Sidor som bilder

Our kands to any thing," while some of the Gentleinan's Magazine? The are conttructing iron bridges, others question is fair, and shall not be evaded; are improving green spectacles. While but, as every future paper will be an fome are forming constitutions for new answer, it may at present fuffice to say republics, others are enriching their negatively, that I have nothing to adcountry in the article of wind-mills. vance in the arts or sciences properly While some are introducing in new so called ; I have no improvements to shapes the exploded opinions of old offer in botany, chemistry, agriculture, infidels, others are fitting out vessels 10 or mechanics ; I have inade no progo against wind and tide. While some gress in the discovery of the longitude, are to aspiring as to mount to smoaky and shall not meddle with the lever, chimneys, others are lavishing their the axle, the pulley, or the inclined genius on razor-strops and cork-screws. plane. Yet, that I niay not leem wbolly While some have raised a mighty nanie inatientive to tuch objects, it will proby planning revolutions, others have bably fall in my way to offer fome ingiven their nights and days to cart- provements, if not upon wheel-car. wheels. While fome have plunged riages, at leati on those who use them : into favour with potterity by the depth and although I have no discoveries to of a tunnel, others have burlt into make of intrigues among “ the plants," reputation by the force of steam. Nay, I Mall not fail to attend to those which one of my acquaintance, a barriller, re are matured in the hot-houses of dilliinarkable for his skill in cross-quellion- pation. I may likewise take notice of ing witneties, las fpent half his fees in fome new-invented wind-mills, of those the construction of pumps ; and a very schemes which depeud on vapour, and ingenious clergyman, who distinguished on those projects of felicity which so him felf last year on the question of re- frequently end in air. I fhall not fail fidence, has done nothing lince but to record the explosions which attend make experiments on black-beetles. disappointed vanity and perverted ta

It is thus that the name of Pro- lents, and carefully minute those vaJector is brought into danger, and riations of atmosphere which at cerfrequently suppoled to imply a restlefl- tain feafons render home pernicious. nels of fancy, and a perpetual effort It will perhaps be found that my proat useleis contrivances. But there is jects will be as various as my materials; certainly nothing in the paine itself and, what will appear fomewhat finthat ought to reflect disgrace. If a gular, I shall more frequently refer my Proje&tor fails, he but shares the fate readers to improvements that are very of many others who know not that old, than to those that are very new. they have deserved the name. In fact, Among the class of Projectors to which if the matter were seriously confidered, I belong, it has been long an error 10 a great portion of mankind who are look forward rather than backwards, api to shrink from that name would and to neglect old schemes for new, find that they have been projectors the before the new have been proved, and greater part of their lives. but with a

the old worn out. In mecleanics this fican de inversion of purposes. What, may be only ridiculous; in morals it for example, is a man whose forume has been fatal. has been fquandered on dogs, hortes, and gaming-houies, but a Projector Mr. URBAN,

Jan. 2. who has contrived to ruin himself in the forteli pollibie Ipace of time, and 7 life of Hartlib, as Mr. Todd

obferves in his Life of Milton, is with the least alliance from art or a defideratum in English literature. nature? And what is a woman known Walter Harte pronounces Harilib “a only in the amals of gaming and adul man of great genius *," an“ ingenious teri, but a machine contrived by and diligent coquirer t," the “ great falbion to destroy the happinels of a promoter of husbandry during the famiv, and contribute to the disgrace times of the commonwealth, and of a lex ?

much esteemed by all ingenious men It may now be askell, since I have in those days 1.' T. Warton fays, difowned so many of the name, “ he certainly deserved well of the what class I propole nyfelf to belong, and what is the nature of those projects * Elíays on Husbandry, vol ll. p. 19. I intend to deliver through the melium t Ibid. 78. # Ibic I. 22.




publick; but he seems to have wasted Warton says, Hartlib came over into his fortune in projects *."

England about 1040. In 1641, he Samuel Hartlib was the son of the published “ A relation of that which King of Poland's merchant, who, hath heen lately attempted to procure when the Jesuits prevailed in that ecclefiaftical peace among Proteliants." country, was obliged to remove himielf Lond. 1041.' See Bibl. Bodl. I. 554. into Prusia, where he fettled and built In 1045, he published “ The Dirthe first houfe of credit at Elbing, course of Flanders Husbandry." 4tn. which cost him many thoutand of rix- about 24 pages ; not then knowing dollars in those cheap days. Ilence who was the author : the “ Legacy his grandfather, the deputy of the to his fons, which relaies allo io the Englith company at Dantzich, brought cultivation of their etiates, confilis of the English company to Elling; and three quario pages, and was written on that town came by trade to the plen- the author', desih-bed 1645. The auihor dour and rolult wircih it afterwards at was Sir RICHARD W'Eston, whom tained t.

Harte apprehends to be the Sir Richard “My family," says Marilih, Welion " who was ambaslador froin of a very anticnt extraciion in the Ger England to Frederick V. elector Palaman empire, there having been ten live, and king of Bohemia, in 1619, brothers of the name of llarilib. Some and present at the famous battle of of them have been privy counsellors Prague, concerning which a curious to the Emperor, fome tú other infe- relation of his, by way of let:er, is full rior prina's ; fome Syndics of Aujerg preserved in vsil." It is remarked in and Norimberg. Bet they paileri af- the Philofophical Trantactions, that terwards not to firicily for Udallanta England has profied in agriculture 10 in the Empire, when tone turned the amount of many millions, by folmerchants, which is derogatory to lowing the directions laid down in this the German nobility. I may speak little treatile, which has always been it with a late conscience, that I never, looked upon as a capital performance all the days of iny life, reflected le- in husbandry T. riously upon my perligree, preferring Abui 1730, a piece was ignorantly my heavenly birin above all such va published uuder Sir R. W'elion's name, mities; and afterwards tindying more, eruuled “ A treatise concerning the 10 this very day, to be uleiul iu God's Husbandry and natural biliory of Engcreatures and serviceable to bis church, land.” 8vo. Which performance is a than to be rich or honourable.." poor jejune abridgement of " llartlib's

He was the illue of a third wife, his Legacy father having married two “ Polovian li fécuris that Hartlib afterwards, in ladies, of noble extraction." This third order to enlarge and better explain this wife seems to have been an English famous ditcourtë, published another woman, for she had two filters very edition, and annexed Dr. Beati's annohonourably married here; one, firft to tations to it. In his epilile dedicatory Mr. Clark, son of a lord mayor, and to the edition 10.15, 4to. he says, afterwards to a “very rich knight, Sir Agriculture is one of the nobleft and Richard Smith, one of the king's privy molt neceflary parts of industry, becouncil, she bringing him a portion of longing to a commonwealth, ihe first 10,0001. ; after his death, the inarried ground of mutual trading between a third time Sir Edward Savage, and mein, and the.weil-juring of wealth in was made one of the ladies of bonor all well-ordered hocieties tt." to the king's mother. Her daughter In 1052, Harilib published “ His married Sir Anthony Irby at Botion, Legacy, or an enlargement of the dif“ a knight of 4 or 5,0001. derling a courtë of Husbandry uted in Brabant year." The other filier married Mr. and Flanders." Lond. 410 11. This Peak, a younger brother ş.

fainous work was only drawn up at * Wr!o 's Juveni'e i ve.s of Alton, forti edition, p. 596. + Hare' b's account of himself, in a letter d.led Aug. 3, 1600. Kinn. Reg. 868. # 1869.

Ib. Sir Richard Smyth was third brother of Sir John Smythe, of Ofenhanger, in Kene, aud m rried, acc. rding to te Irish Perage, iv 275, 1 the daugher and hieir of Jolin Whi'e. Margaret his daughter was second wifs of Sir Anthony liby, ancelior to Lord Bofton. ' Coll, Peer. viii. 88. || Harte's FfTays, 11. 53. IIb.

++ !h. I. 22, 23. 17 Bodi, I. 554. A!" Al Appendix to the laid Legacy.” Ibid.


** I').

Hartlib's request, and passing through Speed in his house, whilli he composed his correction and revision was puh. his book of improvements in huibanlithed by him. It consilts of one gene- dry *. sal aufwer to the following query,

** About the time," obferves Hartet, namely, “what are the actual de ects ** when this author tlourished, seems to and omillions, as also the potsible in- be an æra, when English husbandry proveineuls, in English husbandry ?” rose to high perfection; for the pre

The real author of this work was ceding wars had made the country ROBERT Child. To it are annexed gentry poor, and in contequence therevarious correspondences from perfons of indutirious, though fometimes the eminent for kill in agriculture at this reverse of this happens in many kingtime; as C. D. B. W. R. H. T. Un- dons. But there witë men found the derhill, Henry Cruttenden, W. Porter, cultivation of their own lands to be the &c. as also the “ Niercurius Lætiii- very best polis they could be fixed in. cans ;” and 20 large experiments by Yei, in a few years, when the RestoraGabriel Plattes; together with anno. tion took place, all this industry and tations on the Legacy by Dr. Arnold knowledge were turned into dillipaniou Beati, and replies to the animadversions and heedleilnets; and then bubandry by the author of the Legacy

palied almost emirely into the hands of In the preface to the “ Legacy," farmers. Hartlib laments greatly that no public Hartlib wrote a little treatise “on director of huthantry was established Searing Land,” which is much efieemed; in England by authority; and tha: wc and fome attribute to him “ Adam's had 1993 axlopied the Flemish cutiom An Revived," thoughthat work feems to of letting farms upon improvement. belong more properly to Sir 11. Platt. Cromwell, as Harie favs,' in confe He alío wrote " A tree and ready quence of this admirable performance, way to learn the Latin Tongue,” 410. allowed Harilib a pension of 1001. a 1034. " A Viadication of Mr. John year; and it was the better to fulfil the Durie,” 4to. 1650, 33 Mheets ; and pubintentions of his benefacior, that he lished " Twille's doubting Conscience procured Dr. Beati's excellent amota- retolved,” 810. 1652 Ş. tions beforementioned, with the other Bclides thote, he was anthor of “The valuable pieces from his numerous cor- reformed Common-wealth of Bees, with respondents t.

the reformed Virginian Silk-worm, Harulib fays himself, “ As long as I Lond. 1655, 4to. And of “ Contiderhave lived in England, by wonderful ations concerning England's Retormaprovidences, I have spent yearly 'ont tion in Church and State," 1647, 41011. of my ow betwist 3 and 400!. He was consulted in a book called a year, fierling; and when I was “ Chemical, Medicinal, and Chirurbrought to public allowances, I have gical Addreiles to Samuel Harulib." had from the parliaments and councils Lond. 1975, 8vo. and again in a pamof ttate a penfion of 3001. fierling a phlet “On Motion by' Engines,” 1051. year, which as freely I have spent for There were also Letters to Hartlib their ferrica, and thic good of niany.." from Flanders," 1650, 4to.

He livs le « erected a little academy Durv, Ilarilib's triend, whom Whitfor the education of the gentry of this lock calls a “ German bv birth, a good nation, to advance piety, learning, scholar, and a great traveller," was apmoraiity, and other exercises of in- pointed in 16+9 cieputy librarian, under duitry,' not usual then in common Whitlock, of what had been the roval fchools."

library. Dury was Milton's friend and This probably occasione Vilton's correijondent al. ** Tractate on Education,” about 1016), All length the Restoration brought addretied to him; and “ Two letters with it evil days to Liarthib, and all his 10 him on the fame Subject, by Sir public services were forgotten. In Dec. William Petty.” Lond. 410. 1617, 1002, bis pension was 7001. in arrears ; 1648.

and, in a letter to Lord Ilerbert, he Walter Blythe, the author of “ The complains “ he had nothing to keep Improver Improvedl,” 410). 1053, fays, him alive, with two relations more, a that Harilib' loclued and maintained

* Hare, I. 23. * Illies fit.", 1. 23. Ibid. 2.

1 Thid, $ Ib.

il Bibl. Bull. 1. 554. Kincit's Reg. 8.9.

Warton, 597


« rare

daughter and a nephew, who were at on the combs and bones at the foot of tending his fickly condition *." About it. The common people believe that the farne time he presented a petition to the rash mortal who would dare to cut the House of Commons, by the name it, or even to pierce it, would inevitaof Samuel Ilartlib, fen. setting forth bly perifh that year, &c. &c. Some his services, and praying relief; in years ago an old well-looking man came which, among other things, he says, io reside in one of the old chambers of that for thirty years and upwards he this atbey. He made a bed for hier had exerteil himlell in procuring

self with Tome of the boards of the cofa collections of MSS. in all the parts of fins, and placed it in one of the winlearning, which he had freely imported, cows, the only place sheltered. ile transcribed, and printed, and fent to foon got a reputation for fanctity; the fach as were molt capable of making pealants brought him provilions; and ne of them; also the best experiments the gentry invited hini fometimes, to in huibandry and manufactures, which their table, where he behaved like a by printing he hath publithed for the perfon accustomed to good company. benefit of this age and polierity t."

'When asked the reason of his penance, The event of these applications, and he antwered,

" that he could never da the time of the death of this ingenious prough for his fins.” He was a handman, is unknown.

fome man, and once observing a lady Sprat

, in his history of the Royal looking attentively at him," take care, Society, says nothing of lartlib, who said he,

those eves have done much secins to bave been an active promoter harm." He lived about two years in of that intitution. Nor is it less re- this melancholy folitude, and at length markable, that he never mentions Mil- disappeared. People have formed many wn's « Tractate of Education," al- conjectures, and invented feveral fiories. though he discutles the plan of Cow- about him, but they are probably the ley's philosophical college. Warton. suggestions of fancy. The beauties

Harte intended to republish Hartlibs and the enchanting scenery of the lakes. traéts, and those with which he was of Killarney, have been celebrated by concerned; and Warton had seen his several tourilis in prose and verfe*, but collection. See T. Warton's Milton, the enthusialiic and happy, profe dep. 118. 500, who refers also to MSS. fcription given by Dr. Smih, in his of Ilarilib and Drury, Brit. Muf. Sl. hiivory of Kerry, is yet unrivalled.” 1465, 4364, 4365.-USS. Letters from

II. K. B. Harilib to Dr. Worthington, from 1055 10 1661, at Cambridge. MSS.

Mr. URBAN, Baker, vol

. XXIX, p. 193; and Cata- yoo RCorrespondent, LXXI.p.892, logue of Pamphlets in Bibl. Iarl.p.23. is not fingular in lamenting Allo to Prynne's Laud, p. 301.' See deprecations committed by a large ivv allo Birch's Hifi. Rov. Soc. IV. 444. buth on one of the venerable puintech FERD. STANLEY. glass windows of Malvern Church."

He, and your numerous readers, will Mr. URBAN,

Jan. 5.

fee, and I think with painful pleafure, THE following use for det front a

tive of a reclute is selected from a uitere il bis sweet “ Complaint” on the hate tourist in Ireland, in a description fame fubject: but whether either comof Mucruls Alber, on the lake of Kil- plaints have got the evil removed, karney ; “Going Eafiwards, “fays our though I live within eight miles of it, author, the printula of Mucruls of- I cannot tell. Yet, I believe I may fers itself to the view; it is one of the with confidence fay that it will be refinest places I have seen, on account of mored, a gentleman having fucceeded the chequering of woods and plains : it Mr. Philips to the living who is likely meanders nearly about two miles. The to look a little after there matters. The venerable ruins of the Abbey inspire a poet, above alluded to, is Dr. Booker ; fentiment of religious horror by no

* By Mr. Leslie, in 1772, and Mr. A!. incans unpleasing; the yew in the mid- kinson, in 1798. “Bh writers," says dle of it covers it entirely with its the author of " Living English Authors, ** branches, and hardly admits the pas. have done themselves credi, though buih lage of a few rays of light, which fall have failed in doing justice to the scenery

of Killarney--s scenery which, as all agree, * Ktnu. Reg. 87.2. + Ibid.

*wuld baffle any powers of de oription.


Jan. 7.



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and the Complaint is very properly made in order due, magnificently ibere in his “ Malvern, a defcriptive and Were pictur'd-once effulgent as the Sun, historical Poem," that bids fair to live Now, like the Moon ob cur'd, but dimly

(cen. as long as the language in which it is written, or the mountains which it cc Reitcre, O Piety of modern times ! lebrates shall stand; “ mountains," as

Rettore them to their pride. What an

lient z al, Jie jufily says, “Of paltoral beauty, spotted o'er

The generous zeal of better days beftow'd,

At least preserve, and let not Kuin's tooth With happy flocks, and cloth'd with live

Intaliale prey on pearls. Away! away! lieft greer,

[lung:Where oft resounds the shephari's muitic

With all that is unleemly from God's house.

Endure not there what would be noilome Mountains, surveying trees of richer bloom

deem'd Than Tempe boasts, or A pennine beholds ;


Within your own; nor let the' obiervanc Yales more abundant,-fields of kindlies

Who fo much all around sees fit for praise, foil, Woods more umbrageous of imperial Oak,

There only censuie, wlicre not e'en the

found A nation's bulwark, ornament, and pride.

of Cenfure's voice shou'd pain the pious What marvel, that a (cene so rich, fu

In the same strong, poetic--and, let grand,

me add-pious spirit, the author goes Should admiration e'en in Royal breasts Awakeni-Admiration, that inspir'd

on, invoking the inhabitanıs to reliore

the Of old, for yoncer venerable pile,

noble, neglected edifice" to its Devotion, and munificence, and zeal, priftine beauty; and concludes his 100 To rear ibose ricbly.tinted Wınlotus, norv,

generally merited reproofs on other negAlas! wilbidy, and with weedy mess lecied churches with this just refleeO'rrufive, bung : fome, by the gutty winch, tion:Or Atripplings-thoughless in their boyim “How loft to Piety, to Virtue lost, spoit:

Who, with superfluous pageantry and pomp, Fractured, and headlesly, by hand uncouth, Adorn their manfioiis, and neglect their With ill-accorving workmanship repaii'a. God! -Stich--once their grandeur-hey, in se Their own a palace.-His, the Lord of all,

Damp, laetid, inatbfume, a fepulchral cave." Man's bliss primeval and 100 speedy fall; Iorcojier.

J. W. His various fortunes in Time's earliest age, Recorded in Jehovah's ant ent tome ;

Mr. URBAN, Actions mysterious wrought in Holy Lanı.

Chester, Jan. 8. Nor leis mysterious thole, ny God's own Sun I

learn with much pleature, that In later time perform’d, depicted there :

There is a life of the late Edmund His restoration of the sick anlame Burke preparing for the press. I hope To health and foundness,~uf the deaf and the plan is a good one; that is, I truli blind

the biographical productions of Jortin, To hearing and to sighihe dead to life!. Nafon, or Hayley, may be the model His conquest o’er grim Death, by dying which the author means to follow. As gain'd;

(Death Burke's correspondence was very ex tenAnd o'er a monster far more dve than five, the work may be enriched with Soul-damning Sin! - These (with evenrul several of his letters; and several partruths

(man, Pages from his fpeeches and pamphlets, Count!ols, and of concernment great to

illustrative of his life, may be introFromTime's heginning!o ts lattoiread our)

duced : fo that he may be, in a great * The Last M5, concertog 11.11 degree, his own biographer. Of his vero ftates, that the hmatou was so much early life a good deal, I presume, might admired by Henry VII. his (ueen, and be learned from the son of his old their tuo fons, Prince Artur ad Prince schoolmatier. The Rev. Mr. Todd, in Henry, as lo induce them to beautify the

his valuable edition of Milton's Poetin church with fta ned glass windon's tu a de

cal Works, gives an account vol. I. p. gree tha' m:at one of the greatelt orna

cluii, of a literary cimb in Dublin, io ments of the na itn. “ Thole windows,

which Burkc belonged when he was, lays the MS. “ form a mirror wherein we may fee how to believe, live, and die." probably, a findent in the college of It then enumerates the greai mul ; licity of ihat city. In Dr. Campbell's Stricure facred íuject delineated : one of which,

on the llifiori of Ireland, there is a leia reprefentation of the Day of Judgmeni, ter of this greiti man to General Valis l'id not to Lave been inferior to the lancey, which merits the notice of his paintings of Michael Angelo.” Sue Dr. biographer. Nor Should Mr. Price's Naib's Hift. aricle Mulvern."

obfervations on his Treatise on the Sun

quence, to!]

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