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lire und Beautiful, in his C/Jays on the

Mr, URBAN, May 8, 1801. Picturesque, be unheeded. "I will his The included drawing (Pl. l. fig...) poein in Edkin's Collection of Poems, is an imperfect representation of vol. I: could be forgotten. But Cicero a very beautiful fragment of antiquity failed io poetry

lately found in the parish of Butter In one of your late numbers, you worth, near Rochilale, in the county poticed a fpeciinen of an intended tranf- of Lancaster, by fome labourers emlation of Lycophron*. If this version ployed in working a flate quarry. has not yet appeared, I hope the tranf The piece marked A is tilver, fastenlator wil find means to consult Mil- ed to the arm, from which is fufpendton's copy of this obfcure writer, inen ed the infcription B. C is not a sepationed by Mr. Toce, vol. I. cxlix. His rute piece of metal. The arm repremarginal obfervations could not fail of fented in the drawing is of the purest being uteful to a trantlator. .

filver, and in length about ten inches, I have read with lo much pleafure, and from thence i conjecture the statue Curfory. Remarks en Tragell, on Shake to which it belonged musi have been warr, anl un cerlain French and lla- about two feet in height. tian Puets, &c. that I thould be glad The learned and indefatigablc author to know iomething about the canoaf- of the History of Whalley has given mous) author. He has treated Shak- a drawing of this piece of antiquity, and fpeire with, perhaps, too much lese- has attempted to dilcover ile hero, or rity; but he has pointed out a very illustrious person, whote memory the probable obligation of our immortal beautiful work of art, to which this barel to an Italian poet. See p. 33. fragment belonged, was intended to

Knoring the extentive circulation of perpettate ; Valerius Rufus, an officer your Magazine, I was not a little fur- in the V Ith Legio Vietrix *. But, with

in turning over the two lati ro. all «ne deference to his profound knowqueries on points of Italian literature with the highest respect for the learning were manlwered. Is our knowledge thewn hy bim in his enquiries into the of Italian literature to be for ever con- subject, I cannot help observing, that fined to the Jerujilem of Tollo : the I think bis obiervations and conjectures Opere of Metalialis, and the libretti of on the subject very far from being fathe Opera Houte? Are all the labours tisfactory, or convincing.

For I conof Mr. Roscoe, Sir R. Clayton, Mr. ceive it very improbable, that the laWalker, and Mr. Grelwell; to be fruit- bours of an ariift

, who muft unquerless. It is not more extraordinary than tionably liave been one of the first-rate true, that the literature of Italy was talents, should have been employed in better known and more generally cul- commemorating the memory of one fo tivated in England, in the reign of Eli- little known in the pages of history, as zabeth, than it is a present, though the perfon in bonour of whom the auour intercourse with Italy is nos inore

the above alluded to conjectures the frequent, and our connexion closer ; fiatue to have been made. even Shakipeare, whole knowledire of I Thall ot offer any conjectures of languages is thought to have been very my own, Mr. Urbani upon the fubcontined, seems to buic read fercial of ject; but if any among the numerous the Italian noveliiis and poets in their class of your learned friends will favour own language. This, I insink, would me with their opinions, and endeavour appear, if there were is much pains to all ine in licovering whole metaken to prove hi di ro, es to their inory uris berful remuant of antitint Milton read the trutllation of ieve- quity was designed to hand down to tal French, Spanid, and lialia poems, posterity, they will greatly ovlige your with the originals of which no one constant reader

PHILARGUROS, ever clouisted he was well acquainted.

If Dean Swift was the editor of the Mr. URBAN, IPalerfiri, D:c. 28. Diorks of Sir W. Templc; 1720; 91e weto,

CEREWITH I send yoli, (fig. 2.) atribute Some Accouni of the Land

a iketch of Reginalel's tower, by 11 rilings of the author, pretiveel te that the inhabitants vulgarly called the Ring edition, to the Dean's pent? AQEERIST. tower, on the quay of Waterford. This * See vol, LXII. p. 57.

tower wis erected auto 1003, by Re+ Piobably; but not certainly. Evit.. * See this Month's Review, p.46. Edit. Gext. Mag. January, 1801.


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ginald, son to the Danish king Jarrus, venerable relique of “other times" has and formed the principal bulwork or suffered little damage during the lapse defence of this city before the time of of nearly 800 years. As I am engaged Henry II. After the reduction of Wa on this subject, I Thall mention in this terford in 1171 by Strongbow, he im- place, the round tower, an edifice peprisoned Reginald prince of the Danes, culiar to this island; by whom thofe and O'Feolan prince of the Delii, in fingular fiructures were erected, or for this tower; and, foon after, his marriage what purpole, has never yet been clearly with Eva, daughter to king Dermot, ascertained, although the fubject has entook place, and was celebrated here gaged the attention of various writers, with great pomp:

In 1172, king both in this and the last century. WheHenry II, soon after his arrival, im ther they were built by the Nilesians, prisoned Robert Fitzfiephen here, for or the Danes, for beacons, belfries, relevying war against the citizens of treats for anchorets, erected to the meWexford *. Iu 1173, in the absence mory of a chieftain, or as a fanctuary of Strongbow at Wesford, an insurrec for a criminal, for druidical, or pagan tion of the Danes took place in the rites, it is impoflible at this time to decity, when they murdered all the Eng- termine. As the pyramids are peculiar Jilh except a few who fared themfelves to Egypt, fo are the round towers to by retiring to this tower. Strongbow, Ireland ; but the origin and reason of Henry II, and king John, made use the erection of the round towers is of this tower, during their refidence, wrapped up in much more obfcurity. here, as a prison for the Danish and It appears, that in the fame climate, Irish princes; and in later times Crom and similarity of situation, they have no well converted it into a citadel and pri fiructures of this kind amongst their fon. It is now, like the White Tower remains of antiquity *. And if we exat London, appropriated for a magazine; tend our enquiries to the Continent of and on days of rejoicing for a viciory, Europe, and in the firfi instance to the news is promulgated by the exhi Spain, the reputed seat of the Irish cobition of the Union fag on the ram- lony of Milesians, we shall find no ediparts. This tiruclure is pleasantly fitu fice of this form, or construction. In ated at the East end of the city, on the fact, the reason of the crection of those quay, and forms one corner of the mall,

lofty fiructures appears to be involved a pleasant street, about 200 yards in in as much obscurity as the realon of length, and proportionally broad ; on the exemption of the Island from vethe Weit side of this fireet the theatre nomous reptiles, on which subject I and bishop's palace are filluated ; those have written formerly in your Magatwo buildings are very elegant. Oppo zine. The earliest English writer on site the tower, on the East Side of the the subject, Giraldus Cambrensis, gives mall, is a handsome row of houses us but little information on the subject: built by Alderman Ramtay, one of “ Turres ecclefiafticas que more patrio which is inhabited by Lieutenant Ge- funt necnon et rotundă t.” I have neral Johnston and his Staff. The lately viewed one of those firuciures, materials of this tower arc flat quarry which is faid to be the mofi perfect notv stones, strongly cemented with a rubble remaining in this kingdom. I found or mortar, which appears to have grown it to be in altimde nearly 100 feet by into as durable a fubfiance as the fone mealurement; I made ihe circumfcwhich it binds. The platforms are rence to feet, and the walls upwards Shillelah oak, and exhibit as fresh an of Wire feet thick. This tower appears appearance as the roof of Weliminiler

to hive been disidled into fix flages, or hall, which, it is well known, is the foors, with a small loop-tole, or wine fame kind of frilli ok, and nearly dow, to cach; in the upper division coveral in its erection with this pile. On there are four, the first tiory is without the brink of the river Suir, oppolite ihe light. The floors I conceive were wood, town, there was a bit-noon battery which might have been afcended by the erected for its defence by the M..rquis help of ladders; the door or pallage of Ormond, which was dismantled and leading to the body of the tower is 18 donolillied in 1711.

fect from the ground, and the pile graNotsvithstanding the rarages of time, dually diminishes from the bale to the and rage of innovation, this aplicat and

* Except two in Scotland. * Cox. vol. 1. p. 21. Ware's Ann. + Topog. Hibern. II. c. 9. Ssory's Hist. Affairs of Ireland.


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famnit, where it appears to have ter sure of pure washed hydrocarbonate, minated in a point, but at present it is and two measures of what they call oxopen. ANTHONY Sinnor. ygenated muriatic acid gas, mixed toge

ther for the space of 24 hours; he says, ME. URBAN, Elmshorpe, Jan. 4. “'that, upon water being admitted, ihe I SEND you a drawing of a very cu fluid inftantly rose, and the gas occu

rious Oak Tankard Phg.3.), which pied only 43 parts of a measure, or a by the carving of the lid and handle, I diminution of 257 measures had taken fuppose to be antient; it holds two place. The residuary gas being agitated quarts; the old hoops, wbich were with lime-water, 9. parts more were wind, avıl replaced with iron ones, by absorbed, evidently carbonic acid gas. the fingularity of the make, may be The warhed refiduum was inflammaworth interting.

ble, and burned with a blue flame, exI send alio a drawing of an antique acily fimilar to the gazeous oxide, but powder Haik, curiously inlaid with ivo very different from that of the original W, &c. (fig. 4.), which I purchased hydrocarbonate. This experiment was from the museum of the late David repeated with nearly the füme result." Wells, esq. of Burbach, F. S. A. Now, Mr. Urbain, what a finall proYours, &c. Richard FOWKE. portion of carbonic acid appears in this

experiment, not one tenth of the hyMi. URBAN,

Jan. 7.

drocarbonate emploved ; but then, says friend, I found a drawing of a “ that the washed (hydrocarbonate) reremarkable cross (fig. 5.), taken from quires only 105 measure of oxygen, and the monument of Dr. Francis Lee, at with the water produces about 115 Gravelin in Flanders; at the bottoin measure of carimuic acid." Therefore, of which is this short infcription, even with the fuppofed gaseous oxyde, " Jesus Christus Vila & Resurrectio. there is a great deficiency. But when F. L. xt. 36 ob, Aug. 12-23, 1719."

he fired these airs over mereury, the Yours, &c. M. GREEN. mercury role and filled two thirds of

the wettel, (one third of which, he says, Mr. URBAN,

Jan. 21. is fixed air), there being no water adLE Er me requeft information respect- mittted to absorb the muriatic gas; for,

ing the Cottel family of Devon- according to him, “there was a little fhire. About 200 years ago, they re moisture deposited on its sides, which, fuded in a house near N. Tawton in probably, absorbeel the whole of the Devon; which was built by a Mark common muriatic acid gas produced.” Coltel in or about 1500; on the porch Surely, Mr. Urban, you cannot but. is the date 1555, evidently of more mo

linile' with me at fuch a fupposition. dern date than the house. In the par When he is anxious to obtain his fixed lour chamber, over the mantle-piece, air, he wahes the refiduum well with are the arms of the Couel family (fig. 6.) lime water ; but when none of the muftumped in palier, as are the cielings riatic gas is to appear, 'no water is to be of many of the rooms. The house is admitted. much out of repair at prelent. I hope

Prav Vir. C. how do you know that foon to be able to lend you drawing this abforbed gas was fised air? Do of it, with some farther particulars. not you lippo:e thai, by agitating it in A Coxstant READER. lime water, the water and earth of the

lime might abforb the muriatic acid, Mr. URBAN, Chrlille, Sept.27,180!. even the oxygenated, as it is called? PO)

my perutal of Mr. Cruik. But lupposing it was fixed air; the hyand astonishment were truly great, that pounded of their fised fire by this strong after my paper lueh exirrivents should acid, have foune fixed air in its compobe given to the publiek. Bat to ana- fition, Will not this acid, and the niIrle them. At firlt I thought them un trous acid, decompound even oils of delerving of notice ; but retelling how their fixed fire ? Even camphor burns arifully the publick has been deceived in the former; and he allows, that these and pulled by those experimenters, I hydrocarbonate airs have one tenth of thought it beiler to give ihem a cursory fixed air in them. examination.

Mr. C. in fome of his experiments, His first experime..t with one mea. when he wanted to reduce the bulk of


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