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FROM THE ACCESSION OF GEORGE III. TO THE FRENCH REVOLUTION.-A.D. 1760 TO A.D. 1789

299-346
of Donatus," 1549.)

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Initial “C." (From a MS. of the “Anglo-Saxon

Chronicle,” Cotton. Tib. B. 1, 11th Century)

Tailpiece-Time Mowing. (From the Title-page to an

Edition of “Donatus," 1549)

Ornament-Brought by the Graces to Wisdom.

(Designed for Elizabeth Elstob's “Anglo-Saxon

Grammar," 1715)

Old Books. (From Sir W. Gell's “ Pompeiana")

Initial from a Cotton. MS. of Mandeville's Travels

Paston Hall and Church. (From Sir John Fenn)

A Paston Letter of the Reign of Henry VI. (From

Sir John Fenn)

A Printing Press of 1498. (From the Frontispiece to

a book of that year)

Evil Merodach's Cruelty. (From Caxton's “Game

and Play of the Chess”

The Finder of the Play of Chess. (From Caxton's

“ Game and Play of the Chess")

The First Chess-Players. (From "Caxton")

Sir Thomas More. (From an Enamel after Holbein).

John Rogers. (From his Portrait in H. Holland's

Heroologia").

Bishop Fox. (From Queen Mary's Prayer Book)

Out of the Depths. (From Queen Mary's Psalter)

An Elizabethan Country House. (From Britton's

“ Antiquities").

Christ Covered. (From Stephen Bateman's “Doom,"

1581).

The Groundwork of Coney-catching. (From Title-

page of Greene's Book, 1591)

The Counterfeit Crank. (From Greene's “ Coney-

catching," 1591) ·

Town and Country (From Greene's “Quip for an

C'pstart Courtier')

Greene Raised from the Grave. (From J. Dickenson's

“Greene in Conceipt," 1598)

An Elizabethan Shilling

The Old Front of Wilton House

Initial from Hakluyt's “Voyages," 1589 .

Sir Francis Drake taking a Spanish Galleon. (From

John Pine's Plates of the Tapestry Hangings in

the House of Lords)

A Portuguese Carack. (From the Title-page to

Linschoten's "Discours of Voyages," 1598)

Tailpiece from Hakluyt's “Voyages," 1589

Achmat, Emperor. (From Knolles's “ Historie of the

Turkes,” 1610):

The Gotham Cuckoo. (From the “Merry Tales of

Gotham," 1630)

103

Abbey Church of St. Albans

111

Engraved Title-page of Bacon's “Sylva Sylvarum”

(1629)

116

John Milton, aged Twenty-one .

127

The Parliament of England. (From the Great Seal

of the Commonwealth)

132

John Selden. (From the Engraving in his “ Janus") 138

Lambeth Palace. (From an Engraving by Hollar,

1647).

144

Autograph of John Milton.

149

Jeremy Taylor. (Frontispiece to his “Holy Dying") 150

Initial from Lord Orrery's "Parthenissa ”

161

A Sailing Chariot. (From John Wilkins's “Mathe-

matical Magic").

163

A Chariot on the Windmill Principle. (From the

same) :

163

Robert Boyle. (From the Frontispiece to one of his

Books, 1670)

166

Cowley's House at Chertsey

168

Aphra Behn. (From the Portrait prefixed to her

Novels)

175

Ornament from the “Life of Clarendon,” 1667 . 196

Sir William Temple. (From Sir Peter Lely's

Portrait, 1679)

200

Daniel Defoe. (From the “ True Collection" of his

Writings, 1703).

207

Jonathan Swift. (From the Portrait engraved for

Lord Orrery)

212

Joseph Addison. (From Portrait by Kneller, 1716) . 220

Sir Richard Steele. (From a French Translation of

his Political Works, 1715) .

222

William King. (From the Title-page of his Collected

Works)

229

Richard Steele, æt. 46. (From Nichols's Editions of

his Letters, &c.).

234

Frontispiece to the First Volume of Steele's “ Ladies'

Library," 1714

246

Ornaments from the First Edition of “The Beggar's

Opera”

247, 248

Olympian Walpole. (Frontispiece to Boling broke's

“Dissertation upon Parties ”')

256

Lord Chesterfield

260

Glastonbury

263

Woodcut from Fielding's " Miscellanies”.

263

Henry Fielding. (From the Portrait by Hogarth) 272

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Tobias Smollett. (From the Portrait by Sir Joshua
Reynolds).

278 Shenstone Favoured by Apollo. (From the Edition of his Works published in 1764)

283 Lady Bradshaigh. (From Mrs. Barbauld's “ Correspondence of Samuel Richardson ")

289 Samuel Richardson. (From the Engraving circulated by himself among his Friends)

290 Richardson Reading the MS. of “Sir Charles

Grandison.” (From a Sketch made at the time
by one of the Party)

296 The Infant Johnson. (By Sir Joshua Reynolds, 1761) 299 Laurence Sterne. (From the Portrait before Vol. I. of his “Sermons," 1765)

306 Samuel Johnson. (From the Portrait before “The Lives of the Poets,” 1781)

323 Sir Joshua Reynolds. (From his Portrait of himself) 330 The Old Royal Academy, Pall Mall .

332 Rooms of the Royal Academy in Old Somerset House 334 Edmund Burke. (From the Portrait before his

“Essay on the Sublime and Beautiful,” ed. 1798) 344 Allegorical Design from Campbell's “Pleasures of Hope"

346 Samuel Taylor Coleridge. (From an Early Portrait,

1796, in Joseph Cottle's “Recollections') . 364 Mary Wollstonecraft Godwin. (From the Portrait before Godwin's Memoir of her, 1798).

367 Robert Southey (1796). (From Cottle’s “ Early Recol. lections").

369

William Wordsworth (1798). (From Cottle's “Early
Recollections ")

378 Charles Lamb (1798). (From the same)

379 William Hazlitt.

379 Leigh Hunt (1797). (From a Portrait by Samuel Laurence)

390 Entrance to Hougoumont. (From Southey's “ Poet's Pilgrimage to Waterloo,” 1816)

397 Ruins of Hougoumont. (From the same).

397 John Wilson

399 Thomas De Quincey .

4C2 Charles Lamb. (From a Portrait by William Hazlitt)

404 Craigenputtoch

409 Thomas Carlyle's House at Craigenputtoch

410 Charles Dickens

421 William Makepeace Thackeray (1862). (From a Drawing by Samuel Laurence)

422 John Ruskin

429 Thomas Carlyle (1875). (From a Medallion designed by Boehm) :

431 Ornament from Jeremy Taylor's “Opuscula,” 1678. 432 A Modern Printing Machine

433 Initial “ I.” (From Bacon's "Henry the Seventh," 1629).

433 Ornament from Johann Friedrich Eckhard's “ Nach

richten von Einigen Seltenen Büchern," 1775 437 Ornament from Jeremy Taylor's “Great Exemplar," 1649.

440

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'HYTHM is associated with the middle of the fourteenth century. But when

the first utterances de- Chaucer and Gower followed the example of his signed for frequent repeti- story-telling, their English tales were still in verse, tion and continued life. except that Chaucer included two prose pieces in The praise of chiefs, the his Canterbury Tales—a moral story from the cherished memories French, and a homily for his Parson. The direct beliefs of a people, formed preaching of Wiclif, and his urging of reform

into musical sequences of upon the Church and people, are represented also words with alliteration, or other device by English prose tracts and sermons, which are to secure for each important word thoroughly simple and straightforward, as it is the both emphasis and good help to its nature of right prose to be. The word “Prose” means recollection, make the substance of straightforward. It is derived from the Latin that early literature which lives on prorsus, and so was the name of a Roman goddess, the lips of its authors and in the Prorsa, called also Prosa, who presided over ordinary memories of those who learn it from births with the head foremost. Prose signifies, therethem and diffuse it pleasantly in fore, the direct manner of common speech without cadenced chant among the people. twists or unusual ways of presentation. Prose was not written when few read Coleridge said that he wished our clever young and literature lay between the reciters poets would remember his “homely definition of and a world of listeners. When there prose and poetry, that is, prose is words in their best were more readers, cultivated men and order; poetry, the best words in the best order.” The women, with the written page before definition may be homely, but it is not true. No them, could recite at will for pleasure writer of prose would wish to use second-best words. of their friends. Still, they were sup- Setting aside the difference that lies deep in the plied chiefly with verse; but the good nature of the thought, there remains only the stories current among daily talk could mechanical distinction that verse is a contrivance for be collected and written in the manner

of those who told them well in the calamus and an ink-stand. Behind is another kind of table hanging Initial from direct phrase of common speech. Such

from a metal pen or style, here used as a pin. To the right of that is

a thick book of tables. In front are a style and a group of single MS. of Mande- tales in prose Boccaccio told again for ville's Travels.

volumes in cases or unrolled, with their titles attached, sometimes to (Cotton.) the Italians in his “Decameron," about the papyrus, sometimes to the wood in the centre.

: Part of this homily-on Anger—is quoted on pages 103-106 of the 1 Next to the case containing six books rolled and labelled, are volume of this Library illustrating English Religion. In the same tables, hinged and wax-covered, for writing. Below are a reed pen or volume, on pages 71-73, will be found specimens of Wiclif's prose.

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