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the Baptists in Germany called themselves Ana-baptists ? Was not that term applied to them derisively by their opponents ? Heartily does the reviewer agree with the eloquent remarks at page 55 to the end. The warmest charity and kindness towards the persons of the erroneous are perfectly consistent with the strongest condemnation of
Of the seventeen sermons, of which the remainder of Mr. Fulford's volume consists, little more need be said, than that they amply fulfil the promise of the “Introduction.” They are able exhibitions of the doctrines of scripture and the church, on many important points, and will, doubtless, be read with pleasure and profit by many of the sons of the church of England.
Sermons, Practical and Doctrinal.* By the Rev. Robert Wood Kyle, B.A.,
Trinity College, Dublin. London: Houlston and Son, 1837. 8vo. pp. 439. This volume of sermons ought to have received an earlier notice, but from accidental circumstances it was overlooked. It consists, as its title page expresses it, of doctrinal and practical sermons. They are written with much earnestness and warmth, and contain many useful statements and excellent exhortations. To the reviewer, however, it seems that there is too much attempt to be striking on all occasions; but this (if Mr. Kyle is young, as from his degree of B.A. it may be presumed he is,) is likely to be amended by time. In one of the Advent Sermons the author speaks of the second coming of our Lord, and says, among other things, that the commonly received opinion of the conversion of the world previous to the second advent, has, I have no doubt, originated from a misconception of the Saviour's declaration, that “the gospel must first be published among all nations.' He argues that this means, that it shall be preached as a witness, (which he infers from the parallel passage,) and that it does not imply that it shall be received. He says, however, that its preaching for a witness signifies the publication of such a message of God's truth in every nation that they who receive it shall be saved, and those who receive it not shall be without excuse; and argues
that in ages past it may have been so preached in every nation. These are points, it appears to the reviewer, not to be disposed of in a summary manner, even though turned, as it is here, to the excellent purpose of warning men to repent now, before it be too late. Such points require a careful study of all that prophecy delares; and although each individual is at liberty to form his own judgment, as Mr. Kyle has done, it is desirable it should be expressed as a matter on which it is a Christian duty not to pronounce too peremptorily. This point it was desirable just to mention thus, but in general it may fairly be said that very debateable topics are not brought forward in the volume; and it is hoped that it may meet with an extensive sale, as much of it is calculated to do good, and the purpose for which it is published is highly deserving of encouragement.
The profits of this work are to be applied to the augmentation of the endor. ment of the vicarage of Wrockwardine Wood.
Heuth's Book of Beauty, 1838. Edited by the Countess of Blessington.
Longman and Co. 8vo. The engravings in this volume consist partly of portraits of ladies, partly of fancy sketches. Of the former it may generally be said, that there is much beauty in them, and nothing to offend; but in some of the fancy sketches, there is what can be called by no softer name than indecency. It is gratifying to think that, whatever may be the taste of the public, or of those who supply it with its amusements, the ladies of England do not choose their portraits to be drawn in the styles which some artists are pleased to indulge in when left to their own fancies. The letter press appears to be much like that of other annuals.
The Scenic Annual for 1838. Edited by T. H. Campbell, Esq., Author of
“ The Pleasures of Hope,” &c. London: G. Virtue. 1838. 4to. There are many very beautiful scenes delineated in this volume; and to those who have not seen either the Switzerland or the Scotland of Dr. Beattie, they will be new; but to the writer of this notice some of them appear familiar, from having looked over parts of those works. The scenes are, however, generally well selected and the engravings good, although the figures are not always judiciously introduced; e. g., a party of fine ladies at Kosciusko'š monument. One thing ought to be observed. The publishers, no doubt, wish a general circulation for their book. In that case, they ought to instruct the editor not to make a work of general amusement the vehicle of party politics. The attack on the Duke of Wellington (p. 45) might have been omitted, unless Mr. Campbell is prepared to give a full account of the transaction; and is unjustifiable, if the duke was not apprised of it, though he would probably have treated any notice from Mr. Campbell with more indifference than he is alleged to have treated the message of Lord W. Bentinck.
Sermons on the Apostles' Creed. Preached in the Episcopal Chapel of St. John
the Evangelist, Edinburgh, by the Rev. George Alyffe Poole, B.A. Edin
burgh : R. Grant. 1837. 8vo. pp. 392. This book is inscribed to Dr. Hook, and contains twenty-one discourses on the Apostles' Creed. Mr. Poole is not a popular preacher in the usual sense of that term, if one may judge from these specimens of his pulpit composition ; but he is, what some will think far better, a learned, devout, and in general a sound and sober expositor of holy writ. The ground which he traverses in the volume under review has been gone over so often by our greatest theologians, that little information can, of course, be gained from it by individuals who are already conversant with our standard divinity. But few, alas ! have quaffed of this “ well of English undefiled;" and to all who have not, these sermons on the Creed will afford instruction of a very good kind. In the fifteenth sermon, Mr. P. exhibits his view of “the sum of the difference between the catholic doctrine" and the errors of sectarists
respecting the blessed sacraments. (pp. 262–284.) He thinks that although the phrase baptismal regeneration has sometimes given offence, “ the whole offence is in the expression, and not in the doctrine.” He says
• Those who object to the expression baptismal regeneration, by regeneration mean, for the most part, the first influx of irresistible and indefectible grace; grace that cannot be repelled by its subject, and which must issue in his final salvation. Now, of such grace our church knows nothing; and of course, therefore, means not by regeneration at baptism, the first influx of such grace. That the sins, original and actual, of the faithful recipient of baptisms are washed away she doth indeed believe; and also that grace is given to him by the immediate agency of the Holy Spirit; yet so that conscience thus cleansed may be again defiled, and that the baptized person may, and often does, by his own fault, fall again into sin, in which if he die, he shall without doubt perish everlastingly; his condemnation not being avoided, but rather increased, by his baptismal privileges. So that, in fact, we say not that any one is regenerated at baptisın, according to the meaning of these words in the lips of our opponents..... What approaches most nearly to that grace of their own imagining, which they call regeneration, is the repentance not to be repented of, and followed by fruits of righteousness to the glory of God's grace, and to the salvation of the Christian, which we call conversion or renewal, and attribute to the same Spirit from whom we receive our new life at baptism, and which we hold to be as necessary to the salvation of one who has fallen from his baptismal purity (and who hath not so fallen?) as we hold baptismal regeneration to be, and as they hold their supposed regeneration."-(pp. 268, 269.)
At p. 226 occur some really beautiful remarks on the great Christian mysteries :
“ The Christian (observes Mr. P.) hath his holy of holies in the high and unsearchable mysteries of his heaven-taught faith, and in all those unrevealed things concerning God bimself which it is needless and impossible for us to know, in our present stage of existence, and which it hath been the good purpose of Jehovah himself to cover with an impenetrable veil. The outer courts of the sanctuary are thrown open to him ; and he is not only permitted, he is invited, exhorted, commanded, to press into them; and he finds them crowded with whatever is fitted for the exercise of his mind and heart in the study and love of religion, with whatever is adapted to occupy him in the active service of his Lord. But each forbidden step beyond, or rather beside the veil, (for through it he can never pass,) were a step of presumption and danger, and, however little he might expect it, into darkness.”
In some of the remaining discourses—the seventeenth, “On the Communion of Saints,” and the eighteenth, “On the Forgiveness of Sin,” Mr. Poole is treading on ground which has been much disputed upon in the present day; and he must prepare for some difference of
pinion, and for much misrepresentation of what he does hold. Enough has now been said to shew that there are many parts of his volume which contain able arguments and instructive matter.
Sermons on Various Subjects. By the Rev. James S. M. Anderson, M.A., Chap
lain in Ordinary to the Queen, Chaplain to the Queen Dowager, and Perpetual Curate of St. George's Chapel, Brighton. Rivingtons. 1837. 8vo.
MR. ANDERSON has “spoken even before kings,” and “not been ashamed to declare the whole counsel of God." His style is chaste, earnest, impressive, and often eloquent; and while he maintains that the death and merits of Christ are the only meritorious cause of the world's redemption, he insists, in every sermon, on the awful, but too
often forgotten truth, that “faith, without works, is dead." The volume under review consists of fifteen sermons, and discusses, among other important subjects, the power of conscience, the grace of God and the agency of man, Christian patriotism, the ministerial office, and the humiliation of Christ. Sermon II., on Philip. ii., part of 12, 13, is a judicious and practical improvement of the seemingly opposite truths of man's free agency and God's almightiness. Without going into controversy, Mr. A. appeals to holy scripture, and the experience of his hearers, in proof of the positions set forth by the apostle—"viz., that man is free, and yet that he is absolutely dependent upon God;" and that the duties resulting from this acknowledgment are those of watchfulness and prayer; duties which our blessed Lord himself enjoined, and which embody in themselves the full realities of the Christian life," (p. 31.) The sermon concludes with a powerful exhortation “not to be wise beyond that which is written,” (p. 44.) The fourth discourse is an excellent one, on an important subject. The text is taken from 1 Cor. iv. 1, and the preacher exhibits the fearful importance and mighty reponsibility of the ministerial office; and adverts, on the one hand, to the low and degrading standard which some people take of it, and on the other, to the error which leads men to lay stress rather upon the person who speaks, than on the tenets he declares, or his sacerdotal authority. To those--and their name is Legion--who have fallen into the latter mistake, the following remarks may be usefully addressed .
“ You magnify the man, and not the office; the creature, and not the Creator. You come, by a necessary consequence, to estimate the substance of that which is spoken only by the same rules which regulate your judgment in matters of mere human construction. You bring to bear upon us the same excited curiosity, the same perverse prejudice, the same capricious imagination, the same captious criticism, wbich, in the world around you, are so many active elements, unceasingly at work, to embroil the conflict of your opinions; and you forget that our ministrations claim your attention solely as the appointed channels through which the divine blessing is conveyed to your souls and ours; that, whether we administer the sacraments of Christ, or pray in his name, or preach his word, we are manifesting those mercies, and exercising those means of grace, the efficacy of which depends not upon the wisdom, the learning, or the industry, of man, but upon the will of God ordaining them, upon the power of God accomplishing them. • Let a man so account of us, as of the ministers of Christ, and stewards of the mysteries of God.'”—p. 95.
The seventh sermon, on the parable of the unjust steward, contains, at pp. 155—159, an exposition of the injunction, “Make yourselves friends of the mammon of unrighteousness," which will bear comparison with that in Mr. Irons' discourse, which was lately reviewed in this Magazine. Mr. A. adopts the common protestant interpretation. Sermon VIII. is extrinsically interesting from the circumstance of its having been preached before his late majesty, his admirable consort, and Prince George of Cambridge, shortly after the confirmation of the last-named personage. The following extract may serve as a fair specimen of its style :
· Again, when the plague went forth among the people, we are told that it was Aaron who 'ran into the midst of the congregation, and put on incense, and made an atonement for the people, and stood between the dead and the living; and the plague was stayed.' And was not that earthly high priest a type of Him who is our
• High Priest for ever, after the order of Melchisedec ;' who hath put on the incense, not of carthly perfumes, but of his own all-prevailing merits, and made atonement for the people; who hath stood, and still stands, between the dead and the living; who hath stayed, yea, who still stays, and by his meritorious intercession will continue to stay, the moral plague that is gone forth among us, that deep infection of our nature, which, if there were none to help, would cast both soul and body into hell? He, then, is your hope and your salvation. Lay hold upon his promises. Cast yourself unreservedly upon his power. Look earnestly and steadfastly to his glory. Then will you be able to possess your soul in patience, and feel, more clearly than any tongue can tell, the blessedness of that assurance wherewith St. Paul closes his present exhortation, “ There hath no temptation taken you, but such as is common to man; but God is faithful, wbo will not suffer you to be tempted above that ye are able, but will, with the temptation, also make a way to escape, that ye may be able to bear it.”
”—pp. 178, 179. There are some beautiful remarks in Sermon X. (“ Jesus weeping") on the comfort which the sympathy of friends and kindred gives in affliction, (p. 215;) but perhaps the discourse on “the repentant woman" is the best composition in Mr. Anderson's volume. The description of the miserable condition of “ those who have been ensnared by the tempter's voice to ruin” is rich in pathos and true eloquence. The last sermon in the series, that on the death of his late majesty, will be read with deep interest and admiration by the Christian patriot. The reviewer is sorry that he cannot give a more detailed exhibition of the merits of Mr. Anderson's work. He has room only, in conclusion, to express his grateful acknowledgment of the pleasure and profit he has received from its perusal.
Tules of the Martyrs; or, Sketches from Church History. London: Dean and
Munday, Threadneedle-street. pp. 223. This little volume is written with the very meritorious design of calling the attention of young persons to the history of THE CHURCH.
It comprises—a Tale of the Early Christians-Britain's First Martyr-Scenes from English History - The Martyr's Widow—The Huguenot Family -Henri Arnaud, a sketch from the History of the Vaudois—The Missionary-Martyrdom in the Nineteenth Century. These “ T'ales” are written in a pleasing manner, and will interest the youthful reader. They contain a few statements of a theological nature, with which the reviewer cannot entirely agree. The book, however, as a whole, is calculated to do good, and may be safely recommended.
National Religion conducive to the Prosperity of the State. Two Sermons
preached in the Parish Church of St. Bride, in aid of the Trinity Church Endowment Fund. By the Rev. Thomas Dale, M.A. With an Appendix.
Richardson, Cornhill. 1837. 8vo. pp. 92. Tuese excellent sermons are intended to prove, I. That a form of national religion is the express ordinance of God. II. That unity of religious worship conduces to the “compactness” of a city-i.e., the prosperity of a state. III. That it is wise policy in the nation to preserve, and true patriotism in the individual to promote, such unity. IV. That the performance of duty towards others is the sure means of acquiring blessings for ourselves. Of these, the two former propositions