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that severed Montgomery from his army, deprived them of more than a member. It reached the vitals, and struck the whole body with a temporary death. As when the forked lightning, darting through the forest, amid the black tempests of night, rends some towering oak, and lays its honours in the dust, the inferior trees which it had long sheltered from the storm, stand mournful around,so stood the astonished bands over their fallen chieftain!—nor over him alone; but over others, in .their prime of glory, prostrate by his side!
Here, ye Pennsylvadian youths, second to none in virtue, let a portion of your tears be sacred to the manes of Macpherson! You remember his generous spirit in his early years, for he drank of the same springs of science with many of you now before me; and we who reached the cup to your lip, rejoice that it contributed to invigorate both him and you into wisdom and public spirit. Having finished his scholastic* education, he studied the laws of his country, under a lawyer and patriotf of distinguished name; and animated by his example, as well as precepts, had become eminent in his profession, at an age when
• He was educated partly at the college of Philadelphia, and partly at that of New-Jersey. A few days before his death, he visited the very spot en which General Wolfe expired; and the reflections in his letter on this occasion, as well as in that which he left sealed up, for his father, in case of his death in the attack upon Quebec, were such as became a Christian and a tolclier. He bequeathed what little fortune he had accumulated, to his only brother, an officer in the regular army. As a reward for his services, he was appointed by the Congress, a Major in a battalion to be raised in the Delaware counties, but had received no account of this promotion. \ f John Dickinson, Esquire.
some have scarce begun to think of business. The love of liberty being his ruling passion, he thought it his duty in the present struggle, to offer himself to the service of his country, and he had soon an opportunity of attaining that military pre-eminence, of which he was laudably ambitious.
Enjoying a hereditary bravery, joined to a well cultivated understanding, and an active spirit, he soon became the bosom friend of General Montgomery, was his aid de camp, was entrusted with a share in the management of his most important negociations, stood by his side in the attack upon Quebec, and being, as it were, animated by one common soul, and dear to each other in life—in death, they were not a moment divided!
Here likewise fell Captain Cheeseman, of the New-York forces, covered with honour, and lamented by all who knew him, as an active and gallant officer. His particular merits, as well as the merits of some others, who shared his fate, ought to be more fully commemorated on this occasion, if proper accounts of them could be collected.
I must not, however, omit the name of the brave Captain Hendricks,who commanded one of the Pennsylvania rifle-companies, and was known to me from his infancy. He was indeed prodigal of his life, and courted danger out of his tour of duty. The command of the guard belonged to him, on the morning of the attack; but he solicited and obtained leave to take a more conspicuous post; and having led his men through the barrier, where his commanding officer, General Arnold, was wounded, he long sustained the fire of the garrison with unshaken firmness, till at last, receiving a shot in his breast, he immediately expired.*
Such examples of magnanimity filled even adversaries with veneration and esteem. Forgetting the Joes in the heroes, they gathered up their breathless remains, and committed them to kindred dust, with pious hands "and funeral honours meet."—So may your own remains, and particularly thine, O! Carlton, be honoured, should it ever be your fate to fall in hostile fields! Or if, amid the various chances of war, your lot should be among the prisoners and the wounded, may you be distinguished with an ample return of that benevolence which you have shewn to others. Such offices of humanity, softening the savage scenes of war, will entitle you to an honour which all the pride of conquest cannot bestow—much less a conquest over fellow-subjects, contending for the common rights of freemen.
By such offices as these, you likewise give a gleam of comfort to those mourners, who mi x their tears without ourf Schuylkill and Susquehannah; and to her J especially, on Hudson's river, pre-eminent in woe! Ye angels and ministers of grace, complete her consolations! Tell her, in gentlest accents, what wreaths of glory you have entwined, to adorn the brows of those who die for their country; and hovering for a while, on the tving of pity, listen to the mournful strain, flowing to a deceased husband.
• These particulars were certified by General Thompson and Colonel Magaiu, his commanders in the Pennsylvania rifle-regiment, and they give me this further eharacterof him in their letter, viz. "No fatigues or duty "ever discouraged him....He paid the strictest attention to his company, "and was ambitious that they should excel in discipline, sobriety and 4• order. His social and domestic virtues you were well acquainted with."—
t The rivers on which the parents of Major Macpherson and Captain Hendricks live.
J Mrs. Montgomery. - •
* Sweet ivy twin'd with myrtle, form a shade
Having now paid the honours due to the memories of our departed friends, what need I add more? Illustrious, although short, was their race! "But old age is not that which standeth in length of time, nor is measured by number of years—wisdom is the grey hair to man, and an unspotted life is old age."
To such men, Rome in all her glory would have decreed honours; and the resolve of Congress to transmit the memory of their virtues, is worthy of that magnanimity which ought to characterize public bodies. Jealous and arbitrary rulers are sparing of honours to those who serve them, lest their own should be thus eclipsed. But your lustre, gentlemen, can suffer no diminution this way; and the glory you justly bestow upon others, will only be reflected to encrease your own!
• The original lines, for which these were substituted and performed
to music, are well known, viz.
"Wind gentle ever-green to form a shade,
"Around the tomb where Sophocles is laid, &c.
Part of the two last lines is from an ode of Collim.
AMERICAN PHILOSOPHICAL SOCIETY.
ON motion, resolved unanimously, that the thanks of this. Society be given to the Rev. Dr. William Smith, for preparing, and delivering at their desire, the Okation or Eulocium, as a tribute to the memory of their illustrious president Dr. BenJamin FrAxkli N ; and that he be requested to furnish the society with a copy of the same, for publication.
Ordered, that a transcript of this resolution be forthwith made, and delivered to Dr. Smith, by one of the secretaries-. Extract from the Minutes,
Samuel Magaw, Secretary. Manch 4, 1791.
TO THE PUBLIC.
THE assistance derived by the author in the composition of the following Eulogium, from the friendly communications of some of his learned colleagues, among the officers of the American Philosophical Society, requires his public acknowledgments to be made to them, viz.
To David Rittenhouse, Esq. L. L. D. president of the society, for sundry papers, which have been digested into the account of Dr. Franklin's electrical and philosophical discoveries, from page 64 to /I.
To Thomas Jefferson, Esq. L. L. D. one of the vice presidents of the society, and secretary of the United States, for his letter, concerning Dr. Franklin's ministry at the court of France, page 75 to 77.
To Jonathan Williams, Esq. one of the secretaries of the society, for the original letter, page SO, 81; and some papers in the appendix.
To Benjamin Rush, M. D. one of the council of the society, for some sketches of Dr. Franklin's character, of which the author has availed himself, p. 50.
The length of time, which (from some necessary avocations both of the author and publisher) has intervened between the delivery of this Eulogium, and its issuing from the press, requires an apology; and might induce an expectation of its appearing at Ust in a more improved state. But if either the author's leisure or abilities had permitted the attempt of improvements, by a deviation from the original work, he would have considered them us unjustifiable on such an occasion; and therefore, it is submitted to the public candor, without the least addition, excepting the appendix, and the alteration only of a few words.