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original anthem sung by the first chil- | lection is then made for the youths; dren, very beautifully illuminated. after which, his lordship and the go
This celebrated seminary, a parallel vernors, with other respectable visito which is not to be found either intors, retire to the court-room, where the United Kingdom or elsewhere, is a dinner is served up, under the sudivided into three distinct apartments: perintendence of the steward. the Grammar School, the Writing In the year 1793, the present gramSchool, and the Mathematical School, mar school was erected, chiefly at the to which last is exclusively attached expense of John Smith, Esq. whose a Drawing School.
is at the upper end. The Grammar School is, as its name The Writing School, which is suimports, entirely devoted to the study perintended by Messrs. Goddard and of the classics. It is under the direc- Peacock, is confined, agreeably to the tion of the reverend Dr. Trollope, and name, to those common branches of his Son, both very excellent scholars, education which may fit the boys for who have raised the classical credit of trade or the counting-house. this department very considerably; and The Mathematical School was founda sufficient number complete the higher ed by King Charles the Second, at the course of education, to fill up the Uni- recommendation of Sir Jonas Moore, versity exhibitions as they become for the purpose of improving the mavacant About two hundred are also rine service, by giving instruction to taught the rudiments of grammatical forty boys in navigation. This school learning in the preparatory school at was endowed, at first, for seven years, Hertford, and are transferred to the with one thousand pounds, and an London establishment when they are annuity for ever of three hundred and pear twelve years of age. There are seventy pounds ten shillings, payable seven exhibitions, or scholarships, for out of the exchequer. These boys Cambridge, and one for Oxford. The were formerly presented to the king value of the former is sixty pounds a every new-year's day, by the president year; and at Pembroke-Hall, in the of the hospital; but after the king's former University, there is an addition- illness in 1789, the practice was disal exhibition from the college itself, continued. They wear a badge upon making about ninety pounds for four the left shoulder, the figures of which years, and fifty for the last three ; be- represent Arithmetic with a scroll in sides which, the hospital defrays the one hand, and the other placed on a charges of the Bachelor's and Master's boy's head; Geometry, with a triangle; degrees, The Oxford exhibition is and Astronomy, with a quadrant and about seventy or eighty pounds; and a sphere. Round the plate is this inthe governors pay all fees of entrance, scription, “ Auspicio Caroli Secundi twenty pounds towards furnishing the Regis, 1673." Five of these boys room, ten pounds for books, and ten pass an examination before the elder pounds for clothes. The Grecians, or brethren of the Trinity House every scholars intended for the University, six months, previous to their entering are selected by the head master, with- on the naval profession; and in case out any interference of the governors, the royal donation should fail, Mr. according to the talents and behaviour Stone, a former governor, left a legacy of the youths. One exhibition goes for the maintenance of twelve boys, every year to Cambridge, and one at as a subordinate mathematical school, the end of every seven years to Ox- which, according to subsequent regulaford.
tions, is made an introductory step to On St. Matthew's day, September the foundation of King Charles. These 21st, the Lord Mayor, Sheriffs, and boys are distinguished from the others Governors, attend at Christ Church, by wearing the badge upon the right where an anthem is sung by the boys, shoulder, instead of the left. This and a sermon preached by a divine branch obtains the technical name of who has been bred up in the school. the “ Twelves,” in the school, on acAfter service, the auditors proceed to count of the number. There is another the Hall, where two orations are de- addition to the mathematical school, livered, one in English, by the senior the endowment of Mr. Travers, and is scholar, who is about to leave school exclusively limited to the sons of for college ; and the other in Latin, by lieutenants in the navy; but these boys the next in rotation. A handsome col- are not obliged to go to sea. The
présent mathematical master is Mr. a two-penny loaf; a quantity in most Adams, whose predecessor, Mr. Wild cases far from being adequate. liam Wales, accompanied Captain There is an infirmary attached to the Cook in his first voyage round the hospital, wbich is attended daily by world. Among the mathematicians the physician and resident apotheof eminence who have filled this re- cary; and occasionally also by the spectable situation, may be mentioned surgeon, Mr. Abernethy. Mr. John Robertson, whose treatise The costume of the boys is that of on Navigation is the standard book the age when the foundation took in this school, as well as in other place; consisting of an outer blue nautical academies ; Mr. James Hodg- garment, with long skirts, and an son, the author of an excellent system inner one of yellow; the stockings of practical mathematics; and the also are of the latter colour; but the pious Humphrey Ditton, who wrote a cap, which is round, and the girdle, are work on Fluxions, and another, still the ornamental parts of the dress. better known, on the Resurrection. During three winter months, it has
The domestic arrangements of the been usual to throw open the greathospital are conducted with remark- hall of the hospital every Sunday able precision and regard to economy. evening, for the admission of a select The total number of boys is generally company, with tickets from the gofrom seven to eight hundred, who are vernors, to hear the music and see the divided into twelve compartments or ceremonial of the supper. The followwards; in each of which is a nurse, ing letter, written above sixty years who is responsible for the cleanliness, ago by a country gentleman to his fa'comfort, and good conduct of those mily, describing this interesting specunder her care. The steward of the tacle, may be amusing to our readers, hospital might, with more propriety, and is worth preserving : be called the master, for, though he “None of the charities in London," has nothing to do with the office of says this observer," has given me so tuition, and keeps the accounts of ex- much pleasure, as that of Christ's penses, yet he has the sole superin- Hospital; for on Sunday, with some tendence of the household, and is the friends, I went there to see the children common regulator of all complaints. sup in the great and magnificent hall. The rules for the preservation of order The number of boys and girls* amountare plain, but well adapted to the ed to some hundreds, all of whom apobject.
peared, in behaviour and neatness, as In each ward are three or four belonging to one and the same family. monitors, as they are called, who act Their manners were so decent, and as the deputies of the steward, for the their decorum so exactly just, that maintenance of regularity in their re- they appeared like the children of spective districts, and delivering to some pious prince. After the children him the characters of all within their were regularly placed, the superior jurisdiction. This, with the exception officer, with many governors, each of the Grecians, is the most honour- with a green wand, entered the room, able office attainable by merit, and it walking in procession throngh the is always appropriated without any rows up to the upper end, where befavour. Every master has a house, ing seated, and surrounded by several with an allowance of coals. There ladies and gentlemen of distinetion are besides a number of beadles, who and fashion, silence was demanded also act as constables, and are placed by three strokes of a mallet. Then at different posts, to keep order, and one of the boys in the desk, with an be in attendance upon any emer- audible and distinct voice, read the gency.
prayers appointed for this royal fourThe diet of the children is simple dation, during which time a profound and wholesome, consisting chiefly of silence was observed. The prayers joints of meat, broth, bread, and some- being ended, a psalm was sung by all times, though rarely, vegetables. The the children, which was so melodious breakfast formerly was bread and and exact, as to the notes and time of water, afterwards small-beer was sub- the organ, that I wished for all our stituted, but latterly this also has been properly changed for milk. The al
* Since the establishment at Hertford, all the Iowance of bread to each boy is half girls are educated there.
parish to have been present, that a , ing, of prudence, and discretion, to distinction might have been made be- discharge these high trusts and patertween time, harmony, and throat- nal cares. straining singing.
“When any of my neighbours come “ After this, the children placed to town, I would advise them to parthemselves at the long tables, where take of this feast, in which they will supper was provided in the neatest find a more delightful amusement and cleanliest mode; the food con- than any other in London." sisted of bread, butter, cheese, and Children under nine years old are mugs of small-beer. After some time, sent to the preparatory school at I walked into the several wards, which Hertford, where the usual number were as neat as so many palaces, the amounts to four or five hundred; so beds regularly placed, and to each that, upon an averago, there are behung a clean bowl.
longing to this noble establishment, Sapper being over, solemn thanks generally twelve hundred; and as the were given; after which, a hymn was revenues are increasing, the charity sung by six of the children, and the will, no doubt, be further extended. chorus by every one.
Though the permanent revenues of “ The table cloths were now rolled the hospital are great, arising from up, the broken bread gathered in bas- royal and private donations in houses kets, and the remainder of the beer and lands; yet without the aid of voput into leathern jacks, according to luntary subscriptions, the establishthe eastern custom, and the several ment could not be supported on its allotments were taken by each divi- present scale; the expenditure being sion. Then the procession began; at least thirty thousand pounds a year, first a lad walked with two lighted out of which near two thousand go tapers, followed by the nurse and the in salaries to the officers and servants. children of her ward ; a boy with the The governors, who choose the masbread basket on his shoulder, another ters and domestics, are unlimited in with the table-cloth, a third with the number; and commonly consist of leathern jack, and the fourth with the wealthy citizens, and members of the empty wooden mug's ; when advancing corporation. A donation of four hunby two and two up to the place where dred pounds qualifies a person for the governors were seated, the boys this distinction. As the buildings, in and girls shewed their gratitude, by the lapse of time, have been much bowing and curtsying to them; the deteriorated, subscriptions for some organ solemnly playing during the years past have been received, for the whole procession.
purpose of erecting an entirely new “ After the several divisions had edifice, commensurate to the magniwalked in the same order, each nurse tude and importance of the charity. conducted her children or family into By a grant of the corporation of her ward ; and in this charming man- London, the governors of the hospital ner the scene closed.
have the privilege of licensing the “This masterly and admirable eco- carts allowed to ply in the city, to the nomy led me to inquire, how it was number of four hundred and twenty, possible such a number of children whose owners pay a small sum for the could be well bred up, and with such same. Three farthings upon every decency; when scarcely a private fa- piece of cloth brought into Blackwell. mily, with only three or four children, Hall, are also paid to this hospital. is able to govern so few ; nay, few All human institutions, and none families afford the like education, for more so than those of a public nature I was informed, that many perfectly like this, are liable to abuse. Such understand the mathematics, naviga- was the case to a very scandalous detion, geometry, and the useful arts. gree, till lately, with regard to the The health of the children, their modest admission of children into Christ's behaviour, proper carriage to all, and Hospital; many being received, whose the neatness of their dress, must al- parents lived in afluence, and actually ways do bonour to the several persons kept their carriages. The exposure who have the care of them ; and the of one or two facts, and the dismissal wisdom of the masters is a proof of of the children who had been so imthe judgment and understanding of properly obtruded upon the founda: the governors in electing men of learn- tion as objects of charity, produced not only a restoration of the rights of ed my notice, I beg leave to commuthe poor, but a general reform of the nicate a few short remarks; for which, whole system.
if thought worthy of notice, I would From this noble seminary have solicit the favour of a corner in your issued many eminent characters, in valuable miscellany. different walks of life : several who The example of Mr. Steele was have risen to the highest civic honours; brought forward by Mr. Clarkson, in others who have shone in the sphere a pamphlet entitled “Thoughts on the of literature; and not a few who have Necessity of Improving the Condition adorned the churcb by their learning of the Slaves," &c.; and it was there and piety. Among these various satisfactorily shewn, on the most unluminaries, it may suffice to mention questionable authority, (that of Mr. Camden, the father of English anti- Steele himself, and of others,) that the quaries; Joshua Barnes, the Greek slaves on bis estates bad been raised professor of Cambridge ; Jeremiah in the scale of society and happiness, Markland, the philosophical critic; and that the estates themselves had and, though last, not least, the exem- been rendered more productive and plary Dr. Thomas Fanshaw Middle- profitable, by a more lenient and less ton, bishop of Calcutta.
despotic system of management, which The list of distinguished Blues raised them from the state of slaves to might be extended considerably, es- that of copyholders, and which was pecially were the living ornaments of continued under his own eye for eight this great foundation to be added to years, viz. from 1783 to 1791. Mr. the number; the mention of whose Clarkson adds in a note, “It is much names would furnish a decisive an- to be feared, that this beautiful order swer to those sophists who have perti- of things was broken up after Mr. naciously endeavoured to undervalue Steele's death, by his successors, a public education, as injurious to either through their own prejudices, morals.
or their unwillingness or inability to stand against the scoffs and prejudices
of others." Witnesses FOR SLAVERY, CROSS In the Quarterly Review, with an evi
dent want of candour, no notice is taken MR. EDITOR.
of the important circumstance referred
to in this note, but a letter is inserted ȘIR,-On lately taking up the Quar- from a Mr. Sealy, who states, that terly Review, number 60, of so remote he was a manager of a neighbouring a date as August 1824, my attention plantation, and who denies, in very was arrested by the contents of the express terms, the success of the imlast article in the volume, on the im- proved system tried on Mr. Steele's portant subject of Negro Slavery in estate, which he asserts have been the West India Colonies. The inten- persevered in for “ thirty years under tion of the writer is, evidently enough, Mr. Steele, and bis executor, Mr. T. to throw discredit on the conduct and Bell.” Here we may observe, that statements of those who have attacked the experiment brought forward by the system of slavery; and while he | Mr. Clarkson is that of only eight lays claim to impartiality, and a desire years under Mr. Steele himself, and to do justice to both parties, the bias that he intimates that it was broken and prejudice of his own views are up after his death. Mr. Sealy, howsufficiently apparent.
ever, has chosen, for obvious reasons, He has shewn a particular anxiety to state the result of thirty years, to obviate the force of the example set during which, he says, the experiment by Mr. Steele; and for this purpose was continued. But let us hear the the testimony of three different wit- next witness, who is no less a person nesses is cited, to invalidate the ac- than the Attorney-General of Barbacounts published by Mr. Clarkson and does. He says, that Mr. Steele's plan others, of the success of Mr. Steele's “ failed considerably," and that, “ on plans for the gradual amelioration of his death, they reverted to the old his slaves. His arguments and evi- system.” Valuable witnesses, indeed, dence may, or may not, have been are these! they refute each other; the examined and replied to; but as no one says that the new system was such examination or reply has reach- persevered in for thirty years, viz. to
1813; the other, that it was abandoned with old Nick yet, for all that. I am on Mr. Steele's death, viz, in 1791. come from Jerusalem.-A. What wind
But what says Mr. M.Queen, on the blew thee thither ?-C. The very same authority “ of Mr. Steele's books in wind that blows other people to the Barbadoes, those of bis executors same place.- A. Some whimsy, I supwho continued his plan, and the re- pose.-C. There are more fools than cords of the Court of Chancery of that one, however.-A. What did you hunt island ?"-why, that the experiments for there ?-C. Misery.--A. Methinks were closed in 1797, with, of course, you might have found that nearer the same results. Here, then, are home. But did you meet with any three evidences, asserting very im- thing there worth seeing ?-C. Why, portant results from an experiment; truly, little or nothing. They shewed the two first, it would appear, from us certain monuments of antiquity, their own knowledge, and the last which I look upon to be mostly counfrom authentic documents on the spot: terfeit, and mere contrivances to gull one says, that the system was perse- the credulous and simple people. Nay, vered in till 1813; another, that it was I am not yet satisfied that they can abandoned in 1791; and the third, that so much as tell you the precise place it was closed in 1797. Now, I contend, where Jerusalem stood.-A. What Mr. Editor, that there is enough in did you see, then ?-C. Only barbarity the face of these evidences to con- and desolation.-A. But the Holy vict them of ignorance and false- Land, I hope, has made you a holy hood. They remind me of some, of an man.-C. No, nothing like it; for I infamous stamp, about 1800 years am come back ten times worse than I ago, of whose contradictions it was went out. - A. You have filled your said, “ But neither so did their wit-pockets, perhaps ?-C. So far from it, ness agree together.” Whatever that a snake which has cast her skin, may be the matter of fact to which is not so bare as I am.-A. Do you not they refer, the presumption as to their repent, then, of so long a journey to knowledge and truth is evidently so little purpose ?-C. Repentance against them; and I would caution would be to as little purpose as the any cursory readers from being mis- journey. Nay, I cannot so much as led by such inconsistent counter state- be ashamed of it, there are so many ments. There is much more in the fools to keep me in countenance.-A. same article which is equally obnoxi- What's the fruit, then, of this dangerous to animadversion, but I trust ous voyage?-C. Ob! very much. enough has been already said, to in- A. Let's know it, then: I shall live duce suspicion in its perasal, and dis- the more at ease hereafter for it.-C. trust in its most positive assertions.—You'll have the pleasure of telling old I am, Mr. Editor, your constant reader, stories when the danger's over.-A.
N. N. That's something, but not all.-C. Is
there any advantage in it else, then ?
A. Yes, there is.-C. Pray what may THE ABSURDITY OF RASH VOWS, ETC.
that be?-A. It furnishes a man with (From ERASMUS.)
table-talk and discourse' upon all ocThe Vanity and Misery of rambling Voyages; casions; the bistory of such an adven
pleasant Reflections opon pretended Indul- ture. 'Tis a strange delight, that one gences or Pardons.
coxcomb takes in telling lies, and anDialogue between Arnoldus & Cornelius. I am well enough pleased myself to
other in the hearing of them.--C. Nay, A. Well met once again, my dear hear other travellers amplify upon Cornelius ; 'tis a thousand years, me- matters they never saw nor heard; thinks, since I saw thee.-C. What! and they do it with so much confidence my old acquaintance, Arnoldus! the too, that in things the most ridiculous man of the whole world I longed to and impossible, they believe themsee.-A. We all gave thee up for lost. selves.-A. A perverse kind of satisBut, prithee, where hast thou been faction, but there's something, howrambling all this while ?- C. In the ever, for your money.-C. This is a other world.-A. Why truly, by thy more tolerable course, yet, than that slovenly dress, and this lean ghastly of a mercenary soldier. An army is carcass, a body would e'en judge as the very nursery of all wickedness. much.-C. Well; but I have not been A. But lying is a mean and ungentle