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or twenty guineas. The machine, will, certifi- together with the imputed cause thereof, and the cates that at least three acres have been dibbled actual or probable means of prevention, wbich, by it, to be produced to the Society on or be- with proper certificates, must be delivered to the fore the second Tuesday in January, 1803. Sim- Society on or before the first Tuesday in Februplicity and cheapness in the construction will be ary, 1803. considered as principal parts of its merit.
57. PREVENTING THE ILL EFFECTS OF FLIES 51. MACHINE FOR REAPING OR MOWING ON SHEEP. To the person who shall discover to CORN. For inventing a machine to answer the the Society the most effectual method of protectpurpose of mowing or reaping wheat, ryc, bar. ing sheep from being disturbed and injured by Icy, oats, or beans, by which it may be done flies; the silver medal, or twenty guineas. It is more expeditiously and cheaper than by any required that the method be ascertained by remethod now practised, provided it does not shed peated experiments, and that a certificate of its the corn or pulse more than the methods in com- efficacy be delivered to the Society on or before juon practice, and that it lays the straw in such the first Tuesday in December, 1802. a manner that it may he easily gathered up for 58. PROTECTING SHEEP. To the person who, binding; the gold medal, or thirty guineas. in the year 1802, shall protect the greatest numThe machine, with certificates that at least three ber of sheep, not fewer than one hundred, by acres have been cut by it, to be produced to the hovels, sheds, or any other means, and give the Society on or before the second Tuesday in De- most satisfactory account, verified by expericember, 1802. Simplicity and cheapness in the ment, of the advantages arising from the practice construction will be considered as principal parts of protecting sheep from the inclemency of the of its merit.
weather, by hovels, sheds, or any other means ; 52. THRESHING-MACHINE. To the person the silver medal, or twenty guineas. A particuwho shall invent a machine by which corn of all lar account of the experiments made, with the sorts may be threshed more expeditiously, effec- advantages arising therefrom, together with the tually, and at a less expense, than by any me. expense, and certificates of its utility, to be prothod now in use; the gold medal, or thirty gui- duced to the Society on or before the first Tues neas. The machine or a model with proper cer- day in March, 1803. tificates, that sucli a machine has been isofully 59. The same premium is extended one year farapplied, that at least thirty quarters have been ther. The accounts and certificates to be delivered threshed by it, and of the time employed in the on or before the first Tuesday in March, 1804. operation, to be produced to the Society on or N. B. It is required that the certificates shall before the last Tuesday in February, 1803. specify the length of time the sheep were so pro
53. DESTROYING THE GRUB OF THE Cock- tected, and the manner in which they were CHAFER. To the person who shall discover to maintained during that time; together with the the Society an effectual inethod, verified by re- general method of inanaging them. peated and satisfactory trials, of destroying the 60. IMPROVING THE CONDITION OF THE grub of the cockchafer, or of preventing or LABOURING Pook, BY ERECTING COTTAGES, checking the destructive effects which always at- AND APPORTIONING LAND. To the person who, tend corn, peas, beans, and turnips, when at. in the year 1801, shall erect the greatest number tacked by those insects; the gold medal, or of cottages for the accommodation of the labourthirty guineas. The accounts, with proper certi- ing poor, and apportion not less than two acres ficates, to be produced on or before the first of land to each cottage; the gold medal. The Tuesday in January, 1803.
accounts and certificates to be delivered to the 54. DESTROYING Worms. To the person Society on or before the tirst Tuesday in Februwho shall discover to the Society an effectual ary, 1803. method, verified by repeated and satisfactory 61. The same premium is extended one year trials, of destroying worms, or of preventing the farther. The accounts and certificates to be dedestructive effects they occasion on corn, beans, livered to the Society on or before the first Tuespeas, or other pulse; the gold medal, or thirty day in February, 1804. guineas. The accounts, with proper certificates, 62. The same premium is extended one year to be produced to the Society on or before the farther. The accounts and certifuates to be de. rst Tuesday in January, 1803.
livered to the Society on or before the first Tues55. DESTROYING THE FLY on Hops. To the day in February, 1805. c1son who shall discover to the Society an easy 63. IMPROVING THE CONDITION OF THE LAid efficacious method of destroying the fly on BOURING POOR BY APPORTIONING LAND TO ps, superior to any hitherto known or prac- COTTAGES. To the person who, in the year id, on not less than four acres of bop ground, 1802, shall apportion to the greatest number of
gold niedal or thirty guineas. Accounts and cottages, already built upon his or her estate, any ! sucates to be delivered to the Society on or quantity of land, pot less than two acres to each fore the first Tuesday in February, 1803. cottage, for the better accommodation of the re56. CURE OF THE ROT IN SHEEP. To the spective inhabitants; the gold medal. The arrson who shall discover to the Society the best counts of the number of cottages, and of the d most effectual inethod of cur.ng the rot in quantity of land apportioned to each, to be deliseep, verified by repeated and satisfactory ex- vered to the Society, with proper cerijualus, on eriments; the gold medal, or fifty guineas. It or before the first Tuesday in February, 1903. expected that the candidates tarnish accurate 64. The same premium is extended one year
of the symptoms and cure of the discasc, farther. The accounts and rertifu ales to be de
To the person
liveret on or before the first Tuesday in Febru- being superior to any known to the public, and ary, 1804.
verified by sufficient trial, to be cominunicated to 65. The same premium is extended one year the Society on or before the first Tuesday in Defarther. The accounts and certificates to be de- cember, 1802; the gold medal, or thirty guineas. livered on or before the first Tuesday in Febru 69. PREVENTING THE DRY-ROT IN TIMBER, ary, 1805,
To the person who shall discover to the Society 66. RAISING WATER FOR THE IRRIGATION the cause of the dry-rot in timber, and disclose OF LAND. To the person who shall discover to a certain method of prevention superior to any the Society the cheapest and most effectual me- hitherto known; the gold ineda', or thirty guithod of raising water in quantities sutncient to be neas. The arcounts of the cause, and method beneficially employed for the purpose, of irrigat- of prevention, confirmed by repeated experiing land, superior to and cheaper than any other meats, to be produced to the Society on or bem method now in use; the gold medal, or thirty fore the second Tuesday in December, 1802, guineas. A model on a scale of one inch to a 70. PRESERVING SALTED PROVISIONS FROM fout, with certificates that a machine at large on BECOMING RANCID OR RUSTY. the same construction has been used, specifying 'who shall discoser to the Society the best, cheapa the quantity of water delivered in gallons per est, and most enticacious method of preserving hour, and the height to which it was raised, to salted provisions from growing rancid or rusty;
be produced to the Society on or before the first the gold medal, or thirty guineas. A full de1 of March, 1803.
scription of the method, with proper certificates The same premium is extended one year far- ibat it has been found, on repeated trials, to anther. Certificates to be produced on or before swer the purpose intended, to be produced to the first of March, 1804.
the Society on or before the first Tuesday in 67. CULTURE OF HEMP IN CERTAIN PARTS February, 1303, OF SCOTLAND. The Society for the Encourage 71. CLEARING FEATHERS FROM THEIR ANI. ment of Arts, Manufactures, and Commerce wish- MAL OIL. To the person who shall discover to ing to encourage the growth of hemp for the vise the Society the best and most expeditious meof the navy, in certain parts of Scotland, com- thod, superior to any hitherto practised, of clearprehending the whole county of Argyle, that ing goose-leathers from their offensive animal part of Perthshire situated to the north of the oil, for the use of upholders, in making beds, river Tay, and west of the Military Road (see cushions, &c. the silver medal, or twenty guiAinslie's Map of Scotland) leading from Logie. neas. A quantity of such feathers unstripped rait to the County of Inverness, and such other and so cleared, not less than forty pounds weight, parts of Scotland as lie north of Inverness-shire, with a full account of the process, to be produced offers to the person who shall sow with hemp, in to the Society on or before the first Tuesday in crilis at least eighteen inches asunder, the great- February, 1803, est quantity of land in the above mentioned dis 72. REFINING WHALE OR SEAL OIL. For trict, not less than fiity acres statute measure, in disclosing to the Society an effectual inethod of the year 1802, and shall at the proper season purifying whale or seal oil froin the glutinous cause to be plucked the summer hemp (or male inatter that iucrusts the wicks ot lamps and exhemp bearing no seed) and continue the winter tinguishes the light, though fully supplied with henop (or female hemp bearing seed) on the oil; the gold inedal, or titty guineas. It is reground until the seed is ripe; the gold medal, or quired that the whole of the process be fully and fit. guineas,
fairly disclosed, in order that satist actory expe07*. To the person who shall sow with hemp, (in riments may be made by the Society to deterdrills at least eighteen inches asunder) the next inine the validity of the claim; and certificates greatest quantity of land in the same above-men- that not less than twenly gallons have been pu. tioned district, not less than twenty-tive acres rified according to the process delivered in, tostatute measure, in the year 1802, and shall at gether with two gallons of the oil, in its unpurithe proper season cause the same to be plucked tied state, and two gallons so refined, be producas above-mentioned; the silver medal, or twenty- ed to the Society on or before the second Tuesfive guineas. Certificates of the number of acres, day in February, 1805. Tof the distance of the drills, of the plucking of
53. MANUFACTURING TALLOW-CANDLES. the liemp, with a general account of the soil, To the person who shall discover to the Society a cultivation, and produce, to be delivered to the method of hardening or otherwise preparing talSociety, along with fourteen pounds of the low, so that candles may be made of it which hemp, and two quarts of the seed, on or before will burn as clear and with as small a wick as the second Tuesday in January, 1803.
wax candles, without running, and may be afforded at a less expence than any at present inade
with spermaceti ; the gold medal, or thirty gui. PREMIUMS FOR DISCOVERIES AND neas. "Certificates that 112 lb. of such tallow
IMPROVEMENTS IN CHEMISTRY, have been made into candles, and 1215, of the DYING, AND MINERALOGY.
candles made thereof, to be produced to the So68. PRESERVING SEEDS OF VEGETABLES: ciety on or before the second Tuesday in JaFor the best niethod of preserving the seeds of nuary, 1303. plants in a state it for vegetation a longer time
74. CANDLES FROM RESIN OR OTHER SUBthan has hitherto been practised, such method STANCES. To the person who shall discover to
the Society the best method of making candles 80. PREPARATION OF A RED STAIN FOR of resin, or any other substance, fit for common COTTON Cloth. To the person who shall com- use, at a price much interior to those made of municate to the Society, the cheapest and most .tallow only; the gold medal, or thirty guineas. ellectual method of printing or staining cotton Six pounds at least of the candles so prepared, clutlis with a red colour, by an immediate appliwith an account of the process, to be delivered cation of the colouring-matter to the cloth, to the Society on or before the firsi Tuesday in equally beautiful and durable with the red coDecember, 1802.
lours now generally procured from decoctions of 75. METHOD OF SEPARATING SUGAR IN A madder; the gold medal, or thirty guineas. SOLID FORM FROM TREACLE. To the person who Certificates that the above process has been adshall discover to the Society the best method of vantageously used on ten pieces of callico each separating sugar from treacle in a solid form, twenty-one yards or upwards in length, one at such an expense as will render it advantage- piece of the callico so printed, a quart of the coous to the public; the gold medal, or ifty gui- lour in a liquid state, and a full count of the
A quantity of the sugar so prepared in a preparation and application, to be produced to solid form, not less than thirty pounds weight, the Society on or before the second Tuesday in with an account of the process, and certificates January, iSOS. that not less than one hundred weight has been 81. PREPARATION OF A GREEN COLOUR prepared, to be produced to the Society on or FOR PRINTING COTTON CLOTH. To the person before the first Tuesday in February, 1803. who shall communicate to the Society the best
76. PROOF-SPIRIT. To the distiller who, and cheapest method of printing with a full in the year 1802, shall make the greatest quan- green colour on cotton clou, by an inmediate tity, not less than one hundred gallons, ot a clean apprication of the colouring matter from marketable spirit, from articles not the food of wooden block to the cloth, equally beautiful and man or cattle, cqual in strength or quality to the durable as the colours now jorined from the proof-spirit now in use, and at a rate not higher complicated process of the decoction of weld than the spirit produced from corn or melasses; on alumine and the solutions of indiyo by earths the gold medal, or one hundred guineas. Ten or alcaline salts; the gold medal, or thirty guigallons of the spirit, together with proper certifi- neas. Certificates and conditions as for preiniumn cates, and a full account of the expense and mode 80. of making it, to be produced to the Society on or 89. SUBSTITUTE FOR THE BASIS OF PAINT. before the first Tuesday in January, 1803. To the person who shall produce to the Society
77. INCREASING STEAM. To the person who the best substitute, superior to any hitherto shall invent and discover to the Society a me known, for the basis of paint, equally proper
for thod, verified by actual experiments, of increas- the purpose as the white lead now employed ; ing the quantity or force of steam, in steain- such substitute not to be oi a noxious quality, and engines, with less fuel than has hitherto been to be afforded at a price not materially higher employed, provided that in general the whole than that of white lead; the gold medal, or one amount of the expenses in using steam-engines hundred guineas. A quantity of the substitute, may be considerably lessened; the gold medal, not less than 50 lb. weight, with an account of or thirty guineas. To be cominudicated to the So the process used in preparing it, and certificates ciety on or before the first Tuesday in Jan. 1803. that at Icast one hundred weight has been manu
78. SUBSTITUTE FOR TAR. To the person factured, to be produced to the Society on or bewho shall invent and discover to the Society the fore the first Tuesday in January, 1603. best substitute for Stockholin tar, equal in all its 83. RED PIGMENT. To the person who shall properties to the best of that kind, and prepared discover to the Society a full and satisfactory from materials the produce of Great Britain; the process for preparing a red pigment, fit for use, gold medal, or one hundred guineas. A quan- in oil or water, equal in tone and brilliancy to tity of the substitute, not less than one hundred the best carmines and lakes now known or in weight, with certificates that at least one ton has use, and perfectly durable; the gold medal, or been manufactured, and that it can be afforded thirty guineas. One pound weight of such coat a price not exceeding that of the best foreign lour, and a full disclosure of its preparation, to tar, together with an account of the process, to be produced to the Society on or before the first be delivered to the Society on or before the first Tuesday in February, 1803. Tuesday in March, 1803.
N. B. It is not required that the colour should 79. PREPARATION OF TAN. To the person resist the action of tire or chemical applications, who shall prepare in the most concentrated form, but remain unaltered by the common exposure so as to be easily portable, and at a price appli- to strong light, damps, and noisome vapours. cable to the purposes of manufactures, the largest 84. ULTRAMARINE. To the person who quantity, not less than one hundred weight of shall prepare an artiticial ultramarine, equal in the principle called by the French tannin, «bich colour, brilliancy, or durability, to the best preabounds in oak-bark and many other vegetable pared from lapis lazuli, and which may be afford substances; the gold medal, or fifty guineas. ed at a cheap rate; the gold medal, or thirty Certificates of the above quantity having been guineas. The conditions are the same as in the prepared, and a sample of not less than 28 lb. to preceding premium for the red pigment. be pr duced to thc Society on or before the last 85. ANALYSIS OF BRITISH MINERALS. To Tuesday in January, 1803.
the person who shall comniuuicate to the Society,
the most correct analysis of any mineral produc- purpose of glazing the ordinary kinds of earthention of Great Britain, hitherto either anexamined ware, without any preparation of lead, and supeor not examined with accuracy; the gold medal, rior to any hitherto in use; the gold medal, or The analysis and sufficient specimens to be pro- thirty guineas. Specimens of the ware so glazed, duced to the Society on or before the first Tues- with proper certificates of its having succeedel, day in January, 1803.
and a sample of the materials made use of, to be 86. PREPARATION OF SULPHURIC ACID produced to the Society on or before the first FROM SULPHUR WITHOUT THE USE OF ANY Tue-dav in February, 1803. NITRIC SALT. To the person who shall pre 92. REFINING COPPER FROM THE ORE, TO pare the largest quantity (not less than one ton) the person who shall discover to the Society the of sulphuric acid from sulphur, without any best method of separating, purifying, and refinnitric sait, of a specific gravity, not interior to ing copper from the ore, so as to render it fit the best sulphuric acid of commerce; the gold for the first purposes to which fine copper is medal, or fifty guineas. Certificules that not less now applied, and by a proces superior to any than the above quantity of such an acid has been hitherto known or in use, and not higher in prepared, together with a sample, to be produced price; the gold medal, or fity guineas. Certifito the Society on or before the first Tuesday in cates ibat not less than three tons have been so January, 1803.
prepared or refined, and a quantity not less than 87. PREPARATION OF ANY ALKALINE OR one hundred weight of the copper so refined, to EARTHY NITRATE. To the person who shall be produced to the Society on or beforc the first prepare, in Great Britain, the largest quantity, Tuesday in February, 1803. not less than one hundred weight, of any salt of 93. MINERALO, ICAL MAP OF ENGLAND AND nitric acid, with either earths or alkalies, by a WALEs. To the person who shall complete and method superior to those hiiherto practised ; the publish an accurate mineralogical map of England gold medal, or one hundred yuineas. Certificates and Wales, on a scale of not less than ten miles to of the above quantity having been prepared, and an inch, containing an account of the situation of a sample of not less than 28/h. to be procluceri to the different mines therein, and describing the the Society on or before the last Tuesday in Ja- kinds of minerals thence provinced; the gold
medal, or fifty yuineas. Certificates of the accu88. FINE BAR-IRON. To the person, in racy of such inap, together with the map, to be Great Britain, who shall make the greatest quan- produced to the Society on or before the first lity of bar-iron, noi less than ten tons, with coak, Tuesday in February, 1904. The map to refrom coak-pigs, equal in quality to the best iron main the property of the Society. imported from Sweden or Russia, and as fit for 91. MINERALOGICAL Map of IRELAND. converting into steel; the gold inedal, or fifty The same premium is offered for a mineralogical guineas. Samples, not less than one hundred map of Ireland on similar conditions, weight, with cerlificales that the whole quantity 95. MINERALOGICAL MAP OF SCOTLAND. is of equal quality, to be produced to the Society The same preinium is offered for a mineralogical on or before the first Tuesday in January, 1808. map of Scotland on similar conditions.
89. PRESERVING IRON FROM Rust. To the 96. NATURAL HISTORY. To the author person who shall invent and discover to the So- who shall publish, in the year 1802, the natural ciety a cheap composition, superior to any now history of any county in England or Wales; the in use, which shail effectually preserve wrought gold medal, or fitty guineas. It is required that iron from rust, the gold medal, or fifty guineas. The several natural productions, whether animal, A full description of the method of preparing vegetable, or mineral, peculiar to the county, or the composition, with certificates that it has found therein, be carefully and specifically arstood at least two years unimpared, being ex- ranged and described, in order that the public posed to the atmosphere during the whole time, may be enabled to judge what arts or manufacto be produced to the Society, with ten pounds tures are most likely to succeed in such county. weight of the composition, on or before the first The work to be delivered to the Society on or Tuesdav in January, 1805.
before the last Tuesday in January, 1803. 90. REFINING BLOCK-TIN. To the person who shall discover to the Society the best me
PREMIUMS IN POLITE ARTS. thod of purifying or retining block-lin, so as to render it fit for the finest purposes to which grain 97. HONORARY PREMIUMS FOR DRAWING, tin is now applied, and not higher in price; the BY NOBILITY. For the best drawing, of any gold medal, or fifty guineas. Certificates that kind, made with water.colours, crayons, chalk, not less than three tons have been refined or pu- black lead, pen, Indian Ink, or bister, by young rified, with a full detail of the process, and a gentlemen under the age of twenty-one, sons or quantily, not less than one hundred weight, of grandsons of peers, or peeresses in their own the tin so refined, to be produced to the Society right, of Great Britain or Ireland, to be proon or before the first Tuesday in January, 1803. duced on or before the first Tuesday in March,
91. GLAZING EARTHEN-WARE WITHOUT 1803 ; the lionorary incdal of the Society in LEAD. To the person who shall discover to the gold. Society the cheapest, safest, most durable, and 98. The same in silver for the next in merit, prost easily-fusible, composition, fit for the 99, 100. The same preduunis will be given, on
the like conditions, to young ladies, daughters or 113. COPPER-PLATE PATTERNS FOR CAgrand-daughters of peers, or peeresses in their lico-PRINTERS. For the best pattern, in a new own right, of Great Britain or Ireland.
stile, fit for the purposes of calico-printers for 101. HONORARY PREMIUMS FOR DRAWING, garment work; the silver medal.
To be proBY GENTLEMEN. For the best drawing, of any duced to the Society on or before the second kind, made with water-colours, crayons, chalk, Tuesday in January, 1803. The pattern to black-lead, pen, Indian ink, or bister, by young which the premium is adjudged to remain the gentlemen under the age of twenty-one, to be property of the Society. produced on or before the first Tuesday in 114. LINE ENGRAVINGS OF LANDSCAPES. Niarch, 1803; the gold medal.
For the best line engraving of a landscape, pub102. For the next in merit, the silver medal. lished in the year 1803, the size of the engravins
103, 104. The same premiums will be given not less than eighteen inches by fourteen; the fer drawings by young ladies.
gold medal. To be produced to the Society on N. B. As the foregoing honorary premiums or before the last Tuesday in January, 1804; are intended only for such of the nobility and and the impression to which the premium is adgentry as may hereafter become patrons or pa- judged to remain the property of the Society. tronesses of the arts; persons professing any 115. For the next in merit; the silver medal, branch of the polite arts, or any business de- on similar conditions. pendent on the arts of design, or the sons or 116. LINE ENGRAVINCS OF HISTORICAL daughters of such persons, will not be admitted SUBJECTS. For the best line engraving pubcandidates in these classes.
lished in the year 1802, of an historical subject, 105. DRAWINGS OF OUTLINES. For the best the size of the engraving not less than eighteen outline, after an original group or cast, in plaster, inches by fourteen; the gold medal. of human figures, by persons of either sex, un 117. For the next in merit; the silver medal. der the age of sixteen, the principal figure not Conditions, &c. the same as in classes 114 and less than twelve jnches; to be produced on or 115. before the third uesday in February, 1803 ; the 118 MODEL IN CLAY OR PLASTER. For greater silver pailet.
the best model in clay or plaster of an 106. For the next in merit; the lesser silver mental design for the purpose of embellishing pallet.
works of Architecture; the silver medal, or N. B. These drawings are to be made on pa- twenty guineas. To be produced to the Society per, and the original either to be produced to ime on or before the last Tuesday in January, 1803. Society, or to be referred to for their examina- The model not to be less than thirty inches by tion,
twelve. 107. DRAWINGS OF LANDSCAPES. For the best drawing of a landscape after nature, by per. THE FOLLOWING PREMIUM (CLASS sops of either sex, under twenty-one years of
119,) IS OFFERED IN CONFORMITY age, to he produced on or before the third
TO THE WILL OF THE LATE JOHN Tuesday in February, 1803; the greater silver
STOCK, OF HAMPSTEAD, Esq. pallet.
108. For the next in merit, the lesser silver 119. ORNAMENTAL DRAWINGS FOR ARCHIpallet. Each candidate must mention, on the TECTURAL DESIGNS. For the best ornamental front of the drawing, whence the view was drawing for the purpose of embellishing archyitaken; and the drawings must be made with tectural designs; a silver medallion with the folchalk, pen, Indian ink, water-colours, or bister. lowing engraved inscription: The Premium
109. HISTORICAL DRAWINGS. For the best given by the Society for the Encouragement of Arts, historical drawing, being an original composi- Aianufactures, and Commerce, in conformity in tion, of five or more buman figures; the height the Will of Join Stock, of llampstead, Esq. The of the principal figure not less than eight inches; drawing to which the premium is adjudged to to be made with crayons, chalk, black lead, pen, remain the property of the Society, Indian ink, water-colours, or bister, and to be 120. For the best model in clay or plaster of produced on or before the third Tuesday in Fe- a design for the same purpose; the silver medal. bruary, 1803; the gold pallet.
The performances in these two classes not to be 110. For the next in merit; the greater silver less than thirty inches by twelve, to be made by pallet.
persons under the age of twenty-one years. To U. CHINTS PATTERNS FOR Calico- be produced to the Society on or before the last PRINTERS. For the best original pattern in a Tuesday in January, 1803. new taste, of light or dark ground chints for gar
121. PERSPECTIVE DRAWINGS OF MAment-work, fit for the purposes of calico-printers, CHINEs. For the best perspective drawing of by persons of either sex; the gold medal. To machines by persons under eighteen years of be produced to the Society on or before the se- age; the greater silver pallet. To be produced cond Tuesday in January, 1803; the pattern to to the Society on or before the last Tuesday in which the premium is adjudged to reinain the January, 1803. property of the Society.
122. For the next in merit; the lesser silver 112. For the next in merit; the silver medal, pallet, on similar conditions. on similar conditions.
123. ENGRAVING ON WOOD, OR METAL