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SERM. by our Saviour, that we are to give an Aca
VII. count for every idle Word.

As to the Fourth Commandment, the
Gospel clears it from the false Constructi-
ons, which the Scribes and Pharisees had
put upon it, by condemning Ads of Cha-
rity and Beneficence on the Seventh Day,
as a Breach of the Sabbath; and yet so great
was their Hypocrisy, that they themselves
would not, if an Afs or an Ox were fallen
into a Pit, refuse to help him out on the

The Fifth Commandment, which is ve-
ry strict in enjoining the Duty of Children
to Parents, is also established by the Gospel,
which condemns the evil Practices of the
Jews, as to that Matter: For they said,
Whosoever shall say to his Father, or his
Mother, It is a Gift, by whatsoever thou
mightst be profited by me, and shall not
honour his Father, or his mother, be
shall be free. Thus, says our Saviour,
bave ye made the Commmandments of God
of none Effect by your Tradition.

The Sixth Commandment forbidding
Murder is fulfilled, and improved by the


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* Gospel: For their Tradition ran thus, It Serm.

was said by them of old time, Thou Malt VII. . not kill; and whosoever fhall kill, shall be

in Danger of the Judgment : But, says our Fjä Saviour, I say unto you, that whosoever is ab angry with his Brother without a Cause, mi jhall be in Danger of the Judgment, &c. ch: The Seventh Commandment prohibittai ing Adultery is confirmed and established er by the Gospel, with this Improvement, to that it adds the Adultery of the Heart.

The Eighth Commandment prohibiting Ech Theft is fully confirmed and established by Case these Words of our Saviour ; All things Eli robatsoever ye would that Men Jould do 3d unto you, do ye even so unto them. ::. Puerto As to the Ninth Commandment, the ;' Gospel has improved it to such a Degree, me that we are not only not to bear false Wit

ness against our Neighbour, but we are les commanded not to judge him, or enterbet tain an evil Thought of him ; Judge not, that ye be not judged.

The Tenth Commandment, which fora bids us to covet another's Property, is fulfilled and perfected by the Gospel; which


SERM. commands us to drive away all covetous VII. Thoughts and Defires, in that Prohibition

of taking no Thought for the Morrow, Several other Passages might be produced, would the Time admit of it, to fhew, that he Gospel confirms and establishes the Law, either by making Additions to it, or by explaining and clearing it from the false Glosses and Traditions of the Jews ; so that the Gospel is fo, far from making void the Law, that it distinguishes us from all the rest of the World, by a greater Degree of Purity and Holiness, and by a more steady Adherence to that Moral Law it felf, which fome thought Christ came to destroy.

How beautiful does the Gospel appear in the lovely Ornaments of Righteousness and Good Works; when we see her visiting the Fatherless and Widow, comforting the Broken-hearted, and dispenfing universal Love and Benevolence to all the World! This is the King's Daughter that is all glorious within, who is fairer than the Children of Men, because God bath blessed ber. for ever. 'Tis by the Gospel that we


know' from what Slavery, what more SERM. than Egyptian Bondage, of Sin, we are VII. fet free; which we could not possibly know any other Way: For as it is true, that we had not known Sin but by the Law, fo is it likewise true, that we had not known the Goodness and Love of God in delivering us from it, but by the Gospel.

There are also greater Sanctions of Rewards and Punishments under the Gospel, than there were under the Law; and it more clearly sets forth to us the Duty and the Nature of Repentance. It'teaches us also the Insufficiency of our best Performances, and tells us, that when we have done all we can,we are unprofitable Servants. To do a good Action, and not to put it down to the Score of Merit, would have been thought a hard thing under the Law ; for they knew no other Condition of obtaining Happiness: But the Gospel teaches us better things; for there we are taught that as by one Man Sin entered into the World, and Death by Sin, fo Death passed upon all Men, for that all have finned; and therefore our Good-Works, imperfect


SERM, as they always are, cannot avail to the obo

VII. taining Happiness; but the Gospel (hews us m e the only way to make them useful and ad

vantageous to us, by supplying them with the Merits of Jesus Chrift. Not that those, under the Law, were destitute of the Promise; for they had the same Promise, in Substance as we; but then they had it not, barely as under the Law, for it was made to Adam, and delivered to Abraham, tho' he was not yet circumcised; so that Still it signifies nothing to them, who were the Children of Abraham, according to the Flesh, and so only Fews by Birth, but only as they were the Seed of Abraham, according to the Promise. Therefore it is of Faith, that it might be of Grace; to the End the Promise might be sure to all the Seed, not to tbat only which is of the Law, but to that also, which is of the Faith of Abraham, who is the Father of us all. Having proved that the Gospel does not make void the Law, but that it confirms and establishes it, I shall draw a few Inferences from the whole, and for conclude.


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