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and are extant in three books, with one book of Letters : -Colon. 1628.--She died in the thirty-sixth year of her age.

ECBERT, Abbot of St. FLORIN, A. D. 1154, Was brother of the above named Elizabeth, and canon of Bonne: he opposed a sect of Heretics called Cathari, and wrote against them thirteen Sermons opposing their creed : he says that they are a relict of the sect of the Manichæans : in the second discourse he gives the several points of their heresy :-Biblioth. Patr. vol. iv. p. 75.He wrote also the Life and Death of his sister Elizabeth, prefixed to her Revelations :-he is also Author of some Epistles.

LUKE, CHRYSOBERGES, A. D. 1155, Patriarch of Constantinople, has left us thirteen Synodal Decrees :—Leunclav. Jur. Gr. Rom. lib. iii. p. 217 : -a Greek Iambic Poem, in the Vienna Library :-Extracts from his ascetic Institutions ; ibid. :-and a Poem in blank verse, composed before he became Patriarch, on Abstinence; ibid.

BASILIUS, ACHRIDENUS, A. D. 1155, Archbishop of Thessalonica, wrote an Epistle to Pope Adrian, in defence of the Greek Church :-Baron. ad an. 1155 :--and an Answer concerning Marriage, in Jur. Gr. Rom. lib. v. p. 307.

ANDRONICUS, CAMATERUS, A. D. 1156. Præfect of Constantinople and brother of the Emperor Manuel Comnenus, wrote a Dialogue against the Latins, the interlocutors being the Emperor and some Roman Cardinals, concerning the Procession of the Holy Ghost :

-a Dialogue, between the Emperor and Peter the Armenian :—and a book on the Two Natures in Christ :Biblioth. Bavar. in MS.

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RADULPHUS, Niger, A. D. 1157. A Monk in the diocese of Beauvais, wrote Commentaries on Leviticus, in twenty books ;—and on Canticles, ascribed to Gregory :-Biblioth. Patr.

ZACHARY, A. D. 1157, Of the order of Præmontre, Bishop of Chrysopolis, wrote a Commentary on Ammonius' Gospel Harmony, in four books :-fol. Colon. 1535, and Biblioth. Patr.

ALEXANDER III., Bishop of Rome, A. D. 1159,

Formerly called Roland, a native of Sienna in Tuscany, was originally a canon of Pisa, and raised by Eugenius III. to be Cardinal, Presbyter of St. Mark, and Chan. cellor of the Roman Church : after he was raised to the Roman see his reign was disturbed by rival Popes: he

died A. D. 1181.-His Epistles amount to 350, to be found in Concil. vol. x. Baluz. Misc. vol. ii. and Martene, vol. i.

GERVASIUS, A. D. 1160, An Englishman, the intimate friend of Becket, wrote a Commentary on Malachi, still in MS. in Biblioth. Lumlei.

BERTRAND, the Monk, A. D. 1160, Abbot of La Chaise Dieu, wrote the Life of Robert the founder of his Monastery, in three parts :-Labbe, Nov. Script.

PETER, of Blois, A. D. 1160, So named from the place of his birth, after deeply studying human learning, applied himself to divine science under John of Salisbury: in A. D. 1167, he went to Sicily and was made tutor and then secretary to William II. king of Sicily: he returned soon to France, and was invited by Henry II., king of England, to reside at his court: on his arrival he was created Archdeacon of Bath, afterwards he became Chancellor of Canterbury, and at last Archdeacon of London. He died A. D. 1200.- He wrote

Letters,-of which he himself made a Collection at the command of Henry II.: they vary very much in interest as well as in manner, contain much blame of the Clergy of his time, and give incidentally much information on

the customs and feelings of that age. In the 140th is to be found the first use of the word Transubstantiate. He abounds with quotations.

Sermons,-to the number of sixty-five: their matter is frequently highly important and their style sententious, severe in blaming, and abounding in moral precept.

Tracts.-Of these sınall Treatises there are seventeen : their subjects are various and of no very particular interest, excepting the thirteenth, which is intituled Quales sunt, what sort are they? being an exposure of the evil conduct of the Priests and Bishops of those days.

Petri BlæsenSIS Opera, cura J. Busæi, 4to. Mogunt. 1600.

Pet. de Goussainville, fol. Paris, 1667. Best edition.

JOHN, of HEXHAM, A. D. 1160, An Augustine Monk, continued Simeon's History of Durham, from A. D. 1130, to A. D. 1154:-int. Script. dec. Angl. Twisden, Lond. 1652.

FOLMAR, A. D. 1160, Of the Monastery of Trieffenstein in Franconia, wrote a Letter on the Eucharist to Eberhard, Bishop of Saltzburg :-int. Script. coætan. adv. Waldens. 4to. Ingoldst. 1613.

ADAM, the Scot, A. D. 1160, Of the order of Præmontre, wrote a Commentary on St. Augustine's Rule, a tract on the Triple Tabernacle of Moses, a book on the three-fold kind of Contemplation, and forty-seven Sermons :—fol. Antverp. 1659.

MICHAEL, of THESSALONICA, A. D. 1160, Master of the Rhetoricians, and Defender of the Constantinopolitan Church, was condemned as holding the heresy of the Bogomili, which sect he forsook and made a Confession of Faith, published by Leo Allat. de Consens. lib. ii. c. 12.

JOHN, CINNAMUS, A. D. 1160, Secretary to the Emperor Manuel Comnenus, wrote the History of the Emperors John, and Manuel Comnenus, from A. D. 1118 to A. D. 1176, in four books :-ed. J. Tollius, Utrecht. 1652.

DIONYSIUS, BAR-SALIBI, A. D. 1160, A Jacobite of Miletine, Archbishop of Diarbec, composed many works on Sciences, Controversies, and Scripture :-vid. J. Asseman. Bibl. Orient. vol. ii. p. 32.

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