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words, Prov. xxv. 21, 22, If thine

POETRY. enemy be hungry, give him bread to eat ; and if he be thirsty, give him water to drink : For thou A cheerful Saint thankfully relying upon shalt heap coals of fire upon his ike Mercy and Provider?ce of God.

Psal. xxiii. head. To act with a direct view cither to irritate still further the 1. My Shepherd is the Lord of unjustifiable passions of an ene

He is my sure defence ; my, or to aggravate his future what my immortal soul desires, condemnation, can hardly be His gracious hands dispense. made to appear consistent with 2. With sweet delight I eat the food, Christian benevolence; but if Which in his pasture grows ;* we may be allowed to suppose, I taste the gentle cheering stream, that by.coals of fire we are to un

Which from his presence flows. derstand conviction, the motive 3. Lost in the wiles of hateful sin, appears at once to accord per- But his free grace my soul restores,

Long time my feet did stray ; fectly with the spirit of the gos

His glory to display. pel. And we may ask, what

4. My direful guilt is done away; course of conduct is more likely

No other ill I feel ; to produce conviction in an en- My soul exults ;-his smiling glance emy, than that to which Solomon Does my full pardon seal. advises? If therefore, O Chris- 5. Tho' thro' the lonely vale of death tian, thine enemy hunger, feed

He calls my soul to pass ; him ; if he thirst, give him drink; I cheerful go ; my faith is firm, if he smite thee on one cheek, turn

Supported by his grace. to him the other; if he sue thee at

6. In presence of my envious foes,

I have a constant feast ; law and take away thy coat un

Th’anointing Spirit cheers my heart; justly, forbid him not thy cloak ; His sweetest love I taste. return him good for evil, and acts 7. To me, while on this earth I live, of kindness for the persecutions God's love and grace endure ; thut thou mayest experience ; For And in his courts I'll learn his word, in so doing thou mayest fasten con

And will his name adore. viction on his conscience, and be 8. And when my earthly frame shall instrumental of snatching him from

My soul to him ascends everlasting burnings.

To praise his name in that blest place,

Where glory never ends."

C. A.



Donation to the Missionary Society of Connecticut. 1904. Dec. 12. From a Friend of Missions,

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On a future state of Retribution. tion, that all are to be rewarded

according to their works, and T cannot have escaped the even to receive in proportion to

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read the sacred oracles under- so that, while on the one hand,
standingly, that they distinguish it shall be more tolerable for
mankind into two classes, usual- some sinners than for others,
ly called the righteous and the on the other hand, the righteous
wicked. This distinction runs shall shine, some with a bright-
through all ages, and is found er and others with a feebler lus-
among all conditions of men. tre, in the world of glory.
We especially trace it into a fu- This being the case, it is said,
ture world, and find it there that the difference between the
marked with far greater clear characters of the righteous and
ness than it ever has or will be wicked is not so great as to lay
in the present. For the one, are a foundation for their being pla-
prepared the most glorious re- ced in situations so totally oppo-
wards, . for the other, the most site, as the sacred writings uni.
awful punishments. Such are formly represent.

Among the
the obvious representations of a damned, it is said, will probably
book, which we receive as di- be found some whose situation
vine, and by which we profess in life had not admitted of their
to have our opinions directed, as being comparatively great sin-
by a light shining in a dark place. ners. On the other hand, among
We are too readily inclined, the righteous, will doubtless be
however, to call in question the found some, who must be rank-
propriety of such a remarkable ed amongst the greatest of sin-
distinction, both in the present ners, and who, being converted
and future life, and thus impli- at the hour of death or near it,
citly accuse our final judge of cannot be supposed to have been
dealing with us unjustly. And the subjects of so much holiness,
this inclination receives addition as to counterbalance in any de-
al strength from this considera- gree the wickedness, of which
VOL. V. No. 8.


they had been previously guilty. tures to reply against their CreaNow it is asked, how is it con- tor, should instantly silence evsistent, on the ground of their ery objection. Some things, being rewarded according to however, it is presumed, may be their works, that their future sit- advanced, which will remove uations should be totally oppo- this difficulty in a considerable site ? On the ground of this ob- degree, and enable us to “ jusjection, a late celebrated writer tify the ways of God to man. has curiously contrived, to make That we may go on sure even heaven and hell unite in a ground, it is necessary, perhaps, mere ideal line of separation. His to state more particularly, in the words are these : “ It has been first place, the representations of said, that it can never be a just scripture in relation to the difeconomy of Providence to admit ferent situations of the righteous one part of mankind into heaven, and the wicked. and condemn the other to hell, 1. Their residence will be assince there must be very little to signed them in two distinct plachoose, between the worst man ces, one called heaven, the other who is received into heaven, and hell; and no intercourse admitthe best who is excluded. And ted between them, for an impashow know we, it might be an- sable gulph separates the one swered, but that there may be as from the other. little to choose in their condi- 2. These two places are reptions ?"* This supposed approx- resented as being fitted, the one imation, however, between heav- to render its inhabititants peren and hell, making some situa- fectly happy, the other, perfectly tions in the one, scarcely prefer- miserable. While the one is able to others in the other, tho' lightened by the glory of the it may agree with the dictates of Lord and of the Lamb, the other natural reason, yet by no means is represented as being overaccords with the representations spread with blackness of darkof inspiration. But it is still ask- ness. While the one is described, is it not reasonable ? And, ed as a most beautiful and gloshall not the Judge of all the rious city, the other is a bottomtarth do right? That the Judge less pit, calculated to inspire the of all the earth will do right, is imagination with horror. The rindoubtedly true ; and we pré- one is represented as containing sume aiso, that he will do right, every thing calculated to gratify in placing, hereafter, the right- its holy inhabitants, a tree of eous and wicked in situations life, a river of pleasures, and totally opposite one to the other even the enjoyment of the inas he has declared. And though comprehensible Jehovah ;-the in this state of ignorance and other directly the reverse, is a imperfection, we should find our- lake which burneth with fire and selves incapable of seeing per- brimstone, in which the fire is fectly the equity of his dealings not quenched, and where the in this respect, yet this consider-worm that torments, will never ation, that it becomes not crea- die. In the one we listen to no

thing but songs of joy and gratPaley's Principles of moral and itude, tears being wiped from political Philosophy, Book I. Chap. 7. | all eyes, and sorrow and sighing

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having fled away ; in the other be answered by their punish-
we hear nothing but weeping, ment. And if we cannot say,
wailing and gnashing of teeth, what is suitable to be laid on
cursing and blaspheming their rebels, much less can we say,
God and their Redeemer. And what distinction ought to be
so exceedingly opposite are these made, between those who per-
places even in prospect, that the sist in their rebellion, and those
one causes its destined inhabi- who repent and return to their
tants to lift up their heads and allegiance with all their hearts.
shout for joy, while the other On this subject, therefore, it be-
fills its wretched convicts with comes us to submit our judg-
such awful despair, as induces ments to the declarations of our
them to call on rocks and moun- final Judge, though we should not
tains to fall on them, and hide see perfectly the consistency of
them from the face of their an- each particular sentence. It is
gry Judge. Such are the ac-submitted, however, whether the
counts given us in the sacred or- following consideratións do not
acles ; and whether we consider throw some light on this inter-
them as literal, or only as em esting subject.
blematic representations, this 1. When the time arrives for
conclusion still follows, that the the righteous and wicked to re-
righteous will be completely ceive their rewards according to
happy, and the wicked com-the deeds done in the body, their
pletely miserable. We have rea- characters will be totally oppo-
son, it is true, to believe, that site. The wicked will then be
there will be degrees of both found to be in the exercise of all
happiness and misery, but at the that enmity to God, and his ho-
same time, we are constrained | ly government, which character-
to admit, that the cup of each ises them so strikingly in their
'will be unmixed.

present state. Though their We shall now attempt to show sins are numerous, and many of the consistency and propriety of them of the most odious comtheir being finally placed in situ- plection, they will yet have no ations so perfectly opposite. It disposition to repent and forsake may be useful however to pre- them. Whatever they have mise, that of ourselves we are been, they still continue to be ; very incapable of deciding on remaining firm in their adhersuch a subject. We are alto- ence to sin with all their hearts. gether incapable of saying what Their present characters, thereis deserved by rebels against the fore, as well as their past condivine government, and what de- duct, will appear to be totally gree of punishment might with sinful. The present character propriety be inflicted upon them. of the righteous, however, will To decide on this subject, we be directly the reverse. Whatshould know, the full extent of ever may have been their past Jehovah's kingdom,--the object feelings and conduct, they will and excellency of the divine go- then love the Lord with all their vernment-What those, who re- hearts, and delight to obey his bel against it, would effect, were holy will. Though they may they not prevented and what have been guilty of many very purposes to this kingdom may laggravated sins, though they

may have been murderers, adul. some who will be excluded, it terers, persecutors or blasphe- must still be a truth, that, as the mers, they are not only reform- one will receive their portion on ed, but completely altered; they principles of justice, the other, have repented of their sins and on principles of grace, so their forsaken them entirely ; they situations must of necessity be loath their past sinful courses, and widely different. are prepared to join the songs, 3. The wisdom and goodness and to participate in the employ- of God require, that mankind ments of saints and angels in should be placed, hereafter, in glory. Their characters, there- situations, in which they can fore, or rather the disposition be useful in promoting the great of their minds will be directly end of creation. For this end, the reverse of those of the wick- they are placed in a state of proed. It is therefore right and fit, bation, that it may be discovered that their situations should be for what they are fitted ; that is, very different ; and upon sup- what they would do, if laid un, position that they are to be so der no restraint ; whether they nearly alike, as some have rep- would glorify God or themresented, might we not with pro-selves. And this trial with res. priety adopt the expostulation of pect to the wicked will terminate Abraham : " Be it far from thee, in complete demonstration, that to slay the righteous with the if left to themselves, they would wicked, or that the righteous never be actively useful in proshould be as the wicked. Shall moting the great end of creation. not the judge of all the earth do Of course, they will be altogethright?"

er unfit to reside in that place, 2. The principles, on which where God is to be served and the righteous and wicked will glorified. Nor will it be conreceive their respective rewards, sistent with the glory of God to are totally different. The wick- make them happy in any other. ed will receive their rewards on The only way, therefore, in which principles of strict justice. The the wicked can be useful in a fuuttermost farthing, which is due ture world, will be, in being deto divine justice, will be required stroyed, and in that way displayof them ; and having never done ing the power, justice and holy any thing except evil, justice re- displeasure of God against sin. quires, that the portion of their The righteous, on the contrary, cup should be evil also. The will be found to love their Maker, righteous, on the contrary, will and to delight in obeying his horeceive their rewards, not only commands. They will apprinciples of justice, but on those hear, of course, to be well fitted of grace. And in proportion as to inhabit the realms of blessedgrace is manifested in their sal-ness above ; and God can convation, in the same proportion, sistently exercise toward them must their situation be more his benevolence, in making them happy, than what strict justice completely happy. The great would require. Admitting there end of creation, therefore, seems fore, that there will be little to require, that the portion of di Tz en ce between some who the righteous should be happiwill be admitted into heaven, and Iness, while that of the wicked is

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