The Welfare of Cattle

Framsida
Springer Science & Business Media, 8 dec. 2007 - 310 sidor
Animal welfare is attracting increasing interest worldwide, but particularly from those in developed countries, who now have the knowledge and resources to be able to offer the best management systems for their farm animals, as well as potentially being able to offer plentiful resources for companion, zoo and laboratory animals. The increased attention given to farm animal welfare in the West derives largely from the fact that the relentless pursuit of financial reward and efficiency has led to the development of intensive animal production systems that challenge the conscience of many consumers in those countries. In developing countries, human survival is still a daily uncertainty, so that provision for animal welfare has to be balanced against human welfare. Welfare is usually provided for only if it supports the output of the animal, be it food, work, clothing, sport or companionship. In re- ity, there are resources for all if they are properly husbanded in both developing and developed countries. The inequitable division of the world’s riches creates physical and psychological poverty for humans and animals alike in many parts of the world. Livestock are the world’s biggest land user (FAO, 2002) and the population is increasing rapidly to meet the need of an expanding human population. Populations of farm animals managed by humans are therefore increasing worldwide, and there is the tendency to allocate fewer resources to each animal.
 

Innehåll

Health Disease and Productivity
15
Stress and Physiological
43
Animal Behaviour
70
Acute or ShortTerm Challenges to Animal Welfare
115
Housing for Adult Cattle
142
Housing for Growing Animals
181
Feeding and Nutrition
211
Stockmanship and the Interactions
229
Conclusions
254
Index
305
Upphovsrätt

Andra upplagor - Visa alla

Vanliga ord och fraser

Populära avsnitt

Sida ii - Clive Phillips, Series Editor Professor of Animal Welfare and Director, Centre for Animal Welfare and Ethics, School of Veterinary Science, University of Queensland, Australia. Reference: Food and Agriculture Organisation (2002).
Sida vii - This series has been designed to provide academic texts discussing the provision for the welfare of the major animal species that are managed and cared for by humans. They are not detailed blueprints for the management of each species, rather they describe and consider the major welfare concerns of the species, often in relation to the wild progenitors of the managed animals.
Sida vii - ... animals on farms and in laboratories are tended by fewer and fewer humans in the drive to enhance labour efficiency. In today's busy lifestyle pets too may suffer from reduced contact with humans, although their value in providing companionship, particularly for certain groups such as the elderly, is increasingly recognised.
Sida vii - Some, such as many pet owners, aim for what they believe to be the highest levels of welfare provision, while others, deliberately or through ignorance, keep animals in impoverished conditions or even dangerously close to death. Religious beliefs and directives encouraging us to care for animals have been cast aside in an act of supreme human selfconfidence, stemming largely from the accelerating pace of scientific development. Instead, today's moral codes are derived as much from media reports of...
Sida 3 - Protocol of Amendment to the European Convention for the Protection of Animals kept for Farming Purposes (1992) 146.

Bibliografisk information