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often had recourse to friends to write from his dictation ; among others to himself and the members of his family : that it is his full conviction, that, from the day of the Rajah's arrival in this country, he stood in no need of any assistance except that of a mere mechanical hand to write : and that he has often been struck --and recollects that he was particularly so at the time the Rajah was writing his Answers to the Queries on the Judicial and Revenue Departments - with his quick and correct diction, and his immediate perception of occasional errors when he came to revise the matter. These facts I and others have repeatedly heard from the Mr. Hares ; and I rest with conviction upon them. It is happy for the Rajah's memory that he lived in the closest intimacy and confidence with friends who are able and willing to defend it, wherever truth and justice require.'

When guided by disinterested sources of information, the Asiatic Journal speaks as truth and justice require. Some parts of the article in question have obviously the authority of a person who has access to information that will be most valuable to the future historian of Rammohun Roy. The paragraph preceding that on which I have been animadverting, is alike striking and just.

He was undoubtedly an extraordinary man. The mere “ circumstance of his being able, by his own unassisted

energies, to burst asunder the cerements in which the “ Hindoo intellect had been shrouded for so many centuries, " would be sufficient to secure him a name. But his literary “ acquisitions in ten different langauges-Sanscrit, Arabic, “ Persian, Bengalee, Hindustanee, Hebrew, Greek, Latin, “ English, and French--most of which he could write and

speak fluently; the acuteness of his understanding ; the “philosophical precision of his writings, so utterly unlike “the loose composition of the best Hindoo authors; and the “ graceful and imposing qualities of his external or superficial “.character; vindicate the Rajah's claims to the title we have

given him”.*

With such “ literary acquisitions” as are here enumerated, with such critical and logical accuracy in the use of the English language as he undoubtedly possessed, with a mode of composition in which precision, clearness, and effect on the hearer's convictions seem the chief aim, with so obvious a unity of style as runs through his writings at various periods, and so perfect an adaptation of it to the character of the sentiments expressed, and with such testimony as is borne by his domestic friends to his actual habits of composition, it is not too much to expect that the well-judging part of the public will not be influenced by representations which, in proportion to their influence, throw a mist around his services, and even his character, to mislead those who did not know him personally and thoroughly. By those who had this privilege, no such influence can be received.

* The last clause does not refer to his personal appearance, which the Journal, had before depicted, in p. 208. “The person of Ram Mohun " Roy was a very fine, one. He was nearly six feet high; his limbs

were robust and well-proportioned, though latterly, either through

age or increase of bulk, he appeared rather unwieldy and inactive. “ His face was beautiful ; the features large and manly, the forehead

lofty and expanded, the eyes dark and animated, the nose finely “ curved and of due proportion, the lips full, and the general expres“sion of the countenance that of intelligence and benignity.” This is painting to the life. “ The best portrait of him extant” adds the Note “ is a full-sized one by Briggs. It is a good picture, as well as an admirable likeness.” This portrait is now exhibiting in the Bristol Institution. I fully concur in the Journal's praise of it. It gives, indeed, the impression of less bulky person than the Rajah's was, in at least the later part of life ; and the mouth does not satisfy me in its form or its expression : but the rest of the countenance, the attitude of the figure, and the hands — beautifully significant, as well as masterly painted-give that expression to the whole which those who contemplate Rammohun Roy as the Hindoo Şage and Reformer would most desire. It is the expression of devout, reflecting, benignant philanthropy; hopeful, yet with a tinge of pensive solicitude ; looking onward, and upward, and contemplating the gleams of truth and righteousness breaking forth to enlighten and to bless his country.

he was.

I pass on with pleasure to a passage near the close of the Memoir in the Asiatic Journal, which presents the Rajah as

“ The more he mingled with society in Europe, “ the more strongly he became persuaded that religious belief “is the only sure ground-work of virtue. "If I were to settle “ with my family in Europe', he used to say, I would never “ introduce them to any but religious persons, and from "amongst them only would I select my friends : amongst



* The paragraphs preceding and that following what is cited in the text, deserve to be weighed well by those whom they respectively con

The writer says that the Rajah often deplored the existence of a party which had sprung up in Calcutta, composed principally of “ imprudent young men, some of them possessing talent, who had “ avowed themselves sceptics in the widest sense of the term. He “ described it as partly composed of East Indians, partly of the Hindoo

youth who, from education, had learnt to reject their own faith “ without substituting any other. These he thought more debased “ than the most bigoted Hindoo, and their principles the bane of all

morality”. I do not know whether this is too highly-coloured; but I learn that it expresses the Rajah’s sentiments generally. The writer afterwards

“ He remarked in the Unitarians [of England) a “ want of that fervour of zeal and devotion found among other sects, " and felt doubtful whether a system appealing to reason only was “ calculated to produce a permanent influence on mankind”. There is nothing in Unitarian Christianity to prevent the exercise of all that fervour of zeal and devotion which was manifested by the first teachers of the Gospel ; though we should shrink from exciting the tempests of the passions, or those fervours of imagination which devour rather than animate the principle of vital godliness. If, tried by scriptural tests, we prove deficient in zeal and devotion, it is our own personal fault; for our views of Christian truth appeal to the noblest and warmest affections, as well as to the sound understanding ; and to the imagination also, as far as it is the ally of truth and duty, and the aid of faith in unseen realities. The writer obviously has only a superficial acquaintance with Unitarians and their system ; and has inferrcd too much from the Rajah's known opinions on the subject, or from his occasional expressions of disappointment or dissatisfaction.


“them I find such kindness and friendship, that I feel as if “surrounded by my own kindred'.” These obviously are ipsissima verba ; and the recorder of them, or at any rate many of my readers, will experience true delight, in seeing also the very words of another respecting him, (in a letter of recent date,) written in haste, but exactly conveying the sentiments of the writer ; in no way designed for the public eye, but not improperly, I hope, presented to it. Their source will be obvious to those who have read my early pages.

I had interchanged a few letters with that great and excellent man while he was in Calcutta ; and had looked with the highest interest to the hour when I should see him in England. And devoutly do I thank our heavenly Father that I was permitted to see him. Before I met him here, he was, however, comparatively only an object to me of exalted admiration. But I had not been an hour with him, before that revelation was made to me of his heart, which called forth the far higher and more delightful sentiment of love. Yes, in the acquaintance of an hour he became to me an object of very high and strong affection ; for I saw in him the most unequivocal evidences of an advancement in christian piety and virtue, -- which I have seen in few, very few, of those who have been born and reared under the strongest lights, and best influences of our religion”.





FRIDAY, the 18th of October, 1833.


The Nation sat in darkness ; for the night

Of pagan gloom was o'er it :- Thou wast orn

Midst superstition's ignorance forlorn :
Yet in thy breast there glow'd a heavenly light
Of purest truth and love; and to thy sight

Appear'd the day-star of approaching morn.

What ardent zeal did then thy life adorn, From deep degrading guilt to lead aright Thy fallen people ; to direct their view

To that bless'd Sun of Righteousness, whence beams Guidance to all that seek it-faithful- true;

To call them to the Saviour's living streams. The cities of the East have heard thy voice“ Nations behold your God! rejoice-rejoice.”

Is. xl. o.

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