Taxes on Knowledge: Debate in the House of Commons, on the L5th June, 1832, on Mr. Edward Lytton Bulwer's Motion "For a Select Committee to Consider the Propriety of Establishing a Cheap Postage on Newspapers and Other Publications" : with a Comment in the Form of Notes, and the Article from the "Examiner" Newspaper, of Sunday, 17th June, 1832
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advertisement duty amount argument Babbage Bishop of Chichester Bulwer chancellor charge cheap publications circulated commissioners of stamps consequence contained contraband crime daily papers defendant Demosthenes diffusion of knowledge duty on newspapers EDWARD LYTTON effect evil exchequer excise duty expense fact halfpenny honorable and learned honorable friend honorable gentleman honorable member ignorance impede the diffusion increase instruction intelligence interests learned member literary papers Lord Althorp lord chancellor Lord Eldon magistrate matter metropolis monopoly morals noble lord number of newspapers object offence oligarchy opinions ounces pamphlet parliament Penny Magazine political Poor man's guardian poorer classes postage duty present principle printed paper profits proposed proposition prosecution published punishment reduction reformed parliament repeal result revenue Right Honorable secretary at war select committee sell session small number sold stamp duty sufficient Tatler taxes on knowledge tion trade unseasonable volume weekly papers
Sidan 46 - Son of man, I have made thee a watchman unto the house of Israel : therefore hear the word at my mouth, and give them warning from me. When I say unto the wicked, Thou shalt surely die ; and thou givest him not warning, nor speakest to warn the wicked from his wicked way, to save his life ; the same wicked man shall die in his iniquity ; but his blood will I require at thine hand.
Sidan 7 - We go to the publichouse to read the sevenpenny Paper; but only for the News. It is the cheap penny Paper that the working man can take home and read at spare moments, which he has by him to take up, and read over and over again whenever he has leisure, that forms his opinions.
Sidan 45 - ... was our increase on this darling system of legislation, that three years afterwards (in 1828) we transported as many as 2,449. During the last three years our gaols have been sufficiently filled ; we have seen enough of the effects of human ignorance ; we have shed sufficient of human blood — is it not time to pause ? is it not time to consider whether as Christians, and as men. we have a right to correct before we attempt to instruct ? — Lord Althorp, in reply to Mr.
Sidan 45 - ... us now feel the necessity of legislating for poverty and ignorance ! At present we are acquainted with the poorer part of our fellowcountrymen only by their wrongs and murmurs — their misfortunes and their crimes ; let us at last open happier and wiser channels of communication between them and us.
Sidan 16 - That it is also peculiarly expedient to repeal or reduce the duty on advertisements.—" That it is expedient, in order to meet the present state of the revenue, to appoint a select Committee to consider the propriety of establishing a cheap postage on Newspapers and other publications." — Mr. O'C'onnell seconded the motion. — The Chancellor of the Exchequer expressed his concurrence in the view taken of the beneficial effects likely to result from the more extended diffusion of knowledge, but...
Sidan 9 - ... with less than half the population, and with about a fourth part of the trade of Liverpool, puts forth eighty weekly publications. In 1829 the number of newspapers published in the British Isles was 33,050,000, or 630,000 weekly, which is one copy for every thirty-sixth inhabitant. In Pennsylvania, which had only in that year 1,200,000 inhabitants, the newspapers amounted to 300,000 copies weekly, or a newspaper to every fourth inhabitant.
Sidan 37 - Act, all Pamphlets and Papers containing any Public News, Intelligence or Occurrences, or any Remarks or Observations thereon, or upon any Matter in Church or State ; printed in any Part of the United Kingdom for Sale, and published periodically, or in Parts or Numbers, at Intervals not exceeding Twenty-six Days between the Publication of any Two such Pamphlets or Papers, Parts or Numbers, where any of the said...
Sidan 15 - ... were misguiding the working classes. In lieu of the loss of the stamp duties to the revenue, he proposed a low postage on Papers sent into the country, which now go free. " In conclusion, he said, he wished to demonstrate that the stamp duty checked legitimate knowledge (which was morality — the morals of a nation), but encouraged the diffusion of contraband ignorance ; that the advertisement duty assisted our finances only by striking at that very commerce from which our finances were drawn...
Sidan 44 - ... to every thirty-six inhabitants. It was our iniquitous stamp duty that caused this difference. ' The stamp duty,' Bulwer declared, ' checks legitimate knowledge, which is morality — the morals of a nation — but it encourages the diffusion of contraband ignorance ; the advertisement duty assists our finances only by striking at that very commerce from which our finances are drawn ; it cripples at once literature and trade. We have heard enough in this house of the necessity of legislating...