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- her high chamber with its broad east- held; and it was perhaps a fortnight ern windows, to be given up for the low thereafter that the same secret took dingy walls of a settler's cabin, her free wing, and few wildly over the neighgirlhood for the hard struggles of a borhood. settler's wife! Sickness, perhaps, - John Walker's little farm was gone certainly the lonesome nights and days for good and all. The few sheep, and of a home remote from neighbors, and the cows, and the pig, and the fowls, the dreariness and hardship insepa- together with the greater part of the rable from the working out of better household furniture, were scattered over fortunes. But all these things, even the neighborhood; the smoke was gone though they should all come, were from the chimney, and the windows were light in comparison with losing him ! curtainless; and the grave of John, with

Perhaps Hobert had desired and ex a modest but decent headstone, and pected to hear her say this. At any a rose-bush newly planted beside it, rate, he did not insist on a reversal of was left to the care of strangers. The her decision, as, with his arms about last visits had been paid, and the last her, he proceeded to explain why he good-byes and good wishes exchanged ; had come to her that night with so and the widow and her younger chilheavy a heart. The substance of all dren were far on their journey, - Hohe related may be recapitulated in a bert remaining for a day or two to disfew words. Thé land could not be pose of his smart young horse, as it paid for, and the homestead must be was understood, and then follow on. sold. He would not be selfish and for At this juncture, Mr. Bowen one sake his mother, and his young broth- morning opened the stair-door, as was ers and sisters in their time of need. his custom, soon after daybreak, and By careful management of the little that called harshly out, “ Jinny! Jinny! its could be saved, he might buy in the high time you was up ! West a better farm than that which Five minutes having elapsed, and the was now to be given up; and there to young girl not having yet appeared, the build a cabin and plant a garden would call was repeated more harshly than be easy,--0, so easy!— with the smile before. “Come, Jinny, come! or I'll of Jenny to light him home when the know what's the reason !” day's work was done.

She did not come; and five minutes In fact, the prospective hardships more having passed, he mounted the vanished away at the thought of her stairs with a quick, resolute step, to for his little housekeeper. It was such know what was the reason. He came easy work for fancy to convert the down faster, if possible, than he went work-days into holidays, and the thick up. " Mother, mother!” he cried, wilderness into the shining village, rushing toward Mrs. Bowen, who stood where the schoolhouse stood open all at the table sifting meal, his gray hair the week, and the sweet bells called streaming wildly back, and his cheek them to church of a Sunday; easy blanched with amazement, “ Jinny's work for that deceitful elf to make the run away! -- run away, as chimney-corner snug and warm, and to you're a livin' woman. Her piller embellish it with his mother in her has n't been touched last night, and easy - chair. When they parted that her chamber 's desarted !” night, each young heart was trembling And this was the secret that took with the sweetest secret it had ever wing and flew over the neighborhood.

sure as

1866.] The Retreat from Lenoir's and the Siege of Knoxville.

21

THE RETREAT FROM LENOIR'S AND THE SIEGE OF

KNOXVILLE.

In or

was

L

ATE in October, 1863, the Ninth of a mile east of the village. The camp

Army Corps went into camp at was laid out with unusual care. Lenoir's Station, twenty - five miles der to secure uniformity throughout the southwest of Knoxville, East Tennes. regiment, the size of the log-houses see. Since April, the corps had cam- they were to be ten feet by sixpaigned in Kentucky, had participated announced in orders from regimental in the siege of Vicksburg, had accom head-quarters. The work of construcpanied Sherman into the interior of tion was at once commenced. UnforMississippi in his pursuit of Johnston, tunately, we were so far from our base had returned to Kentucky, and then, in of supplies -- Camp Nelson, Kentucky conjunction with the Twenty-third Ar- – that nearly all our transportation was my Corps, marching over the moun- required by the Commissary Departtains into East Tennessee, in a brief but ment for the conveyance of its stores. brilliant campaign under its old leader Consequently, the Quartermaster's Deand favorite, Burnside, had delivered partment was poorly supplied ; and the the loyal people of that region from the only axes which could be obtained were miseries of Rebel rule, and had placed those which our pioneers and company them once more under the protection cooks had brought with them for their of the old flag. But all this had not own use. These, however, were pressed been done without loss. Many of our into the service; and their merry ringing, brave comrades, who, through a storm as the men cheerfully engaged in the of leaden hail, had crossed the bridge at work, could be heard from early mornAntietam, and had faced death in a ing till evening. Small oaks, four and bundred forms on the heights of Fred- five inches in diameter, were chiefly ericksburg, had fallen on these widely used in building these houses. The separated battle-fields in the valley of logs were laid one above another, to the the Mississippi. Many, overborne by height of four feet, intersecting at the fatigue and exposure, had laid down corners of the houses like the rails of a their wasted bodies by the roadside and Virginia fence. · The interstices were in hospitals, and had gently breathed filled with mud. Shelter-tents, buttoned their young lives away. Many more, together to the size required, formed from time to time, had been rendered the roof, and afforded ample protection unfit for active service; and the corps, from the weather, except in very heavy now a mere skeleton, numbered less rains. Each house had its fireplace, than three thousand men present for table, and bunk. On the 13th of Noduty. Never did men need rest more vember the houses were nearly comthan they; and never was an order pleted; and as we sat by our cheerful more welcome than that which now de- fires that evening, and looked forward clared the campaign ended, and author- to the leisure and quiet of the winter ized the construction of winter quarters. before us, we thought ourselves the

The Thirty-sixth Massachusetts Vol- happiest of soldiers. Writing home at unteers-then in the First Brigade, First that time, I said that, unless something Division, Ninth Corps — was under the unforeseen should happen, we expected command of Major Draper, -- Lieuten- to remain at Lenoir's during the winant-Colonel Goodell having been se ter. verely wounded at the battle of Blue That something unforeseen was at Springs

, October 10. The place selected hand; and our pleasant dreams were for the winter quarters of the regiment destined to fade away like an unsubwas a young oak grove, nearly a quarter stantial pageant, leaving not a rack be

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hind. At four o'clock on the morning mained there, he would push bis colof the 14th I was roused from sleep by umns past our right, and get between loud knocks on the new-made door. In us and Knoxville. It was evident that the order which followed, “ Be ready to the place must be abandoned ; and there march at daybreak,” I recognized the was need of haste. The mills and facfamiliar, but unwelcome voice of the tories in the village were accordingly Sergeant-Major. Throwing aside my destroyed, and the wagon-train started blankets, and leaving the Captain dream- north. ily wondering what could be the occa- The morning had opened heavily with sion of so unexpected an order, I hur- clouds, and, as the day advanced, the ried to the quarters of the men of Com- rain came down in torrents. A little pany D, and repeated to the Orderly before noon, our division, then under Sergeant the instructions just received. the command of General Ferrero, moved The camp was soon astir. Lights out of the woods; but, instead of taking flashed here and there through the the road to Knoxville, as we had antitrees. “ Pack up! pack up!” passed cipated, the column marched down the from lip to lip. “Shall we take every- Loudon road. We were to watch the thing?” Yes, everything. The shel- enemy, and, by holding him in check, seter-tents were stripped from the houses, cure the safety of our trains and mateknapsacks and trunks were packed. rial, then on the way to Knoxville. The wagon for the officers' baggage A few miles from Lenoir's, while we came, was hurriedly loaded, and driven were halting for rest, General Burnside away. A hasty breakfast followed. Then, passed us on his way to the front. Unforming our line, we stacked arms, and der his slouched hat there was a sterner awaited further orders.

face than there was wont to be. There The mystery was soon solved. Long- is trouble ahead, said the men; but the street, having cut loose from Bragg's cheers which rose from regiment after army, which still remained in the vicin- regiment, as with his staff and battleity of Chattanooga, had, by a forced flag he swept past us, told the confimarch, struck the Tennessee River at dence which all felt in “Old Burnie.” Hough's Ferry, a few miles below Lou- Chapin's brigade of White's comdon. Already he had thrown a pon- mand (Twenty-third Army Corps) was toon across the river, and was crossing in the advance; and about four o'clock with his entire command, except the his skirmishers met those of the enemy, cavalry under Wheeler, which he had and drove them back a mile and a half. sent by way of Marysville, with orders We followed through mud and rain. to seize the heights on the south bank The country became hilly as we adof the Holston, opposite Knoxville. The vanced, and our artillery was moved whole movement was the 'commence- with difficulty. At dark we were in front ment of a series of blunders on the part of the enemy's position, having marched of the Rebel commanders in this de- nearly fourteen miles. The rain had partment, which resulted at length in now ceased. Halting, we formed our the utter overthrow of the Rebel army lines in thick woods, and stacked our of the Tennessee. General Grant saw arms, — weary and wet, and not in the at once the mistake which the enemy happiest of moods. had made, and ordered General Burn- During the evening a circular was side to fall back to Knoxville and in- received, notifying us of an intended trench, promising reinforcements speed- attack on the enemy's lines at nine ily. Knoxville was Longstreet's objec- o'clock, P. M., by the troops of White's. tive. It was the key of East Tennes- command; but, with the exception of see. Should it again fall into the en- an occasional shot, the night was a me's hands, we would be obliged to quiet one.

to Cumberland Gap. Lenoir's did The next morning, the usual reveille

in Longstreet's path. If we re- was omitted ; and, at daybreak, noise

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lessly our lines were formed, and we little as possible, for who could say it marched out of the woods into the would not be needed on the morrow? road. But it was not an advance. Throughout the long night, officers and During the night General Ferrero had men faltered not in their efforts to help received orders to fall back to Le- forward the batteries. In the light of noir's. Such, however, was the state subsequent events, it will be seen that of the roads, that it was almost impos- they could not have performed any sible to move our artillery. At one more important service. Colonel Hartime our whole regiment was detailed tranft that night displayed the same to assist Roemer's battery. Near Lou- spirit and energy which he infused into don we passed the Second Division of his gallant Pennsylvanians at Fort our corps, which during the night Steadman, in the last agonies of the had moved down from Lenoir's, in Rebellion, when, rolling back the fiercest order to be within supporting distance. assaults of the enemy, he gained the But the enemy did not seem disposed first real success in the trenches at to press us. We reached Lenoir's Petersburg, and won for himself the about noon. Sigfried, with the Second double star of a Major-General. Division, followed later in the day. Meanwhile, Morrison's brigade reOur brigade (Morrison's) was now mained on the Kingston road in front drawn up in line of battle on the King of Lenoir's. The enemy, anticipating ston road, as it was thought that the an evacuation of the place, made an enemy, by not pressing our rear, in- attack on our lines about ten o'clock, tended a movement from that direction. P. M. ; but a few shots on our part And such was the fact. The enemy were sufficient to satisfy him that we advanced against our position on this still held the ground. Additional pickroad, about four o'clock, and drove in ets, however, were sent out to extend our pickets. The Eighth Michigan was the line held by the Eighth Michigan. at once deployed as skirmishers. The The Thirty-sixth Massachusetts and Thirty-sixth Massachusetts and Forty- Forty-fifth Pennsylvania still remained fifth Pennsylvania at the same time in line of battle in the woods. Neither moved forward to support the skirmish- officers nor men slept that night. It ers, and formed their line of battle in was bitter cold, and the usual fires the woods, on the left of the road. were denied us, lest they should betray Just at dusk, the enemy made a dash, our weakness to the enemy. The men and pressed our skirmishers back nearly were opered to put their canteens and to our line, but did not seem inclined tin cups in their haversacks, and remain to advance any further.

quietly in their places, ready for any A portion of the Ninth Corps, under movement at a moment's notice. It Colonel Hartranft, and a body of mount- was a long, tedious, fearful night; what ed infantry,were now sent towards Knox- would the morrow bring? It was Sunville, with orders to seize and hold the day night. The day had brought us no junction of the road from Lenoir's with rest, -- only weariness and anxiety. No the Knoxville and Kingston road, near one could speak to his fellow; and in the village of Campbell's Station. The the thick darkness, through the long, distance was only eight miles, but the long night, we lay on our arms, waitprogress of the column was much re- ing for the morning. Ah, how many tarded. Such was still the condition hearts there were among us, which, of the roads that the artillery could be overleaping the boundaries of States, moved only with the greatest difficulty. found their way to Pennsylvanian and Colonel Biddle dismounted some of his New England homes, — how many, men, and hitched their horses to the which, on, the morrow, among the guns. In order to lighten the caissons, hills of East Tennessee, were to pour some of the ammunition was removed out their young blood even unto from the boxes and destroyed; but as death!

At length the morning came. It was now the enemy moving rapidly through cloudy as the day before. White's di- the woods, and threatening our rear, vision of the Twenty-third Corps was we executed a left half-wheel; and, adnow on the road to Knoxville ; and, be- vancing on the double-quick to the rail sides our own brigade, only Hum- fence which ran along the edge of the phrey's brigade of our division re woods, we opened a heavy fire. From mained at Lenoir's. About daybreak, this position the enemy endeavored to as silently as possible, we withdrew force us. His fire was well directed, from our position on the Kingston road, but the fence afforded us a slight proand, falling back through the village tection. Lieutenant Fairbank and a few of Lenoir's, moved towards Knoxville, of the men were here wounded. For a Humphrey's brigade covering the re- while, we held the enemy in check, but treat. Everything which we could not at length the skirmishers of the Fortytake with us was destroyed. Even our fifth Pennsylvania, who were watching baggage and books, which, for the want our right, discovered a body of Rebel of transportation, had not been re- infantry pushing towards our rear from moved, were committed to the flames. the Kingston road. Colonel Morrison, The enemy at once discovered our re our brigade commander, at once ortreat, but did not press us till within a dered the Thirty-sixth Massachusetts mile or two of the village of Campbell's and Eighth Michigan to face about, Station. Humphrey, however, held him and establish a new line, in rear of the in check, and we moved on to the point rail fence on the opposite side of the where the road from Lenoir's unites field. We advanced on the doublewith the road from Kingston to Knox- quick; and, reaching the fence, our ville. It was evidently Longstreet's in men with a shout poured a volley into tention to cut off our retreat at this the Rebel line of battle, which not place. For this reason he had not only checked its advance, but drove it pressed us at Lenoir's, the afternoon back in confusion. Meanwhile, the previous, but had moved the main body enemy in our rear moved up to the of his army to our right. But the edge of the woods, which we had just mounted infantry, which had been sent left, and now opened a brisk fire. We to this point during the night, were able at once crossed the fence in order to to hold him in check, on the Kingston place it between us and his fire, and road, till Hartranft came up.

were about to devote our attention On reaching the junction of the again to him, when orders came for roads, we advanced into an open field us to withdraw, – it being no longer on our left, and at once formed our line necessary to hold the junction of the of battle in rear of a rail fence, our roads, for all our troops and wagons had right resting near the Kingston road. now passed. The enemy, too, was closThe Eighth Michigan was on our left. ing in upon us, and his fire was the The Forty-fifth Pennsylvania was de hottest

. We moved off in good order; ployed as skirmishers. The rest of but our loss in killed and wounded was our troops were now withdrawing to a quite heavy, considering the length of new position back of the village of time we were under fire. Campbell's Station; and we were left to Among the killed was Lieutenant P. cover the movement. Unfurling our Marion Holmes of Charlestown, Mass., colors, we awaited the advance of the of whom it might well be said, enemy. There was an occasional shot "He died as fathers wish their sons to die." fired in our front, and to our right; but Lieutenant Holmes had been wounded it was soon evident that the Rebels were at the battle of Blue Springs a little moving to our left, in order to gain the more than a month before, and had cover of the woods. Moving off by the made the march from Lenoir's that left fiank, therefore, we took a second morning with great difficulty. But he position in an adjoining field. Finding would not leave his men. On his breast

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