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INDEPENDENCY

OF THE

CHURCH

UPON THE

S T A TE,

As to its Pure

Spiritual Powers:

Proved from The Holy SCRIPTURES, and the

Writings of the Primitive Fathers. With ANSWERS to the most Material

OBJECTIONS.

By THOMAS BRETT, LL. D.
As
my
Father bath sent me, even so send

I you. S. John xx. 21.

LONDON: Printed for HENRY CLEMENTS, at the

Half-Moon in S. Paul's Church-yard. 1717.

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ERRÀ TA PAGE 2, Margin, Line 2. for Gal. vii. read Gal.vi. Pag. 3. Lin. 3o.

for Words, read Word. Pag. 12. Lin. 14. after. Christo put a Colon. Pag: 21. Mars. Lin. 1. for Rom. xiii. read Rom. xii. Pag: 27. Lin, 11 read Porphyrie. Pag. 28. Lin. 29. after did, add not. Pag:31. Lin. 26. dead detefted. Pag. 34. Lin. 7. for it, read they. Pag. 37. Lin. 23. for four, read for., Pag:40. Lin. 25. read together. Pag. 48. Lin. 9. read compulsory; Ibid. Lin.za for nominate, read nominates pag.st. Marga Lin. 1. read Account of Chutch-Government. Pag. 60. Lin. zi. for deligated, read delegated. Pag. 62. Lin, s, after it put a Colon. Pag. 64. Lin.31. after Office put a Comma. Ibid. Lin. ult. for to, read or. Pag:65. Lin. 18. after Men put a Commą. Ibid. Lin. 3o. for may, read might: Pag: 73. Marg: for Cor. xiv. read Cor. iv. pag. 75. Lin. 4. for jult, read unjuft. Ibid. Marg. for Chron. xxviii

. read Chron. xxvii. Rag: 77. Lin, 3 dele that. Pag: 92. Lin. 11. for thy, read theyć Pag. 1.2. Lin.9.

30 read Separation. Pag. 104. Lin. 9. dele the. Pag. 110. Lin. 6. for per {waded, 'read persoaded. Pag. 111. Lin. 17. after Person put a Note of * Interrogation. lbid. Lin. 18. after Fault put a full stop.

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Τ Η Ε ́

CON TENTS

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INTRODUCTION. SI.

T is unjust to charge primitive Doctrines as Popilha and gives the Papist's great Advantages again!

Page i G. II. Therefore, to inform our Flocks what are the Doctrines

of the Primitive Church, is the beft Method to preserve

them from Popery: * $ III. The present and fome folloning Treatises designed for this purpose

vi 9 IV: The Masters here proposed to be treated of, are the same

Primitive Doctrines which I defended in my Vindication of myself from the Charge of Popery, with the Addition of two other Points, viz, Mixing Water with the Wine in the Holy Eucharist. And the Practice of Chrism in Confirmasi tion. With a Declaration of my Defire, that we should res store all the Universal Customs of the Church as they were at the Time of the Council of Nice.

vit V. This the best Method to introduce Catholick Unity in the Church.

viii 然染發茶楼茶楼茶赞赞赞赞赞赞 The Independency of the Church upan

the State, as to its pure Spiritual Powers.

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HAT Are the Spiritual Powers of the
Church, as set down in Holy Scripture.

Pag. I
A 2

11.

9 II. Objection concerning Kings being Nursing Fathers of the
Church, consider’d.

3

♡ III. The Pope's Encroachments on the State the Occasion of

setting up ibe Regale to such an Height in the Reign of

King Henry VIII.

4

IV. A Query

, put at that Time concerning the Regal Autho-

rity in Spiritual "Affairs. And how it was then differently

answered.

5

g V. Another Query at the same time, and 10 the same

Purpose, wirb the Anfwers then given..

6

9 VI. This is the Beginning of those Principles non called

Eraftian.

8

9 VII

. Christ the Head of the Church ; therefore all Spiritual

Power must be derived from him.

9

VIII. Christ committed no Part of this power to the Magi-

strate, but to his Apofles and their Succeffors.

9 IX. This Power not imply'd in the Civil Magistrate's S-

Premacy.

9 X. Supreme Head of the Church, a new Tiile never af

Jum'd by any Prince before King Hen. VIII.

14

XI. What Power be affum'd by virtue of this Title. 16

XII. He seemi'd to think Bishops but his Deputies, even in

Spiritual Matters, but was not fully satisfy'd in ebat Point. 17

g XIII. And never durft take upon him to confecrate a Bishop.

18

9 XIV. This Title only given to him and his Son, King Ed-

ward VI. and repealed by Parliament in the next Reign, nor

ever after restored,

19

9 XV. Strange therefore that any, especially Clergy-men,

should now give our Kings this Tiile.

9 XVI. Kings have, however, a Civil Authority over Spiritual

Persons.

9 XVII. And in Civil Sanctions annexed to Spiritual Canfes. 23

9 XVII. This the Right of all Princes, whether Heathen or

Christian.

28

9 XIX. Appeals from the Archbishop to the King, as used in

this Realm, confiderd.

29

S XX. The Independency of the Churchin as to pure Spiritual

Matters, asserted by the Homilies.

31

9.XXI. And also in an Alt of Parliament.

34

$ XXII. How she Spiritual and Temporal Governor may, and

in fome Cafes mult, both judge tbe Jame Perfen, and in re

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lation to the Same Cause, and yet neither interfere with the

otber.

36

XXIII. The Civil Magistrate cannot give or take away a

Spiritual Office:

40

9 XXIV. The Kings naming or recommending a Perfon 10 be

consecrated a Bisloop; does not give such an one the Episcopal

Commission.

43

9 XXV. And our Bishops, though so nominated by the King

yes receive their Spiritual Authority from Senior Bishops, and

To have the fame Power which the Apostles and Primitive

Bishops bad.

45

♡ XXVI. Therefore, as the Civil Magistrate does not give

shis Power, fo neither can be take it away.

47

S XXVII. The Bishop bas no Spiritual Superior in his own

Line or District, as is proved from Scripture.

51

s XXVIII

. This superiour Authority of the Bishop necessary to

preserve the Unity of the Body of Chrift.

55

$ XXIX. And unless this Unity be preferu'd, all Gifts and

Graces are norbing worth, as S. Paul teaches.

57

$ XXX. For, the Breach of this Unity makes a Schism, and

destroys the Band of Charity : And the People had no

Power to depose their Bishop, or put another in his Place. 59

♡ XXXI. Neither bad the Civil

Magistrate any such Power. 1b.

5 XXXII. Neither did the Bishop's Non-Residence, or Necef-

fary Absence, deprive bim of his Authority over his Flock. 60

♡ XXXIII. Nor the Civil Magistrate's Prohibition.

61

XXXIV. The Intruders into another Bishop's District were

Schismaticks, though supported by the Civil Magistrate. 62

9 XXXV. All this prov'd from S. Paul's Doctrine.

I XXXVI. Dr. Hody's Notion about Deprivations by Irre-

sistible Force, contrary to S. Paul's Doctrine,

65

9 XXXVII. His Misrepresentation of the Noyatian and Do

natist Schifms.

68

9 XXXVIII. An Account of the Novatian Schifm from

S. Cyprian and others living at that Time.

Ibid.

9 XXXix. An Account of the Donatift Schism from Con-

temporary Authors.

72

S XL No Irresillible Force can be used to depose a Bishop. 74

XLI. The Case of Abiathar faid 10 bave been depos'd by So-

lomon.

75

6 XLII. That Cafe consider'd.

76

9 XLIII. An Answer to several Queries. 1. Whether Chrift

appointed

A3

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