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the ultimate suppression of the rebel- population, a forlorn and wearied remlion, what ruin might not be wrought nant of two thousand took refuge in the in the few days or weeks which should Dutch part of the island. This lamenelapse before that event! And where, table destruction was the result neither now that he had been driven from his of the order nor the permission of the capital, he should find a base of oper- Rajah. It was accomplished by the unations to which he might gather the reasoning fury of an outraged people. scattered native forces, was the per- In a few days the formidable insurrecplexing question of the hour, — when, tion was ended. The places of the injoyful sight, he beheld a merchant surgents were filled as rapidly as they steamer sailing up the river! He had been vacated. Scarcely a trace hailed her, went on board, and with a was left of the ravages of the rebellion ; sufficient force steamed up to Sarawak. and it accomplished nothing, save to With his appearance the last vestige of convince all doubters that the governhope for the insurrection disappeared. ment of the province rested, as all

Meanwhile stirring events had taken stable government must rest, on the place. At first the natives were good-will of the subject. stunned. They were roused at dead At the height of the insurrection a of night, to find the Chinese in pos- striking incident occurred. While their session of the town, their Rajah's house brethren were being hurled in utter in flames, the Rajah missing, while the confusion across the Dutch borders, rumor was that he had been killed. several hundred Chinese fled from those For a time they wandered about list- very Dutch territories and sought reflessly, vacantly staring each other in uge in Sarawak. Though harassed by the face, and it seemed as though they care, the Rajah did not neglect their were about to submit without a strug- appeal, but sent trustworthy men, who gle. In the midst of this gloom and piloted them safely through the inuncertainty, up spoke a Malay trader, censed Dyaks, who on their part by no whose veins, despite his peaceful oc- means appreciated the virtue of such cupation, were full of the old pirate a step, but thought rather that every blood : “ Are we going to submit to be man “who wore a tail” ought to be governed by these Chinese, or are we put to death, though they bowed to the going to be faithful to our Rajah ? I better judgment of their chief. am no talker, but I will never be governed by any but him, and to-night I The latest accounts represent the commence war to the knife with his province as continuing in a state of enemies.” This broke the spell. Both unabated prosperity. Its bounds, by Malays and Dyaks, in city and coun- more recent cessions, have been so try alike, rose en masse, and after a se- largely increased, that its shore line is vere fight, prolonged till the reappear now three hundred miles long, and the ance of Mr. Brooke, drove the Chinese whole population of the state two hunto the forests, and pursued them with dred and fifty thousand. The haunts unrelenting fury. Many of the insur- of the Sarebus and Sakarran pirates gents perished by the sword. Many are included in the new limits; and more wandered about till they died of these once - dreaded freebooters have starvation. Some threw themselves learned the habits of honest industry. down in their tracks, expiring from fa- Indeed, during the days of the insurtigue and utter wretchedness. Some rection the state found no more faithful hung themselves to escape their misery. or courageous defenders than they, alIn despair and exasperation, they even though their old corsair blood was visturned their arms against each other. ible in the relentless tenacity with which Of the six hundred who made the origi- they tracked the flying foe. Sir James nal attack, sixty escaped. Of the four Brooke, with increasing years, has rethousand who composed the Chinese tired somewhat from the active care of VOL. XVIII. - YO. 110.


the government, leaving the conduct living or dead, its annals will always of affairs very much to his nephew, be a noble monument to him whose Captain Brooke, whom he has desig- force of character and undaunted pernated as his heir and successor, and sistency created it. who is represented as being also heir in a large degree to his uncle's princi- The earlier portraits we have of Raples, courage, and sagacity.

jah Brooke depict him as a man of a peRajah Brooke sought persistently for culiarly frank, open, and pleasing extemany years to give perpetuity to his rior, yet with a countenance marked by life's work by placing Sarawak under intelligence, thought, and energy ; but British protection. He made repeated underneath all a certain dreaminess of offers to surrender to the Queen all expression, found often in the faces of right and title which he had acquired, those born for adventure and to seek on any terms which would secure the for the enterprise of their age fresh welfare of the natives. But these of- fields, new El Dorados hidden in strange fers have been definitely rejected ; the lands and unfamiliar seas. seeming protection which Sarawak en- The later portraits give us a face, joyed through the position of its ruler plain, sagacious, yet full of an expresas Governor of Labuan has been with- sion of kindly benevolence. The exidrawn, and the little state left to work gencies of a busy life have transformed out unaided its destiny. What shall romance into reality and common-sense; be the final fate of this interesting the adventurer and knight-errant has experiment, whether there shall arise but obeyed the law of his age, and besuccessors to the founder wise enough come a noble example of the power of to maintain the government so bravely the Anglo-Saxon mind to organize in established, or whether the infant state the face of adverse circumstances a shall perish with the man who called it state, and to construct out of most uninto existence, and become only a mem- promising elements the good fabric of ory, it is impossible to foretell ; but, orderly social life.



ARCH, 1845. – Nature some- ture, - finding a beauty and fitness even

times displays a little tender- in the poorest of them, which we canness for our vanity, but is never care- not see in the best. ful for our pride. She is willing that we should look foolish in the eyes of A child or a young girl so sweet and others, but keeps our little nonsensi- beautiful, that God made new flowers calnesses from ourselves.

on purpose for her.

Perhaps there are higher intelli- May 4. - On the river-side, by the gences that look upon all the manifes- Promontory of Columbines. The river tations of the human mind — meta- here makes a bend, nearly at a right physics, ethics, histories, politics, po- angle. On the opposite side, a high ems, stories, etc., etc. — with the same bank descends precipitately to the wainterest that we look upon flowers, or ter ; a few apple-trees are scattered any other humble production of na- along the declivity. A small cottage, with a barn, peeps over the top of the lieu of rich beauty. This is the first bank; and at its foot, with their roots day of the present spring that I have in the water, is a picturesque clump of found any quite blown ; but last year, several maple-trees, their trunks all in I believe, they came considerably eara cluster, and their tops forming a lier. Here and there appeared a blue united mass of now fast-budding foli- violet, nestling close to the ground, age. At the foot of this clump of trees pretty, but inconvenient to gather and lies a boat, half in the water, half drawn carry home, on account of its short up on the bank. A tract of flags and stalk. Houstonias are scattered about water-weeds extends along the base of by handfuls. Anemones have been in the bank, outside of which, at a late bloom for several days on the edge of period, will grow the flat, broad leaves the woods, but none ever grow on the of the yellow water-lily, and the pond- Promontory of Columbines. lily. A southwestern breeze is ruffling The grass is a glad green in spots; the river, and drives the little wavelets but this verdure is very partial, and in the same direction as the current. over the general extent the old, withered Most of the course of the river in this stalks of last year's grass are found to vicinity is through marshy and mead- predominate. The verdure appears owy ground, as yet scarcely redeemed rich, between the beholder and the from the spring-time overflow, and sun; in the opposite direction, it is which at all seasons is plashy and un- much less so. Old mullein-stalks rise fit for walking. At my feet the water tall and desolate, and cling tenaciously overbrims the shore, and kisses the to the soil when we try to uproot new green grass, which sprouts even them. The promontory is broken into beneath it.

two or three heads. Its only shadow The Promontory of Columbines rises is from a moderately-sized elm, which, rugged and rocky from amidst sur- from year to year, has flung down its rounding lowlands, (in a field next to dead branches, all within its circumferthat where the monument is erected, ence, where they lie in various stages near the Old Manse,) and it forms the of decay. There are likewise rotten forth-putting angle at the bend of the and charred stumps of several other river. In earlier spring the river em trees. braces it all round, and converts it into an island. Rocks, with flakes of The fence of our avenue is covered dry moss covering them, peep out with moss on the side fronting towards everywhere ; and abundant columbines the north, while the opposite side is quite grow in the interstices of these rocks, free from it, — the reason being, that and wherever else the soil is scanty there is never any sunshine on the and difficult enough to suit their fancy, north side to dry the moisture caused - avoiding the smoother and better by rains from the northeast. The moss sites, which they might just as well is very luxuriant, sprouting from the have chosen, close at hand. They are half-decayed wood, and clinging to it earlier on this spot than anywhere as if partially incorporated therewith. else, and are therefore doubly valuable, though not nearly so large, nor of so Towards the dimness of evening a rich a scarlet and gold, as some that we half-length figure appearing at a winshall gather from the eastern slope of a dow,--the blackness of the background, hill, two or three weeks hence. The and the light upon the face, cause it promontory is exposed to all winds, to appear like a Rembrandt picture. and there seems no reason why it should produce the earliest flowers, On the top of Wachusett, butterunless that this is a peculiar race of flies, large and splendid ; also bees in columbines, which has the precious gift considerable numbers, sucking honey of earlier birth assigned to them in from the alpine flowers. There is a

certain flower, a species of Potentilla, I burg we passed fields which were enthink, which is found on mountains at tirely covered with the mountain-laurel a certain elevation, and inhabits a belt, in full bloom, -as splendid a spectabeing found neither above nor below cle, in its way, as could be imagined. it. On the highest top of Wachusett Princeton is a little town, lying on a there is a circular foundation, built high ridge, exposed to all the stirrings evidently with great labor, of large, of the upper air, and with a prospect of rough stones, and rising perhaps fifteen a score of miles round about. The feet. On this basis formerly rose a great family of this place is that of the wooden tower, the fragments of which, Boylstons, who own Wachusett, and a few of the timbers, now lie scattered have a mansion, with good pretensions about. The immediate summit of the to architecture, in Princeton. mountain is nearly bare and rocky, Notables: Old Gregory, the dwellalthough interspersed with bushes; but er of the mountain-side ; his high-spirat a very short distance below there ited wife; the son, speaking grufily are trees, though slender, forming a from behind the scenes, in answer tangled confusion, and among them to his father's inquiries as to the grows the wild honeysuckle pretty expediency of lodging us. The brisk abundantly, which was in bloom when little landlord at Princeton, recently we were there (Sunday, June 17th). married, intelligent, honest, lively, A flight of rude stone steps ascends agreeable; his wife, with her youngthe circular stone foundation of the ladyish manners still about her; the round tower. By the by, it cannot be second class of annuals, and other more than ten feet high, at the utmost, popular literature, in the parlors of the instead of fifteen.

house; colored engraving of the exploThe prospect from the top of Wachu- sion of the Princeton's gun, with the sett is the finest that I have seen, principal characters in that scene, desthe elevation being not so great as to ignated by name ; also Death of Nasnatch the beholder from all sympathy poleon, &c. A young Mr. Boylston with earth. The roads that wind along boarding at the inn, and driving out in at the foot of the mountain are discerni- a beautiful, city-built phaeton, of exble; and the villages, lying separate quisite lightness. We met him and a and unconscious of one another, each lady in the phaeton, and two other with their little knot of peculiar inter- ladies on horseback, in a narrow path, ests, but all gathered into one cate- densely wooded, on the ascent of a gory by the observer above them. hill. It was quite romantic. LikeWhite spires, and the white glimmer wise old Mr. Boylston, frequenting the of hamlets, perhaps a dozen miles off. tavern, coming in after church, and The gleam of lakes afar, giving life to smoking a cigar, .... entering into the whole landscape. Much wood, conversation with strangers about the shagging hills and plains. On the ascent of the mountain. The tailor of west, a hill-country, swelling like the place, with his queer advertisewaves, with these villages sometimes ment pasted on the wall of the bardiscovered among them. On the cast room, comprising certificates from taiit looks dim and blue, and affects the lors in New York City, and various beholder like the sea, as the eye recommendations, from clergymen and stretches far away. On the north (?) others, of his moral and religious charappears Monadnock, in his whole per- acter. Two Shakers in the cars, son, discernible from the feet upwards, both, if I mistake not, with thread rising boldly and tangibly to the sense, gloves on. The foundation of the old so that you have the figure wholly be- meeting-house of Princeton, standing fore you, fair and blue, but not dim on a height above the village, as bleak and cloudlike.

and windy as the top of Mount Ararat ; On the road from Princeton to Fitch- also the old deserted town-house. The

edifices were probably thus located in in rank, Commander P- , an officerorder to be more exactly in the centre like, middle-aged man, with such cultiof the township.

vation as a sensible man picks up about

the world, and with what little tincture From July 25 to August 9, 1845, at he imbibes from a bluish wife. In the Portsmouth Navy Yard. Remarkables : vicinity of the Navy Yard, an engineerthe free and social mode of life among officer, stationed for a year or two past the officers and their families, meeting on a secluded point of the coast, makat evening on the door-steps or in front ing a map, minutely finished, on a very of their houses, or stepping in familiar extensive scale, of country and coast ly; the rough-hewn first lieutenant, near Portsmouth; he is red-nosed, and with no ideas beyond the service; the has the aspect of a free liver ; his comdoctor, priding himself on his culti- panion, a civil engineer, with much vation and refinement, pretending to more appearance of intellectual activelegance, sensitive, touchy; the sail- ity. Their map is spread out in a room ing-master, an old salt, of the some- that looks forth upon the sea and islwhat modernized Tom Bowline pattern, ands, and has all the advantages of tossed about by fifty years of stormy sea-air, — very desirable for summer, surges, and at last swept into this but gloomy as a winter residence. quiet nook, where he tells yarns of At Fort Constitution are many ofhis cruises and duels, repeats his own ficers, -a major and two lieutenants, epitaph, drinks a reasonable quantity the former living in a house within the of grog, and complains of dyspepsia; walls of the fort, the latter occupying the old fat major of marines, with a small residences outside. They are brown wig not pretending to imitate coarse men, apparently of few ideas, natural hair, but only to cover his bald- and not what one can call gentlemen. ness and grayness with something that They are likewise less frank and hoshe imagines will be less unsightly: he pitable than the navy officers. Their has a potent odor of snuff, but has quarters have not the aspect of homes, left off wine and strong drink for the last although they continue for a term of twenty-seven years. A Southerner, all years, five or more, on one station, astray among our New England man- whereas the navy officers are limited ners, but reconciling himself to them, to two or three. But then the former like a long practised man of the world, migrate with their families to new staonly somewhat tremulous at the idea of tions, whereas the wives of the naval a New England winter. The lieuten- officers, though ejected from the navyant of marines, a tall, red-haired man, yard houses, yet, not accompanying between thirty and forty, stiff in his mo- their husbands on service, remain to tions from the effect of a palsy contract form a nucleus of home. ed in Florida,-a man of thought, both Two or three miles from the Navy as to his profession and other matters, Yard, on Kittery Point, stands the forparticularly matters spiritual, - a con- mer residence of Sir William Peppervert, within a few years, to Papistry, - ell. It is a gambrel-roofed house, very a seer of ghosts, – a dry joker, yet sad long and spacious, and looks venerable and earnest in his nature, -a scien- and imposing from its dimensions. A tific soldier, criticising Jackson's mili- decent, respectable, intelligent woman tary talent, — fond of discussion, with admitted us, and showed us from botmuch more intellect than he finds em- tom to top of her part of the house ; ployment for, - withal, somewhat sim- she being a tenant of one half. The ple. Then the commandant of the yard, rooms were not remarkable for size, Captain S- , a man without brillian- but were panelled on every side. The cy, of plain aspect and simple man- staircase is the best feature, ascending ners, but just, upright, kindly, with an gradually, broad and square, and with excellent practical intellect; his next an elaborate balustrade; and over the

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