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which they are united by covenant, do || world's view, not sinful at all ; yet in

; not follow the example of our Saviour. you it is enormously sinful. If reliThe Jewish church was exceedingly gion receives a wound, at any time, corrupt, but he continued in fellowship or from any persons, it is from you. with it, until they cast him out of the Christian professors! the eyes of God, vineyard and slen him. Through his | und angels, of men, and devils are on yvhole public ministry, he was fully you. Surely you ought to walk circumacquainted with their wickedness, and spectly; and to ecercise, yourselves as constantly bore testimony against the the Apostle says he did, to have alcorruptions which had crept into that ways a conscience void of offence tochurch, but did not separate from it- ward God and toward men. To watch so it is evident there were many and and pray that you enter not into temptvery great corruptions in the church ination.

OLIO, Corinth; but the Apostle, though he reproved thein sharply, and pressed

For the Utica Christian Magazine. on them the importance of reforming what was amiss, did not in one in- || REMARKS ON THE CRITICISM ON Rostance, direct the more pious, holy,

MANS viii. 19--23. and zealous brethren to leave the In the Utica Christian Magazine, church, and withdraw from their com- | for August 1814, there is a criticism munion.

upon Rom. viii. 19--23. The pasIt is devoutly wished, that Chris-sage is worthy of an attempt, by an tian professors, had, universally, a ingenious pen, to investigate iis meanconstant, deep and an affecting senseling, and to remove the difficulties, by of their high and holy calling : and which it has been attended. The writhat they would in all companies, and ter, now alluded to, who has made this at all times, in every place, and under attempt, has not, I imagine, given the every circumstance, walk worthy of passage the best and most probable the Lord, unto all well pleasing, being interpretation, whatever plausibility fruitful in every good work and in-his construction may seem to have. creasing in the knowledge of God. His remark upon the rendering which You have vowed a vow unto the Lord,|| is given to the Greek for creature, or and by your own voluntary act have the creation is correct; but I shall be bound yourselves as by an oath, to be allowed to suggest some reasons for true and faithful to God your king. dissenting froin his opinion, as to the Therefore your obligation to deny particular event, to which ihe creation ungodliness, and worldly lusts, and to is represented as looking forward, in

live soberly, righteously and godly in the attitude of expectation and animathis present world, is as great as possi- ted hope. The apostle makes a disble. You are holden, by your own tinction between christians, those promise, to avoid not only open wick-who have the first fruits of the Spirit, edness, and what are called even by and such other part of the great sysbad men gross immoralities, but you tem of being, which he comprehends must Abstain from all appearance of|| under the general term creation or the evil. Your light must shine, not be creature ; but the same things are asfore the church only, but also before cribed to both, viz. being in pain and meng-before the world.

anxiously waiting for the time of reProfessors of Religion ! you do in-demption. This justifies the remark finite injury to the cause of Christ, by of the above mentioned writer, that symbolizing with the world, yielding what is said of the creation's groaning to the customs and fashions of the and travelling is in the style of personworld, complying in your conductification, as if all created things could with what by the world, is considered feel, and express their feelings, as mer but triding sins, or perhaps, in the do. In the exposition upon whi


We are taking the liberty to remark, bonds of corruption, incumbered with the saints are considered as hoping all the weakness, futility, and dishonand waiting for the resurrection of our, which adhere to a perishing subtheir bodies from the grave; but the 'ject, shall be called forth to participate creation as anticipating a prior and in a new and more elevated scene, very different event, viz. the millenni- || having exchanged mortality for im. al state of the church, when the things mortality, weakuess for power, corwhich have been made and given int: ruption for incorruption, dishonour for the hands of men for their use and glory. This change, to be effected in benefit, shall be recovered from the all material things, shall be simultaneabuse which they have suffered, thro'|ous with the resurrection of the just at the misapplications of them, that have the last day. That this is the doctrina originated in the wantonness and impi- which the apostle teaches in the pasety of the human heart. What I con-sage to which our attention is now ceive to be more evidently the truth | particularly called, I shall argue from and what the apostle's language seems a number of considerations. the more clearly to express, is the final First. It is very obvious that the emancipation from corruption and groans of the saints, of wbich the aposmortality of all material things, which tle speaks, are on account of the suffor the present, are bound under anferings, peculiar to a state of mortality, invincible inclination to dissolve and and that the great event hoped for, perish. What is true of the mortal which is to put an end to this groaning, bodies of God's people, is equally true and to the afflictions and sorrows, by of the whole material world, that it is which it is caused, is the resurrection subject to changes and decay, until a | from the dead. The adoption, excomplete dissolution terminates its pecled and longed for, is the redemppresent condition, and prepares it ei- tion of the body. Adoption, cousid ther to lose forever all its excellenceered as the first introduction of the and utility, or to be renewed under soul into the kingdom of grace,

is not some more perfect form, and in some an object of hope with those, who alhigher state of lustre, and glory. The ready have the first fruits of the Spirsaints are full of the hope which the it. But though persons may, with gospel inspires, that their sickly, frail some clearness of evidence, be maniand perishing bodies, whose imbecili-fested to be the sons of God by their ty occasions them so many bitter sen-haring and exhibiting the first fruits of sations, and so many painful hours, in the Spirit; yet the manifestation of the present world, will eventually, be them, as the children of their Father, delivered from this state of corruption, who is in heaven, will be much more of disease and pain, and be clothed | abundant and complete, when they with immorality. The apostle ex- shall reap the full harvest of his gratends this looked for benefit to the cious influences in the coming world. whole material system, declaring that The perfection of their membership whatever has become subject to this in the body of Christ will not be made vanity, to this comparative worthless-visible until their vile bodies shall be ness and insignificance, to this una-made like unto his glorious body. voidable tendency towards a state of Waiting for the adoption, is, therefore, confusion and ruin, shall, at length, be according to St. Paul, waiting for that recovered, just as the saints will be, manifestation of the sons

of God, when their mortal part shall awak which will be realized, when, in their from the dust of the earth, adorned own order, they shall take part in the with unknown beauties, with a magnif- resurrection even as Christ arose from icence .mu splendour, which will for the dead, and became the first fruits ever bid vlefiance to the grave. Every of them that slept. But upon this I

reature, that now exists under the need not enlarge, since in stating the

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sentiment I am only following the au- 2. The creatures' deliverance from thor of the criticism, which we are the bondage of corruption si into the considering. Let it then be observed glorious liberty of the children of God.

Seconly. That the creation is groan- Now, in what manner shall we define ing and agonizing under the same the liberty here attributed to the burden, and looking to the same event childrenof God ? for this is the liberty for deliverance, as are the children which the whole creation shall ultimate of God. The evidence of this is in the ly enjoy. I know of no parallel text, few following considerations. which would lead us to suppose that

1. The sad predicament they are this liberty must necessarily mean in is no other than the bondage of cor- freedom from sin, as its most proper ruption. The only difficulty will be and appropriate meaning. When a in fixing upon the proper signification person passes out of a state, which is of the term corruption. The writer on any account, to be avoided, and to whom I am now attending, evident- finds himself where it is desirable to be, ly understands it, as expressing mor- he goes into the enjoyment of liberty. al depravity ; as if it were the object His being free from an evil supposes of the text to point out the subservi- liberty. When the saints shall be libency to men's ungodly lusts, intolerated from the prison-house of the. which the whole inferior part of crea- grave and from all the afflictions insetion is brought by the entering of sin parable from a mortal body, they will into the world. Against this view of in a very great and good sense, be a the case it is enough to say, that free people. Is it not for this liberty there is no necessity of assigning this that they sigh and groan, while waitsignification to the word in the presenting for the redemption of their body? instance, since it may be and frequent- Having obtained this recovery from ly is used in a natural as well as in a mortality to immortality, they are no moral sense ; at least we may say more to see corruption. The same that an unqualified denial is a good will be true of the whole creation, answer to an affirmation until the lat- when it shall have passed from its ter is supported by some specific and present disorders, corruptibility, and appropriate evidence. And what evi- weakness. It will experience a bles dence is there in the case before us, sed deliverance from the bondage of that the Apostle means, by the bood-corruption into the glorious liberty of age of corruption, a subjection to the the children of God. criminal dispositions of mankind ? If 3. “ The earnest' expectation of the this were the acknowledged sense, it creature waiteth for the manifestation could not be applicable in all cases ; l of the children of God.” Whatever be for the creatures of God are sometimes the particular time or event, aimed at used as they ought to be, or accord in the manifestation of the sons of God, ing to the dictates of benevolence and to this, beyond all doubt, is the whole justice. But understanding the Apos- creation represented as casting a wishtle to speak of natural corruption, and ful, waiting eye, and reaching out the no such exception will exist. Besides hand of anxious hope and expectation. when deliverance is spoken of in rela- | Of this precious and all important hention to the saints, thereis an unquestion-efit, the whole world of mournful and able reference to natural corruption; afflicted nature longs to partake. And for it is expressly denominated a re- in this blessed inberitance the apostle demption of the body. And further-says they shall most certainly have a more it must be in a sense, rather ar- share. And now what is the invaluabitrary and far fetched, than easy and ble portion that we shall fix upon, as natural, that material things can be laid out in the merciful purpose of said to be in the bondage of moral God for his church, and together with corruption.

them, for the whole system which


stands in competition with them. in the felicity of it, because the creaThere is a manifestation, and appear ture itself shall then be delivered from ing or revelation often mentioned in the bondage of corruption, just as the scriptures with reference to Christ, God's redeemed people are, when as pointing out his future coming, their mortality is swallowed up of life. when he shall sit on the throne of his Thirdly. There are many scripglory to judge the world in righteous-tures, which hold forth the idea of

In this glorious revelation of such a transmutation of things through the Son of God from heaven in flaming the whole material world, as answers fire, believers will be united with their to that change which believers will exglorified and exalted Saviour. “When perience in their outward man, when Christ who is our life, shall appear, it shall pass from being a terrestrial then shall we also appear with body, to the substance and properties him in glory.” This I have no ques- of the celestial. This change will be tion, is that manifestation of the sons effected, when Christ shall be revealed of God, for which the earnest expect- from heaven with his mighty angels ation of the creature, waiteth. The in flaming fire; when the dead in saints groan, and wait and pray, for Christ, shall be raised, and the livChrist's appearing and kingdom, being changed. To what other purpose, cause they shall have part in so illus- will the beavens be dissolved, by fire, trious an event, when their bodies will and the eleinents inelt with fervent be raised incorruptible and their adop-heat? Though the earth and the tion shall be ratified and perfected for things in it shall he burnt up ; yet this ever. The whole creation waits in is only, that there may be new heaearnest expectation for this appearing, | vens and a new earth, for the dwelling or manifestation, of the saints with their place of righteousness; just as the supreme and triumphant head, as hav- perishing of the natural body of the ing received a divine appointment to saints is to bring them into the enjoypartake of their deliverance from the inent of a spiritual body. There is no bondage of corruption in the redemp- greater difficulty in admitting the endtion of their bodies. The creature did less continuance of matter, though in a not subject itself to this vanity, under vastly refined and highly purified state, which it now groans, as having any freed from all its present grossness, agency, influence or will of its own in and various, imperfections than in bethe procuring of it, else there might' lieving, that the bodies of the saints, have been no prospect of redemption; having been cast into the earth, and but it is the work of him, who hath there lain and perished, as seed shall opened a door of hope, who hath de-"spring up in the resurrection, at the creed that all nature shall under-| last day, under the impression and go a vast change, and escape from the character of immortality. That such regions of corruption and mortality will be the fact, Christ as I think * Under the pangs of human vicissi- most decidedly teaches in the followtude, and while the diseases of their ing words, penned by the Evangelist frail mortal nature are preying upon John; “And this is the Father's wih them, the saints are said to be looking that hath sent me, that of all which he for the blessed hope and the glorious hath given me, I should lose nothing, appearing of the great God and our but should raise it up again at the last Savior Jesus Christ: with whom they day." The whole creation is given to will also appear, or be manifested, as Christ; and though so much of it shall the the children of God, created in the perish and be dissolved; yet a single image of Christ, the first born. For particle of the whole immense mass, this happy crisis in the state of the shall not be lost. He will raise it up church, the whole creation itself is again at the last day. This will apwaiting in the expectation of sharing pear to be the idea, in the above text,



to any one who reads in the original || sobriety, an integrity of character, and Greek, and observes that the word, la conscientious observer of the duties put for what is to be raised at the last of religion. He was soon 'employed day is of the neuter gender, and can- by the Earl of Northampton to extrinot therefore, refer to persons, as it|cate bis estate from a great burden of does in the verse following, where it is debt which had been left upon it by masculine. On the whole, may I not his ancestors. This service Mr. Dudrecommend it to the writer, to whose ley performed with success, and conproduction these few bints are intend-tinued in the employment and friended as an exception, to review his crit- ship of the Earl for a number of years. icism, and inquire whether these ideas When the proposed planters of Newdo not afford a better solution of the England were about to sail for Ameridifficulties, which appear on the face ca, the company chose Mr. Winthrop of the text.

F. governor, and Mr. Dudley deputy gov-
He was then fifty four years


age; one of the oldest of the NewEngland planters. Mr. Dudley lived

twenty-three years in this country, GOVERNOR DUDLEY.

was always one of the magistrates, Mr. Thoinas Dudley was generally and, the most of the time, the deputy considered the second character in the governor of the colony. In the years Massachusetts Colony. He was a gon| 1634, 40, and 45, he was governor.of Capt. Roger Dudley of the English In 1644, the office of Major-General army, born at Northampton in Eng- of the military forces of the colony land, in the year 1576. By the death was created and given to Mr. Dudley. of bis parents in his childhood, he and As a military character, he was probaan only sister were left to the care of bly the first in the colony. the orphan's God, and of relatives.

As a magistrate, Mr. Dudley was By the attention of faithful friends, he much distinguished for great firmness received a good education in litera- ||of cbaraeter, pursuing with an undeviture and manners. By one of his con- ating step, the true interest of the colnections, he was instructed in a good ony according to the original design knowledge of the law. He early, of the plantation. He never lost sight however, inclined to the profession of of the object of their migration to the his father. In 1597, he received a western wilderness, the establishment captain's commission from Queen of a Christian commonwealth, and of Elizabeth, passed with his company churches in gospel purity, and to the to the Low Countries, and was at the attaioment and preservation of this siege of Amiens under Henry IV. of object, all his measures were steadily France. At the peace, which soon directed. Every departure from first took place, he returned to England principles, and every proposed innovaand settled near Northampton. By tion, however specious in theory, he marriage, he came into the possession resisted with an unyielding firmness. of a good estate. He now enjoyed | The allurements of vice and the prethe eminent ministry of Dodd, Hilders- tences of error were equally insuffiham, and some other distinguished cient to move his mind, or to change puritan divines. By the divine bless- || his course from the path of duty, and ing on these sacred ministrations, he truth. Temporary excitements of soon became a conscientious Non-con-public feeling, had small influence formist, and, by the influences of divine on his opinions, and still less on his grace, the fearless soldier soon sunk

purposes of conduct. He was never into the character of a humble follow-|| so popular as some of the magistrates, er of the Prince of peace. He was but he always preserved the respect eminently distinguished for a uniform and veneration of the colony,

VOL. 2. X


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