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and the gathering together of congregations, in the North American Colonies, and since the separation of the United States of America from the British crown, the same operations have been carried on in the provinces of Upper and Lower Canada, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Prince Edward Island, Cape Breton, and the Bermudas. By planting branches of Christ's holy catholic church in each of these settlements, the Society has endeavoured to extend the Redeemer's kingdom upon earth, and to communicate the saving truths of the gospel to the population springing up in these immense territories.
The cost of the American missions was defrayed, during many years, from annual subscriptions, and from the interest of some considerable legacies. From the year 1813 to the year 1833, the Society undertook the management of a grant annually voted by parliament for the support of clergymen of the church of England in the North American Colonies. But this grant is now discontinued ; and, for the future, the colonists can expect no aid from the mother-country, except such as arises from voluntary contributions.
The expenditure of the Society under this head during the year 1837, amounted to more than 13,0001.; and there is an urgent demand for addi. tional clergymen in every one of the provinces, more especially in Upper Canada and Newfoundland.
In the year 1820 the Society founded a Mission College at Calcutta, for the education of missionaries and catechists, whether European, Indo-British, or native, to be employed in ministering to the native Christians of Aindostan, and in preaching the gospel to the Hindoos and Mahommedans throughout that country. The number of missionaries and catechists educated in this seminary, and now serving in India, is twenty-one ; and the number of students, at the date of the last report, was sixteen, including seven native converts. Missions in connexion with the college have been established in the neighbourhood of Calcutta and at Cawnpore; and the number of ordained missionaries in the Bengal presidency is four.
The care of the extensive protestant missions in Southern India, formerly supported by the Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge, was transferred to this Society in the year 1824 ; and the number of European Missionaries in that presidency is eighteen, besides catechists and native teachers. Large native schools are carried on in connexion with these missions; and a seminary for the education of catechists and teachers is established at Vepery, near Madras.
These are the portions of the Society's labours which fall most exactly under the description of missions to the heathen; and every subscriber to its funds may have the satisfaction of feeling that he assists in causing the gospel to be preached among the idolators and Mahonmedans of the east. The expendi. ture in India during the year 1837 exceeded 17,0001.; and steps have been taken for the opening of a new mission in the presidency of Bombay, which will necessarily create a further demand for pecuniary aid.
Another scene of extensive usefulness was opened in the year 1833, by the Act for the Abolition of Slavery throughout her Majesty's dominions.' On this interesting occasion the Society resolved to take an active part in providing for the religious instruction of the enfranchised negroes; and a special fund was raised by subscriptions and donations, to be expended in aid of the cost of building churches and school-houses, and of maintaining clergymen and schoolmasters, in the British West Indies. In pursuance of this plan, large grants of money have been made towards the erection of churches and schools ; and the number of clergymen, exclusive of other teachers, now in connexion with the Society, and deriving a portion of their income from its funds, is thirty-seven. The vital importance of communicating moral and religious knowledge to the negro population, and the feeling of the country in favour of that class, encourage the Society to persevere in this branch of its
VOL. XIII.-- April, 1838.
operations. The present annual charge, independent of grants for buildings, is 6,0001.
Lastly, in the year 1837, the spiritual destitution of the Australian Colonies having been represented to the Society by the Bishop of Australia, it has engaged to contribute towards the support of twenty additional clergymen, to be employed as chaplains in the provinces of New South Wales and Van Dieman's Land; and it has much pleasure in announcing, that no less than twelve of the number have been appointed, and have sailed for Australia. The dreadful state of wickedness into which the great body of the people throughout these colonies were falling must plead the Society's excuse for entering at the present time upon a new field of labour and expense. It rejoices at having been enabled to induce so considerable a body of clergymen to devote themselves to the service of their Heavenly Master, under circumstances of much discouragement; and trusts that the appalling accounts, recently published by authority, respecting the moral and religious condition of our convict settlements, will awaken the attention of the country, and produce an attempt to wipe out this foul stain upon the national character.
From the foregoing statement, it will be seen that the recent extension of the Society's labours commenced at a time when, by the discontinuance of the parliamentary grant, the whole expense of the North American missions was cast upon its funds,
, -an expense which they were barely able to meet. And in the years which have elapsed since that period the Society's annual income, arising from subscriptions, donations, and collections, has not increased by a sum larger than 1,9921. In the year 1833, the receipts under these heads amounted to 8,7471.; in the year 1837, to 10,7391. During the same period, the permanent annual expenditure, exclusive of the sum paid in the former year on account of government, has increased from 23,8671. to 35,1901. ; and à further sum of 15,2241. has been laid out in the West Indies, from the special fund. The excess of expenditure above income in each year has been defrayed by sales of stock bequeathed to the Society as legacies, or purchased with money collected under the authority of King's Letters.
The existence of such a state of things can only be accounted for by supposing that the circumstances of the Society—the rapid extension of its operations—and the heavy additional charge incurred thereby—are not generally known; and the object of the present address is to promote the more general formation of committees, parochial or otherwise, for the circulation of reports of the Society's proceedings and extracts from the correspondence of its missionaries, and for the increase of its funds.
The distinguishing mark of the Institution is, its close connexion with the church of England, and its adherence to her rules of ecclesiastical discipline. The effect of the system is, that clergymen, carefully selected for the office of missionaries, are subject to a discipline and assured of a protection not to be exercised upon any other plan.
It is also distinctly understood in the colonies, that the permanent maintenance of the colonial clergy cannot be defrayed by the mother country; and that when the Society has succeeded in planting missionaries in places hitherto unprovided with them, it will proceed from time to time to other districts, until the whole of every province is supplied with the means of religious instruction. Much more is now done by the colonists themselves for the maintenance of clergymen, and the erection of churches, than was attempted or even thought of in former times; and their demand upon the mother country for assistance should be met by a corresponding increase of exertion. As fellow-countrymen, and still more as fellow-Christians, they call upon us to come over and help them; and our help, to be effectual, must proceed from every corner of the kingdom, and be in some measure proportionate to the vast field before us, and to the sacred interests by which it is called forth.
A.M. CAMPBELL, Secretary. 4, Trafalgar-square, Charing-cross, London.
General Statement of the Income and Expenditure of the Society in the Year 1837.
Subscriptions, Donations, and Collections
and a public Subscription, for the Education and Religious In
struction of the Negro Population in the British West Indies Portion of a Parliamentary Grant, for the Erection of School Houses
in tbe British West Indies
7,160 0 0
Total Amount of Income from every source applicable to the
Society's general designs
38,983 13 2
12,540 7 4 [Exclusive of 38 Missionaries in Upper Canada, and 28 in Nova
Scotia, whose salaries, since the year 1833, have, by an ar-
to cease entirely with their lives.]
605 0 0 In aid of King's College, Windsor, Nova Scotia
541 8 5 INDIA.
Support of 22 Missionaries and 11 Catechists in the Dioceses of
8,992 2 10
6,373 6 8 General Expenses of the Society's Missions and Native Schools in both Dioceses ...
1,862 39 CAPE of Good Hope. Towards the support of one Missionary
87 100 West INDIES.
Towards the support of 37 Clergymen and a large body of unor
dained Teachers in the Dioceses of Jamaica and Barbados,
6,144 15 4
9,079 7 0 AUSTRALIA.
Grants for building additional Churches in New South Wales,
950 0 0
935 00 [The Society has also undertaken to contribute 501. a year to. wards the maintenance of each of the 20 Clergymen to be employed as Colonial Chaplains in the Diocese of Australia; and will thus incur, when the whole number is completed, a
permanent charge of 1,0001. per annum on this account.] Miscellaneous Grants, and Incidental Expenses
2,303 3 5 Total Expenditure in promoting the Society's General Designs 50,414 4 9 Income
38,983 13 2
11,430 11 7
UNIVERSITY OF LONDON. -- DOCUMENTS RELATING TO THE PROPOSAL TO RE
QUIRE CANDIDATES FOR THE DEGREE OF BACHELOR OF ARTS TO PASS AN
“ Saturday, 16th December, 1837.
“ Resolved unanimously, “ That this Council understands that a proposal has been submitted to the Faculty of Arts of the University of London, that, as a general rule, the candidate for the degree of B.A. shall pass an examination either in one of the four Gospels or the Acts of the Apostles in the original Greek, and also in Scripture History.' That the question of the introduction of religious subjects into the lectures and examinations of this College was maturely considered at its first foundation; when, after much deliberation, it was agreed by common consent that it would be impossible to open the institution to all classes of persons on equal terms, if the principle of admitting religious subjects into the course of instruction were once adopted. That on this understanding, the funds of the institution were contributed by members of various religious denominations, and that the same principle has been inviolably observed down to the present time. That on the 26th of March, 1835, the House of Commons voted, by a majority of 110, an address praying his late Majesty to confer upon this institution a charter of incorporation as a university, by which it might be enabled to grant degrees to its students in all the faculties except divinity and medicine; and that on the 1st of April following, his Majesty was pleased to return the following answer :
“ His Majesty acquaints his faithful Commons, that having been desirous of giving to this important subject the fullest and most mature consideration, his Majesty referred it, in the course of last year, for examination by the Privy Council, who entered upon an inquiry, the final result of which has not yet been communicated to his Majesty.
" His Majesty assures his faithful Commons, that he will call upon the Privy Council, without delay, for a report of the proceedings adopted in this matter, in order that his Majesty may be enabled to judge what may be the best mode of carrying into effect the wishes of his faithful Commons, in respect of a grant of a charter to the University of London, and what may be the conditions with which such a grant ought to be accompanied.'
“That notwithstanding the address of the House of Commons, and this favourable answer of his Majesty, the proprietors of this institution were induced to surrender any claim which they might be supposed to have acquired to a charter of incorporation as a University, and to accept a charter of incorporation as a College only, on being informed by the members of her Majesty's present government that they were anxious to establish a metropolitan university on a more extended scale, which might be invested with the power of granting degrees as well to the students of this College as to those of other institutions ; but that the proprietors yielded to this proposal on the clear understanding that the University thus proposed to be substituted, was to be grounded on the same principles as the institution which had given rise to it, and that no subjects would be introduced into the examination for degrees of the University, which could not be included in the course of instruction at this college, consistently with the principle on which it was founded.
“ That all classes and denominations of her Majesty's subjects would have just cause of dissatisfaction, in being required or invited to undergo an ex
amination in any part of the New Testament or in Scripture History conducted by examiners who did not profess the same peculiar tenets with the person examined, since it is manifest that no examination so conducted could be quite free from the suspicion of partiality,
“ That this Council, having heard that the above mentioned proposal for the introduction of religious subjects into the examinations for the degree of B. A. is now under the consideration of the Faculty of Arts of the University of London, deem it right to lose no time in calling the attention of the members of her Majesty's government to the subject, in the hope that they will employ such means as they may consider most expedient, to prevent the introduction of religious subjects under any form into the examinations of the University; a proceeding which the council would be obliged to regard as a breach of the understanding on the faith of which the proprietors of this institution were induced to accept their present charter; as destructive of the objects for which the University itself was founded, and as inconsistent with the spirit, and an evasion of the terms of its charter, which professes “to hold forth to all classes and denominations of his late Majesty's subjects, without any distinction whatsoever, an encouragement for pursuing a regular and liberal course of education, and which is declared to be granted · for the purpose of ascertaining, by means of examinations, the persons who have acquired proficiency in literature, science, and art, by the pursuit of such course of education, and of rewarding them by academical degrees, as evidence of their respective attainments, and marks of honour proportional thereunto.'
“ That the resolutions be presented to Lord John Russell, her Majesty's Secretary of State for Home Affairs, by the deputation.
“ CHARLES C. ATKINSON, Secretary to the Council.”
Resolutions of the United Committee. “At a special meeting of “The United Committee appointed to consider
the grievances under which Dissenters now labour, with a view to their redress,' held at Dr. Williams' library, Redcross-street, on Friday, the 15th day of December, 1837; Henry Waymouth, Esq., in the chair, It
was resolved, “That the introduction of an examination upon one of the Gospels, or the Acts of the Apostles, and upon Scripture History in general, by the Senate of the University of London, as a pre-requisite to a degree, does appear to this committee an indirect violation of the liberal principle on which the University of London was founded, and by which it was recommended by her Majesty's Government when it was granted as a substitute for a charter conferring degrees to University College, for which the House of Commons had by a considerable majority, voted an address to the Crown.
“ That a deputation be appointed to wait on Lord John Russell relative to the above resolution; and that the deputation consist of the Chairman, Deputy-Chairman, Treasurer, the Rev. Mr. Burnet, Dr. Brown, and Mr. Wilks.
“ That the chairman be requested to solicit an early interview with his lordship for this deputation."
No. III. Letter from Lord John Russell, her Majesty's principal Secretary of State for
the Home Department, to the Earl of Burlington, Chancellor of the University of London.
“ Whitehall, December 18, 1837. “ MY LORD,—I have not yet consulted the law officers on the question which you transmitted to me respecting the reading of the Greek Testament