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“It may be proper to observe, that his majesty's great care in his exile for continuing the succession of our English bishops, when they were reduced to a declining number, is thus set forth by a prelate concerned in it, Dr. Henry King, Bishop of Chichester.*

• His sacred majesty, desirous to preserve the succession of his English church, and sensible of his bishops' decay, most whereof were dead, and those few who remained not likely to last long, was pleased to commit this trust principally to his (Bishop Duppa's) solicitation. In discharge whereof, how industrious he was, some who yet live know, and none better than myself, who was his only associate in several travels undertaken to bring it to effect.

'Tis true divers ways were propounded, yet all found dangerous, under the inquisition we then lived, both to the undertakers and the actors. His majesty, therefore, at last thought of a safer and more certain expedient, to call over to him two of the remaining bishops, who, joined to a worthy prelate residing with him in his exile (Bishop Bramhall), might canonically consecrate some of those eminently deserving divines who then attended him; thus preserving the order in a few until God gave opportunity to fill up the other vacancies.

• This desire was by a trusty messenger sent over by his majesty, communicated only to five, whereof (I shall not magnify mine office to say) myself was one, who, in the integrity of my conscience can profess, that, in the willing acceptance of the summons, Í never declined any hazard, when I might do the king, my master, or the church service. But, great age and great infirmity denying the concurrence of any one of the rest, (though otherwise most ready) that design fell; and God hath, in the miraculous restoration of his sacred majesty, restored the church to that lustre wherein (blessed be his name) you now see it. Let all take notice how careful his majesty was to preserve and support the church at that time, when in his exiled condition he could not well support himself.'”+

SACRED POETRY.

HEAVENLY SIGNS.

St. Matthew, xvi. 2, 3—“He answered and said unto them, When it is evening ye say,

It will be fair weather, for the sky is red. And in the morning, It will be foul weather to day, for the sky is red and lowring.”

Ou, ask no sign from Heav'n; ye know full well

All nature's stops and changes, and from far
Each note prelusive, from her unseen cell,

Of sunshine or of storm the harbinger ;
And all that speaks in comings on
Of evening, when the western sun

Is seen in beauty on the sea and sky,

With the moon's silver boat in silence launching by.
Then from some pine-tree top a lonely hern

Looks forth; and from afar are stilly heard
Steps of the storm, in acquiescence stern

Retiring ; fitful sounds of nestling bird ;

[ Bp. King's Funeral Sermon for Bishop Duppa, p. 42.] † Bp. Kennett's Register and Chronicle, pp. 649, 650.

And Echo, from her mountain cave,
Faint whispering to the drowsy wave.

Then Hope, 'mid darkening shadows not unblest,

Wrapping her mantle round, resigns herself to rest. And can ye not perceive streaks that illume

This world of sorrow, and a milder sky,
(Which speaks a fairer morn beyond the tomb)

In gentleness and mercy kindling nigh?
Have ve no heart, no ear, no eye,
The glowing footsteps to descry,

Where, 'mid this earth, a Holy One hath trod,

'Mid things of man despised, the better things of God? Have ye not seen Him? as that eye He rais'd,

Beneath the guise of loveless poverty,
One who hath gazing heard, and hearing gazed,

Hath seen a more than angel majesty.
And from behind her secret screen,
Where shrouded conscience sat unseen,

She found an ear that heard the unspoken word,

And an unwonted eye, still fear'd when not ador’d. Ilave ye not seen Him, where the poor have throng'd

The lisping infant on his sacred arm?
That look hath not to mortal-born belong'd ;

But on your eyes there is a blinding charm,
Which Satan more and more doth lay
Upon the heart that will not pray.
Earth's cherish'd toys grow on the longing eye,

And thence shut out the worlds that fill the mighty sky. Oh, ask no sign from Heav'n ; catch but one note

From Nature's lyre; from mount to listening vale,
What undiscerned sounds thus dimly float ?

Still does she utter one unvaried tale-
That man is trembling, borne at will
Upon the verge of good and ill.
Yet tells she not why daily doth she give

The guiltless Lamb to die for guilty man to live.
Still doth he live, still spared, still loved in vain.

Yea, her appointed time the stork descries
In heav'n; and, faithful to her guide, the crane

Follows an unseen hand o'er pathless skies.
The stranger swallows come and go
At Nature's beck. The ox doth know

His owner. Thou in thine own ways dost dwell

Apart; and me thou wilt not know, mine Israel. Go, ask of Nature; to the pensive ear

She whispers. Often widow'd souls, forlorn,
Have felt one at their side in mercy near,

Though they of fellow-men have been the scorn :
Yea, surely as God sits on high,
In wondrous meekness he is nigh ;

'Mid paths of lowly pity to be found,
And not where pride of carth, and passion, doth abound.

Yea, now He comes, as summer sunset mild,

And Peace, 'mid parting storms and clouds of even, Hath look'd from her calm hermitage, and smild:

This is no time for sign in rended heaven.
There is a time when lowering sky
And clouds shall speak His coming nigh ;

When rended heav'ns, stars falling, mountains torn,
Shall usher in the wheels of the eternal morn.

THE VOYAGE OF LIFE.

Our spirit is a boat at sea,

Bound to a far-off land;
God's grace the favouring breeze must be,

The helm in Reason's hand :
Our thoughts, with opposite weights that strain,
Truth's perfect balance to maintain,
Must be a faithful crew, to trim
The boat, and bear it safe to Him.

THE WATCHMAN OF THE CITY.

Why wakes the spirit of the worldly wise
To " keep this city,” which “abideth not"
In safety and repose, order and peace,
And in contentment with all visible things,
By means of its own knitting? What shall all
Such working profit, if the Lord avert
His providential eye, and care withhold?

AN IMAGE.

Sweet sleep of death! how starkly dost thou lie
In that pale face,-a counterfeit repose !
Seems thy mysterious chain two different worlds
(And O how different worlds!) to bind in one?
As if the spirit that had pass'd away
Began a natural slumber, and in dreams
Put on its vesture of immortal things,
Deeming no change. O thou Eternal Word,
So train thy loving spirits, that in death
Unutterable peace may seal their brow
And be no false remembrancer of hope
To those whose aching hearts their loss deplore !

HYMNS FROM BUNSEN'S COLLECTION.-HYMN FOR LENT.

“ He that taketh not his cross and followeth after me is not worthy of me.”—Matt. x. 18.

AFTER me! Christ our champion spake,

After me, Christians all,
Deny yourselves, the world forsake,

Follow my voice and call ;
Take up your cross, your burden bear,
Follow my footsteps everywhere.

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Body and soul let us then go

Where our loved Lord hath gone,
And with good heart, through pain and woe,

Press on as he hath done:
Who shrinks nor strives as Christ hath striven
Wears not the eternal crown of heaven.

MARTIN LUTHER.

402

CORRESPONDENCE.

The Editor begs to remind his readers that he is not responsible for the opinions

of his Correspondents.

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AN EXPOSITION OF THE LAW ON RATING LANDS AND TITHES

UNDER THE NEW PAROCHIAL ASSESSMENT ACT. Sir,— The clergy are much obliged to Mr. Joddrell for his perseverance in obtaining the judgment of the Court of King's Bench on the law of rating lands and tithes. His case was five times before the quarter sessions at Huntingdon, and four times before the King's Bench. Every chicanery was resorted to, to frustrate the ends of justice, and to weary him out; but, strong in the soundness of his cause, he persevered till he obtained that able judgment of the court which now rules and decides the law of rating.

The parishioners of Yelling were rated on the bona fide amount of the rack-rent paid to the landlords, or were worth to let. Mr. Joddrell was rated on £368, the full amount of his tithe composition, £450, minus £82 for rates. Mr. Joddrell complained of the inequality, that while the farmers were only rated on the landlord's profit on the farm, and did not take in the tenant's profit thereon, he was rated to his full profits, taking in both the landlord and tenant's profit, which was unjust. Upon these grounds he appealed against the rate, and shewed, that, for him and his parishioners to be rated in just ratio, they must either be rated higher, and take in the landlord and tenant's profit, or he must be rated proportionably lower.

The court having beard the arguments of counsel on the case, Mr. Justice Park delivered the judgment of the court in Michaelmas Term, 1830; as may be found in Barnewalls and Adolphus' Reports, vol, i. 403; and also a verbatim copy thereof in the “ British Magazine" for March, 1832. The Judge said

“In the case of land, the rateable value is the amount of the annual average profit or value of the land, after every outgoing is paid, and every proper allowance made; not, however, including the interest of capital, for that is a part of the profit."

“ The second objection was, that the farmer's share of profit ought to have been rated; or, which is the same thing, that the appellant should have been rated pro. portionably less; and that objection should, in our opinion, have prevailed. Of the whole of the annual profits, or value of land, a part belongs to the landlord in the shape of rent, and part to the tenant; and whenever a rate is according to the rackrent (the usual and most convenient mode) it is in effect a rate on a part of the profit only. It must therefore, in the next place, be ascertained what proportion the rent bears to the total annual profit or value; and that will shew in what proportion all other property ought to be rated. If, for instance, the rent is one half, or twothirds of the total annual profit, or value of land, the rate on all other property should be on a half or two-thirds of its annual value. In this case it is clear that there was a share of profit received by the tenant, upon which there has been no rate; and, in that respect, the farmers were assessed in a less proportion of the true annual profit, or value, than the appellant. The sessions were therefore wrong in disallowing this objection; and they ought to ascertain the ratio which the rent of land bears to its average annual profit, or value, and assess the appellant for his tithe rent in the same ratio.

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