« FöregåendeFortsätt »
N. B. This year the youth are to make themes; write letters; give descriptions and characters; and to turn Latin into English, with great regard to punctuation and choice of words. Some English and Latin orations are to be delivered, with proper grace both of elocution and gesture. Arithmetic begun.
Some of the youth, it is found, go through these stages in three years, but most require four, and many five years; especially if they begin under nine or ten years of age. The masters must exercise their best discretion in this respect.
Those who can acquit themselves to satisfaction in the books laid down for the fourth stage, after public examination, proceed to the study of the sciences, and are admitted into the philosophy schools, by the name of Freshmen or Noviciates, with the privilege of being distinguished with an under-graduate's gown. The method of study prosecuted in these schools for the term of three years, follows; and the portion of reading allotted for each month- is particularly dis. tinguished.
PRIVATE HOURS. Books recommended for improving the youth in the various branches. Spectator, Rambler, &c. for the improvement of style, and knowledge of lif.'.
Barrow's Lecture's. Pardie's Geometry. Maclaurin's Algebra. Ward's Mathematics. Keil's Trigonometry.
Watts' Logic, and Supplement. Locke on Human Understanding. Hutcheson's Metaphysics. Varenius's Geography.
Watts' Ontology and Essays. King de Orig. Mali, with Law's Notes. Johnson's Elem. Philosophy.
Introduction to rhetoric,
Horace's Art Poet, critically
Seniors. May 15.
First term. Three months.
Second term. Three months.
January Third term. Four months.
Cicero pro Milone.
N. B. During the applica-
Patavii Rationar. Temporum
Afternoons of this third term, for composition and declamation on moral and physical subjects.—Philosophy acts held
Vossius. Bossu. Pere Bohours. Dryden's Essays and Prefaces. Spence on Pope's Odyssey. Trapp's Pralect. Poet. Dionysius Halicarn. Demetrius Phalereus. Strada: Prolusiones.
Patoun's Navigation. Gregory's Geometry.—on Fortification. Simson's Conic Sections. Maclaurin's and Emerson's Fluxions. Palladio br Ware.
Helsham's Lectures. Gravesande. Cote's Hydrostatics. Desaguliers. Muschenbroek. ntroduction. Margin's Philosophy. Sir Isaac Newton's Philosophy. Maclau rin's View of ditto. Renault per Clarke.
Puft'endorf by Barbeyrac. Cumberland de Leg. Sidney. Harrington. Seneca. Hutcheson's Works. Locke on Government. Hooker's I'olity.
Scaliger de Emendatione Temporum. Preceptor. Le Clerc's Compendof History. -Gregory's Astronomy. Fortescue on Laws. N. Bacon's Discourses. My lord Bacon's Works. Locke on Coin. Davenant. Gee's Compend Ray Derham. Spectacle de la Na • :ure. Religious Philosopher.
Holy Bible, to be read
daily from the beginning, and now to supply the deficiencies of tha whole.
Concerning the foregoing plan, it is to be remarked that life itself being too short to attain a perfect acquaintance Mhh the whole circle of the sciences, nothing can be proposed by any scheme of collegiate education, but to lay such a general foundation in all the branches of literature, as may enable the youth to perfect themselves in those particular parts, to which their business, or genius, may afterwards lead them; and scarce any thing has more obstructed the advancement of sound learning, that a vain imagination, that a few years, spent at college, can render youth such absolute masters of science, as to absolve them from all future study.
Those concerned in the management of this seminary, as far as their influence extends, would wish to propagate a contrary doctrine; and though they flatter themselves that, by a due execution of the foregoing plan, they shall enrich their country with many minds, that are liberally accomplished, and send out none that may justly be denominated barren, or unimproved; yet they hope, that ihe youth committed to their care, will neither at college, nor afterwards, rest satisfied with such a general knowledge, as is to be acquired from the public lectures and exercises. They rather trust that those, whose taste is once formed for the acquisition of solid wisdom, will think it their duty and most rational satisfaction, to accomplish themselves still farther, by manly perseverance in private study and meditation.
To direct them in this respect, the last column contains a choice of approved writers in the various branches of literature, which will be easily understood when once a foundation is laid in the books to be used as classics, under the several lectures. For these books will not be found in this last column, which is only meant as a private library, to be consulted occasionally in the lectures, for the illustration of any particular part; and to be read afterwards, for completing the whole.
In the disposition of the parts of this scheme, a principal regard has been paid to the connexion and subserviency of the sciences, as well as to the gradual opening of young minds. Those parts are placed first which are suited to strengthen the inventive faculties, and are instrumental to what follows. Those are placed last, which require riper judgment, and are more immediately connected with the main business of life.
In the mean time, it is proposed that they shall never drop their acquaintance with the classic sages. They are every day called to converse with some one of the ancients, who, at the same time that he charms with all the beauties of language, is generally illustrating that particular branch of philosophy or science, to which the other hours of the day are devoted. Thus, by continually drawing something from the most admired masters of sentiment and expression, the taste of youth will be gradually formed, to just criticism, and masterly composition.
For this reason, composition, in the strict meaning of tho term, cannot well be begun at an earlier period than is proposed in the plan. The knowledge of Mathematics is not more necessary, as an introduction to natural philosophy, than an acquaintance
Vol. i. 5 u