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a reference to Samuel Brett, who gave ations, we reflect that it is one of the an account of the pretended Jewish moti effectual ineans of bringing the council in the plains of Ageda, lo pro- creature to a more perfect knowledge of perly omitted in the second edition of the Creator, and strengthening ihe conButler's Horæ llebraicæ. (p. 330.) fidence of mankind in divine revelaPerhaps they are better accounted for tion, we need not hesitate to pronounce in our vol. LXIII. p. 498. “A tiriking it the most interesting and most moproof of the truth of prophecy will be mentous which can occupy the autenfound in the interior provinces of Afri- tion of a being endued like can with ca, the inhabitants of that quarter of reason, and formed for immortal life." the globe fulering at this day under (p. 343.) the levy curle denounced against their antient progenitor, and exhibiting the 67. An Enquiry concerning the Influence of precise appearance of servitude which is Tilbes upon Agriculture, wherber in the described in the writings of Moles, Hands of the Clergy or tbe Laily. Togetber Gen. Ix. 25, 26, 27. The inhabitants wi.b fome Thougbis refpeeting ibeir Come of the Northern coasts of Africa, in
To wbieb are added, Remarks which a spirit of civilization has in fome
upon rbe Animadverfions of Mr. Arthur
Young and bis Corr-spondents, relatir'e 10 degree prevailed, fill remain in that
tbe Subject of Tiibes, as well as oboje of fiate of foreign fubjection to which
tbe County Agricultural Surveyors employed they were originally condemned by the
under obe Direction of the Board of -griculo prophets, while all the barbarous peo
By the Reverend John Huwielt, ple of that extenfive quarter of the Vieur of Great Dunmou', Eflex. globe, from the shores of the Mediterto the extreme promontories debted to this writer for his attention
THE nation at large are much inwhich project into the Southern Ocean, present to the ere an awful picture of effects of enclosure, poor-rates, and
to agriculture and population, and the human nature in its bafest and most de vithes, on both. We cannot enter at graded fiare.” (p. 331.) The rite and large into his present arguments, but progress of the viahometan apostacy is muli refer our readers to his pamphlet, anoiner proof; and its decline may be either as a fair apology for tithes, or difcerned amidlt the violent convullions
a defence of thein against the fecre. which now agitate the kingdoms of Eurpe. “ The prescience of such tioned by many of our bishops.
tary and surveyors of a Board fancalimerons and important characters of the present fiate of mankind is at once
68. An Flay tending 10 few that i be prou Liriking and unparalleled. The facts
pbecies new accomplisling are an Evidence by which it is illntirated and confirmed,
of the Truth of the Cbriflian Religion. Pubbeing placed within our personal obfer
lished in Pursuance of be Will of the late vacion, are submitted to the evidence Rev. Mr. John Halle, of Elworth, Che. of our own Sentes. They are indeed Thire, as buving gained tbe Annual Prize of the nature of a miracle, and are ad in 1801, inftituted by bim in the Univerfily mirably adapted to produce the fame of Cambridge. By John Bird Sumner, unalterable conviction of the interfe Undergraduate Follow of Ring's College. rence of a supernatural power as would “ CHRISTIAN hnowledge is no immediately relilt from a visible fuf- less widely extensive in its influence pension of ihe regular order of the uni- and operations than Chriftian piety." verte." (p. 339.)
" There is not a “ There is a religious as well as a polifubject in theology more capable of tical ute of biliory; the former noi less imparting pleasure in the profecution indispentable to the reflecting Christian, than that which we have been invited than the latter has ever been confidered to pursue in the courte of these lectures. to the statesman and philofopher; and It carries us back into paft ages, and on this head in particular it muli be interests us in the most important trant allowed that our knowledge is as far actions which are recorded in the bif encreased above the liandard of former tory of ihe human race. By the abio- ages, by the completians of prophecies, lute certainty which it afiords of the as our morals have been, by the prointerposition of the Supreme Being in wulgation of the Gospel. ililiorv, in the attairs of the world, it is calculated a political view, declares the neceflity, to fill the mind with alionithment and and points out the means, of human a kind of facree delight. And when, exertion; but religious history informs in addition to these powerful consider- us, thai all human exertion is fubfer2
vient to the will of God, and only acts its infancy, the Roman emperors, and
under the direction of his wisdom.” at length rising victorious over the weak į (p. 2.) Some prophecies glide on with efforts of persecutors, and lifted in the the lapse of uime towards their fultillo imperial ihrone.
The next enemy ment, as the untertid and warlike life fprings from its own bofom ; and, as of the Arabs, the servile and dependant the papal apostacy is probably the lefrate of Erup,, and the prefeni disper- vereit trial destined io chattile our fion of the Jews ; and, may we not church, it is more frequently enforced, add, the Navery of the descendants of and explicitly declared, than any other Hain and Cainan? Particular epochs prophecy. But at lalt, when Babylon are distinguished by the accomplishment the great is fallen, is fallen, and is le of fonie remarkable prediction, such as come the habitation of devils, the trithe Babylonish capivity, of our Sa- umph of the true religion, and the reviour's appearance, and of the desiruc- ward of those who enoured to the end, tion of Jerusalem. The charges which is magnificently describedi, to whom have taken place during the last twenty there shall le no more deaih, neiiher foryears, both in the moral and political rowing nor crying. The only event reworid, strongly predijofe us to enquire corded by St. John, which is not imwhether the age in which we live is mediately connected with Christianity, not marked by the interpolition of Pro- is the ettablishment of Mahometa nisin, vidence, and perforining a peculiar part and the Turkish power; but as this was aligned, to it."
the most successful scheme, though at * If then it appears that prophecy the same time the most adverse in its in general was intended to evider.ce the spirit and doctrine, that has opposed truth of the Chrifiian religion, and that Chriltanity since its first promulgation, there are particular prophecies now we cannoi be furprised ai its finding a actually receiving their fulfillment in place among revelations expressly inthe world, the conclusion will naturally tended to foretel the fate of thai relifollow, that these propliecies are an gion. For the mercy of God, not evidence of the truth of the Chriflian coniented with offering to man a recoreligion.” (p. 5.) “llow mult our very from his fallen ftate, has even ideas of the divine wifciom be exalted deigned to fatisfy his incredulity, by by reilecting that as the oppofers of fupporting the church in its trials and Christianity in its first progrels bave, afflictions with a continued proof of by their writings, furnithed us in this providential carc.” (p. 8.) age with tcliizonies of the antusy • The miracles which our Saviour and authenticity of the Gospel, fo those wrought, and the prophecies which devery men, who either in former times, clared his coming, were the two tetii. by ibie etiablithment of a fale religion, monies to which he himself appealed or in the prefent, by a coniem.pt of all when his divinity was called in quel religion, without appearing to cast a lion." (p. 10.) « Taking it as an eliaMadow over its lufire, do, on the con- blibed principle, that propheey in getrarv, aford new light, and evidence neral was intended to evidence ihe truth of its truth, by accomplithing the pro- of the Christian religion, I hasten to phecy in which their apotiacy is fore. the enquiry, what are the particular iold.” (p. 7)
prophecies now accomplishing in the “ Let us fiop a moment 10 consider world. And, palling over thole which the immediate lubject of that more parii- are only receiving their fulfilment ducular communication of the divine ring this in common with other ages, councils, emphatically called “the Re. I confine myself to those prophecies velation." Ii discloses to us the rise which concern the two events hy and progress, the struggles and con which the present period will be dilo flicts, the fuccefs and final triumph of tinguished to the end of time, the dethe Christian Church*. We fee it plorable contempt of all religion and ercompafles with difficulties and dan- authority which has taken root in ger, labouring to resist the oppressors of France, and been dilleminated, there is
reason to fear, through many of the * Confiftently with this design, the moli civilized nations of ihe world, and temporal affairs of Rome, and Rome alone, the precipitate decline, and fill fioking are introduced, as that city was the head state, of the papal power. As the lait first of Christian, and afier of Antichristian of these events ivas greatly accelerateri, power."
if not wholly occasioned, by the for
mer, the order is naturally fuzgested 10 was fixed by Fleming * for the expiraus in which they are to be conlidered." tion of this vial to be attended with (pp. 11, 12.) The apostacy of a great the diffolution of the French moand flourishing Corittian nation did not narchy; and let the nations of Euhappen without the prelcience, nor roje, I might almost fay of the inhaconfequenıly without the permillion, bied world, bear wiiness, whether of a fuperintending power, being long power was at that time given to France azo revealed to St. Paul, and by him to scorch meil with power; and let the declared to Chriftians of fucceeding general state of religion and morals ages, as forming a neceffary part of the upon the Continent bear teitimony, divine purpose ; though the apollacy whether the natious Scorched wiih this of the Roman church was only alluded great heat luwe blafphemed the nume of to by him, but fully declared by St. God, and repented not to give him Joh i in his Revelation. The apostaey glory. We
may at least conclude of France was foretold by St. Paul*, frou heuce, that to fuppose the preby the peculiar tenets agreeing with the fent period a subject of prophecy is féveral parts of that apoftacy; 1. a re not a new and undigested opinion ; jection of the Christian faith ; 2. a re and it is also remarkable, that Si. Jolan jection of all clublished moral princi- agrees with St. Paul in predicting vioples; and 3. a natural fpirit of fierce lence and infidelity as its peculiar chade pride and rapacious violence; which racteristic. In addition to this corroMr. Sumner' thews to esili in the borating prophecy, we may derive preFrench revolution. A denial of a Sa- fumptive evidence of the time alluded viour, and a future fiate and reliirrec- to by Sr. Paul, from the awful words tion, leading to a denial of God, to which introduce his subject : This disobedience to parents, want of patu know, that in the last days perilous ral affection, and a deprecation of the times shall come. To what event this honourable state of marriage, and, a esprellion of the last days bears relalast consequence of inficlelity, the pro- tion, it is not for me to determine. duction of a ferocious fpirit.
It is fufficient to remark, that we are “ It would be an ealy, though it now approaching very near to that might now seem an invidious, talk, io period," when, according to a very revive the recollection of thcle fates early tradition of Jews and Chriftians, which have struggled in vain and bled and even of Heathens, great changes for independence; of the decreafed po- and revolutions are expected both in pulation; the prosperity destroyed; the the natural and moral. world ; and accumulated weight of misery, which, there remains, according to the worls • when the lati account between heaven of the Apolile, « Salluium, or holy and earth is to be made,' will bear rest, to the people of God. If therewitness against the rapacious violence fore, from the correspondence of these of the French Revolution.” (p. 24.) collected proofs, the present age inay
“ The prophecy of the vials is from reafonably be pretumel to be that lait its concifenels to ambiguous, and has age intended by St. Paul; and, if the received tuch a variety of interpreta- prelent age has almofi literally verified tions, that I hesitate io rest an argu- his prophecy, descriptive of unholy, ment upon it. But it has been gene- incontinent, 'high-minile men, there rally agreed, to refer the fourth vial feems to be fuíncient grounds of
prowhich is poured 0:1ł upon the Sun 10 bability for dating the account of his France; the Sum being the emblem of propheey at the æra of the French that conniry in her monarchial siate. Revolution. As the causes of that It is well known, that the year 1794 great event were gradual in their ope
ration, and, like ihe combattible ma“ * 2 Tim it. I have been furprised erials of the natural world, lay long art to find this prophecy farticularly ap- concealed in the bowels of the earih, plied to the prefent time. St. Paul's MAN before the time appointed for their exof lin, and St. John's be:;! with two borns, having been so applied by Mr. Jones and * Inough I am convinced that Fioning Mr. Kett; but I cannot help agreeing with expected the power of France :o decline Mr. Zouch, that the received interpreta- with her monarchy, the coincidence of the tion of thele prophecies (especially of the date which he drew from the comparison man of fin), referring them to the papal of other prophecies is rem kab'e. His power, and two mocaltic orders, is liable“ Apocalyptic. Key” was fiiit publidhed io fewer objections."
plofion ; so the effects of it ended not Never since its first exaltation, not in the momentary convulsion of the even by the success of Luther and the furrounding kingdom, but have fill Reformers, has the throne, and aucontinued to require vigilance and thority, and doninion, of the Pope watchfulness, though with declining received a fhock more violent than it violence and vigour. They shall pro- has fuffered within the lasi ten years ceed no further, fays the Apotile, for by the defection and hostility of France; their following thail le manifejl unto all an event fo fatal to its power, that
• Intidelity is an evil of ļhort fome late writers have been led to date duration. It is in no shape formed for here the epoch of its total ruin. perpetuity. Sudden in its rise, and Though the Pope is permitted again io impetuous in its progress, it resembles wear the robes and hold the feepire of a mountain torrent, which is loud, his predeceilors, and even again efiafilihy, and defolating, but, being fed blified on the throne of Rome, he is hy no perennial fjyring, is toon drained not restored to his authority, or only off, and disappears *.' • The decline, in his fpiritual, but not in his temindeed, of ihofe errors which advan- poral, empire over France, whici), ced Slowly to the vigour of their matti we before faid, had fulilled the siy, mult be proportionably gradnal, words of prophecy, and thrown the but fill the decline is already visible. minillers of this degraded religion upon • The prelent condition of the French the world naked and defolate, but has Republic 190 longer exhibits those ap- also caten their flesh, and consuined palling scenes of internal commotion, their riches. Nothing could be dedevaliation, and deaths, which were vited more effeclually to underinine the displayed at the early period of the power of the Pope, ihan the very decree Revolusion t.' The esilience of God which-has nominally reettabliiled it ; is no longer openly and with unbluth- which, by confiicariog the benefices ing front denied ; his worship is 110 of his bishops and clergy, has spread more forbidden ; and, although the internal diilentions among thole, who principles of philofophic morality have in the prvient times of danger could not lei vielded up their influence, we onls exist at all by mutually supporimay judily hope in fee that new-railed ing each other; and has compelled the plianiom fall by iis internal weakuels,
lers men, who formerly held up their and drop its undeferved hovours at the spiritual head as infallible and fuprenie, feet of Christianity.” (p. 26-30.) now openly to abjnre and oppose bis
Mr. 9 19 proceeds to consider, authority* " For have the princihow for the preient declining state of pal doctrines of the Romith Church Papacy is an accomplishment of the remained firm and unimpaired during prophecy concerning the Beal with the subversion of its power. The fuJeven heads and ten horns of the Reve- perfiitious ceremonies and unauthotations, and the Antichris or Man of rized restraints, which form the eilenSin of S:. Paul. The marks are clearly tial character of this religion, and ocafcertained to apply to the Church of cafion the dreadful vices and corrup. Rome. It remains to be considered, tions which have prevailed in it, laid who are her latert immediate enemies. the first foundation fione of infidelity: Bp. Nevion published a remarkable it was agunt there that the first charge conjecture about thirty years and, was founded of that open, as well as which we have seen as remarkably inte tine, attack, which evided in the verified by the event, ço Since the tensporary extinction of all religion in Kings of France, says he, have contri- France. The docirine, no less absurd buted greatly to the advancement of ihan impious, of the Pope's infallibiPopery, it is not impoflible nor im- liti, though it has not been formally probable ihat they may some tinie or diurowe, is scarcely now supported other also be the principal anthors of even by his real adherents. Universal its defiruction." (vol. 1. p. 70+, 41. fupremacy can no longer be atleried of edit.) As this learned Commentator hiin, who, fo far from poflefling exwas fupported in his remarks by the ternal dominion, owes the enjoyment words of Revelation, fo he has been of his own kingdom to the favour and julisted in it by the course of History.
* "I a lude to those who have refused to * Mr. Hall's Sermon.
comply with the Pope's Concorda: in ma5. Mr. Zouch's Preface.
king a voluntary surrender of their fees."
cession of a foreign power. It is true, unite their efforts towards weakening indeed, that the enchufiaftic zeal and the Romih power.” (p. 4-1.) ardour, with which the human inind “ I have thus examined ihe particuas it were mechanically rises againti op- lar prophecies which appear to be now preilive perfecution, and which for ob- accomplishing, in the eltablithed prina vious reatons operates molt forcibly in ciples of the French Revolution, and matters of religion, this internal power, the vibbly-cleclining state of the Papal and in many, no doubt, a confcientious
power ; and this application of faiththough miltaken preference, stiil pre- fulnets to their meaning will allord a ferves among the votaries of the Ro- new evidence to the truth of the Chrif. mish Church a lirong and unihuken tian religion ; for what foronger eriattachment to their native faith ; but, dence can be given of a divine revelaI think, whoever conliders the fiin?. tion than the lirit of prophecy, tion of its own hereditary kingdons, whichi, as it can only be imjaried by and of its moli powerful foreign allies, Him who lias a foreknowledge of the the weakness of the Pope, the aliena- events of all times, to is it only imtion of Italy, the pluilviophy of Ger- parte i to those who have especial commany, and the infidelity of I'rance, inition to proclaim His divine will? will no longer deny the cause of Pa • It appears alınoti impoflible ibat any pacy is a declining cause; and that, thould duiy consider thele prophecies, particularly during the lati ten yours, and, if he is an infidel, not be conit has turned with rapid firides towards verteci, or, if he is a believer, not be its diflolution.” (p. 38-40.)
confirmed in the faith *.' Surely, if The fifth vial, poured out on the any adliuonal proof of mercy can be kingdom of the beast, made his hing dilplayed in a lytiem fo abundant in dom full of durkness, i. e. diminithed perey as that ot'redemption, it is teen his power, and by a gradual fall bring in the providence of God, requiring on its defiruction, molt probably by not a teliimony of faith too fevere for fire, of which its territory is full. human weakniets; but, when he or
Although it has been a matter of dered that opposition should arite doubt, whetver a literal or figurative against his religion, ordered it likeinterpreation thould be given to Revel. wile to convey a fironger confirme xviii. 8, il miuti be owned, that the tion of its truih. To lee the purity lafi refuge of metaphor is scarcely leit of the doctrines he proteiles so long to our apprehentions.” (p. +1.) riolated, and fo fatally perverted by
“ It is indeed a melancholy reflec- the Rooih Church, might perhaps tion, that the generation, which is alarm the fears, and even for a nonow rising np to manhood in France, ment excite the doubts, oi' a Christian; will only know by history and tradi- but, when he is conducted by the clue tion the genial effecis of religion upon of prophecy through all the labyrintha fociety; and will neither putiess a ino of enormily, the darkneis vanishes belive, nor enjoy a reward, for the per- fore him, and he willingly furrenders formance of moral duties; whose in his own mistaken reaton to the authofincy has sucked the poiton of infide- rity of Eternal Withom. Aguin, when lity; and whole tender years have been he witnelles success attending counseis murtured in immorality. The usual which commenced with the defiance courte, however, of Providence leads of God, and proceeded to the injury 11s lo espect, that good will in fome and outrage of mankind, yet at the measure arise from evil; and France fame time perceives that this apotiacy may alone eventually for the mitchiefs arole not unforelcen by the divine the has occafioned, by accelerating the Providence, the Chriltian becomes progress of our pure and reformed more than ever aflored of the weakness Church. Popery is indeed azain ac of his own Mort-lighted powers, and knowledged ihe religion of the ma- feels a fresh conviction of the neceflity jority of the French ; but it is accom of an implicit faith in God's provia panied, as it never was before, by uni: dence, reflecting indeed with awc, and verfal toleration; and we may at least cherishing the reflection, that every hope, that the removal of prejudices suecellive accomplishment of prophecy contenent upon the dispersion of the brings us rarer to that final periodi riches it that country, the abolition of where all our foreknowledge cealcs, the lurrative church oljices, and the aitcred temper of the people, may all
* New.on, Didlert. 21.