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myfelf that three years experience as reed he would not break, nor quench the chaplain of a gaol, in one of the most linoahing flux. It seems somewhat finpopulous counties in England, entitles qular that this age, which assumes to my opinion to a hearing.
jitelf the distinciion of being “ the age Lei a priton be ever lo well managed, of benevolence;” that, while (to its ere. by rules that go to a radical reform in dit beit faid) it has its Asylum for female the principles and manners of those orphans, ils Foundling-hofpital, its confined therein; and let the Ordinary Magdalen, ils Philanthropic Society, exert himiell to the iumoli in his im- and, short, a refuge for woe in alportant department; yet, if there is not most every varied shape, it has forgotan afvlum provided for the offender ten the poor deserted Prisoner. And when liberated, or he is not placed in yet in that lublime and beautiful chap. a situation where the ideas he has newiy ier, Matthew xxv, which, as it were, imbibed will be cherished, and where unfolds to us to pathetically that awful by honest industry he can acquire a tribunal, before which we imuft all one competent fupport; depend upon it, the day appear, exprellly declares, that an dog will return to his vomit, and the humane attention to the temporal and fow to her wallowing in the mire. eternal welfare of prisoners is one
I remember a man who had been grand enquiry at that folemn place. fentenced to tranfponation, and, after * I was a prisoner, and ye took me noc having been contined for some time in. Lord, when luw we thee a priwhence this is written, he received his foner, and took thee not in ? For as Majeliy's gracious pardon. After giv- much as ye did it poi unto one of the ing him my farewell advice, I said to least of these my brethren, ye did it not him Well! I suppose you feel like
to me." a bird let loose from a cage!" - Sir," I hope, Mr. Urban, this subject will replied the man with deep fighs, “ I not rest here. I fincerely trust the Genthank you on this, as on all occafions, tleman's Magazine will on this occasion for your kind admonition; wirich I add another laurel to the many it has am molt ansious to follow. But I am. deservedly acquired, by being primarily by no means that happy man you con inftrumental in rousing the attention ceive me to be. Indeed, I am more of those who are ever disposed to do niilerable now than I have been du- good as opportunity offers, and objecis ring my confinement. I am let at li- present themselves.
J. W. berty, it is true ; but I know not where to go, lo earn in loveli liveli Mr. URBAN,
June 21. hood. If I return to my native town, TT has been remarked, by the wiseft nobody will employ me.
If I go to a
and most intelligent among manplace where I am not knowil, thicy will kind, that the greatest of intellecinal enquire where I came from, and who pleasures ariles from the fatisfaction the was my lall matter. If I till then the inind enjoys in the perufal of works of truth, they will not engage me on any ingenuity, genius, humour, or wit. account; and as to telling a lie, you Solomon can be brought forward to have taught us to abhor that, asa cery wiunel's this allervion ; who was himwicked lim in itfell, and as fire to lead fell fo well aware of the utility of to many others. I willi, lir, to be books, that we are told he wrote a good. I pray God to give me grace great number upon various fubjects, That I mavhereafter be good. But you some of which, we know, were on Bofee I have not the opporiunny of being tany. Illiterate inclinations have atla fo wbich other men have. I cannot wai's been deemned as certain marks of liarve, and I have no work.".
debiliy, refulling from flothfulness of I will not, Mr. Liban, pursue ihis the nuntal capacity, the inactivity of heart-breaking conversation. Every which is always a refult indicative of consciemious chaplain of a gan!, who its inperfection. converte's uilh as well as preacheih 10. Bud books, as well as men, may be his unhappy tlock, may know similar remi too much; for reading is to the inliances of forlor objects, who pant mind solctiv as food is to ihe bully, a to return to the path from which ihey purcharge of either turns nourishment have firaved.
into difeale; and the parallel will run It was ihe amiable and distinguibiug fill further, if we consider that an incharacteriilic of Him who did and luft difcriminate inixture of either will be rusį so much for us, that a lruifed equally hurvul to the lomach as the
hend; and this reminds me of a dif- but the evanescent topic of the few tichi, which one Roberts, a wine-dea moments which gave them birth. Jer in the borough of Southwark, had Books, again, may be considered as over his window, who alfo fold books; friends, the leaves of which, like the
minds of fuch, are fraught with falu“ Two trades voited here you seldom fud; Wine to refresh the body, box ks the mind.'; tary advice; and with this conlidera
ble advantage, that their partiality canIt is consideration and thought, af not be fufpected. Moreover, they may silied by digeliive arrangement, which
be consulied and discarded at pleasure, evlarges the faculties, and makes the even without the ceremonious fedulity intellectual food profitable and produc- of compliments, or apology of weltive of fruits of knowledge; but delul- come or farerell. While they inform, tory reading, taken up, as the leurned they lull inqnietude to reli; help us to Seiden fays, with occafional repafis, futain calamities with patience; 10 will never confer knowledge pou the bear prosperity with moderation ; ease mind, much less produce laming. the disayreeable fenfations that arise froin Books, like opic glafles, strengthen the confequences of disappointment; organ of fenie, enlarge the project,
and banish for a while from our and vield a clearer intight into things thoughits the remembrance of the than can be obtained from unleiterid croflness of men and things. It is also and unaflified observation.
one of the greatest advaniages the mind Reading confidered as a mental di- can boast from these, to be aided in reverlion, though not one of the strongest trospectively examining its own proefforts or exertions of the hunian grels and conduct. Reading allias mind, yet generally leaves a better ef- this act of the memory, and enables fect than what arises from the gratifica- the pursuer to compare to the best purtion of the groller fenfes; for, if books pofe bis condition with that of others; are well chofen, they neither dull the and, I think, it is afterwards his fault, appetite, nor train the capacity; on if the result and deduction be not the contrary, they refresh the inclina- turned to advantage. tion, and strengthen the powers of But the acquisition of Morals, the thinking; they improve under experi- knowledge of former affairs, or confoment, and, what is vet better, they lation in adversity, are not the only polish and perfect at the fame time that profit derived from books. While the They pleale and
What heart and the head are improyed, the mankind were before the invention of sphere of our exilience is enlarged; ve Jeuers has been fufficiently thewn in Teem to act with the noble, the great, the introductive parts of all bitories; and brave, and think with the wife; what they are, we now see; but to we are thereby enabled to transport what perfection future generations ourselves back in the times of Greece may arrive at, can only be gledled by and Rome, and meet ineir renerable the val improvemenis made in the laii Patriots, Sages, and Warriors, Poets 400 years; that is, from about the and Orators, on the very fiage of actime of the live great inventions or tion; in thort, we am to converse
dilcoveries, ihe Compass, the art of with Homer and his Trojan and Gre· Prinzing, making Gunpowder and all cian chiefs, to breathe with Cicero and
jis dreadful train, Difcovery of Ante Seneca, and enter into the spirit that rica, and lati, not leait
, the Reforura- actuated Scipio, Cæsar, and the Setion, 10 which all the others lielped in nate, as well as view the fell blow the agitation.
ained by Bruins at his friend and paTo go on with my former obferva- iron. Por, tions : it is by reading we anielate our " However hufy or how low our late, lives, by acquainting aurielves with We feel the huple of the antiene great; the tranfactions and partits of other And if not perfect in their form of speech, times before us, and what is worthy of We bave trasllations that their spiric imitation as well as abhorrence. What reach." Aristotle thought, or how Alexander I am induced to go farther, from acted, is presented as in a perspective the remarks of a
late corresponview to the mind; and the menory is dent;, p. 125, whose lamentary effay stored with examples and precepts, would go by perfuafion to extinguith which, without this useful and advent- the laudable ardour pursued by many titious aid,' would be lost, or at best be in amafling large collections of bo
the frequent sales of which throws him the inquisitive, leaving the habitable always, as he observes, in a moralizing world, iteal a view of Heaven itself, mood. Such Collectors, if acinated and iraverse all the wonders of the with patriotic views, are of the greateit skies. And those, therefore, ought to service to letters; and I
be as much encouraged as collectors of ashamed to own that some of the hap- tatie and judgment, when their views piest moments of my life have been are alike calculated for the public use, spent in fuch, and digelung Catalognes whether for amulernent or improve- 1 for the information of others. Tu Eng meit; and, it muli be confetled, the Jand, Sir Thomas Hoblyn mice the publie gratitude is manifetied to both, catalogue of his own library, and pub- though osten without bearing the prolished it in his life time, 2 viis. Dio; und per proportion to the comparative utiliA1. Pinelli, of Venice, digefive his own iy of their pursuiis. verv fcientifically in 0 vols. Sro, to It diav indeed be objected, that mawhich is pretixed his portrait. Thefe 1!y books might be fpared, as but little inclexes, io a phiioiipivical seater, ny information can be gained by fone be considered as a pugilier of minds, whole bulk promiles a great deal, brit anıl of more fe in ihe lumber of a only turns out in a wafie oi siine. Yet, Study than a'ijlen of Heraldry, if this is too often ihe cale, it thoudil be though illuminated 10 the life, and ur remembered also, that the greate fi efmenied with gold; for a library, undi- forts of genius are progresive; that gefied, is a chies, of little more uie to even the great Sir Isaac Newton did not the owner or the publick than lo many perfect his Principin at first, and that divided parts of inliruments: for tooks, he owel as much to Bacon and Bosle,
in each class or science, may be con6 as Mr. Lacke did to Cudworth, Maldered as component parts of the time branche, Bouhours, or Butlier. To instromenis; ' and to know their de- conclude, if we are not lo generous pendance, and place them properly to and hospitable as our illicerie fevidal gether, is the moli cliential pari, of the apiceriors, we are unre civilized and flident's business.
moderate in action; the arts of lite are To return from ca:alogues to books nore comfortable ; realov and huma l * Off I do not intrude 110 lar upon your my fit fiealier on their thrones; and, patience); every art and içienict, evers : education cementing the focial intera mechanical invention or cxercise, are course of society, we are coviciously preserved and improved by literary tuifed leveral clearees higher in the communication : it is there tha: in- scale of our exilience, port from one country to another the Though in multiplying books there present fate of every improvement; is no end, and promiscuoutiy amalling
for Printing from iis origin has had the a heap without talie, object, or judghappy felicity of difusing the fiudies of ment, is of little nie; 'er they muti be
ail proteflions, and of noring the dific comóciered in Mr. Addison's point of dirata in each, which has turned on 10 view, as the legacies of men of genius the greatest advantage to the world; rendered permanent, and, by multiplica- 1 for, io know what is wanting and inay viou, maile to our live che mouldering be done, it is' bighly recefiary to be materials of the other imitative arts. 1 acquaimed with whai has already been Yours, &c.
H. LEMOINE. performed. Thus the prefent generatior. is banding down, by their books, The Pursuits or ARCHITECTURAL to that wborn, the state of their ina INNOVATION. No. XLX.
provements, for their benefit and in IN my passage over Auft Ferry, my ftrucion. It is by books that inay be attention was wholly taken up 10 perceived the mental citierence between catch the various view's that Chapel man and man; their depths or ihal Rock afforded ; and Tellayed ai fomelowness; and what "clods," as the thing like a sketch of the ruined chapel Spectator obferves, they would be but on it; but the fill changing coure of for the ad antage of reading. How ig- the rellel wherein I was till changed norant and deplorable would man's the aspect of the building, so that my condition be of the very elementary attempt became in a manner fruitless. principles of the benefits of nature, if it Thus, in this momentary ftruggle 10 were not for this fort of information ! gain a desired purpose, I broughi into Thus aflised, indolence may fit at cute, a finall compa's the moral of human and travel to the remotest parts; wluile life. We ensbark in the world's busy
darts bis rays directly in the centre of the chitectural labyrinth of true fcientific wall at the Eaft end, and a brightnets perfection. so conducire to rue picturefque beauty View in the Choir, looking Faft. beams on the chair of intialment. What with the fun of aid that once While aiming to give this effect on my was here bearing on our feutes from paper, whether from an overstrain of the Durham hory, the futroiding my eyes, from a lirong, contemplation works when day's girilh ere has given oń former events, or whatever cause it place to a more folemn floom w inmight be, I was at one moment in- dulge the całw and doubtful brow nt duced to believe I actually saw the hiftoric curiosity, and the natural holiwhole range of seats filled with some of ness of the fancinary itlelf, I was awed the former occupants. Their proceed- in an unufaal manner as I ler about ings were grave and folemm ; and I my sketch for this view. Lifting up could not perceive any accounmoda- my eyes in a contrical direction, the tions as though the aflembly were loll- high-altar fcreen was directly before ing in the luxurious and effeminate me; on the left were the falls and bowers of knighis or ladies, or the the screen to the North aile; and on banqueting chambers of over-grown the right, the ttalls, Hatfield's monudrones and voluptuaries. I may be mental throne; and the screen in the credited, I had proceeded fo far with South aile. The whole was farther. niy sketch as to take the portraits of made conpleat by the aspiring groups foine of the principal on the brother- recerling from rib to rib, onul indir hood in this my fancy's train ; when, arches vanished ivio indeterminate dropping my pencil, and being eager dittauce. Mute liere, awhile; we can in the tearch toʻrecover it, I foon loft no more recite from this point of obthis baseless fabrick of a vision;" and ferunion. all was, as before, an empty space, View in the chapel of the Nine Alfave me, the copyitt, who then conti- tirs, looking North. As this view cortnued on my work in my usual way. I cludes my Durham list of architectural made, likewise, a view of this room look- enumeration, I must mention one coning towards the grand entrance, where, cluding hope to my bulile in life's swift in ihe diltance as teen through the doos career. I fhould embrace, with the aitway and fide open windows, the cloil most fatisfaction, that chance which ters had their share in giving a pleasing might enable me to make a fiuühed variety to th excellent a picture. drawing from this fkeich, and, in the
View in the Galilee, looking East. manner I shall here attempt to set forth; At one gaze I took-in the three altars, at once to give the architecture of to the five ailes, the doors entering into admirable a ltructure, and to coinniethe cathedral, the window's on the morate one of the noblest cubjects in fide, and the openworked timber roofs,' our biliory, by introducing a part of of this chapel. This happy union was that event therein. Notwithstanding heightened by that devotionary gleam I camint kook forward to this purpose which ever renders (cencs like these with my derree of contidence, others to highly transporting; it was when better qualified, and invited t the the fun had just link below the horia' trial, ny per cét a business which I 2011; and day's failing Thew leaves in now hold up for national pride and the mind a wide field for serious ne emulation. In this view then, on the ditation. From the South-west an left, is seen the greater part of St. gle of this chapel I made another Cuthbert's Fureturn; in the centre, the ikerch. At this fpot the whole trene great North window of this chapel ;' bears on our view in a kind of trans on the right, the entire range of the formed Mate; the ailes, their columns, Ninc Alliars, and above them the seves and arches, feem to run counter in ral tiers of windows, particularly St. interlected lines one with another; Catharine's window (heing the Fart and the altars appearing bere and window of the church itell); and the there, as the intervening foris per enriched groins orer-arching from comit, make every pleasing impreffion lumu to column in the moft exuhe. that we can be affecied with. A rezu rant flare of that art which has lucht lar confusion (if I may be allowel the endless charms to rarith and delight: ! metaphor) pervades around; and we Thus prepared with the 'arcivettigt (ttur Antiquaries) are lost in this ar ral part of the piciure, we will next fer
down its historic portion. Let us recallio chain, more dreadful to high-born our minds that day when the barve of minds when subdued, than even Death Durham was fought ; wben the hing of itself. The scene closes, and I wiihScots dared its very walls; when Queen drew me from a fane where I have Philippa infpired by her pretence Eng not been a heedllels vintor. I have lidhmen to conquerorto die; wheu thote nade my purchase, endeavoured by heroes, the Nevils and the Percus, , my attempts to lay a raying fire, fhielded her facred perfon ; when ihe which, it not quite extinguiled, is great and good Hatfield, bearing in one yet got under, under the deliberation band a crisis and in the other a aul- of returning veneration for the holy chion, led on the nighiy botis 10 at. place; and I have received my reward, chieve immortal deeds of arms. Then in the idea that I have done the caule of let us remember how they won that Antiquity that fervice, which, as a baletul conflict, and fee then retum true and profetled Antiquary, I am ing triumphave to the Cathedral, there bound by Royal Charier muil disinieto offer up their prayers to Ilim ibat retiedly to perform. gave the victory. They enter the nave It is more than probable, from the in pompous procellion, pass along the late decision given in the Society of Norib aile or the choir, and then en Antiquaries (p. 400), that there will ter into this chapel as making the re be no augmentation made to their ligious circuit of the Church previous annual subscription, &c.; and, from to their entering into the choir, 10 ce the sentiments delivered by a few on lebrate the service upon to brilliant an that occafion, inasmuch as our Catheoccasion. They appear; the advanced drals are works of but little interest, body are the holy fraternus them- and deserving only of a flight illufirafelves ; ; vext follow the relicks of St. tion; the lali publication by them of Cuthbert, born by Prior Foiler, which DURHAM Cathedral may prove my last had been carried to the field as pro- enploy of this nature, although I have pitious io England's lafety. The i be- by the Council's orders iaken the hold the venerable Haifield, armed sketches of Wells and GLOUCESTER now only with the cross: after him Cathedrals, the drawings for the latter are brought along the trophies of the being in great forwardness. Why a battle; as the king of Scots banner, certain part of this Learned Body the famous Black Rood of Scotland, Bould on every occasion rise to prolelt taken out of Holyrood houle, to en their aversion and enmity 10 such pubfure success in this his in vafion; with lications, and to the structures themother banners and arms of the van selves, many are at a loss to account quished lords and knighis. Now look for. . With me the cause is l'ery obupon the lovely Heroine, the thrice il vious: I see no mystery. Thele worlulirious Confort to the Third Edward; thv Members, no doubt, have their see on her golden hem an Angel as reasons for what they say. Weighty her creli, emblematic of her heavenly they may be, and noi without an end mind; see the avenging sword, fatal in view. Our Cathedrals, according to lacrilegious foes, fee how it daris to the new syliem, are either to be new terror from ber fieel-clad arm ; her decorated, new arranged (not through fhiving cuirais dazzles our enraptured worldly motives or new principles), or sight; something more than morial els- lefi to their just deserts, neglect ; decay vates her divine mien; her eyes, her and ruin of course fucceeding. The foul, feen all ascending in adoration end with some is then gained ; and to the Mofi Hign, for glory and for here ends my Durham tale. J. C. conqueti gained. Her fupporters are the Archbithop of York and the two Mr. URBAN,
June 8. Nevills , How endless is the train of CAN any correspondent communia succeeded by their equals in patriotic Aldworth, of Stanlakcs, Berkshire, virtue. The captive King nesi appears, from which the Lord Bray broke main downcant guise. He moves heaven- ternally descends ? Roberi Townson, ly along. Shame and remorle alone bill op of Salisbury, died (lays Anthony cover his dishonoured head ; bis hel- à Wood) May 15, 1621, learing 15 mei, fiord, und mace, are held re- children. What were their namies? . versed before him, as indelible marks of and do any of his family now survive? his compleat overthrow. His remain. Yours, &c. PALEOPUILUS. ing warriours drag alike the galling