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state of liberty from persecution, and the countenance of civil authority, and triumph over their Heathen persecutors. The third, which shall be at the downfall of Antichrist, will be accompanied with an advancement of the church into that state of the glorious prevalence of truth, liberty, peace, and joy, that we so often read of in the prophetical parts of scripture. The last will be attended with the advancement of the church to consummate glory in both soul and body in heaven.
Each of these comings of Christ is accompanied with a terrible destruction of the wicked, and the enemies of the church : The first, with the destruction of the persecuting Jews, which was amazingly terrible; the second, with dreadful judgments on the Heathen persecutors of the church, of which more hereafter; the third, with the awful destruction of Antichrist, the most cruel and bitter enemy that ever the church had ; the fourth, with divine wrath and vengeance on all the ungodly.
Further, there is in each of these comings of Christ an ending of the old heavens and the old earth, and a beginning of new heavens and a new earth ; or an end of a temporal state of things, and a beginning of an eternal state,
3. I would observe, that each of those four great dispensations which are represented as Christ's coming in his king, dom, are but so many steps and degrees or the accomplishment of one event. They are not the setting up of so many distinct kingdoms of Christ; they are all of them only several degrees of the accomplishment of that one event prophesied of, Dan.yii. 13, 14. “ And I saw in the night visions, and behold, one like the Son of man, came with the clouds of heaven, and came to the Ancient of days, and they brought him near before him. And there was given him dominion, and glory, and a king, dom, that all people, nations, and languages, should serve him : His dominion is an everlasting dominion, and his king. dom that which shall not be destroyed." This is what the Jews expected, and called “ The coming of the kingdom of heaven;" and what John the Baptist and Christ had respect to, when they said, “ The kingdom of heaven is at hand.” This great event is gradually accomplished, or is accomplish.
ed by several steps. Those four great events which have been mentioned, were several steps towards the accomplishment of this grand event.
When Christ came with the preaching of the apostles, to set up his kingdom in the world, which dispensation ended with the destruction of Jerusalem, then it was accomplished in a glorious degree; when the Heathen empire was destroyed in Constantine's time, it was fulfilled in a further degree ; when Antichrist shall be destroyed, it will be accomplished in a yet higher degree : But when the end of the world is come, then will it be ačcomplished in its most perfect degree of all ; then it will be finally and completely accomplished. And be.. cause these four great events are but images one of another, and the three former but types of the last, and since they are all only several steps of the accomplishment of the same thing ; hence we find them all from time to time prophesied of under one, as they are in the prophecies of Daniel, and as they are in the 24th chapter of Matthew, where some things seem more applicable to one of them, and others to another.
4. I would observe, that, as there are several steps of the accomplishment of the kingdom of Christ, so in each one of them the event is accomplished in a further degree than in the foregoing. That in the time of Constantine was a greater and further accomplishment of the kingdom of Christ, than that which ended in the destruction of Jerusalem ; that which shall be at the fall of Antichrist, will be a further accomplishment of the same thing, than that which took place in the time of Constantine ; and so on with regard to each: So that the kingdom of Christ is gradually prevailing and growing by these several great steps of its fulfilment, from the time of Christ's resurrection, to the end of the world.
5. And lastly, it may be observed, that the great providences of God between these four great events, are to make way for the kingdom and glory of Christ in the great event following. Those dispensations of providence which were towards the church of God and the world, before the destruction of the heathen empire in the time of Constantine, seem all to have been to make way for the glory of Christ, and the happiness
of the church in that event. And so the great providences of God which are after that, till the destruction of Antichrist; and the beginning of the glorious times of the church which follow, seem all to be to prepare the way for the greater glory of Christ and his church in that event; and the providences of God which shall be after that to the end of the world, seen to be for the greater manifestation of Christ's glory at the end of the world, and in the consummation of all things.
Thus I thought it needful to observe those things in general concerning this last period of the series of God's providence, before I take notice of the particular providences by which the work of redemption is carried on through this period, in their order : And before I do that, I will also briefly answer to an Inquiry, viz. Why the setting up of Christ's kingdom after his humiliation, should be so gradual, by so many steps that are so long in accomplishing, since God could easily have finished it at once ?
Though it would be presumption in us to pretend to declare all the ends of God in this, yet doubtless much of the wisdom of God may be seen in it by us; and particularly in these two things.
1. In this way the glory of God's wisdom, in the manner of doing this, is more visible to the observation of creatures. If it had been done at once, in an instant, or in a very short time, there would not have been such opportunities for creatures to perceive and observe the particular steps of divine wisdom, as when the work is gradually accomplished, and one effect of his wisdom is held forth to observation after another. It is wisely determined of God, to accomplish his great design by a wonderful and long series of events, that the glory of his wisdom may be displayed in the whole series, and that the glory of his perfections may be seen, appearing, as it were, by parts, and in particular successive manifestations : For if all that glory which appears in all these events had been manifested at once, it would have been too much for us and more than we at once could take notice of; it would have dazzled our eyes and overpowered our sight.
2. Satan is more gloriously triumphed over........God could easily, by an act of almighty power, at once have crushed Sa. tan. But by giving him time to use his utmost subtilty to hinder the success of what Christ had done and suffered, he is not defeated merely by surprise, but has large opportunity to ply his utmost power and subtilty again and again, to strengthen his own interest all that he can by the work of many ages. Thus God destroys and confounds him, and sets up Christ's kingdom time after time, in spite of all his subtle machina. tions and great works, and by every step advances it still higher and higher, till at length it is fully set up, and Satan perfectly and eternally vanquished in the end of all things.
I now proceed to take notice of the particular events, whereby, from the end of Christ's humiliation to the end of the world, the success of Christ's purchase has been or shall be accomplished.
1. I would take notice of those things whereby Christ was put into an immediate capacity for accomplishing the end of his purchase.
2. I would show how he obtained or accomplished that suc
I WOULD také fotice, first, of those things by which Christ was put into a capacity for accomplishing the end of his purchase. And they are two things, viz. his resurrection, and his ascension. As we observed before, the incarnation of Christ was necessary in order to Christ's being in a near capacity for the purchase of redemption ; so the resurrection and ascension of Christ were requisite, in order to his accomplishing the success of his purchase.
I. His resurrection. It was necessary, in order to Christ's obtaining the end and effect of his purchase of redemption, that he should rise from the dead. For God the Father had VOL. II.
committed the whole affair of redemption, not only the purchasing of it but the bestowing of the blessings purchased, to his Son, that he should not only purchase it as priest, but actoally bring it about as king; and that he should do this as Godman. For God the Father would have nothing to do with fallen man in a way of mercy, but by a mediator.
But in or der that Christ might carry on the work of redemption, and accomplish the success of his own purchase as Godman, it was necessary that he should be alive, and so that he should rise from the dead. Therefore Christ, after he had finished this purchase by death, and by continuing for a time under the power of death, rises from the dead, to fulfil the end of his purchase, and himself to bring about that for which he died : For this matter God the Father had committed unto him, that he might, as Lord of all, manage all to his own purposes : Rom. xiv. 9. « For to this end Christ both died and rose, and revived, that he might be Lord both of the dead and the living."
Indeed Christ's resurrection and so his ascension, was part of the success of what Christ did and suffered in his humiliation. For though Christ did not properly purchase redemption for himself, yet he purchased eternal life and glory for himself, by what he did and suffered ; and this eternal life and glory was given him as a reward of what he did and suffercd: Phil. ii. 8, 9. “ He humbled himself and became obedient unto death, even the death of the cross. Wherefore God also hath highly exalted him.” And it
be lookod upon as part of the success of Christ's purchase, if it be considered, that Christ did not rise as a private person, but as the head of the elect church ; so that they did, as it were, all rise with him. Christ was justified in his resurrection, i. e. God acquitted and discharged him hereby, as having done and suffered enough for the sins of all the elect: Rom. iv. 25. “ Who was delivered for our offences, and raised again for our justification." And God put him in possession of eternal life, as the head of the church, as a sure earnest that they should follow. For when Christ rose from the dead, that was the beginning of eternal life in him. His life before his death was a mortal