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strange man. In 1709 he published a tragedy called " Appius and Virginia,” which met with no success, but for which he invented a new kind of thunder. Being at the play-house a few nights after the ill fate of his own play, and hearing it thunder, he started up of a sudden, and cried out aloud, “That's my thunder, by G --! How these rascals use me! They will not have my play, yet steal my thunder.” In 1712 he wrote against Pope's Essay on Criticism, and in 1713 against Addison's Cato; which occasioned a pamphlet intituled, " The narrative of Dr. Robert Norris, concerning the strange and deplorable frenzy of Mr. John Dennis,' since printed in Swift's miscellanies; and laid the foundation of that quarrel which provoked Pope to put him into his Dunciad. He wrote many other pieces, in all of which he fhewed, that he had better talents for judging of the perfomances of others, than for producing any thing of himself; which made a smart fellow say, that “ Dennis was the fittelt man in the world to instruct a dramatic writer; for he laid down rules for writing good plays, and shewed him what were bad by his own."

DENNY (SIR ANTHONY), knt. favourite, and one of the gentlemen of the privy chamber to king Henry VIII. was the second son of Thomas Denny, of Cheshunt in the county of Hertford, esq. by Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas Mannock. He had his education in St. Paul's school, London, under the famous William Lilly; and afterwards in St. John's-college, Cambridge: in both which places he fo improved himfelf, that he became an excellent scholar, as well as a person of great worth. His merit having made him known at court, he was constituted by Henry VIII. one of the gentlemen of the bed-chamber, groom of the stole, and a privy counsellor; and likewise received the honour of knighthood from that prince: with whom being in great favour, he raised a considerable estate on the ruins of the diffolved monafteries. For, in 1537, Henry gave him the priory of Hertford, together with divers other lands and manors. He further granted him, in 1539, Dec. 15, the office of steward of the manor of Bedwell and Little Berkhamstead, in Herts; besides which fir Anthony also obtained the manor of Butterwick, in the parish of St. Peter in St. Albans, the manors of the rectory and of the nunnery, in the parish of Cheshunt; and of Great Amwell, all in the county of Hertford. Moreover, in 1541, there was a large grant made to him, by act of parliament, of several lands that had belonged to the abbey of St. Albans, lately diffolved. Not content with that, he found means to procure a thirty-one years' lease of the many large and rich demesnes that had been poffessed by Waltham-abbey in Efex: of which his lady purchased afterwards the reverfion. In 1544 the king gave him the advantageous wardship of MarB 2


garet, the only daughter and heir of Thomas lord Audley, des ceased. On the gift of August 1546 he was commissioned, with John Gate and William Clerk, esquires, to sign all warrants in the king's name. In this reign he did an eminent service to the great school of Sedberg in Yorkshire, belonging to the college wherein he had received his education. For the building being fallen to decay, and the lands appropriated thereto fold and embezzled, he caused the school to be repaired, and not only recovered, but also settled the estate fo firmly, as to prevent all 'future alienations. When king Henry VIII. was on his death-bed, fir Anthony had the honesty and courage to put him in mind of his approaching end; and defired him to raise his thoughts to heaven, to think of his past life, and to call on God for mercy through Jesus Chrift. So great an opinion had that king of him, that he appointed him one of the executors of his will, and one of the counsellors to his son and successor Edward VI. and bequeathed him a legacy of 300l. He did not live long after this; for he died in 1550. By his wife Joan, daughter of fir Philip Champernon of Modbury in Devonshire, a lady of great beauty and parts, he had six children; of whom Henry the eldest was father of Edward Denny, knighted in 1589, summoned to parliament in 1605, and advanced Oct. 24, 1626, to the dignity of earl of Norwich. As for fir Anthony Denny's character, one of his contemporaries informs us, that his whole time and cares were taken up with and employed about religion, learning, and the care of the public, and has highly commended him for his prudence and humanity. The learned Henry Howard, earl of Surry, wrote an excellent epitaph for him some years before his decease.' And fir John Cheke, who had a great eftcem for him, honoured his memory with an elegant heroic poem.

DENTON (John), an english divine, author of some small controversial pieces, was educated at Clare-hall, Cambridge, and was admitted sizar and pupil to Mr. David Clarkson, on the 4th of May, 1646, as appears from the register of the college. He was ejected by the act of uniformity in 1662 from the living of Oswaldkirk, near Helmfley in Yorkshire, and not from that of Bolton, as Dr. Calamy affirms in his account, p. 818, who has rectified that mistake in his Continuation, p. 950, though, as it seems, without knowing that it was a mistake, it being indeed Mr. Snathan, and not Mr. John Denton, who was ejected from Bolton upon Dearn, or more properly Darwent. Mr. John Denton afterwards conformed; and being re-ordained by Dr. Thomas Barlow, bishop of Lincoln, was collated to the living of Stonegrave, within two miles of Oswaldkirk, and a prebend of the church of York, both which he held till his death, on the 4th of January, 1708, in the 83d year of his age, as is evident from the inscription on his tombstone in the church of Stonegrave, in which living he was succeeded by his son Mr. Robert Denton, who was educated at Catherine-hall in Cambridge, and died about 1748. Mr. John Denton having contracted an intimate friendship with Mr. Tillotson at Clare-hall, they kept up a constant correspondence during his grace's life.


DENTRECOLLES (FRANCIS XAVIER), a jefuit, born at Lyons in 1664, went as missionary to China with pere Parrennin. Here he was employed a like number of years with him, and died in the same year, 1741, at the age of 77. His amiable character, his insinuating turn, and his mild and affable manners, gained him the esteem and affection both of the populace and the men of letters. He caused a great number of works to be printed in the chinese language, to inculcate the doctrines of his church among the disciples of Confucius, and to encourage the new converts in the way of salvation. Besides these writings, which it cannot be expected we should understand, there are se. veral interesting pieces of his in the collection of « Lettres édifiantes & curieuses," and in the history of China by du Halde.

DEREING (EDWARD) was born in the xvith century, and descended from an antient and considerable family in Kent. He was educated in Chrift's-college in Cambridge, of which he was fellow. He took the degree of B.D. and was chosen preacher at St. Paul's in London, and was a very eminent preacher at court in this reign. He died in the year 1576. His principal works are : his « Answer to Harding;" his Lectures on the epistle to the Hebrews; and his fermons. The happy death of this truly religious man was suitable to the purity and integrity of his life.

DERHAM (WILLIAM), an excellent philosopher and divine, was born at Stoughton near Worcester, Nov. 26, 1657; and educated in grammar-learning at Blockley in that county. May 1675 he was admitted into Trinity-college, Oxford ; and by the time he took his degree of B. A. was greatly distinguished for his learning, and other valuable and eminent qualifications. He was ordained deacon by Compton bishop of London, in May 1681; prielt by Ward bishop of Salisbury, in July 1682; and was the same month presented to the vicarage of Wargrave in Berkshire. August 1689 he was presented to the valuable rectory of Upminster in Effex: which living, lying at not more than a convenient distance from London, afforded him an opportunity of conversing and corresponding with the greatest virtuoti in the nation. Being therefore in a retirement suitable to his contemplative and philosophical temper, he applied himself with great eagerness to the study of nature, and to mathematics and experimental philosophy; in which he became so eminent, that he was soon after chosen F, R. S. He proved one of the most useful B 3


and industrious members of it, frequently publishing in the Philo. sophical Transactions curious observations and valuable pieces[A]. We shall now proceed to his other works. He published in his

[A] Of which these following are the 17. On the migration of birds. 18. An particulars. 1. Part of a letter"dated Dec. account of an eclipse of the fun, Sept. 3, 6, 1697, giving an account of some expe. 1708, as observed at Upminster: and of riments about the height of the mercury an eclipse of the moon, Sept. 18, 1708. in the barometer at the top and bottom of 19. An account of a strange meteor, or the monument in London; and also a de. aurora borealis, in Sept. or O&t. 1706. {cription of a portable barometer. 2. A 20. An account of a child's crying in the letter dated Jan. 13, 1698, about a-con- womb. It was the child of one Clark, of trivance to measure the height of the mer- Hornchurch in Effex, who was heard to cury in the barometer, by a circle on one cry in his mother's womb, at times, for of the weather places : with a register or five weeks. 21. The history of the great diary of the weather, observed every day frost in 1708. 22. Account of spots obat Upminster, during the year 1697. served in the sun by our author, from 1703 3. A letter to Dr. Sloane ; with a regiiter to 1708; and from 1707 to 1711. 23. of the weather, winds, barometer's height, Of fubterraneous trees found at Dagenhamand quantity of rain falling at Upminster Breach in Effex. 24. Account of an eclipse in Eirex, during the year 1698. 4. A of the moon, seen at Upminster Jan. 12, register, &c. as above, for the year 1699. 1711-12. 25. Of a woman big with child, In these registers, he exhibits to view, in and having the small pox, delivered of a separate columns, every day, at the hours child having the same distemper, Sept. 8, of 8, 12, and 9, the weather, winds, 1713. 26. An account of the rain ar Upclouds, height of the barometer, rain, &c. miniter for 18 years. 27. 'Tables of the 5. Observations on the death-watch, or barometrical altitudes for 1708, at Zurich that infect which makes a noise like the in Switzerland; and of the rain of Pisa in beats of a watch. 6. Observations on the Italy, and Zurich, and Upminster, for weather, rain, winds, &c. for 1699, 1700, 1707, 1708 : with remarks on the winds, 1701, 1702, compared with other observa- heat, and cold, &c. 28. Mischiefs occa. tions made at Townley in Lancafire, by fioned by swallowing the stones of bullace Mr. Townley, and communicated to our and does. This piece may be read with author. 7. An account of some spots ob- great advantage by those who fancy, very served in the sun in June 1703. S. Ob- absurdiy, that the stones of floes, cherries, servations on the great storm, Nov. 26, &c. are useful in preventing a surfeit from 1703. 9. The history of the death-watch, the fruit. 29. Extracts from Mr. Gara from which the fuperititious may learn, coigre's and Mr. Crabtree's letters, prove to the great care and comfort of their fouls, ing Mr. Gascoigne to have been the inthat thic ticking noise of this minute crea. ventor of the telescopic lights of matheture, which fills them with such terrors matical inftruments, and not the French. and forebodings, is nothing more than a 30. Observations about wafps, and the dit." wooing act, and commonly heard in July, ference of their feres. 35. Observations or about the beginning of August. 10. An on the lumen borcale, or dreaming, Oct. 8, account of an instrument for finding the 1726. 32. Tables of the eclipses of Jumeridian, with a defcriprion of the same, piter's satellites, from 1700 10 1727 ; with 11. Experiments on the motion of pendu- remarks on those tables. 33. The difJums in vacuo. 12. A prospect of the ference in time of the meridians of divers weather, winds, and height of the mer- places, computed from observations on the cury in the barometer, on the firft day of eclipses of Jupiter's satellites. 34. A letter the month; and of the whole rain in every to fir Hans Sloane, bart. containing a de. month in 1703, and the beginning of 1704: scription of some uncommon appearances, observed at Townley in Lancashire, by R, observed in an aurora borealis, Oct. 13. Townley, csq. and at Upminster in Effex, 1728. 35. Of the meteor called the ignis by our author,

13. An account of a glade fatuus, from observations made in England of light feen in the heavens, March 20, by our author, and others in Italy, com1706. 14. Tables of the weather, &c. for municated by Gir Thomas Dereham, bart. 1705. 15. An account of a pyramidal We have placed thele several pieces here appearance in the heavens, seen in Etiex, together, because they are of che fame April 3, 1707. 16. Experiments and ob kind and nature, and were all published scivations on the motion of lound; in latin. in the “ Philosophical Transactions."


younger years, " The artificial clock-maker: or, a treatise of watch and clock-work, Thewing to the meanest capacities the art of calculating numbers to all sorts of movements; the way to alter clock-work; to make chimes, and set them to musical notes; and to calculate and correct the motion of pendulums. Also numbers for divers movements : with the antient and modern history of clock-work; and many instruments, tables, and other matters, never before published in any other book.” The fourth edition of this book, with large emendations, was publithed in 1734, 12mo. In 1711 and 1712 he preached 16 sermons at Boyle's lectures; which, having put into a new form, he published in 1793 under this title, Physico-theology; or, a demonftration of the being and attributes of God from his works of creation : with large notes, and many curious observations, 8vo. And in pursuance of the same design, he published, in 1714, Astro-theology; or, a demonstration of the being and attributes of God from a survey of the heavens. Illustrated with copperplates, 8vo. These works, the former especially, have been highly and justly valued, and have undergone several editions. In 1716 he was made a canon of Windsor, being at that time chaplain to the prince of Wales; and in 1730 received the degree of D. D. from the university of Oxford, on account of his Icaruing, and the services he had done to religion by his culture of natural knowledge" Ob libros," as the terms of the diploma run, “ ab ipfo editos, quibus physicam & mathefin auctiorem reddidit, & ad religionem veramque fidem exornandam revocavit.” But to go on with his writings. When Eleazer Albin published his natural history of birds and english insects, in 4 vols. 4to. with many beautiful cuts, it was accompanied with very curious notes and observations by our learned author. He also revised the “ Miscellanea Curiosa,” publithed in three vols. 8vo. 1726. The last thing he published of his own composition, was, “ Christo-theology; or, a demonstration of the divine authority of the christian religion, being the substance of a sermon freached at Bath, Nov. 2, 1729, and published at the earnest request of the auditory, 1730," 8vo. But, besides his own, he published some pieces of Mr. Ray, and gave new editions of others, with grcat additions from the author's own MSS. To him the world is likewise indebted for the publication of the * Philosophical experiments and observations of the late eminent Dr. Robert Hooke, and other eminent virtuosos in his time, 1726," 8vo. with copper cuts. He communicated also to the royal society several pieces, which he received from his learned correspondents.

This great and good man having thus spent his life in the moft agreeable and improving study of nature, and made all his re. (earches therein Jubservient to the cause of religion and virtue, B4


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