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Christ, by his word and Spirit l; savingly enlightening their minds m, renewing and powerfully determining their wills n, so as they (altho' in themselves dead in sin) are hereby made willing and able freely to answer his call, and to accept and embrace the grace offered and conveyed therein o.
Q. 68. he might shew the exceeding riches ness to light, and from the power of his grace, in his kindness towards of Satan unto God, that they may us, through Christ Jefus, v. 8. For receive forgiveness of fins, and an by grace are yefaved, through faith; inheritance among them who are and that not of your felves: it is the sanctified by faith that is in me. gift of God, v.9. Not of works, left 1 Cor. ii. io. But God hath revealany man should boast. Rom. ix. 11. ed them unto us by his Spirit: for For the children being not yet born, the Spirit searcheth all things, yea neither having done any good or e the deep things of God. v. 12. Now vil, that the purpose of God accord- we have received, not the fpirit of ing to election mighi stand, not of the world, but the Spirit which is works, but of him that calleth.. of God; that we might know the
1 2 Cor. v. 20: Now then we are things that are freely given to us of ambassadors for Christ, as though God. God did be'eech you by us: we pray
* Ezek, xi.
19. I will give them you in Christ's lead, be reconcil one heart, and I will put a new spied to God. Compared with 2 Cor. rit within you, and I will take the vi. 1. We then as workers together ftony heart out of their flesh, and with him beseech you also, that ye will give them an heart of Aesh. receive not the grace of God in vain. Ezek. xxxvi. 26. A new heart also v. 2. For he faith, I have heard thee will I give you, and a new spirit in a time accepted, and in the day will I put within you, and I will of falvation have I fuccoured thee: take away the stony heart out of behold, now is the accepted time; your fieth, and I will give you an behold, now is the day of salvation. heart of flesh. v. 27. And I will put John vi. 44. No man can come to my Spirit within you, and cause you me, except the Father who hath to walk in my statutes, and ye Mall fent me, draw him: and I will raise keep my judgments, and do them. him up at the last day., 2 Theff. ii. John vi. 45. It is written in the pro13. But we are bound to give thanks phets, And they shall be all taught alway to God for you, brethren, of God. Every man therefore that beloved of the Lord, because God hath heard, and hath learned of the hath from the beginning chosen you Father, cometh unto me. to salvation, through fanctification Eph. ij. 5. Even when we were of the Spirit and belief of the truth: dead in sins, hath quickened us tov. 14. whereunto he called you by gether with Christ, (by grace ye are our gospel, to the obtaining of the faved.) Phil. ii. 13. For it is God glory of our Lord Jesus Christ. who worketh in you both to will
m A Ats xxvi. 18. To open their and to do of his good pleasure. eyes, and to turn them from dark Deut. XXX. 6. And the Lord thy
Q. 68. Are the elect only effectually called?
A. All the elect, and they only, are effe&tually called p; although others may be and often are outwardly called by the ministry of the word q, and have some common operations of the Spiritr; who, for their wilful neglect and contempt of the grace offered to them, being justly left in their unbelief, do never truly come to Jesus Christ .
Q. 69. What is the communion in grace, which the members of the invisible church have with Christ? A. The communion in grace, which the members of the
Cod will circumcise thine hcart, If they shall fall away, to renew and the heart of thy seed, to love them again unto repentance. the Lord thy Go with all thine S John xii. 38. That the saying heart, and with all thy soul, that of Efaias the prophet might be fulthou mayest live.
filled, which he fpake, Lord, who 68.p A&s xiii. 48. And when the hath believed our report? and to Gentiles heard this, they were glad, whom hath the arm of the Lord and glorified the word of the Lord: been revealed ? v.
39. Therefore and as many as were ordained to e- they could not believe, because that ternal life, believed.
Efaias said again, v. 40. He hath 9 Mat. xxii. 14. For many are cal- blinded their eyes, and hardened led, but few are chosen:
their heart; that they should not Mat. vii. 22. Many shall say to see with their eyes, nor understand me in that day, Lord, Lord, have with their heart, and be converted, we not prophesied ir, thy name? and and I should heal them. Aets xxviii. in thy name have cast' out devils ? 25. And when they agreed not aand in thy name have done many mong themselves, they departed, wonderful works? Mat, xiii. 20. after that Paul had spoken one But he that received the feed into word, Well spake the Holy Ghost fony places, the faine is he that by Efaias the prophet, unto our faheareth the word, and anon with thers, v. 26. Saying, Go unto this joy receiveth it: v. 21. Yet hath he people, and say, Hearing ye shall not root in himself, but dureth for hear, and shall not understand; and a while: for when tribulation or seeing ye shall see, and not perceive. persecution ariseth because of the v. 27. For the heart of this people word, by and by he is offended. is waxed gross, and their ears are Heb. vi. 4. For it is impossible for dull of hearing, and their eyes have those who were once enlightened, they closed; left they should fce and have tasted of the heavenly with their eyes, and hear with their gift, and were made partakers of ears, and understand with their the Holy Ghost, v.5. and have tast- heart, and should be converted, ed the good word of God, and the and I should heal them. John vi. powers of the world to come, * v.6. 64. But there are some of
invisible church have with Christ, is their partaking of the virtue of his mediation, in their justificationt, adoption v, fanctification, and whatever else in this life manifeits their wpion with him w.
Q. 70. What is justification?
A. Justification is an act of God's free grace unto finners x, in which he pardoneth all their fin, accepteth and accounteth their persons righteous in his fight y; not for any thing wrought in them, or done by them z, but only for the perfect obedi
ence believe not. For Jefus knew from his blood, to declare his righteousthe beginning, who they were that ness for the remillion of fins that are believed not, and who thould betray past, through the forbearance of him, v.65. And he said, Therefore God. Rom. iv. 5. But to him that said I unto you, that no man can worketh not, but believeth on him come unto me, except it were given that juftitieth the ungodly, his faith unto him of my Father. Pfal. Ixxxi
. is counted for righteousness. 11. But my people would not heark 9 2 Cor. v. 19. To wit, that God en to my voice: and Israel would was in Christ, reconciling the world none of me. v. 12. So I gave them unto himself, not imputing their up unto their own hearts tuits : and trespasses unto them; and hath they walked in their own counsels. committed unto us the word of re
69. : Rom. viii. 30. Moreover, conciliation. v. 21. For he hath whom he did predestinate, them he made him to be fin for us, who knew also called: and whom he called, no fin; that we might be made the them he also justified: and whom righteousness of God in him. Rom. he justified, them he also glorified. ii. 22. Even the righteousness of
v Eph. i. 5. Having predestinat- God which is by faith of Jerus Christ ed us unto the adoption of children unto all, and upon all them that beloy Jesus Christ to himself, accord lieve; for there is no difference, v, ing to the good pleasure of his will. 24. Being justified freely by his
w 1 Cor. i. 30. But of him are grace, through the redemption that ye in Christ Jesus, who of God is is in Jesus Chrift: v. 25. Whom made unto us wisdom, and righte
God hath set forth to be a propitia, ousness, and sanctification, and re- tion, through faith in his blood, to demption.
declare his righteousness for the re70. * Rom. iii. 22. Even the righ mission of fins that are past, through teousness of God which is by faith the forbearance of God. v. 27. of Jesus Christ unto all, and upon Where is boasting then? It is erall them that believe; for there is cluded. By what law? of works? no difference. v. 24. Being justified Nay: but by the law of faith. v. freely by his grace, through the re 28. Therefore we conclude, that a demption that is in Jesus Christ: v. man is justified by faith without the 25. Whom God hath set forth to deeds of the law. be a propitiation through faith in z Tit. iii. 5. Not by works of
ence and full satisfaction of Christ, by God imputed to them a, and received by faith aloneb.
Q. 71. How is justification an act of God's free grace?
A. Although Christ, by his obedience and death, did make a proper, real, and full satisfaction to God's justice in the behalf of them that are justified c: yet in as much as God accepteth the satisfaction from a surety, which he might have demanded of chem; and did provide this surety, his own only Son d,
imputrighteousness, which we have done, name whosoever believeth in him, but according to his mercy he fav- shall receive remiffion of sins. Gal. ed us by the washing of regenera- ii. 16. Knowing that a man is not tion, and renewing of the Holy justified by the works of the law, Ghost. *v.7. That being justified but by the faith of Jesus Christ, eby his grace we should be made ven we have believed in Jesus Chrift; heirs according to the hope of eter- that we might be justified by the nal life. Eph. i. 7. In whom we faith of Christ, and not by the works have redemption thro' his blood, of the law: for by the works of the the forgiveness of sins, according to law shall no fleth be juftified. Phil. the riches of his grace.
And be found in him, not * Rom. v. 17. For if by one having mine own righteousness, man's offence, death reigned by which is of the law, but that which one: much more they who receive is through the faith of Christ, the abundance of grace, and of the gift righteousness which is of God by of righteousness, shall reign in life faith. by one, Jesus Christ. v. 18, There 71. c Rom, v. 8. But God comfore as by the offence of one, judg mendeth his love towards us, in that ment came upon all men tó con while we were yet finners, Christ demnation; even so by the righte died for us. v.9. Much more then ousness of one, the free gift came being now justified by his blood, we upon all men unto justification of shall be saved from wrath through life. v. 19. For as by one man's dis him, v. 10. For if when we were eobedience many were made sinners: nemies, we were reconciled to God so by the obedience of one, shall ma by the death of his Son: much more ay be made righteous. Rom. iv. 6. being reconciled, we shall be saved Even as David also describeth the by his life. v. 19. For as by one blessedness of the man unto whom man's disobedience many were made God imputeth righteousness with finners: fo by the obedience of one out works, v. 7. faying, Blessed are shall many be made righteous. they whose iniquities are forgiven, di Tim. ii. 5. For there is one and whose fins are covered. v. 8. God, and one mediator between Blessed is the man to whom the God and men, the man Christ JeLord will not impute fin.
sus; v. 6. who gave himself a ranActs x. 43. To him gave all the fom for all, to be testified in due prophets witness, that through his tine. Heb. x. 10. By the which
imputing his righteousness to them e, and requiring nothing of them for their justification but faithf, which also is his giftg, their justification is to them of free grace h. Q. 72. will we are fanctified, through the for he shall bear their iniquities. v. offering of the body of Jesus Christ 12. Therefore will I divide him a once for all. Mat, xi. 28. Even as portion with the great, and he thall the Son of man came not to be mi- divide the spoil with the strong: benistred unto, but to minister, and cause he hath poured out his soul to give his life a ransom for many. unto death: and he was numbred Dan. ix. 24. Seventy weeks are de- with the transgreffors, and he bare termined upon thy people, and up- the sin of many, and made intercefon thy holy city, to finith the tranf- fion for the transgressors. Heb. ii. gression, and to make an end of fins, 22. By lo much was Jesus made a and to make reconciliation for ini- surely of a better tellament. Rom. quity, and to bring in everlasting viii. 32. He that spared not his own righteousness, and to seal up the vi- Son, but delivered him up for us fion and prophecy, and to anoint all, how lhall he not with him also the most Holy. v. 26. And after freely give us all things? 1 Pet. i. threescore and two weeks shall Mef- 18. For as much as ye know that ye fiah be cut off, but not for himself: were not redeemed with corruptible and the people of the prince that things, as silver and gold, from your Thall come, shall destroy the city vain conversation received by tradiand the sanctuary, and the end tion from your fathers: v. 19. But thereof shall be with a flood, and with the precious blood of Christ, unto the end of the war, desolations as of a lamb without blemish and are determined. Ifa. liii. 4. Surely without spot. he hath born our griefs, and carri e 2 Cor.v.21. For he hath made ed our sorrows: yet we did elteem him to be fin for us who knew no him stricken, fmitten of God, and fin; that we might be made the afflicted. v. 5. But he was wound- righteousness of God in him. ed for our transgreflions, he was f Rom. iii. 24. Being justified bruised for our iniquities: the chaf- freely by his grace, through the retisement of our peace was upon him, demption that is in Jesus Chrift: v. and with his stripes we are healed. 25. Whom God hath set forth to V. 6. All we like sheep have gone a be a propitiation through faith in stray: we have turned every one to his blood, to declare his righteoul. his own way, and the Lord hath ness for the remifsion of sins that are laid on him the iniquity of us all. palt, through the forbearance of v. 10. Yet it pleased the Lord to God. bruise him, he hath put him to & Eph. ii. 8. For by grace are ye grief: when thou shalt make his saved, through faith; and that foul an offering for sin, he shall fee not of yourselves: it is the gift of his feed, he shall prolong his days, God. and the pleasure of the Lord shall b Eph. i. 7. In whom we have profper in his hand. v. 11. He shall redemption through his blood, the fee of the travail of his soul and shall forgiveness of sins, according to the be satisfied; by his knowledge thall riches of his grace. my righteous servant justify many;
72. i Heb.