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As a Christian, in public and private us liis uncommon worth, and to show life, Gov. Dudley ever manifested a the mercy of Heaven in removing steady zeal for truth. In this part of him from a situation of independent his character, he was no less uniform retirement in his native country, to enand temperate, than in the duties of counter the fatigues and perils of the the magistracy. He was a faithful | American, wilderness to become a advocate of the doctrines of grace, principal founder of the civil and ecand their firm supporter against all the clesiastical institutions of our country. errors of his time. The doctrines Mr. Haynes came to New-England, and the order of the New-England in company with a considerable numchurches, which he contributed much ber of planters, many of whom were to establish, he believed to be confor- persons of note, in the year 1633 mable to the inspired standard, they Their arrival at Boston, in September were his comfort in life, his joy and of that year, is thus noticed by Governhope at the end of his days.-In his or Winthrop: “ The Griffin, a ship of private character, he was sober and|300 tons, arrived having been eight devout, discovering in his whole de weeks from the Downs; she brought meanor a rational sense of immortali-| about 200 passengers. In this ship, ty, and of his high obligations to the came Mr. Cotton, Mr. Hooker, and holy Saviour of sinners. His sense of Mr. Stone, ministers, and Mr. Haynes divine things seemed to be the leadingi (a gentlaman of great estate,) Mr. principle of his conduct.
Golfe, and many other men of good Gov. Dudley was a very ardentestates.” Mr. Haynes was, at that time, friend to the interests of New England. I conclude, about forty-five years of Its welfare and prosperity were the age. He was from the county of Essubject of his persevering labors, his sex in England, where he possessed an constant solicitude, and his daily pray-estate called Copford Hall, valued at a er to God. In his latter years, he had thousand pounds sterling a year. Soon much concern, lest the colonies would after his arrival in New-England, he decline from their original purity; and settled at Newtown with Mr. Hooker. bore a most earnest testimony against His distinguished abilities and extenany relaxation in public sentiment or sive information soon excited the attenmorals,
tion of the colony, while his amiable In the year 1653, this venerable pil | manners endeared hiin to all his aclar of New-Englapd, and cne of its quaintance. in 1634, the spring after principal founders, was removed to be, his arrival, at the general election of we trust, a pillar in the temple of God. | the colony, he was chosen one of the He died greatly lamented, in the seven-assistants. The able and dignified ty-seventh year of his age. Be thou manner with which he discharged the faithful unto death and I will give thee duties of a magistrate, was so accepta crown of life.
able to the colony, that in the year
following, 1635, he was elected govGOVERNOR HAYNES.
Concerniug his public adminJohn Haynes, the first Governor of istration, the following mention is the colony of Connecticut, was one made in an ancient writing: “To of the most eminent of the venerable" him is New-England many ways befathers of New-England. As a wise “holden; had be done no more but statesman, as a faithful patriot, as an “ still a storm of dissension, which amiable man, he was highly respected "broke forth in the beginning of his and beloved. It is our misfortune that “government, he had done enough to the early writers have not given so “ endear our hearts unto him, and to large an account of this venerable pat" account that day happy when he riot as of some others of his time.--- “ took the reins of government into Sufficient however remains, to teach f“ his hands."
In the spring of the year 1637, Mr. || throp. Of course, he was thought the Haynes removed with his family to most proper person to stand at the Connecticut, and lived at Hartford | head of the sister colony. The friendship between him and Mr. As a patriot, the character of Gov. Hooker, warmed by a constant dis- Haynes is conspicuous. At bis emicovery of each other's virtues, strength-gration for America, he left his chilened by common dangers and com- dren in his native country, to whom, mon cares in rearing the infant colo-at his decease, he transmiited his paterny, nothing but death could dissolve. nal inheritance. He brought howerFor two or three years after the first er, a large property to New-England, settlement of the towns on Connecti- a great part of which was consumed cut river, they considered themselves for the support of the infant colony.as belonging to the jurisdiction of Having never left his native land for Massachusetts. At the first generall the purpose of amassing wealth, but to election in Connectticut, in 1039, Mr. enjoy the uncorrupted religion of his Haynes was chosen governor. The Savionr, and to assist in rearing churchconstitution of the colony, at that time, es for his praise ; his disinterestedness required that the office of govornor was ever a most distinguished feature should not be held by any one person of his character. During his short restwo successive years. Mr. Haynesidence in Massachusetts, he afforded was chosen to the office, whenerer he that colony important services. At was eligible, that is, erity second his induction to the office of governor, year, from that time to his death, ini he informed the legislature that he 1654.
should receive none of the accustomed He was, more than any other man, emoluments of office.-On his removthe father of the colony. He ever al to Conuecticut, he found the colpossessed the highest confidence of ony inmediately involved in a most the people, and the whole tenor of his dangerous Indian war. public and private life convinced them though successful, left the people in that their confidence had never been unexpected embarassments, which misplaced. He was a mau of affable were soon succeeded by a severe scarmanners, of dignified deportment, of a city. The few that were rich, cheermost amiable disposition, and of un-fully devoted their property to the feigned piety. The honor of his Re- publie necessity, and saved the infant deemer, and the prosperity of his king- plantation. The Govornor, first in dom, was the first object of his desire. influence, was first in personal exer
Though called to act in a less ex- tions, and in unreserved devotion to tensive sphere than Justinian, Sully, the public welfare. The colony, for and Fitt, the happiness of his people many years, was small: they were under his administration, and the per placed in the interior of the country; mauenry of those institutions which surrounded with many savage tribes, he contribuied primarily to establish, whose friendship was always doubtare a testiinony to his talents and vir i ful; vet, by the wisdom, the liberality, tues which entitle him to a rank among and the unwearied exertions of their the best of statesmen. History does illustrious Christian patriots, under not inform us, precisely, to whom, a-| the favor of that God who had led mong the fathers of Connecticut, weithem to the wilderness, they were are chiefly indebted for our constitu-l preserved, they were prospered, and tion and our fundamental laws. Froio increased. Mr. Haynes possessed a what appears, however, Gor. Haynes most ardent desire for the prosperity was the principal. During limang resi- of the colonies and churches of Newdence in Massachusetts, he was con England, and for the advancement of sidered the only man, why, in talents that object, he could not make too and influence, could equal Gov. Win- great a sacrifice.
As a man, Mr. Haynes possessed aceasing to the end of his days. In the most amiable character, and was great-beginning of the year 1654, this vener ly beloved. Blessed are the peace- able servant of Christ was dismissed makers. Such, eminently, was he, from his labors and entered into his and that blessing he now enjoys.---|| rest. Blessed are the dead that die The settlements and churches of Con-| in the Lord,—that they may rest from necticut, for a number of years after their labors; and their works do foltheir commencement, enjoyed great low them, quietness and harmony. This is the more to be noticed as all new settle- GOVERNOR HOPKINS. ments are necessarily exposed to a Mr. Edward HOPKINS, descended great variety of difficulties, and to in- from a reputable ancestry, was born numerable unforeseen occurrences, at Shrewsbury, in England, in the year calculated to disturb the public tran-| 1600. After enjoying the benefit of quility. By the example, the vigil- a good education in his childhood, he ance, and the constant exertions of the received a mercantile education in the govornor, with the cordial co-opera- city of London. He then became a tion of his illustrious coadjutors, these merchant in that city, and was employ: evils were in a great measure avoided.ed, principally, in the trade to Turkey,
To all the eminent virtues of Gov. While in this employment, he became Haynes, he added the humble, faith-associated with certain pious Non-conful piety of a Christian. He was a formists, with whom he contracted an man of pure morals, of incorruptible intimate acquaintance and cordial integrity, of ardent love to Christ and friendship. As he loved the religion bis earthly kingdom, without that tinc of the gospel, he became strongly atture of extravagance which appeared | tached to those ministers of Christ, who in the characters of many eminent loved and taught his religion in its naChristians of his time. With the easy tive purity, As the Christian colonies manners of polished life, and the digni- of New-England were now rising to fied deportment of the magistrate, he view, as many persons of reputable united the characteristic meekness of character and eminent piety, unwilling a bumble follower of Immanuel. Toto submit to the burdensome ceremothe spiritual interests of his own soul, nies prescribed by the church of Engto the religious instruction and govern- land and now enforced by the arm of ment of his family, he was peculiarly persecution, were resolving to seek attentive. The public worship of God, an asylum on these western shores, his holy sabbath, and the ordinances and unite their efforts with those who of his church, while they were the had braved the first dangers of the great comfort of his pilgrimage in the wilderness, to establish a branch of American wilderness, commanded the visible church of the Redeemer his constant exertions for their sup- according to his own precepts, Mr, port. To the many rights of human Hopkins could not contemplate the invention, which incumbered the re-noble design without the deepest inligious services of the English estab-| terest and solicitude. Finding that jishment, he could not submit. The many persons, both of the clergy and simple form of the New England | laity, whose characters he venerated, churches he approved, as agreeable to whose virtues he tenderly loved, were the divine pattern ; and, in anticipation engaged in this great enterprise, his of their future iucrease, he greatly re-l spirit could no longer resist the sacred joiced. His efforts and his prayers || impulse. Renouncing the delicacies that the churches might continue un of affluent life, renouncing the proscorrupted, that they might not forget pects of gain in which he had been nurtheir first love, nor decline from their tered from his childhood, he engaged original purity, were ardent and un- with the sincerest ardor for the ser: vice of the infant colonies, and for the hardly have been attempted. In relinpagan natives of the American wil-quishing the employments of comderness; hoping, in the favor of the merce, Mr. Hopkins renounced the holy Redeemer, that this desert might || pursuit of gain as a chief object; to the rejoice in the excellency of Carmel and service of Christ in the American Sharon ;
-- see the glory of the Lord, churches he devoted his services and and the excellency of our God. his wealth, and he never changed his
Mr. Hopkins left his native country, purpose. in company with Mr. Eaton, Mr. Da- As a magistrate, Mr. Hopkins was venport, and others, and arrived at greatly beloved. His manners were Boston in June, 1637. The arrival of pleasing, his deportment was marked so valuable a company greatly anima- with that engaging gravity which alted the people of the infant colonies.ways accompanies a rational and habitIt was about a year before this compa-ual fear of God. It was his constant ny fixed upon a place for their resi- endeavor to regulate all his official dudence. Mr. Hopkins, however, deter-ties by the rules of the divine law, and mined to unite with the Connecticutco-| to conform the civil institutions of tbe lony, and early in the year 1638 remov-colony, as far as possible, to the revealed from bis temporary residence ined precepts of God. He believed the Massachusetts, and settled with his fam-1 true Christian character to be the first ily in Hartford. He soon received that requisite qualification of a good magisrespect from the colony, to which, trate and was unwearied in his efforts to for his worth, he was justly entitled.- infuse that principle into the fundamenThe people could not be insensible tal finstitutions of the colony.By that after mature deliberation Mr. his extensive knowledge of business, Hopkins bad selected their colony as by his large acquaintance abroad, imthe place to spend the remainder of proving a strong and well cultivated his valuable life. At the first Gener- mind, Mr. Hopkins was eminently al Election, in 1639, Mr. Hopkins serviceable to the colony in the man. was chosen one of the magistrates. agement of their foreign connections -In the following year, Mr. Haynes and external interests. In the disbeing constitutionally disqualified, Mr. charge of these important services, bis Hopkins was appointed governor.—disinterestedness, his assiduity, and Excepting the year 1642, in which perseverance, were equalled only by Mr. Wyllys was governor, Mr. Hopkins, his fidelity. When the Union of the held the place every second year, four colonies was effected, in 1643, an while he continued in the country.-event so important to the common Mr. Haynes and Mr. Hopkins general welfare, Mr. Hopkins was one of the ly held the offices of governor and de- commissioners from Connecticut.puty governor, which were annually|To the same office he was generally exchanged.
appointed in the succeeding years. Mr. Hopkins brought a large prop- În the Christian character, few can erty into tho country, which he em-be found more deserving of imitation ployed in the most beneficial manner than Gov. Hopkins. He loved the for the interest of the infant colony.-New-England churches, the order in In the commencement of new settle which they were established, the gosments, he would frequently purchase pel truths which they confessed, and a place and begin a valuable improve the discipline which they sought to ment. Without such efforts from maintain. To the private duties of wealthy and public spirited individu- the Christian life he was constantly atals, with the prospect of but a distanttentive. It was his usual practice to rise and uncertain return, in the feeble and very early in tne morning, and spend embarrassed state of the colony, any some time in secret devotion. After enlargement of their borders could which, be read and expounded t?..
scriptures and prayed with his family. ber of Parliament These employHe was much distinguished for uncom- ments, together with his private conmon fervor in prayer, and, at times, cerns, induced him to send for his famseemed almost on the verge of the ily, who returned to England. heavenly state. The private meetings Tho' re-established in his native land, of Christians, of the nature of religious he could never forget New England, conferences, he often attended, and af- the country which he eminently loved. forded his cheerful assistance for their He was, probably, more useful to the improvement.--The piety of this colonies, after his return to England, excellent servant of Christ was equal-than he could have been had he conly conspicuous in the duty of Christian tinued to reside among them. The charity. As God had favored him New Haven Colony compiled a body with the ability, so did he possess the of laws which they sent to Gov. Hopdisposition, always to remember the kins, that he might procure them to be poor.
In addition to the deeds of printed. He procured the impression charity performed by his own hands, at his own expense, and sent the prehe often committed considerable sums scribed number of copies to the coloto the disposal of friends, with an in-ny. His influence was constantly exjunction to do good unto all men, espe- erted with the government and with incially unto them who are of the house- || fluential characters, for the good of the hold of faith. Notwithstanding his colonies. great public liberalities, and his aboun- But his valuable life was now drawding charity, his estate did not become ling to a close. Soon after his return exhausted.
to his native country, he found his inMr. Hopkins was afflicted with very firmities increasing, and his feeble consevere trials. His constitution was fe-stitution sinking under their weight.ble and attended with many infirmi- This was a principal cause of his relinties. He had a severe cough, with quishing the design of re-visiting Amerfrequent turns of raising blood, forica. In his latter years his Christian thirty years.
His wife, on whom his character seemed to brighten with inaffections were peculiarly placed, who creasing splendor. He would often was a daughter of Gov. Eaton's wife speak of the anticipated joy of meetby a former husband, was afflicted, ing his Christian friends in America, in for many years, with a distempered the realms of glory. “How often have melancholy, which issued in an incu- ! pleased myself with thoughts of a rable insanity. In reference to this joyful meeting with my father Eaton. affliction, he observed, “I promised ||' I remember with what pleasure he myself too much content in this rela- ||' would come down the street, that he tion and enjoyment; and the Lord will might meet me, when I came from make me to know that this world shall · Hartford to New Haven. But with not afford it me.”
how much greater pleasure shall we In the year 1654, on the death of shortly meet one another in heaven." his elder brother in England, from Early in the year 1657, his disorwhom a considerable estate fell to Gov.lders increased to severe sickness. Hopkins, he was under a necessity of He was now sensible that he was near going home, to attend to his affairs.— the close of life. For a time, his mind He left his family in this country and was clouded with a. distressing darkexpected to return. In 1654, though || ness. But after a few days, about the absent, he was chosen governor of the time that public prayers were offered colony. Soon after his arrival in Eng- for him on the sabbath, the holy Comland, he was appointed Warden of the forter dissipated the gloom, and let in Fleet, a place which had been held by upon his soul the rays of promised his brother, and afterwards, Commis grace. His heart broke forth in the sioner of the Admiralty, and mem most animated manner