Nearest East: American Millenialism and Mission to the Middle East

Framsida
Temple University Press, 12 mars 2010 - 224 sidor

Long before oil interests shaped American interaction with the Middle East, the U.S. had a strong influence on the late Ottoman and post-Ottoman region. Covering the period from approximately 1800 to the 1970s, Hans-Lukas Kieser’s compelling Nearest East tells the story of this intimate, identity-building relationship between the U.S. and the Near East.

Kieser chronicles how American missionaries worked to implement their belief in Biblical millennialism, enlightened modernity, and a modern Zion-Israel. Millennialism was part of an American identity that constituted itself religiously in the interaction with and the representation of the “cradle of Zion.” As such, "going Near East" was—at least to American evangelical Protestants—in some ways more important than colonizing the American West. However, many Ottoman Muslims felt threatened by the American missionaries perceiving their successful institutions as an estranging challenge from the outside.

Measuring the long twisted road from the missionary Zion-builders of the early 19th century to the privileged US-Israeli partnership in the late 20th century, Nearest East looks carefully on both sides of the relationship. Kieser uses a wide range of Ottoman, Turkish, French, German and other sources, unfamiliar to most Anglophone readers, to tell this story that will appeal to historians of all stripes.

 

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Innehåll

Introduction
1
1 The United States and the Near East circa 1800
15
Mission to the Bible Lands
34
Missionary America and Young Turkey 19081923
63
4 Oil PalestineIsrael and Empire of the Good
98
5 American Steps and Shortcuts to Zion after 1967
137
Conclusion
153
Notes
165
Selected Bibliography
197
Index
201
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Om författaren (2010)

Hans-Lukas Kieser is Adjunct Professor (Privatdozent) for Modern History at the University of Zurich. He is editor of Turkey beyond Nationalism, a coeditor (with Dominik J. Schaller) of The Armenian Genocide and the Shoah and the author of Der verpasste Friede (The Squandered Peace).

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