Sidor som bilder

that body was so pointed, that they deliberated for some time whether it would not be proper to arrest him. The result of their deliberations was transmitted to the Archbishop, who, in order to sooth the resentment of those who had felt them selves wounded, commanded that he should not preach for two years. The good man received this mandate in all the spirit of humility, waited on the magistrates who were offended, to whom he stated his duty as a preacher of the divine word, in such impressive language, that they threw themselves alternately into his bosom, confessed their crimes, becametrue penitents, and in a short time after they embraced a monastic life.


THE manner of acquainting the public, through the medium of a journal, with what passes in the republic of letters, is one of the most laudable attempts of the sixteenth century, The honour of this undertaking is due to M. De Salls, ecclesiastic counsellor in the parliament of Paris, His Journal was received with universal applause, and was soon followed by others on the same plan in Italy and Germany. In 1682, Mr. Mencke began the Acta Erudi. torum Lipsiensia, which was carried on several years with increasing celebrity. Soon after, two journals appeared in Italy, one at Venice, and the other at Padua. Messrs. Bayle and Leclerc, having come to reside in the Low Countries, the first at Rotterdam and the other at Amsterdam, were surprised to find that in Holland, which might then be called the mart of learning, and the rendezvous of learned men, in consequence of the freedom of the press, the number of booksellers, and immense libraries, public and private ; in such a country, and with such ad

: vantages, these learned men were not a little surprised to find, that no person had as yet thought of publishing a literary journal. M. Leclerc immediately launched one, which he continued down to 1727. M. Bayle was so busily engaged in composing his Biographical Dictionary, a work of immense research, that he was obliged to drop his periodical labours in a few years: Mr. Beauval, however, took it

and continued it under the title of The Works of the Learned. Mr. Bernard's News from the Republic of Letters was well received, as well as the Journal de Trevoux ; the latter, however, was considered as a partial production, in matters of religion and politics, and was conducted by a party of Jesuits. M. de Pontchartrain, Lord High Chancellorof France, in 1710, engaged some of the ablest pens in the academy, to conduct a new Journal. M. Fontenelle wrote the philosophical part, M. Du Pin laboured in divinity with general approbation, and M. Vaillant acquitted himself, with great reputation, in antiquities, &c. M. De la Croze, at the instance of Bishop Stillingfleet, published a Journal in


, English, which he dedicated to that learned prelate. The Rev. Mr. Droz began a literary journal in Dublin, in 1744. As he was a man of letters and unwearied industry, he kept it alive, if the expression may be used, for some years, which is the more surprising, as the Irish in those days, in the words of Mr. Pinkerton, were not much addicted to reading.



IN the year 1708, Captain Stanhope, cruising off Genoa, or some part of that coast, gave chase to a felucca, and took her. In rifling, they found a man on board who appeared like a gentleman: he was carried to the captain, who asked him who he was; but the man appeared



extremely rejoiced, and asked Captain Stanhope if what he had heard from the boatmen, that he was General Stanhope's brother, was true? The Captain replied, that he was; upon which the gentleman told him, he was charged with an important commission for his brother, and he was sure the General would be well pleased if the Captain would convey him to the place where he was. To this the Captain told him, he was going the wrong way for Spain. Yes, Sir,” answered he, “ but I was ordered to address

myself to the first English minister that will convey me to Spain to your brother; I therefore hope you will forbid my cloak-bag and little trunk to be rifled, as there are things in them of the utmost consequence." To convince him, he'shewed a bill of exchange for above an hundred thousand livres upon 'Genoa, or any place where there was trade. Captain Stanhope, though before a little suspicious, not believing the bill to be forged, fancied there might be some little truth in the story, but told the gentleman what the consequence would be of his leaving his station: but the gentleman assuring the Captain that he would be indemnified for it, and that he would pledge his life for the consequences, he consented to carry him to Barcelona, which he did immediately. Upop landing, he opened his powers; and went to General Stanhope to treat with him




from the Duke of Orleans (afterwards regent), who then commanded the French army in Spain, about bringing over that whole army to the English, as all the commanding officers of corps were devoted to him, upon condition they would make him King of Spain : he promised, on his part, to grant the English free trade-to give them Alicant, Cadiz, and several other seaports ; that all the treasures from the Indies, and all other merchandises, should be brought to Spain in English bottoms, and convoyed by English men of war. He further desired General Stanhope would meet somebody he would send, in the mountains of Catalonia, at the time he would appoint.

The General was a good deal surprised at the strangeness of these propositions; but being convinced it was not a forgery, sent a trumpet to the Spanish camp, under pretence of getting back one Desborough (now Lieut. General), who was at that time prisoner, and by that means appointed the time and place of meeting. The Duke of Orleans wrote with his own hand to General Stanhope, by Mr. Desborough, telling him, that he hoped the present of snuff which he had sent him by such a one (naming the gentleman taken at sea) was agreeable to him; desired, if he liked it, he would let him know, that he might procure more of the same; and the rest


« FöregåendeFortsätt »