone, according to one account, fill the largest apartinent in the Archivo; and according to another, they compose eight hundied and seventythree large bundles. Conscious of pofleffing, in some degree, the induitry which belongs to an historian, the prospect of fach a treasure excited my must ardent curiofiry. But the profpe&t of it, alone, is all that I have enjoyed. Spain, with an excess of caution, has uniformly thrown á veil over her transactions in America. From ttrangers they are concealed with peculiar folicitude. Even to her own subjects the Archivo of Simancas is not opened without a particular order from the crown; and after obtaining that, papers cannot be copied, without paying fees of office so excrbitant, that the expence exceeds what it would be proper to bestow, when the gratification of literary curioficy. is the only object. It is to be hoped, that the Spaniards will at lait discover this system of concealment to be ou lels impolitic than illiberal. From what I have experienced in the course of my inquiries, I am fa. tisfied, that upon a more minute scrutiny into their early operations in the New World, however reprehenfible the actions of individuals may appear, the conduct of the nation will be placed in a more favourable

light."

In other parts of Europe our author met with better encouragement, and was furnished, as he informs us, with authentic

* In the second volume is added a list of these books and manuscripts, the authenticity or credibility of which is left to the reader's discretion; as they appear to confit of every thing the collector could lay his hands on Fff 2

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