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lavish of the Rebel airs they were wont struck? So some thought. Gradually occasionally to waft across the debat- the night wore away. able ground which separated our lines. A little after six o'clock the next mornHad the enemy received reinforce- ing, the enemy suddenly opened a furiments, or had Grant met with a re- ous cannonade. This was mostly directverse ? While on picket that night, in ed against Fort Sanders; but several making my rounds, I could distinctly shots struck the Powell House, in rear hear the Rebels chopping on the knob of Battery Noble. Roemer immediately which they had so recently occupied on responded from College Hill. In about the opposite bank of the river. They twenty minutes the enemy's fire slackwere clearing away the trees in front ened, and in its stead rose the wellof the earthwork which they had con- known Rebel yell, in the direction of structed the day before. Would they the fort. Then followed the rattle of attack at daybreak ? So we thought, musketry, the roar of cannon, and the connecting this fact with the cheers and bursting of shells. The yells died away, music of the earlier part of the night; and then rose again. Now the roar of but the morning opened as quietly as musketry and artillery was redoubled. its predecessors. Late in the after. It was a moment of the deepest anxnoon the enemy seemed to be placing iety. Our straining eyes were fixed on his troops in position in our front, and the fort. The Rebels had reached the our men stood in the trenches, awaiting ditch and were now endeavoring to an attack; yet the day wore away with- scale the parapet. Whose will be the out further demonstrations.
victory, - 0, whose ? The yells again A little after eleven o'clock, P. M., died away, and then followed three loud November 28th, I was aroused by heavy Union cheers,—“Hurrah, hurrah, hurmusketry. I hurried to the trenches. rah !" How those cheers thrilled our It was a cloudy, dark night, and at hearts, as we stood almost breathless a distance of only a few feet it was at our posts in the trenches! They impossible to distinguish any object. told us that the enemy had been reThe men were already at their posts. pulsed, and that the victory was ours. With the exception of an occasional Peering through the rising fog towards shot on the picket-line, the firing soon the fort, not a hundred yards away, ceased. An attack had evidently been O glorious sight !- we dimly saw that made on our pickets ; but at what point, our flag was still there. or with what success, was as yet un- Let us now go back a little. Under known. Reports soon came in. The cover of the ridge on which Fort Sanenemy had first driven in the pickets in ders was built, Longstreet had formed front of Fort Sanders, and had then his columns for the assault. The men attacked our line, which was also obliged were picked men, - the flower of his to fall back. The Rebels in our front, army. One brigade was to make the however, did not advance, beyond the assault, two brigades were to support pits which our men had just vacated, it,* and two other brigades were to and a new line was at once established by Captain Buffum, our brigade officer
* This statement is confirmed by the following ex
tract from Pollard's (Rebel) “ Third Year of the of the day
War." Speaking of this charge on Fort Sanders, It was now evident that the enemy he says: “ The force which was to attempt an enterintended an attack. But where would
prise which ranks with the most famous charges in
military history should be mentioned in detail. it be made ? All that long, cold night consisted of three brigades of McLaw's division :- our men were without overcoats — we that of General Wolford, the Sixteenth, Eighteenth, stood in the trenches pondering that and Twenty-fourth Georgia Regiments, and Cobb's
and Phillip's Georgia Legions; that of General question. Might not this demonstra- Humphrey, the Thirteenth, Seventeenth, Twentytion in our front be only a feint to draw first, Twenty-second, and Twenty-third Mississippi our attention from other parts of the Regiments; and a brigade composed of General
Anderson's and Bryant's brigades, embracing, line, where the chief blow was to be among others, the Palmetto State Guard, the Fif
watch our lines and keep up a constant morning laid on the brow of the hero fire. Five regiments formed the brigade of Fort Sanders, — Lieutenant Benjaselected for the assaulting column. min, Second United States Artillery. These were placed in position not more Longstreet had promised his men than eighty yards from the fort. They that they should dine that day in Knoxwere “in column by division, closed in ville. But, in order that he might bury mass."
.” When the fire of their artillery his dead, General Burnside now tenslackened, the order for the charge was dered him an armistice till five o'clock, given. The salient of the northwest It was accepted by the Rebel bastion was the point of attack. The general; and our ambulances were furRebel lines were much broken in pass nished him to assist in removing the ing the abatis. But the wire entangle- bodies to his lines. At five o'clock, ments proved a greater obstacle. Whole two additional hours were asked, as the companies were prostrated. Benjamin work was not yet completed. At seven now opened his triple-shotted guns. o'clock, a gun was fired from Fort SanNevertheless, the weight of their col ders, the Rebels responded from an umn carried the Rebels forward, and earthwork opposite, and the truce was in two minutes from the time the charge
at an end. was commenced they had filled the The next day, through a courier who ditch around the fort, and were endeav had succeeded in reaching our lines, oring to scale the parapet. The guns, General Burnside received official nowhich had been trained to sweep the
tice of the defeat of Bragg. At noon, a ditch, now opened a most destructive single gun - we were short of ammunifire. Lieutenant Benjamin also took tion – was fired from Battery Noble in shells in his hand, and, lighting the fuse, our rear, and the men of the brigade, tossed them over the parapet into the standing in the trenches, gave three crowded ditch. One of the Rebel bri cheers for Grant's victory at Chattanoogades in reserve now came up in sup ga. We now looked for reinforcements port, and planted several of its flags on daily, for Sherman was already on the the parapet of the fort. Those, how road. The enemy knew this as well as ever, who endeavored to scale the para we, and, during the night of the 4th of pet were swept away by the fire of our December, withdrew his forces, and musketry. The men in the ditch, sat started north. The retreat was discovisfied of the hopelessness of the task ered by the pickets of the Thirty-sixth they had undertaken, now surrendered. Massachusetts, under Captain Ames, They represented eleven regiments. who had the honor of first declaring the The prisoners numbered nearly three siege of Knoxville raised. hundred. Among them were seventeen It would be interesting to recount the commissioned officers. Over two hun facts connected with the retreat of the dred dead and wounded, including three Rebel army, and then to follow our colonels, lay in the ditch alone. The men to their winter quarters, among ground in front of the fort was also the mountains of East Tennessee, strewn with the bodies of the dead and where, throughout the icy season, they wounded. Over one thousand stands remained, without shoes, without overof arms fell into our hands, and the coats, without new clothing of any debattle-flags of the Thirteenth and Sev scription, living on quarter rations of enteenth Mississippi and Sixteenth corn meal, with occasionally a handful Georgia. Our loss was eight men killed of flour, and never grumbling; and and five wounded. Never was a vic where, at the expiration of their three tory more complete ; and never were years of service, standing forth under brighter laurels worn than were that the open skies, amid all these discom
forts, and raising loyal hands towards teenth South Carolina Regiment, and the Fifty-first,
heaven, they swore to serve their counFifty-third, and Fifty-ninth Georgia Regiments." PP. 161, 162.
try yet three years longer. But I must
(July, pause. I have already illustrated their ranks. These kindly words his offifortitude and heroic endurance.
cers and men will ever cherish; and in The noble bearing of General Burn- all their added years, as they recall the side throughout the siege won the ad- widely separated battle-fields, made formiration of all. In a speech at Cincin- ever sacred by the blood of their fallen nati, a few days after the siege was comrades, and forever glorious by the raised, with that modesty which charac- victories there won, it will be their pride terizes the true soldier, he said that the to say, “We fought with Burnside at honors bestowed on him belonged to Campbell's Station and in the trenches his under officers and the men in the at Knoxville.”
Four closer walls of common pine :
And therein lieth, cold and still,
Its patient mystery of ill.
No queen more careless in her state;
For other hands the work may wait.
Put by each coarse, intrusive sign;
And round her breathes a Rest Divine.
The exempted hands, the tranquil face;
And bear her gently from the place.
Out from that threshold on the night;
She standeth in the Eternal Light.
Those broken steps that reach the door;
Heaven's golden stair forevermore !
THE last of the grand old genera- spent in Italy. Soon after his return,
Within ten years Eichendorff, Heine, Coburg, of which place, I believe, his Uhland, have passed away; and now the wife was a native. Here he occupied death of Friedrich Rückert, the sole sur- himself ostensibly as a teacher, but in vivor of the minor gods who inhabited reality with an enthusiastic and untirthe higher slopes of the Weimar Olym- ing study of the Oriental languages pus, closes the list of their names. Yet, and literature. Twice he was called although with these poets in time, Rück- away by appointments which were the ert was not of them in the structure of result of his growing fame as poet and bis mind or the character of his poetical scholar, – the first time in 1826, when development. No author ever stood so he was made Professor of the Oriental lonely among his contemporaries. Look- Languages at the University of Ering over the long catalogue, not only langen ; and again in 1840, when he of German, but of European poets, we was appointed to a similar place in the find no one with whom he can be com- University of Berlin, with the title of pared. His birthplace is supposed to Privy Councillor. Both these posts be Schweinfurt, but it is to be sought, were uncongenial to his nature. Though in reality, somewhere on the banks of so competent to fill them, he discharged the Euphrates. His true contempo- his duties reluctantly and with a cerraries were Saadi and Hariri of Bosrah. tain impatience; and probably there
Rückert's biography may be given in were few more joyous moments of his a few words, his life having been singu- life than when, in 1849, he was allowed larly devoid of incident. He seems even to retire permanently to the pastoral to have been spared the usual alterna- seclusion of his little property at Neutions of fortune in a material, as well as ses, a suburb of Coburg. a literary sense. With the exception of One of his German critics remarks a somewhat acridly hostile criticism, that the poem in which he celebrates which the Jahrbücher of Halle dealt out his release embodies a nearer approach to him for several years in succession, to passion than all his Oriental songs his reputation has enjoyed a gradual and of love, sorrow, or wine. It is a joyous steady growth since his first appearance dithyrambic, which, despite its artful as a poet. His place is now so well and semi-impossible metre, must have defined that death — which sometimes been the swiftly-worded expression of a changes, while it fixes, the impression genuine feeling. Let me attempt to an author makes upon his generation - translate the first stanza :cannot seriously elevate or depress it.
“Out of the dust of the In life he stood so far aloof from the
Town o' the king, fashions of the day, that all his success
Into the lust of the
Green of spring, – es were permanent achievements.
Forth from the noises of He was born on the 16th of May,
Streets and walls, 1788, in Schweinfurt, a pleasant old
Unto the voices of town in Bavaria, near the baths of Kis
He who presently singen. As a student he visited Jena,
Flies is blest : where he distinguished himself by his
Fate thus pleasantly devotion to philological and literary
Makes my nest!" : studies. For some years a private * The reader may be curious to see how smoothly tutor, in 1815 he became connected and naturally these dactyls (so forced in the translawith the Morgenblatt, published by tion) Aow in the original :-*
“Aus der staubigen Cotta, in Stuttgart. The year 1818 he
Residenz, VOL. XVIII. — NO. 105.
The quaint old residence at Neuses of the place for years, had never seen thus early became, and for nearly half him. He was presumed to be inaccesa century continued to be, the poet's
sible to strangers. home. No desire to visit the Orient- It fortunately happened that one of the native land of his brain seems to my friends knew a student of the Orihave disturbed him. Possibly the Italian ental languages, then residing in Cojourney was in some respects disen- burg. The latter, who was in the chanting. The few poems which date habit of consulting Rückert in regard from it are picturesque and descriptive, to his Sanskrit studies, offered at once but do not indicate that his imagination to conduct me to Neuses. A walk of was warmed by what he saw. He was twenty minutes across the meadows of never so happy as when alone with his the Itz, along the base of the wooded books and manuscripts, studying or writ- hills which terminate, just beyond, in ing, according to the dominant mood. the castled Kallenberg (the summer This secluded habit engendered a shy- residence of Duke Ernest II.), brought ness of manner, which frequently re- us to the little village, which lies so pelled the strangers who came to see snugly hidden in its own orchards that him, - especially those who failed to one might almost pass without disdetect the simple, tender, genial nature covering it. The afternoon was warm of the man, under his wonderful load of and sunny, and a hazy, idyllic atmoslearning. But there was nothing mor- phere veiled and threw into remoteness bid or misanthropical in his composi- the bolder features of the landscape. tion; his shyness was rather the result Near at hand, a few quaint old tileof an intense devotion to his studies. roofed houses rose above the trees. These gradually became a necessity of My guide left the highway, crossed his daily life; his health, his mental a clear little brook on the left, and peace, depended upon them; and what- entered the bottom of a garden behind ever disturbed their regular recurrence the largest of these houses. As we took from him more than the mere time were making our way between the lost.
plum-trees and gooseberry-bushes, I When I first visited Coburg, in Oc- perceived a tall figure standing in the tober, 1852, I was very anxious to make midst of a great bed of late-blossoming Rückert's acquaintance. My interest in roses, over which he was bending as if Oriental literature had been refreshed, to inhale their fragrance. The sound at that time, by nearly ten months of of our steps startled him; and as he travel in Eastern lands, and some straightened himself and faced us, I knowledge of modern colloquial Arabic. saw that it could be none other than I had read his wonderful translation of Rückert. I believe his first impulse the Makamåt of Hariri, and felt sure was to fly ; but we were already so near that he would share in my enthusiasm that his moment of indecision settled for the people to whose treasures of the matter. The student presented me song he had given so many years of his to him as an American traveller, wherelife. I found, however, that very few at I thought he seemed to experience families in the town were familiarly a little relief. Nevertheless, he looked acquainted with the poet, — that many uneasily at his coat, - a sort of loose, persons, even, who had been residents commodious blouse, -at his hands, full
of seeds, and muttered some incoherent In den laubigen Fischen Lenz
words about flowers. Suddenly, lifting
his head and looking steadily at us, he Gassenschwall Zu dem kosenden
said, “ Come into the house !” Wasserfall,
The student, who was familiar with Wer sich rettete,
his habits, led me to a pleasant room on Dank 's dem Glück, Wie mich bettete
the second floor. The windows looked Mein Geschick!”
towards the sun, and were filled with
Aus dem tosenden