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have here been laid under contribution ; 350 are mentioned in a catalogue at the end of the volume, as having been consulted in the course of the preparation of it. Under the title of accentuation, the author discusses at the same time the subject of prosody; and this alone occupies 563 pages. The portion on the orthography of the language is accompanied by a most extensive enumeration of the abbreviations on coins and other monuments, so complete that it is hardly possible that any abbreviations should be found which are not here explained. The remainder of the Grammar will be distributed into four parts, and may be expected to be treated with similar fullness. When the whole work shall be finished in accordance with this plan, it will form a course of grammatical study for the Latin, such as does not exist at present in any language. Teachers will find it a treasure-house of learning, on which they can rely for all the information belonging to this branch of scholarship, for which any occasion can be expected to arise. The order pursued in the arrangement of the materials is such as to render the reference to every part of them simple and easy. Every chapter discusses some leading topic, ordinarily in three sections; of which the first develops the doctrine of the ancients on the point under consideration ; the second, that of the moderns ; while the third reviews the whole, and lays down the views and principles which are supposed to be correct. A fourth article is sometimes added to these, in which the object is to inquire into the source of the errors into which preceding grammarians have fallen. In the citation of grammatical works, the names of the authors only are mentioned, without a reference to the chapter and page. This may prove, sometimes, a disappointment to the reader ; but the author affirms that he is willing that his labor should be put to the most rigid test in this respect, and is confident that entire reliance may be placed upon the accuracy of the citations.

From the press of Didot, at Paris, a new edition of Herodotus has recently appeared—Herodoti historiarum libri xi, recognovit et commentationem de dialecto Herodoti præmisit Guil. Dindorfius. The dissertation prefixed on the Ionic dialect of Herodotus is said to be the most complete account of the subject that has yet been written. The state of the investigation has been advanced much beyond the point where Struve left it. The text also has received important corrections. During the last year the same press issued Pausanias's Geography of Greece—PAUSANIE descriptio Grecie. Recognovit et praefatus est Lud. Dindorfius. The copious index at the end of the book must increase greatly its value for reference. Among its other merits, the critics accord to it that of having advanced very considerably the criticism of the text, though much remains yet to be done.

H.

ARTICLE VIII.

LITERARY NOTICES.

1. J. L. Hilpert's Deutsch-Englisches Wörterbuch. 1668 pp. 4to.

Karlsruhe and New York, No. 322 Broadway. Wm. Rudde. 1846. Price $6,00.

It is notorious that the want of a complete and critical dictionary of the German language in English, has long been painfully felt. The larger part of the German dictionaries in common use among us, are mere pocket dictionaries. Some of these are as good as could reasonably be expected ; but from the nature of the case, they are inadequate to explain the genius of such a language as the German. Other lexicons, of greater compass, have, in too many cases, been written by foreigners, who, being acquainted with the English from books only, abound either in antiquated, or in barbarous forms of expression. Not a few of these represent the German language as it was a century ago ; not as it is in the most recent and most flourishing period of its literature. It is no exaggeration to say of all the German lexicons in English which we have seen--and few have escaped our observation—that they are radically deficient in philological character. They seem not to have been made for scholars, but for business men, for travellers, and for school boys. What one of them has any just principle of order in the arrangement of the different significations of a word? Men of philological attainments—and such are a large proportion of those who study the German in this country-have been so dissatisfied with the common lexicons, that they have resorted to those written in German, in French, and even in Latin; and they have found their account in so doing. The work of Hilpert, therefore, is already welcomed by many, and will be welcomed by more, as its merits shall become known. In fullness and in richness of phraseology and idioms, it is not inferior to that of Heinsius ; in completeness of whatever is necessary in grammatical forms, it is scarcely inferior to Heyse's ; in respect to precision and facility in the use of the English language, it will compare well with Nöhden's or the English edition of Flügel's; in regard to scientific and technical terms, and to the art of lexicography in general, it is without a rival. One of its peculiar features is the fullness with which it treats of synonyms. Probably no other dictionary of the language, in English, has been prepared with one fourth the labor and care which have been devoted to this. It has been not far from fifteen years in a course of preparation, and not less than ten men have been employed on it, a part of them Englishmen, a part of them Germans, and all of them well

versed in both languages. As the part here noticed can be purchased separately, we have made no allusion to the English-German part, which is sold, if we are correctly informed, at four dollars. It has heretofore been peculiarly unfortunate for students of the German language, that they have, in most cases, been under the necessity of purchasing costly dictionaries, the larger and the more elaborate portion of which, the English-German part, has been nearly useless to them. This is peculiarly the case with both the German and the revised English edition of Flügel and Sporschill.

2. Memoir of the Life of Henry Ware, jr. By his brother, John

WARE, M. D. Boston. James Munroe & Co. 1846. pp. 484, 12mo.

We have read this biography with no ordinary satisfaction, and regret that our present limits will not allow us to give a more extended survey of it. Our feelings would prompt us not only to lay before our readers a general account of the volume, but also to present several extracts from its pages, which seem evidently to have been dictated by a serious and earnest, and we hope Christian spirit. We do not design to endorse the creed of Dr. Ware, nor to apologise for it. But it is right to praise goodness, wherever we see it, and to set forth laborious, sincere and conscientious devotion to the duties of the ministerial profession, as an example to those who are sustained by a higher faith, imbued with more evangelical principles, and urged to diligence by sublimer motives. There is much in the life of Henry Ware which teaches; and we have learned from our childhood, that “ fas est et ab hoste doceri.Such a serene and beautiful example of domestic life and love, of universal desire to do good, of ingenuity in inventing perpetually new schemes of usefulness, of constant industry and a faithful discharge, according to his views, of the duties of his office, we rarely witness. We have no sympathy with the distinguishing elements of his creed; we believe it to be unscriptural ; yet when we see constantly appearing his self-condemnation, his sense of unworthiness, his reverence of God, his efforts to do good to men's souls, his submission to the most painful allotments of Providence, his calmness and joy in the prospect of death, following an unusually spotless and serious life, we cannot find it in our heart to condemn him “because he followeth not with us.”

The subject of this notice was the fifth child and the oldest son of Dr. Ware, late Hollis Professor of Divinity in Harvard College. He was born at Hingham, Mass., April 21, 1794. From his childhood, he was distinguished by his desire for the ministry and a taste for its pursuits, as well as by some sense of religious things. At a very early age, he gave tokens of mental development and culture beyond his years. He began to compose when he was but eight years old. At that infantile age, he commenced the writing of sermons, biography, history, epics, and almost every species of composition, although, as we should expect, in the case of a child of his tender years, much which he began was left unfinished. It was his custom, through life, to read, hand. Hence, he not only aided his memory, but strengthened his ability to express himself with clearness and precision. He was placed

pen in

first under private instruction at Duxbury, and afterwards at the school in Andover, whence he proceeded to college in 1808, at the age of fourteen years. The part assigned him at the Commencement when he graduated, was a poem. After leaving college, he instructed at Exeter, N. H., for upwards of a year. During this period, his views were becoming matured ; his character was consolidated ; a manly spirit was more and more developed, and his plans of future life were determined upon. In 1814, he returned to Cambridge, in order to study with reference to his chosen profession. He was ordained and settled in Boston, Jan. 1, 1817. His health, which had never been firm, often wavered, and in the close of the year 1828, he resigned his pastoral office. After this he spent several months in Europe, and, on his return, became the Professor of Pulpit Eloquence and the Pastoral Care in the Divinity School attached to Harvard University. He remained in this station till feeble health compelled him to relinquish it; and in July 1842, he retired from the scene of his labors. He resided for a considerable time at Framingham, often suffering under extreme weakness, and the mere shadow of his former self; but still forming various plans for useful occupation, and engaging in such literary employments as he was able to sustain. He died in Sept., 1843.

One of his peculiar characteristics was the extraordinary zeal with which he addressed himself to every duty which he undertook. In this respect, he was a model for imitation. But in consequence of wasted health and the infelicity of attempting more than he could perform, he often dropped an occupation before he had carried it out to its best results, and left his plans unfinished. Still so high was his standard of duty and industry that he effected far more, in a literary and philanthropic view, than most men of firmer health and a more robust constitution.

His projects of usefulness in his various scenes of labor, were wise and highly praiseworthy. It was characteristic of him not only to labor himself, but to seek out the means of drawing forth the powers of others, and engaging them in endeavors for their own good. One of these plans, not fully described in the Memoir, was a favorite one with him while he discharged the duties of a professor at Cambridge. This plan was to select from various works, biographical, expository, practical and others, a series of extracts exhibiting the various and successive phases of Christian experience ;-the whole to be connected by suitable remarks of his own, into one work. The title was to be " The Religious Life Delineated." For the accomplishment of this purpose, he had engaged the young men under his charge to search out suitable extracts in a vast number of authors, which were afterwards to be submitted to his approval. Many parts of the work were drawn from Doddridge, Baxter, and other evangelical writers; and the whole, had it been completed, must have been a useful experimental manual.

Dr. Ware was a warm advocate for extempore preaching, and gives some very sensible rules for attaining skill in it. As a proof of his industry, we also remark, that he printed more or less during every year of his public life. This volume gives at the close an extended list of his published productions, consisting of sermons, tracts, articles for the Reviews, etc.

The work of the biographer has been performed, apparently, with the friendship of a brother, and the discernment and critical ability of a VOL. XI.--NO. XLI.

13*

scholar. We learn that the first edition was exhausted within a few weeks. The second, a stereotype edition, has been issued, which is to be followed by two volumes of Remains. The present volume will be read with the deepest interest by many, and, we trust, with profit. And a charitable eye, passing over the errors of a sect, will rest with pleasure on whatever is noble, manly, sincere and good.

3. The Complete Works of Rev. Andrew Fuller ; with a Memoir of his

Life. By Andrew Gunton Fuller. Reprinted from the Third London Edition. Revised, with Additions by Joseph Belcher, D. D. In 3 vols. pp. 727, 836, 856. Philadelphia. Am. Bap. Publication Society. 1845.

It is needless, at the present age of the world, to say any thing in praise of Andrew Fuller. His works are known wherever the English language is spoken, and known only to be esteemed and admired. The acute perceptions, strong intellect, sound views, and clearness of expression which mark all his published writings entitle him to a high rank among the lights of the church. He uses the English vocabulary with extreme accuracy; and, though the compass of words through which he ranges is not very great, he always selects the best forms of speech to render himself distinctly understood by the learned and the unlearned. His works embrace much that belongs to scientific theology ; yet they are clothed in a popular garb, and fitted to arrest the attention and solve the difficulties of men of every degree of cultivation and in every sphere of life. They have passed through the trying ordeal of time and of public opinion, and attained to a place among standard theological writings in every Christian denomination. The best American edition (Boston, Lincoln & Edmands, 1833,) has been exhausted for a considerable time. The present beautiful reprint is worthy of much praise. It is in a fair type and on good paper. The Boston edition was printed in double columns, on a smaller type; in the Philadelphia edition, the lines extend across the page, the amount of matter on a page is less, but it strikes the eye more pleasantly, and is more truly readable. Dr. Belcher has added various notes, especially to the biographical part of the work, containing personal recollections of Fuller of an interesting character. But the chief improvement in the work is in the arrangement. The former edition was very defective in this respect. In the present, nothing is left to be desired. Volume first contains the Memoir, Sermons, and Illustrations of Scripture : Volume second, the Gospel its own Witness, and Controversial Publications: and, Volume third, Expositions, Memoirs and Miscellanies. The Index also has been extended. In this issue, the Publication Society have performed a service to the community of great value.

The judgment and discrimination manifested in the stereotyping of such a work and in such a manner, indicates a good share of wisdom at the helm.

4. Biographical and Critical Miscellanies. By WILLIAM H. PRESCOTT,

Author of the History of Ferdinand and Isabella, The Conquest of Mexico, etc. New York. Harpers. 1845. pp. 638, 8vo.

This rich volume contains thirteen articles, twelve of which have appeared from time to time in the North American Review. It is a suf

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