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HE Grand Review was over. The Armed Freemen, who had been paraded, in their thousands, before the Queen
of the Isles, had dispersed, and had sought the homes they had shown themselves worthy to guard. The great day, the memorable Saturday, Twenty-third of June, MDCCCLX, was done.
The Sovereign, who had surely felt that day that one Tbrone stood upon foundations of adamant, had retired to her rest. And the QUEEN dreamed a dream.
“ I know it, PHIPPS,” replied MR. PUNCH to SIR CHARLES, as that courteous Courtier announced the fact in MR. PUNCH's breakfast chamber the following morning.
Astounding man!” said SIR CHARLES PHIPPS.
“I breakfasted, and am dressed thus early, PHIPPS, knowing that my QUEEN'S ONIROCRITICUS and CONJECTOR would be wanted.”
“ Preternatural man!” said SIR CHARLES PHIPPS. Accompany me to the Palace.”
“ Attend me to the Palace, PHIPPS,” said Mr. Punch, but with a pleasant smile, that spoke forgiveness of the Courtier's lapse. But SIR CHARLES could not forgive himself, and the journey was performed in solemn silence.
The State Coach with the Cream Steeds stopped, and in three minutes MR. Punce had made The Unapproach. able Bow, which he performs in one Presence only.
“ I have had a Dream, dear MR. PUNCH," said the Royal Lips, with that smile upon them which is reserved for the Chief Counsellor and Favourite of the Lady of Kingdoms.
" To save Your Majesty the faintest care and slightest trouble is the object and glory of my life,” said MR. PUNCH. Might I venture to recall that Dream?”
“I think you know everything," replied the Majesty of England.
“ I believe that I do, Madam," responded Mr. Punch, modestly. “And I know what has come to my Sovereign through the Gate of Ebony."
“Ah! it is a true Dream, then ? " asked the QUEEN.
“ Your Majesty's self shall judge,” replied the ONIROCRITIOUS and CONJECTOR. “ It is not for me to question my Monarch ; but, unless contradicted, I will believe that Her Dream was in this wise."
“ Tell me," said bis Royal Mistress.
“ A Daughter of the House of Brunswick stood on a Mountain, and could see not only the English Isles of her inheritance, and her strongholds in the Southern Lake, which is not a French Lake, yet, if it please Your Majesty
The Royal Eye sparkled.
“But all her distant dominions. She saw a broad, happy, loyal American colony, which was preparing all honour and welcome for her Eldest Son. She saw the gigantic Asian Peninsula, recently subdued by her armies, and now her Own in name as well as in fact, and a veteran hero was leaving its shore to receive the laurel at home.”
“ Yes, I did see LORD CLYDE," said the Royal Auditor.
" She saw her vast possessions in the Austral world, with their rapidly growing peoples, resolved, energetic, prosperous, and, while bent on making their new world what a freeman's home should be, retaining a deep love for the home whence they came."
“ The Prince of Wales must visit Australia next," said his Royal Mother.
" And, Madam, She saw the rest of her Fifty Colonies, and her flag waving over each, and the Englishman everywhere performing his mission of civilisation, order, and law. And then She saw, sailing statelily on every sea, her majestic Fleets. And She beheld, parading haughtily on the plains around her, and in many a far-away land, her gallant Soldiery. And closer yet, and at her very feet, She saw the Household Guard of England—the Guard that stood before her yesterday, and gave her the proud and stern assurance that the manhood of Britain is ready to close with any foe whom the Devil may stir up to do his work."
“ That-yes—that was the Dream,” said the Lady of the Land.
“ But there was one Thought more,” said Me. PUNCH, in a lower voice, and with an inexpressibly arch, yet profoundly respectful smile stealing over his intellectual features.
“ Was there ?” asked his Sovereign, with a frank look of inquiry. “ Well, now you mention it-yes."
“ Dare I complete my story?" said Mr. Punch. “It was not precisely that something was wanting to the perfect satisfaction and happiness of my QUEEN—let me rather say that she had a hovering impression that it was possible for some additional gem and glory to be added to the period—that some Koh-i-Noor, or other Mountain of Light might be laid at her feet."
“ I will not deny it,” said HER MAJESTY, smiling; “ but I cannot recollect what form the new pleasure was to take."
“ Deign, Gracious Mistress, to look upon this Mirror," said the Magician. And, stepping to its side, and waving gracefully his bâton, after the manner of CORNELIUS AGRIPPA before his famous Glass of the Future,
" Mormord potentissime parole.
Voci ancor più potenti-
In another moment, bending at his Gracious Sovereign's knee, Mr. Puncu presented his
VOLUME XXXVIII.-JANUARY TO JUNE, 1860.
THE PALMERSTON CABINET. -1860.
Right Hon. W. E. GLADSTONE.
Sir GEORGE Grey, Bart.
Right Hon. Tuomas M. GIBS ,x.
DUKE OF ARGYLL.
SIR G. CORNEWALL Lewis, BJRT.
LORD John RUSSELL.
DUKE OF Newcastle,
Ricar Hon. SIDNEY HERBERT.
Sir CHARLES Wood, Bakt.
DUKE OF SOMERSET.
EARL OF ELGIN.
Right Hon. CHARLES P. VILLIERS.
Right Hox. E. CARDWELL.
POLITICAL SUMMARY. the 24th of January HER MAJESTY opened Parliament “I am preparing, in concert and co-operation with the EMPEROR OF TAE
French, an expedition, intended to obtain redress and a fulllment of the in person, and the following paragraphs from the Queen's
stipulations of the Treaty of Tien-tsin. speech adequately (Mirabile dictu!) express the political An unauthorised proceeding by an officer of the United States, in regard
to the Island of San Juan, between Vancouver's Island and the mainland, aspect of affairs :
might have led to a serious collision between my forces and those of the “ At the close of the last Session I informed you that overtures had been United States. Such collision, however, has been prevented by the judicious made to me to ascertain whether, if a Conference should be held by the furbearance of my naval and civil officers on the spot, and by the equitable Great Powers of Europe, for the purpose of settling arrangements connected and conciliatory provisional arrangement proposed on this matter by the with the present state and future condition of Italy, a Plenipotentiary would
Government of the United States. be sent by me to assist at such a Conference. I have since received a formal “ I trust that the question of boundary out of which this affair has arisen invitation from the EMPEROR OF AUSTRIA and from the EMPEROR OF THE may be amicably settled in a manner conformable with the just rights of FRENCH to send a Plenipotentiary to a Congress to consist of the represen
the two countries, as defined by the first ai ticle of the Treaty of 1846. tatives of the eight Powers who were parties to the Treaties of Vienna of “ The last embers of disturbance in my East Indian dominions have beon 1815, the objects of such Congress being stated to be to receive communica- extinguished; my Viceroy has made a peaceful progress through the distion of the treaties concluded at Zurich; and to deliberate, associating with tricts which had been the principal scene of disorder, and, by a judicious the above-mentioned Powers the Courts of Romo, of Sardinia, and of the Two
combination of firmness and generosity, my authority has been everywhere Sicilies, on the means best adapted for the pacification of Italy, and for solidly, and, I trust, perinanently established. I have received from my placing its prosperity on a solid and durable basis.
Viceroy the most gratifying accounts of the loyalty of my Indian subjects, "Desirous at all times to concur in proceedings having for their object the and of the good feeling evinced by the native chiefs and the great land. maintenance of peace, I accepted the invitation, but at the same time I made owners of the country. The attention of the Government in India has boen known that, in such a Congress, I should steadfastly maintain the principle, directed to the development of the internal resources of the country; and I that no external forco should be employed to impose upon the people of Italy
am glad to inform you that an improvement has taken place in its financial any particular Government or constitution.
prospects. ** Circumstances have arisen wbich have led to a postponement of the "I have concluded a treaty with the Tycoon of Japan, and a treaty Congress, without any day having been fixed for its meeting ; but whether regarding boundaries with the republic of Guatemala. I have directed that in Congress or by separato negotiation, I shall endeavour to obtain for the
these treaties shall be laid before you. people of Italy freedom from foreign interference by force of arms in their
“I have directed the estimates for the ensuing year to be laid before you. internal concerns; and I trust that the affairs of the Italian peninsula may
They have been prepared with a view to place the military and naval servicos, be peacefully and satisfactorily settled.
and the defences of the country, upon an efficient footing. “I am in communication with the EMPEROR OF THE FRENCH with a view "I am glad to be able to inform you that the public revenue is in a satis. to extend the commercial intercourse between the two countries, and thus factory condition. to draw still closer the bonds of friendly alliance between them.
"I have accepted, with gratification and pride, the extensive offers of " A dispute having arisen between Spain and Morocco, I endeavoured, by Voluntary service which I have received from my subjects. This manifes. friendly means, to prevent a rupture ; but, I regret to say, without success. tation of public spirit has added an important element to our system of
"My Plenipotentiary and the Plenipotentiary of the Emperor of the national defence.
bave diminished; and that, throughout the whole of my empire, both in the “The allied forces displayed on this occasion their usual bravery, but, United Kingdom and in my colonies and possessions beyond coa, there reigns after sustaining a severe lase, were compelled to retire.
a spirit of loyalty, of contentment, of order, and of obe tience to the law."
The whole Speech will be found admirably paraphrased in contrary, these provinces again manifest in a clear manner a wish to bo
united to Piedmont, we cannot any longer oppose it. Indeed, did we wish the Essence of Parliament, which, as usual, contains all the
to do so, we could not. In the present state of public opinion, a Ministry events of the Session really worthy of being recorded.
who should refuse a second demand for annexation, sanctioned by a second
popular voto on the part of Tuscany, would not only no longer find support As the progress of the Constitutional cause in Italy was re- in Parliament, but would soon be overthrown by an unanimous vote of garded with the warmest sympathy by all classes in England, censure.” much of the present volume has reference to that interesting The Provisional Governments of Tuscany and Æmilia struggle, and a brief summary of events will explain many of | (which comprises the Duchies of Parma and Modena and the the illustrations, and the articles associated with them in the Legations) issued decrees at the end of February, announcing present and succeeding volumes. We shall quote somewhat that the people would be called upon, on the 11th and 12th of freely from the Annual Register of 1860.
March, to vote by ballot and universal suffrage on the question By the Treaty of Villafranca, which was signed at Zurich of annexation to Sardinia or a separate kingdom. The vote (in the 11th of November, 1859, it was agreed between France was then taken, and decided by an immense majority in and Austria that an endeavour should be made to assemble a favour of annexation. Congress of the European Powers, to take into cousideration
The result of this appeal to universal suffrage, on the part the question of the pacification of Italy. The Congress, how- of Æmilia, was presented by Signor FABINI, the Provisional ever, never met; for it was found impossible to arrange a Governor, to Victor-EMMANUEL at Turin, on the 18th of common basis of action on account of the discordance of the March, and on the part of Tuscany, by BARON RICASOLI (who views entertained with respect to the question of the Duchies had succeeded CHEVALIER BUONCAMPAGNI as Provisional of Parma and Modena and the Grand Duchy of Tuscany. Governor) on the 22nd. On receiving the homage of Æmilia France was pledged to Austria to do all in her power to effect the King said :the restoration of the Dukes and Grand Duke; but England
“ In uniting to my ancient provinces not only the States of Modena and was opposed to any interference, and wished the inhabitants
Parma, but also the Romagna, which bas already separated itself from the of those kingdoms to settle their own respective Governments Papal Goverament, I do not intend to fail in my deep devotion to the Chief free from the compulsion of external pressure.
of the Church. I am ready to defend the independence necessary to the
supreme minister of religion, tho POPE, to contribute to the splendour of his quence was, that a great deal of diplomatic correspondence Court, and to pay homage to his Sovereignty." took place during the latter part of last year without leading
A bill was afterwards brought into the Sardinian Chambers to any result. We have, in our preceding volume, quoted the
to authorise the annexation, and passed into a law. remarkable letter of the French EMPEROR to the Pope, dated
1 the 31st December, 1859, in which he called upon the Holy politics. FranciS THE Second had succeeded his father,
Another actor was now to appear on the scene of Italian Father to renounce the Legations, which for the last fifty FERDINAND TIE SECOND, on the throne of the Two Sicilies ; years had caused so much embarrassment to his Government, and he followed his father's footsteps in doing all in his power and in exchange to demand from the Powers that they should
to alienate the hearts of his people and crush every aspiration guarantee him possession of the remainder of bis dominions.
of liberty. This added a new element of difficulty, for the Pope was
At the beginning of April an insurrection broke out in inexorable in his refusal to abandon any part of the dominions Sicily at Palermo, where the Royal troops were attacked, and of the Church; and they were ultimately torn from him by the city was placed in a state of siege. The revolt spread what, on another occasion, the Emperor called " the iner. rapidly over the island, and Messina, Catania, and Agrigentum orable logic of facts,” or, in other words, the irresistible force
declared against the Government. Guerilla bands traversed of war.
the interior, and the movements of the insurgents were The conduct of the people of Italy was well expressed in a
directed by a secret revolutionary committee, the names and despatch written by Lord John RUSSELL to LORD A. Lortus, locality of which were unknown to the Royalists. But in the our Minister at Vienna. “In 1848 the people of Europe, meantime GARIBALDI was collecting volunteers to take part misled by wild enthusiasts, attempted to found stable govern in the insurrection. He all but openly organised an expediments on republican theories ; but at the present time the
tion to Sicily in the dominions of Sardinia, and at length, on people of Italy, in harmony with public opinion throughout the night of the 5th of May, sailed from Geuoa with a body of Europe, seek for order as well as liberty beneath the dome of about 2000 men. monarchy, supported by national consent and equal laws."
On their voyage GARIBALDI issued the following proThe people indulged in no visionary dream of a republic, clamation :neither were they led into the commission of any excesses, with one melancholy exception—the murder of Count Anviti, at
" Italians !—The Sicilians are fighting against the enemies of Italy and for
Italy. To help them with money, arms, and especially men, is the duty of Parma.
every Italian. The Congress did not assemble, and various plans were
"Let the Marches, Umbria, Sabine, the Roman Campagna, and the Nea
politan territory rise, so as to divide the enemy's forcos. submitted by England and France, but the Pope's temporalities ** If the cities do not offer a sufficient basis for insurrection, let the more
resolute throw themselves into the upen country. were ever in the way of an adjustment. At length Count
"A brave man can always find a woapon. In the name of Heaven, Cavour addressed a note (in reply to various propositions) to hearkon not to the voice of those who cram themselves at well-served tables. CHEVALIER NIGRA, the Sardinian Minister in Paris, in which
Let us fight for our brothers; to-morrow we can fight for he said,
"A handful of brave men, who have followed me in battles for our country,
are advancing with me to the rescue. Italy knows them; they always “Whatever may be the reply returned by the States of Central Italy, the appear at the hour of danger. Brave and generous companions, they have King's Government at once declares that it will accept it unconditionally. devoted their lives to their country ; they will shed their last drop of blood If Tuscany declares for the preservation of ber self-government by means of for it, seeking no other reward than that of a pure conscience. the forination of a State distinct from Sardinia, not only will it not oppose ««• Italy and ViCTOR-EMMANUEL I'- that was our battle-cry when we the realisation of this wish, but it will frankly aid in overcoming the crossed the Ticino ; it will resound into the very depths of Ætna. obsticles which such a solution might encounter, and obviating the incon- “As this prophetic battle-cry re-echoes from the hills of It: venience which may follow from it. It will act in like manner with respect peian Mount, the tottering throne of tyranny will fall to pieces, and the to the Romagna and to the Duchies of Parma and Modena. But if, on the whole country will riso like one man."
« Let us arm. ourselves.
to tho Tar