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145 Some only for not being drown’d,
And some for sitting above Ground,
And some for putting Knavish Tricks 150 Upon Green Geese, and Turky-Chicks,
Or Pigs, that suddenly deceast
Ý. 146, 147, 148. And some for fitting above Ground, -Whole Days and Nights upon their Breeches, — And feeling Pain,
for Witches.) Alluding to one of the Methods of Trial, made Úse of in those Days, mentioned by Dr. Hutchinson, (Historical Elay, p. 63.) “ Do but imagine (says he) a poor Creature, under all the « Weakness and Infirmities of old Age, set like a Fool in the “ Middle of a Room, with the Rabble of ten Towns round. “ about her House : Then her. Legs tied cross, that all the
Weight of her Body might reft upon her Seat: By that Means, " after some Hours that the Circulation of the Blood would be “ much stopp'd, her sitting would be as painful as the wooden “ Horse. Then she must continue in her Pain four and twenty “ Hours without either Sleep or Meat. And since this was their • ungodly Way of Trial, what wonder was it, if when they
were weary of their Lives, they confess’d many Tales that " would please them, and sometimes they knew not what.” (See some remarkable Methods of Trial from Mr. Whitelock's Memo-, rials. Impartial Examination of Mr. Neal's 4th vol. of the History of the Puritans, p. 97, 98, 99, 100. And in Reginald Scot's. Discovery of Witchcraft, book 2. chap. 12. p. 37, &c. publish'd in 1584.)
*. 146. Some only for nat being drown'd.] This was another Method of Trial, by W'ater Ordeal, of which Mr. Scot observes, from diverse Writers (book 13. chap: 9. p. 303.) “ That a Wo
man, above the Age of fifty Years, being bound Hand and. “ Foot, her Clothes being upon her, and being laid down softly « in the Water, sinketh not in a long time, some say not at all."" Dr. Hutchinson fomewhere observes, that not one in ten can sink in this Position of their bodies. And p: 55. “ That we can no more “ convict a Witch upon the Tricks of swimming, scratching,
touching, or any other such Experiments, than we may convict a Tliei
the Trial of the Sieve and Sheers.
Who after prov'd himself a Witch;
And made a Rod for his own Breech. 155 Did not the Devil appear to Martin
Luther in Germany, for certain ? ?
Did he not help the Dutch to purge 160 At Antwerp their Cathedral Church?
*.153, 154, Who after prov'd himself a Witch - And made a Rod for his own Breech:] " These two Verses (says Dr. Hutchinson, Historical Efay, p. 65.) “relate to that which I have often “ 'heard, that Hopkins went on searching and swimming the poor “ Creatures, till fome Gentlemen, out of Indignation at the
Barbarity, took him and tied his own Tumbs and Toes, as he “ used to tie others ; and when he was put into the Water, he “ himself swam as they did. This clear'd the Country of him, “ and it was a great deal of Pity that they did not think of the “ Experiment sooner.”
*.155, 156. Did not the Devil appear to Martin Luther in Germany, for certain?] Luther in his Mensalia speaks of the Devil's appearing to him frequently, and how he usd to drive him away by scoffing and jeering him. For he observes that the Devil being a proud Spirit, cannot bear to be contemn'd and scoff’d: “ I often (says he, p. 381.) said to him, Devil, I have bewray'd
my Breeches, canit thou smell that?” (Dr. B.)
And yet some Popish Writers (see Epistle to the Reader, prefix'd to the Translation of Henry Stephens's Apology for Herodotus, 1607. p. 3. from Cochlaus, Staphylus, &c.) affirm, that Luther was begot by an Incubus, and strangled by the Devil. (Vide etiam Wolfii Lection, Memorab. Anno 1550. Par. Poft. p. 593.)
Mr. Oldham alludes to this Aspersion, (Third Satire again? the Jefuites.)
Make Luther Monster, by a Fiend begot,
With Wings, and Tail, and cloven Foot. 3). 159. Did he not help the Dutch, &c.] * In the Beginning of the Civil Wars of Flanders, the common People of Antwerp in a Tumult broke open the Cathedral Church, to demolish Images and Shrines ; and did so much Mischief in a small Time, that Strada writes, there were several Devils seen very busy among them, otherwise it had been impossible. Strad. de Bello Belgico. Dec., 1. Lib. 1. p. 154. edit. Rome 1640.
Sing Catches to the Saints at Mascon,
And speak i' th' Nun of Loudon's Belly? 165 Meet with the Parliament's Committee,
At Woodstock on a Pars'nal Treaty ?
*. 161. Sing Catches to the Saints at Mafcon.] * This Devil deliver'd his Oracles in Verse, which he sung to Tunes, and made feveral Lampoons upon the Huguenots.
There was a Treatise call’d, The Devil of Mascon, or the true Relation of the chief Things, which an unclean Spirit said at Mascon in Burgundy, in the House of Mr. Francis Perrcaud, Minister of the reformed Church in the said Town: Written by the said Perreaud soon after the Apparition, which was in the Year 1612, but not publifb'd till the Year 1653, forty one Years after the Thing was said to be done. Translated by Dr. Peter du Moulin, at the Request of Mr. Boyle. (See Webster's Display of suppas’d Witchcraft, chap. 16. p. 293.]
7. 163. Appear in divers, &c.] * The History of Dr. Dee, and the Devil, publish'd by Mer. Casaubon, Isaac Fil. Prebendary of Canterbury, has a large Account of all those Paffages; in which the Style of the true and false Angels appears to be penn'd by one and the fame Person.
Ý. 164. And speak i' th' Nun of Loudon's Belly.) The Nun of Loudon in France, and all her Tricks have been seen by many Perfons of Quality of this Nation yet living, who have made very good Observations upon the French Book, written upon that Occafion. Vide Histoire de Diable de Loudun, ou de la Poljellion de Religieuse Ursulines, & de la Condemnation & du Suplice D'Urbain Grandiere Cúre de la meme Ville : Astrol. & Mag: 89 N° 14137. Catal. Bibliotheca Harleian, vol. 2. Vide No
14300. Ý. 165, 166. Meet with the Parliament Committee At Woodftock --] * A Committee of the long Parliament, sitting in the King's Houte in Woodstock. Park, were terrify'd with several Apparitions, the Particulars whereof were then the News of the whole Nation. See the Narrative at large. Dr. Plot's Nat. Hift. of Oxfordshire, p. 214, &c.
8.167. At Sarum, &c.] *Withers has a long story in Doggerel, of a Soldier of the King's Army, who being a Prisoner at Salisbury, and drinking a Health to the Devil upon his Knees, was carried away by him through a single Pane of Glass.
At Sarum take a Cavalier
As Withers in 'immortal Rhime 170 Has register'd to after-time.
Do not our great' Reformers'use
This Sidrophel to forebode News ; ... 3.1169. As Withers in immortal Rhime, &c.] This Withers was a Puritánical Officer in the Parliament Army, and a great Pretender to,Poetry, as appears from his Poems enumerated by A. Wood, (Athen. Oxon. vol. 1. Col. 274, &c. ift edit.) but so bad a Poet, that when he was taken Prisoner by the Cavaliers, Sir John Denham the Poet (some of whose Land, at Egham in Surry, Withers had got into his Clutches) desir’d his Majesty not to hang him; because so long as Withers liv'd, Denham would not be accounted the worst Poet in England. Wood, ibid. Col. 274. Bishop
Kennet's Register and Chronicle, p. 694. ¿ Ý.171, 172. Do not our great Reformers use—This Sidrophel to + forebode News ?] Hear, O Reader ! one of these great Reformers thus canting forth the Services of Lilly. " You do not know the
many Services this Man hath done for the Parliament these
many Years ; or how many Times in our greatest Distresses we “ applying unto him, he hath refreth'd our languishing Expecta
tions ; he never fail'd us of a Comfort in our molt unhappy • Distresses. I assure you his Writings have kept up the Spirits “ both of the Soldiery, the honest People of this Nation, and
many of us Parliament-Men." [See Lilly's Life, p.71.] (Mr. B.)
Lilly was one of the close Committee to consult about the King's Execution. (See Mr. Echard's History of England, vol. 2. p. 641.) And for Pay, foretold Things in Favour of all Parties, as has been before obsery'd, the Truth of which is confirm'd from the following Passage, in a Letter of Intelligence to Secretary Thurloe from Bruges, Sept: 29, 1656, (Thurloe's
State-Papers, vol. 5. p. 431.) “ Lilly, that Rogue, who lives by Strand-Bridge, és hath sent a Letter unto Sir Edward Walker, who is one of his
Majesty's Secretaries, who is also an Astrologer, to wish them
to have a good Heart, and be couragious. He was confident, « and foresaw by Art, that the King and his Adherents would be “ restored in the Year 57 to the Throne and Kingdom of Eng“ land: And hereupon they depend much, because such a Pro
phet faith it; who hath rightly prophesy'd of the former “ King's Death; so he must needs have an infallible Prophecy si of this Man's Restauration."
To write of Victories next Year,
And Castles taken yet i’ th’ Air ?
Sunk two Years hence, the last Eclipse ?
8. 173. To write of Viktories next Year.) Mr. Butler (Memoirs of the Years 1649-50 Remains) has expos à his Ignorance in the following Words : “ O (says he) the Infallibility of Erra-Pater
Lilly? The Wizard perhaps may do much at Hot-Cocklės, “ and Blind-Man's Buff; but I durit undertake to poze him in a “ Riddle, and his Intelligence in a Dog in a Wheel : An over“ turn'd Salt is a surer Prophet, the Sieve and Sheers are Oracles “ to him: A whining Pig fees further into a Storm ; Rats will “ prognosticate the Ruin of a Kingdom with more Certainty :
And as for Palmeftry, a Gipsy, or a DERRIC (See the Word « D.E.R.I.C. explain'd, Gruteri Fax Art. Tom. 1. cap. 3. P. 322.)
may be his Tutor, the Wittal is cuckolded over and over, and “ yet the Edipus is blind; like the old Witch, who being consulted
to discover a Thief, could not discover who had sh--t at her “ own Door. Indeed he is excellent at foretelling Things past; “ and calculates the Deputy's Nativity after he is beheaded ; “ and by starting a Prophecy, he excites the credulous Vulgar to “ fulfil it: Thus can he antedate Cromwell's Malice, depose the
King five Years before-hand, and instruct Ralph how to be “ “ damn'd. Impious Villain, to make the Spheres like the affoci“ ated Counties, and the heavenly Houses, so many lower Houses, “ fix a Guilt upon the Stars, and persuade the Planets were Re“ bels, as if it were a Sequestration Star, or any,
Constellation “ look'd like a Committee." His Reputation was lost upon his false Prognostic upon the Eclipse, that was to happen on the 29th of March 1652, commonly call's Black Monday, in which his Predictions not being fully answer'd, Mr. Heath observes, (Chronicle, p. 210.) “ That he was regarded no more for the future, “ than one of his own worthless Almanacks.” Dr. James Young (Sidrophel vapulans,) makes the following Remark upon him.
I have (says he) read all Lilly's Almanacks, from 40 to 60 in the
holy Time of that great Rebellion, to which he was accessary ; “ and find him always the whole Breadth of Heaven wide from • Truth: Scarce one of his Predictions verified, but a thousand
contrary wise : It's hard, that a Man shooting at Rovers so many Years together, should never hit the right Mark.”... [See