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“It may be proper to observe, that his majesty's great care in his exile for continuing the succession of our English bishops, when they were reduced to a declining number, is thus set forth by a prelate concerned in it, Dr. Henry King, Bishop of Chichester.*
• His sacred majesty, desirous to preserve the succession of his English church, and sensible of his bishops' decay, most whereof were dead, and those few who remained not likely to last long, was pleased to commit this trust principally to his (Bishop Duppa's) solicitation. In discharge whereof, how industrious he was, some who yet live know, and none better than myself, who was his only associate in several travels undertaken to bring it to effect.
'Tis true divers ways were propounded, yet all found dangerous, under the inquisition we then lived, both to the undertakers and the actors. His majesty, therefore, at last thought of a safer and more certain expedient, to call over to him two of the remaining bishops, who, joined to a worthy prelate residing with him in his exile (Bishop Bramhall), might canonically consecrate some of those eminently deserving divines who then attended him; thus preserving the order in a few until God gave opportunity to fill up the other vacancies.
• This desire was by a trusty messenger sent over by his majesty, communicated only to five, whereof (I shall not magnify mine office to say) myself was one, who, in the integrity of my conscience can profess, that, in the willing acceptance of the summons, Í never declined any hazard, when I might do the king, my master, or the church service. But, great age and great infirmity denying the concurrence of any one of the rest, (though otherwise most ready) that design fell; and God hath, in the miraculous restoration of his sacred majesty, restored the church to that lustre wherein (blessed be his name) you now see it. Let all take notice how careful his majesty was to preserve and support the church at that time, when in his exiled condition he could not well support himself.'”+
St. Matthew, xvi. 2, 3—“He answered and said unto them, When it is evening ye say,
It will be fair weather, for the sky is red. And in the morning, It will be foul weather to day, for the sky is red and lowring.”
Ou, ask no sign from Heav'n; ye know full well
All nature's stops and changes, and from far
Of sunshine or of storm the harbinger ;
Is seen in beauty on the sea and sky,
With the moon's silver boat in silence launching by.
Looks forth; and from afar are stilly heard
Retiring ; fitful sounds of nestling bird ;
[ Bp. King's Funeral Sermon for Bishop Duppa, p. 42.] † Bp. Kennett's Register and Chronicle, pp. 649, 650.
And Echo, from her mountain cave,
Then Hope, 'mid darkening shadows not unblest,
Wrapping her mantle round, resigns herself to rest. And can ye not perceive streaks that illume
This world of sorrow, and a milder sky,
In gentleness and mercy kindling nigh?
Where, 'mid this earth, a Holy One hath trod,
'Mid things of man despised, the better things of God? Have ye not seen Him? as that eye He rais'd,
Beneath the guise of loveless poverty,
Hath seen a more than angel majesty.
She found an ear that heard the unspoken word,
And an unwonted eye, still fear'd when not ador’d. Ilave ye not seen Him, where the poor have throng'd
The lisping infant on his sacred arm?
But on your eyes there is a blinding charm,
And thence shut out the worlds that fill the mighty sky. Oh, ask no sign from Heav'n ; catch but one note
From Nature's lyre; from mount to listening vale,
Still does she utter one unvaried tale-
The guiltless Lamb to die for guilty man to live.
Yea, her appointed time the stork descries
Follows an unseen hand o'er pathless skies.
His owner. Thou in thine own ways dost dwell
Apart; and me thou wilt not know, mine Israel. Go, ask of Nature; to the pensive ear
She whispers. Often widow'd souls, forlorn,
Though they of fellow-men have been the scorn :
'Mid paths of lowly pity to be found,
Yea, now He comes, as summer sunset mild,
And Peace, 'mid parting storms and clouds of even, Hath look'd from her calm hermitage, and smild:
This is no time for sign in rended heaven.
When rended heav'ns, stars falling, mountains torn,
THE VOYAGE OF LIFE.
Our spirit is a boat at sea,
Bound to a far-off land;
The helm in Reason's hand :
THE WATCHMAN OF THE CITY.
Why wakes the spirit of the worldly wise
Sweet sleep of death! how starkly dost thou lie
HYMNS FROM BUNSEN'S COLLECTION.-HYMN FOR LENT.
“ He that taketh not his cross and followeth after me is not worthy of me.”—Matt. x. 18.
AFTER me! Christ our champion spake,
After me, Christians all,
Follow my voice and call ;
Body and soul let us then go
Where our loved Lord hath gone,
Press on as he hath done:
The Editor begs to remind his readers that he is not responsible for the opinions
of his Correspondents.
AN EXPOSITION OF THE LAW ON RATING LANDS AND TITHES
UNDER THE NEW PAROCHIAL ASSESSMENT ACT. Sir,— The clergy are much obliged to Mr. Joddrell for his perseverance in obtaining the judgment of the Court of King's Bench on the law of rating lands and tithes. His case was five times before the quarter sessions at Huntingdon, and four times before the King's Bench. Every chicanery was resorted to, to frustrate the ends of justice, and to weary him out; but, strong in the soundness of his cause, he persevered till he obtained that able judgment of the court which now rules and decides the law of rating.
The parishioners of Yelling were rated on the bona fide amount of the rack-rent paid to the landlords, or were worth to let. Mr. Joddrell was rated on £368, the full amount of his tithe composition, £450, minus £82 for rates. Mr. Joddrell complained of the inequality, that while the farmers were only rated on the landlord's profit on the farm, and did not take in the tenant's profit thereon, he was rated to his full profits, taking in both the landlord and tenant's profit, which was unjust. Upon these grounds he appealed against the rate, and shewed, that, for him and his parishioners to be rated in just ratio, they must either be rated higher, and take in the landlord and tenant's profit, or he must be rated proportionably lower.
The court having beard the arguments of counsel on the case, Mr. Justice Park delivered the judgment of the court in Michaelmas Term, 1830; as may be found in Barnewalls and Adolphus' Reports, vol, i. 403; and also a verbatim copy thereof in the “ British Magazine" for March, 1832. The Judge said
“In the case of land, the rateable value is the amount of the annual average profit or value of the land, after every outgoing is paid, and every proper allowance made; not, however, including the interest of capital, for that is a part of the profit."
“ The second objection was, that the farmer's share of profit ought to have been rated; or, which is the same thing, that the appellant should have been rated pro. portionably less; and that objection should, in our opinion, have prevailed. Of the whole of the annual profits, or value of land, a part belongs to the landlord in the shape of rent, and part to the tenant; and whenever a rate is according to the rackrent (the usual and most convenient mode) it is in effect a rate on a part of the profit only. It must therefore, in the next place, be ascertained what proportion the rent bears to the total annual profit or value; and that will shew in what proportion all other property ought to be rated. If, for instance, the rent is one half, or twothirds of the total annual profit, or value of land, the rate on all other property should be on a half or two-thirds of its annual value. In this case it is clear that there was a share of profit received by the tenant, upon which there has been no rate; and, in that respect, the farmers were assessed in a less proportion of the true annual profit, or value, than the appellant. The sessions were therefore wrong in disallowing this objection; and they ought to ascertain the ratio which the rent of land bears to its average annual profit, or value, and assess the appellant for his tithe rent in the same ratio.